Oh the irony! A literary technique (rhetorical device) used to show or create a contrast between what is expected and what is reality. × Situational × Dramatic × Verbal When the opposite of what we expect happens. When the audience has more information about the circumstances than the audience. The audience is in on a secret. What emotions can dramatic irony help create? When we say one thing but mean another. George cancels a date with his girlfriend so he can go to a ball game with his friends. At the concession stand, he runs into his girlfriend with another guy. (what type of irony is this?) Situational irony -We did not expect to see George’s girlfriend there with another guy. You are watching a horror movie. You know the monster is hiding behind the closet door waiting for the main character to get closer. The main character goes to open the closet door without knowing what awaits. Dramatic Irony -You, as the audience, know what the main character does not. Verbal Irony - She does not mean what she says about the skirt. Dramatic Irony - We know what will happen to the unsuspecting child. Situational irony -We do not expect the fire station to burn.