Questions Past paper questions: 1) The HGP is making it possible to identify people who may be at risk of developing medical conditions such as heart disease, cancer or diabetes. Suggest reasons why identifying people at risk might be of benefit to the people who are tested. (3 marks) 2) Suggest two reasons why carriers of breast cancer genes should not face discrimination when applying for jobs or medical insurance. (3 mark) Check your answers 1) To warn people at risk to make life style changes, e.g. quit smoking, eat less saturated fat, do more exercise • Gives people a more informed choice in how to plan their lives • To plan medical provision/monitoring for the individual • To target drug treatment to delay onset/reduce symptoms • To determine healthcare priorities 2) It is not their fault that they have the gene • Most of us would prefer a society where such economic risks were spread across all of us • Such discrimination would discourage people from going for testing, which could be detrimental to their health • Having the gene does not mean you will necessarily develop the disease.