Uploaded by mail

Right to Information and Peoples Empowerment

International Journal of Trend in Scientific
Research and Development (IJTSRD)
International Open Access Journal
ISSN No: 2456 - 6470 | www.ijtsrd.com | Volume - 1 | Issue – 6
Right to Information aand
nd People’s Empowerment
K. M. Srisruthi
BBA. LLB.(Hons.), Saveetha School oof Law,
Chennai, Tamil Nadu
The article discusses about the “Right To
Information”. Right to Information (RTI) is an Act of
the Parliament of India to accommodate setting out
the common sense administration of ideal to data for
natives and replaces the past Freedom of data Act,
2000. It systematises a major right of natives. The
objective of this article is to know,, some steps of
filling cases and some landmark cases related to
violation of Right to Information.. The article briefly
says about the Right to Information;; the way of filing
ase and know some landmark cases in vi
violation of
Right to Information.. The information for this article
is gathering from secondary sources.
The three examples of social contract hypothesis
envisioned a condition of nature where individuals
delighted in a few rights which were known as regular
rights. Bit by bit common society was framed and the
rights came to be perceived by the state and the
acknowledgment by the state added another wing to
the assortment of rights. The wing is
is—rights are
required to be ensured by the state.
There is a feeling (and it is profitable) that rights
perceived or not are dependably rights and each native
is qualified for these rights. Be that as it may, there is
an issue—people
people are qualified for rights is not al
Who will secure these rights? Since if rights are not
ensured by a specialist, it has no down to earth
esteem. Henceforth the security of rights is an
imperative viewpoint.
There is a more extensive and inward importance of
right. Each privilege is normal as in without right
individuals can't have a typical existence. What's
more, at whatever point the idea of right emerges the
possibility of security emerges with it. I have
ha ideal to
take my nourishment and keeping in mind that I am
doing the activity another man grabs away my
sustenance which implies that I am denied of my
entitlement to live by taking nourishment.
Thus expectation of right is not all, it must be ensured.
In any polite society (the term utilised here is very
expansive) there are many rights and every one of the
rights, in wide sense, are normal. In the event that the
privilege to live is normal, individual has additionally
the privilege to know from where
wher he will get the
nourishment and drink in light of the fact that these
are fundamental forever. Here comes the privilege to
data. So if the privilege to live is a characteristic right,
so likewise is the privilege to data Bringing
Information to the Citizens
Appropriate to
Information Act 2005 commands opportune reaction
to resident solicitations for government data. It is an
activity taken by Department of Personnel and
Training, Ministry of Personnel, Public Grievances
and Pensions to give a– RTI Portal Gateway to the
subjects for brisk hunt of data on the points of interest
of first Appellate Authorities, PIOs and so on among
others, other than access to RTI related
data/divulgences distributed on the web by different
Public Authorities under the administration
of India
and in addition the State Governments
Objectives of the Right to Information Act:
The essential question of the Right to Information Act
is to enable the citizens, promote straightforwardness
@ IJTSRD | Available Online @ www.ijtsrd.com | Volume – 1 | Issue – 6 | Sep - Oct 2017
Page: 572
International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (IJTSRD) ISSN: 2456-6470
and responsibility in the working of the Government,
contain debasement, and influence our majority rules
system to work for the general population in genuine
sense. It abandons saying that an educated resident is
better prepared to keep important vigil on the
instruments of administration and make the
administration more responsible to the governed. The
Act is a major advance towards making the nationals
educated about the exercises of the Government.
