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Certificate No. AJA19-0226
“Level of Awareness towards Dengue among
The Residents of Barangay Kauswagan”
I. Objectives of the study
1.) To describe the profile of the respondents in terms of information
sources, and highest educational attainment;
2.) To determine the level of awareness of the respondents on the
preventive measures on dengue fever
II. Analysis
A. Data/ Population
Focus was given on the factors that may influence the level of awareness
with regard to immediate total control of Dengue fever among community residents
of Barangay Kauswagan, Cagayan de Oro City. Only actual efforts to reduce and
prevent the acquisition of Dengue Hemorrhagic fever were given credit. A
representative on District 1 was randomly selected as respondents to represent
the district in this study.
B. Method
This study made use of a two part survey questionnaire as its main data
gathering instrument. The first part of the questionnaire was designed to solicit
information on the respondent’s profile, highest educational attainment, and
sources of information (television, radio, newspaper, internet and the Health Care
Certificate No. AJA19-0226
Center Programs) availed by the residents. The second part sought to generate
information on the level of awareness about preventive measure of Dengue Fever
with specific preventive measures indicated in the questionnaire which was based
on the World Health Organization Fact Sheet for Dengue Fever in the year 2009,
Preventive Measures from National Environment Agency and also the measures
promoted by the Department of Health. Two sets of the survey questionnaire were
drafted: one in English version which was used for the panel presentation and the
other in the Visayan dialect for the benefit of the respondents. A reliability test of
the survey questionnaire was conducted two weeks prior to the actual data
gathering phase to check for possible vagueness in the questions formulated. The
pretest has at least ten respondents with the same type and nature of the target
population. The researchers were able to prepare a letter addressed to the
Barangay Council and Health Center, informing the barangay and zone officials
about the study, to be endorsed by the Dean of the College of Nursing and noted
by the research adviser, asking for consent to conduct the study in Barangay
Kauswagan, Cagayan de Oro City. Also, the researchers were able to prepare
consent forms to be signed and agreed upon by the respondents.
The actual data gathering was done in a one-on-one interview with the respondents
and that the researchers explained the nature of the survey and specific
instructions were be given to the respondents for an assurance that they
understood properly each question. The respondents were given ample time to
answer the survey questionnaire. The data was tabulated indicating the frequency
in describing the profile of the respondents. Mean and ranking were also used in
Certificate No. AJA19-0226
the evaluation of the level of awareness on the preventive measures and practices
of Dengue Fever among the residents Barangay Kauswagan, Cagayan de Oro City
according to the variables of this study.
C. Results
Objective 1. To describes the profile of the respondents in terms of highest
educational attainment.
Reveals that half of the respondents have attained the secondary level of
education (26) and the lowest percentage of educational attainment was the
primary level of education (10). The highest educational attainment of an individual
pertains to the formal education received by the individual and results to higher
degree of comprehension. Literacy is related to health, which is according to
Human Skills for the Knowledge Society (2005). Persons with higher level of
understanding and critical thinking skills may maintain optimum health through their
ability to comprehend, analyze and interpret various health information. They may
also be in a better position to exercise preventive health practices and identify
problems so that they can be treated earlier, or make the right choices amongst
health care options available to them.
Objective 2. To determine the level of awareness of the respondents on the
preventive measures on dengue fever.
The respondent’s level of awareness regarding the use of mosquito
nets as a preventive measure is at (49) while they are least aware on avoiding
and/or reducing outdoor activities during late afternoon. This implies that the
Certificate No. AJA19-0226
residents of Barangay Kauswagan were aware that using mosquito nets is effective
and most common preventive measure that they practice. The use of mosquito
nets is the simplest way of preventing mosquito bites probably resulting to dengue.
And also it is a traditional method of Filipinos to use the mosquito nets especially
for those who are indigent. Avoiding and/or reducing outdoor activities during late
afternoon is the least practiced because the residents at Barangay Kauswagan
cannot avoid outdoor activities in the afternoon because it is their working hours
and some of them have children that needs to picked up from school and they have
to do groceries during late afternoon.
Some respondent’s level of awareness through mass media exposure is at
the highest level (42) on using mosquito nets because the DOH usually endorses
it thru the media to the public, moreover the mosquito nets are affordable and
convenient for most people. While the lowest level (18) was keeping unscreened
doors and windows closed because it is not usually promoted by the media for it is
not a priority intervention nevertheless it is not affordable especially for indigent
people. This implies that Media plays a very important role on the level of
awareness among individuals. Electronic, print media and interpersonal
communications are the main sources of knowledge. It is assumed that the more
a person is exposed to media, the more a person acquires knowledge specifically
about Dengue fever.
Furthermore, the respondent’s level of awareness through health care
brochures, home visit and other health events which is at the highest level (35) was
on the use of mosquito nets while the lowest level (12) was on avoiding and/or
Certificate No. AJA19-0226
reducing outdoor activities during late afternoon. This implies that the availability
and accessibility of health care services at the Barangay health center aims at
increasing the level of awareness of the residents about its available health
programs. It wishes to inform them on disease detection and prevention. Health
awareness through community education plays a vital role in the Barangay health
system. Through community education, residents cannot only be participants but
also agents of change thus creating a ripple effect on other communal residencies
as well.
Other respondents (48) use of mosquito nets because it is more accessible
and Health Centers usually donates mosquito nets while the least used practiced
is keeping unscreened windows closed(19) because people can’t afford to make
their windows screened. This implies that majority of the respondents of Barangay
Kauswagan applied the preventive measure on mosquito nets.
III. Reaction
A. Statistical Methods Used
The study used the descriptive research design. This study describes the
characteristics of respondents such as; educational attainment, and availing health
care services; and describe the differences that exist among the respondents when
grouped according to their characteristics.
Certificate No. AJA19-0226
B. Conclusion
The statistical analysis used by the researchers were seen as
acceptable since the results are answered based on the objectives of the study.
IV. Reference
International Peer Reviewed Journal
“Level of Awareness Towards Dengue amongThe Residents of
Barangay Kauswagan” Kristine Jane R. Abiva, Janikka Kissey
Acain, Lordjec A. Arbois, Monique Carmelle V. Baluran, Hanna
Alyanna P. Becoy, Sariah April Dela E. CruzCollege of Nursing
Liceo de Cagayan University
Prepared By:
Mercia Q. Trabuco
MAED – Biology
Submitted to:
Prof. Estelita Madriaga
Statistics Professor