Kingdom Animalia Version A Bio 11-2 I can statements based on unit… Outcome Novice Intermediate Master I can describe the general characteristics of Kingdom Animalia. Feedback: I can demonstrate an understanding that Kingdom Animalia represents a diversity organisms exhibiting extensive variety in terms of form and function. Feedback: I can describe how cephalization and nervous system have co-evolved. Feedback: I can describe the differences that exist between invertebrate phyla with respect to symmetry, body cavity, reproduction and digestion. Feedback: I can give examples of how animals maintain homeostasis through examples. Feedback: I can describe how maintain homeostasis is related to feedback inhibition. Feedback: I can provide examples with invertebrates cause harm to humans. Feedback: I can describe characteristics that have contributed to the success of arthropods in a wide variety of environments. Feedback: I can describe the differences and similarities that exist between the classes of chordates. Feedback: Predicted Score Actual Score ________ 49 Name:_________________________________ ________ 49 Date:___________________ Name:___________________________ Part A: Multiple Choice Total:__________________/49 /15 ____1. Unlike plant cells, animal cells do not have a. nuclei. c. cell walls. b. organelles. d. cell membranes. ____2. An animal is each of the following EXCEPT a. multicellular. c. heterotrophic. b. autotrophic. d. eukaryotic. ____3. Aquatic animals that strain floating plants and animals from the water they take in are a. parasites. c. detritus feeders. b. herbivores. d. filter feeders. ____4. Which of the three cell layers in animal embryos gives rise to muscles and much of the circulatory, reproductive, and excretory systems? a. endoderm c. mesoderm b. ectoderm d. protostome ____5. Organisms that spend their entire adult lives attached to one spot are said to be a. sessile. c. flagellated. b. heterotrophic. d. symmetric. ____6. Cnidocytes help a cnidarian survive by a. storing food. c. paralyzing prey. b. forming colonies. d. providing movement. ____7. Which are the simplest animals to have body symmetry? a. sponges c. cnidarians b. algae d. nematocysts ____8. This is an animal who has radial body symmetry, three germ layers, has a true coelom and can regenerate body parts. a. Protozoa c. Platyhelminthes b. Nematoda d. Echinodermata ____9. All roundworms a. are parasites. b. are radially symmetrical. c. are segmented. d. reproduce asexually. ____10. This animal is sessile, and has no type of body symmetry. Also, it is heterotrophic and doesn’t have any cell walls. a. Cnidarian c. Annelida b. Sponges d. Viruses ____11. The body of an arthropod has a. a backbone. c. segments. b. An endoskeleton. d. stinging tentacles. ____12. Cephalization refers to the a. division of the body into upper and lower sides. b. concentration of sense organs and nerve cells in the anterior (front) of the body. c. joining together of specialized cells to form tissues. d. formation of a body cavity between the germ layers. ____13. Animal Y has three germ layers, cephalized, and a true coelom. It is also considered the most intelligent of all the invertebrates. Animal Y is a(an) a. sponge. c. flatworm. b. arthropod. d. Mollusk (cephalopod) ____14. Most flatworms are small and very thin. Therefore, they can supply their cells with oxygen and remove metabolic wastes by means of a. simple diffusion between body surface and the environment. b. an open circulatory system without a heart. c. an open circulatory system with one heart. d. a closed circulatory system with one heart. ____15. In our Animalia investigation, we compared all the leaps in evolution for this kingdom. All of the following were used to compare except: a. Germ Layers c. Bones b. Cephalization d. Body symmetry Part B: Science Skills /15 The cladogram below is a diagram showing the characteristics acquired by phyla of animals in order of increasing complexity. Figure A: Reading a cladogram 1. Which is the first organism shown on the cladogram in Figure A to have a derived characteristic common to all animals? What is the characteristic? 2. Which is the first organism shown in the cladogram in Figure A to have bilateral symmetry? How do you know? 3. According to Figure A, which phyla are more closely related, echinoderms and mollusks or echinoderms and cnidarians? Explain. Figure B: Evolution of Kingdom Animalia 4. Figure B shows one theory about the evolutionary relationships among groups of living invertebrates and chordates. Which feature evolved twice during the course of invertebrate evolution? 5. According to Figure B, which group(s) of invertebrates developed from three germ layers? 6. Look at Figure B. Which group(s) of invertebrates do NOT have tissues? 7. Use Figure B to determine to which group of invertebrates annelids are most closely related. Figure C: One opening or Two Opening Digestive systems 8. Figure C shows two main types of digestive systems found in invertebrates. Identify the type of digestive system shown in organism A. 9. Name one phyla of invertebrates that have the type of digestive system shown in A in Figure C. 10. Identify the type of digestive system shown in organism B in Figure C. 11. Name one phyla of invertebrates that have the type of digestive system shown in B in Figure C. Figure D: Identifying Animals A B(smooth) C (segmented) F E D G H 12. Use your knowledge regarding the characteristics of the different animal phylum and categorize the following organisms. Use their correct scientific phylum name. Ex: Chordates, Porifera, Cnidarians, Platyhelminthes, Nemotoda, Annelida, Arthropoda, Mollusca, and Echinodermata (4 pts) A- B- C- D- E- F- G- H- Bonus: Which phylum was not represented above? Name an organism that would represent that phylum. Part C: Venn Diagrams ____________/6 Create 3 Venn diagrams from the following list to demonstrate your knowledge about how these topics are related and how they are different. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Vertebrate / invertebrate Open circulatory system / closed circulatory system Ectoderm / endoderm Radial symmetry/ Bilateral Symmetry Homeostasis/ Feedback Inhibition Cephalization/ Nervous System Part D: Open Response /13 Short Answer: Pick 4 of the following 8 short answer questions to demonstrate your knowledge. (2pts) **These are short answers and shouldn’t take more than 2-3 sentences to answer.** 1. Explain how sponges are similar to most other animals. How are they different? 2. Describe the characteristics that all members of the animal kingdom share. 3. What adaptations do roundworms have for their parasitic life cycle? 4. Explain how a cephalopod’s nervous system is more complex than that of other mollusks. 5. Which phylum is the most numerous on the planet? Why? 6. Explain how homeostasis and feedback inhibition are related. Give an example that supports your knowledge. 7. What are the different tissues all animals share? 8. Name each germ layer and explain what it develops into with examples. Long Answer: Pick 1 of the following 4 long answer questions to demonstrate your knowledge. 5 points 9. Cnidarians get their name from the cnidocytes along their tentacles. What are these used for? Explain how they work. 10. Imagine you are a healthcare worker in an area which Guinea Worm infections are common. Write a short explanation of the disease that you might distribute to people in the area to help prevent new cases. Your explanation should include the cause of the disease, how the disease is transmitted, and steps that people can take to prevent the spread of the disease. 11. Compare open and closed circulatory systems. Why are open circulatory systems found mostly in small animals that move slowly? How are closed circulatory beneficial to larger animals? 12. Highlight one Animal phylum that you though was the most interesting during our investigation of Kingdom Animalia. Explain how there are unique and what are the characteristics common amongst members of that phylum.