The Act recommends a straightforward system to get
data. Despite the fact that some open specialists have
their own particular arrangements, there is no impulse
to adhere to the endorsed design
Stage 1: Identify the division you need data from. A
few subjects fall under the domain of State
governments or neighbourhood expert, for example,
the civil organization / panchayat, while others are
taken care of by the Central government
Stage 2: On a sheet of white paper, work out the
application by hand, or sort it, in English, Hindi or the
official dialect of the range. You can likewise ask the
general population data officer to explicitly state it
Stage 3: Address the application to the State/Central
Public Information Officer. Compose the name of the
workplace from which you look for data, and the
entire, adjust address. Plainly specify 'Looking for
data under the RTI Act, 2005' in your title
Stage 4: State your demand as particular, nitty gritty
inquiries, and specify the period/year your demand
falls into. Request records or concentrates of archives,
if required. To get reports, the candidate needs to
make an installment of Rs. 2 for each page
Stage 5: Pay Rs. 10 to document the request this
should be possible as money, cash arrange, bank draft
or a court expense stamp. The stamp ought to be
attached to the application. Candidates beneath the
destitution line (BPL) require not make the instalment
but rather need to append a duplicate of the BPL
endorsement alongside the application
Stage 6: Provide your full name and address, contact
subtle elements, email address and sign the
application plainly. Put in the date and the name of
your town
Stage 7: Take a photocopy of the application and
keep one with you for future reference. Send your
application by post or hand it in by and by to the
office concerned. Keep in mind to get an affirmation
Stage 8: The law commands that data be given in 30
days. In the event that this does not occur, you can
document an interest. The main interest ought to be
routed to 'The Appellate Authority' with the name of
the office and the address. The redrafting specialist is
ordered to return in 30 days from the date of receipt of
the interest. In the event that the Appellate expert
neglects to answer, additionally bids lay with the
Information Commission, the Chief Information
People’s Union for Civil Liberties (PUCL) And
Another, Petitioner V. Union of India and Another
In the prior instance of Union of India v. Relationship
for Democratic Reforms and Another (2002), the
Supreme Court had held that natives have a privilege
to think about open functionaries and possibility for
office, including their advantages and criminal and
instructive foundations, and observed that privilege to
be gotten from the sacred ideal to the right to speak
freely and articulation. The Parliament at that point
basically invalidated piece of that decision by altering
the Representation of the People Act in order to
require political possibility to reveal certain criminal
records; in particular, any charges or feelings for any
offense culpable with detainment for a long time or
more. Besides, the Act explicitly expressed that no
hopeful could be constrained to uncover any extra
data, including instructive capabilities and resources
and liabilities, "despite anything contained in the
judgment of any court or bearings issued by the
Election Commission" (Section 33B).
The applicant in the moment case, the Union for Civil
Liberties (UCL), documented a request of with the
Supreme Court testing the lawfulness of Section 33B.
Specifically, UCL fought that the arrangement was
discretionary all over and damaged central privileges
of the voters as already perceived by the Supreme
Court; and "that without exercise of the privilege to
know the important forerunners of the hopeful, it
won't be conceivable to have free and reasonable
decision. The interveners presented that the Amended
@ IJTSRD | Available Online @ www.ijtsrd.com | Volume – 1 | Issue – 6 | Sep - Oct 2017
Page: 573
International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (IJTSRD) ISSN: 2456-6470
Act was reliable with the 2002 judgment and "that it
can't be held that a voter has any essential right of
knowing the precursors/resources of an applicant
challenging the decision".
The Court repeated the fundamental discoveries in
Union of India v. Relationship for Democratic
Reforms and Another.
It watched that the judgment all things considered was
an official choice that had precedential impact and
that, appropriately, Article 19(1) of the Constitution
(the right to speak freely and articulation) ought to be
deciphered to incorporate a "key right [of the voters']
to know applicable predecessors of the competitor
challenging the decisions" . At the end of the day,
"data to a voter is one feature of the principal right [of
the right to speak freely and expression]”. The Court
decided that Parliament can't practice its forces
infringing upon central rights and has no energy to
proclaim a court's choice as void or of no impact.
Along these lines, once the Supreme Court held that a
voter has an essential ideal to know hopefuls'
capabilities, this privilege might be restricted just in
cases gave by Article 19(2) of the Constitution. The
central right of the voters to know significant
capabilities of the competitor is free of any statutory
rights under the race law; when a statutory
arrangement damages a major right, such arrangement
must be struck down.
