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ANNOTATED BIBLIOGRAPHY- Strategic Impact of Human Resource Management

Annotated Bibliography
Campbellsville University
Ramlall, S., & Melton, B. (2018). The Role and Priorities of the Human Resource
Management Function: Perspectives of HR Professionals, Line Managers, and Senior
Executives. International Journal Of Human Resource Studies, 9(2), 9. doi:
The study conducted by Ramlall and Melton (2018) examined the importance and
effectiveness of human resources from the perspectives of top executives. The study also
identified significant HR accomplishments and their alignment to business strategies. The study
found out that senior executives realized the significance of HR activities to the organization's
competitive advantage. The authors noted that human resource management takes more
prominent positions when it is perceived strategic. The reason for this is because HRM takes a
proactive role in developing the organization's people as a source of competitive advantage.
Some of the accomplishments achieved by HR include diversity and inclusion, talent
management, succession planning, workforce analytics, employee management, among many
As organizations evolve, diversity and inclusion have become an essential element in an
organization. It is the role of the human resource to push for diversity and inclusion by hiring
from different regions, cultures, and religions. No organization can survive on a "buy" strategy
when it comes to employability skills. Human resource management must use talent
management to ensure there is a balance between talent acquisition and development. Talent
management is also closely associated with succession planning. An excellent training program
helps high potential workers to get the necessary experience to be future leaders. Through
workplace analytics, human resource management can achieve effective operational and strategic
objectives through efficient workforce management. The study concluded that human resource
managers have become more competent and valued for the last three decades.
Suryaningtyas, D., & Asna, A. (2017). The Strategic Roles of Human Resource
Manager to Achieve Competitive Advantage in Hospitality Industry Jurnal Aplikasi
Manajemen, 15(1), 169-175.
The study conducted by Suryaningtyas and Ansa (2017) investigated the strategic roles of
human resources managers in the hospitality industry. The study was conducted in three hotels
and involved interviewing six human resource professionals. Previously, the role of human
resource managers was mostly administrative. Today, human resource management has become
more strategic. The study found that there are three roles of a strategic manager; strategic
partner, employee champion, and administrative expert. The purpose of a strategic partner is to
help the firm realize its long term objectives. Employee champion is another role within human
resource management. Unlike the strategic partner, it is short term and focuses on employee
needs and aims to improve commitment. Lastly, the role of an administrative expert is similar to
the traditional role of a human resource manager. However, it has become more effective and
efficient due to the application of advanced technology.
To gain competitive advantage, human resources must become change agents. Becoming
change agents requires human resource managers to identify inefficiencies among the employees
and come up with relevant training programs to improve their skills. The authors’ also human
resource managers must create policies to guide employees during their daily activities. These
policies help to build organizational culture, a move that would give the organization a
competitive advantage over its peers. The study concludes that human resource management is a
factor that can be used to gain a competitive advantage.