AP US HISTORY UNIT 1 GUIDE: Chapters 1-4 The American Pageant Key people Hiawatha Marco Polo Henry the Navigator Christopher Columbus King John II Ferdinand and Isabella Pedro Cabral Amerigo Vespucci Hernando Cortes Montezuma Francisco Pizarro Ponce de Leon Bartolome de las Casas Jacques Cartier Samuel de Champlain Sir Francis Drake Sir Walter Raleigh John Smith William Bradford Roger Williams William Penn Anne Hutchinson Thomas Hooker George Calvert Nathaniel Bacon Key events Columbus Journey Fall of the Aztecs Fall of the Incas New Spain Defeat of the Spanish Armada The Dutch and Hudson Jamestown Plymouth Rock Mayflower Compact Fundamental Orders of Connecticut House of Burgesses Puritans Leisler’s Rebellion Half-Way Covenant Key Terms circumnavigate conquistadors presidio pueblo Sea Dog viceroy joint stock company middle passage slave codes established church indentured servants Geography Know the original 13 colonies and their capitals as well as their location. Possible Essay Questions 1. Compare and contrast the economies, geography, and climate and the family relationships of New England and the southern colonies. 2. Why was religion a crucial force in the development of at least three colonies? 3. What did John Winthrop mean when he said “America was to be a city on a hill and a beacon...”?