Uploaded by Moulir Youssef

The Book of Job

❖ Job is one of the old testament Books.
❖ Job is one of the poetic books (Job, Psalms, Proverbs, Ecclesiastes, Song of Songs, Wisdom,
and Joshua Son of Sirach).
❖ The message from this book is how God’s wisdom can manage our life and leads us to
salvation. (God is caring & God is beneficent)
❖ Job lived 140 years, he lived after Abraham and before Moses.
❖ Some writers say he is the firstborn of Nahor (Abraham’s brother).
❖ This book is a story about a very wealthy and rich man who sees himself righteous, blameless
and upright AND yes, he was comparing to his peers. So, this feeling led him to fall into
self-righteousness and pride and this is a very good atmosphere for Satan to take him away
from God, so he can lose his eternal life.
God allows some problem to happen (he lost everything he had, his children, his money, his
possessions, his health and everything) then his wife & his friends made him nagged until God
Talked to him then he understood, confessed and repented his sin so God restored everything
❖ “I have heard of You by the hearing of the ear, but now my eye sees You” (Job 42:5).
Outline of the Book of Job
❖ Ch 1 – 2: The story opens with a scene linking heaven and earth, God rejoice his children’s
righteousness and proud of them, but Satan does not stop complaining against them to enter
them into the distresses once to deny the faith.
Job lost all his children, his money, his possessions, his health and everything he had.
❖ Ch 3: His friend came to comfort him, but they made him troubled more, annoyed, irritated and
❖ Ch 4 – 14: First debate concludes by calling Job to address his problem and to repent.
❖ Ch 15 – 21: Second debate Concludes the meaning of suffering and the end of the
unrighteousness people.
❖ Ch 22 – 31: Third debate concludes by calling Job to address his problem and to repent.
❖ Ch 32 – 37: Elihu’s speech (shows that the pain is to discipline the soul, he declared the need
for the Redeemer and the importance of God’s wisdom.
❖ Ch 38 – 42: God spoke to Job, He showed him his ignorance of many things, so Job answered
God with humility and found a solution for his problem.
Purpose of temptation & Suffering – Eternal life:
“Blessed is the man who endures temptation; for when he has been approved, he will receive the
crown of life which the Lord has promised to those who love Him”. (James 1:12)
How to accept temptation & suffering – Joy with Faith:
“My brethren count it all joy when you fall into various trials, knowing that the testing of your faith
produces patience. But let patience have its perfect work, that you may be perfect and complete,
lacking nothing”. (James 1:2-4)
Types of Suffering:
❖ To protect – Saint Paul the apostle – “And lest I should be exalted above measure by the
abundance of the revelations, a thorn in the flesh was given to me, a messenger of Satan to
buffet me, lest I be exalted above measure. Concerning this thing I pleaded with the Lord three
times that it might depart from me. And He said to me, “My grace is sufficient for you, for My
strength is made perfect in weakness.”
(2 Corinthians 12:7-9).
❖ To detect – Job - “I know that You can do everything, and that no purpose of Yours can be
withheld from You. You asked, ‘Who is this who hides counsel without knowledge? Therefore, I
have uttered what I did not understand, Things too wonderful for me, which I did not know.
Listen, please, and let me speak; You said, ‘I will question you, and you shall answer Me. “I have
heard of You by the hearing of the ear, but now my eye sees You. Therefore, I abhor(despise)
myself, and repent in dust and ashes.” (Job 42:2-6)
❖ To select – Abraham – "After these things God tested Abraham and said to him, “Abraham, take
your son, your only son Isaac, whom you love, and go to the land of Moriah, and offer him there
as a burnt offering” ……… The Lord called to Abraham a second time from heaven and said,
“By myself I have sworn, declares the Lord, because you have done this and have not withheld
your son, your only son, I will surely bless you, and I will surely multiply your offspring as the
stars of heaven and as the sand that is on the seashore. And your offspring shall possess the
gate of his enemies, and in your offspring shall all the nations of the earth be blessed, because
you have obeyed my voice.” (Genesis 22:1-2 & 15-18)
❖ To pay (consequences for our sins) – “But let none of you suffer as a murderer, a thief, an
evildoer, or as a busybody in other people’s matters (meddler).” (1 Peter 4:15).
❖ To share – “Beloved, do not think it strange concerning the fiery trial which is to try you, as
though some strange thing happened to you; but rejoice to the extent that you partake of Christ’s
sufferings, that when His glory is revealed, you may also be glad with exceeding joy.”
(1 Peter 4:12-13).