As for the connection between the privilege to get to
resource assertions of the competitors and the
privilege to security, the Court accentuated that the
privilege to protection is not total and "a man having
resources or pay is regularly required to uncover the
same under the Income Tax Act or such comparative
monetary enactment". This is particularly valid for
contender for open workplaces. Revelation of
advantage statements is "the need of the day due to
statutory arrangements of controlling boundless
degenerate practices".
For the greater part of the above reasons, the Court
proclaimed Section 33-B of the Amended Act "to be
illicit, invalid and void"
Other Landmark Cases
List of Landmark cases on Right to Information
decided by the Supreme Court of India
1) People’s Union For Civil Liberties (PUCL) And
Another, Petitioner V. Union Of India And
Another, With Lok Satta And Others, V. Union Of
India, 2003(001) SCW 2353 SC
2) Union Of India V. Association For Democratic
Reforms And Another, With People's Union For
Civil Liberties (PUCL) And Another, V. Union Of
India And Another, 2002(005) SCC 0361SC
3) Union Of India And Others, V. Motion Picture
Association And Others, 1999(006) SCC 0150 SC
4) Dinesh Trivedi, M.P. And Others V. Union Of
India And Others, 1997(004) SCC 0306SC
5) Tata Press Ltd., V. Mahanagar Telephone Nigam
Limited And Others, 1995(005) SCC 0139 SC
6) Secretary,
Broadcasting, Govt. Of India, And Others, V.
Cricket Association Of Bengal And Others,
1995(002) SCC 0161 SC
7) Life Insurance Corporation Of India, V. Prof.
Manubhai D. Shah, 1992 (003) SCC 0637 SC
8) Reliance Petrochemicals Ltd., V. Proprietors Of
Indian Express Newspapers, Bombay Pvt. Ltd.
And Others, 1988 (004) SCC 0592 SC
9) Sheela Barse, V. State Of Maharashtra, 1987
(004) SCC 0373 SC
10) Indian Express Newspapers (Bombay) Private
Ltd., And Others, V. Union Of India And Others,
1985 (001) SCC 0641 SC
11) S.P.
MANU/SC/0080/1981, AIR 1982 SC 149 ,
12) The State Of U. P., V. Raj Narain And Others,
1975 (004) SCC 0428 SC
The privilege to access to data is expected to advance
people’s support and enhance the personal satisfaction
of the general population particularly poor people and
burdened gathering. The organization would be
mindful so as to make ideal utilisation of designated
assets else they may need to confront activity on the
off chance that they are discovered liable through the
data asked by the general population. The privilege to
data is fundamental and essential for compelling
working of vote based system. Today‟s plutocracy
would change and usher genuine majority rule
government in principle and practice as it would
advance straightforwardness, responsiveness and
great administration. The working of government
would turn into an organization amongst government
and individuals wherein individuals would appreciate
@ IJTSRD | Available Online @ www.ijtsrd.com | Volume – 1 | Issue – 6 | Sep - Oct 2017
Page: 574
International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (IJTSRD) ISSN: 2456-6470
meet status with the administration. It will break the
endless loop of mystery wherein personal stakes
appreciate the products of improvement causing
political shakiness and convergence of riches.
The Right to Information Act of 2005 signs a radical
move in our administration culture and for all time
impacts all offices of state. The powerful usage of this
law relies upon three essential movements:
 From the predominant culture of mystery to
another culture of transparency;
 From customized imperialism to specialist
combined with responsibility; and
 From one-sided basic leadership to
participative administration
1) http://www.right2info.org
2) http://examgk.com/current-af fairs/national/rightto-information-rti- act-2005/1100.html
3) http://www.thehindu.com/news/cities/chennai/doyou-know-how-to-file-an-rti-plea/
4) http://rti.gov.in
5) http://www.yourarticlelibrary.com/india-2/rightto-information/right-to-information-introductionorigin-and-indian-constitution/63473/
@ IJTSRD | Available Online @ www.ijtsrd.com | Volume – 1 | Issue – 6 | Sep - Oct 2017
Page: 575