Student no: 60757914 CRW2601 Assignment 01 Unique no: 812336 Due date: 18 August 2020 i. ii. Yes, X committed an act that could give rise to liability. An act in the legal sense of the word mean a voluntary human act. A human being can, however, be punished if he commits a crime through the agency of an animal, for example where a human being (X) command or urges his dog to bite someone. X cannot rely on private defence because from the objective point of view, he did not find himself in danger. He merely thought he was in danger. We refer to this type of situation as putative private defence. Putative defence means private defence that existed only in X’s thoughts. It is not actually private defence. The fact that X cannot rely on private defence do not mean that he is guilty of murder, he may as a defence rely on absence of culpability because he was mistaken, and his mistake excluded the intention to murder or shot the burglars not a police officer.