Your Name: Jada James Today’s Date: 1/29/20 Cognitive Biases and Heuristics Lab Worksheet Step One: Complete the Questionnaire Complete the following data sheet by recording at least 3 people’s (who are not enrolled in this class) answers the following questions. After you have recorded their data, respond to Steps Two and Three. Sample questions: Participants Example 1) Which is more common, being killed by a shark or by falling airplane parts? Shark Falling airplane parts 2) Do more Americans die from a) homicide and car accidents, or b) diabetes and stomach cancer? Homicide and car accidents Diabetes and stomach cancer 3) Which claims more lives in the United States: lightning or tornadoes? lightning tornadoes 4) Are there more words that begin with “r” or that have “r” as their third letter? Begin with ‘r’ Have ‘r’ as their third letter P1 P2 P3 5) Thomas is short, slim, and loves poetry. Which of the following is most likely to be Thomas’ occupation? Truck driver Professor of Greek and Classics 6) Mill is a nerd. He likes to play video games, likes building things, and doesn’t have the highest social IQ. Which of the following is most likely to be Mill’s college major? Engineering Psychology 7) Linda is 31 years old, single, outspoken, and very bright. She majored in philosophy. As a student, she was deeply concerned with issues of discrimination and social justice, and also participated in anti-nuclear demonstrations. Which of the following is most likely to be true about Linda? She is a bank teller She is a bank teller who is an active feminist Step Two: Once you have collected data, tally the correct and incorrect responses. State the information below. Type your answer here: the correct responses for the following questions are 1. falling airplane parts, 3. lightening, 4. begin with r, 5. professor of greek and classics, 6. engineering, 7. she is a bank teller Step Three: Explain any incorrect answers in terms of the availability and representativeness heuristics. In your answer, here, be sure to define both heuristics and highlight the ways in which these may have played a role in your participants’ answers. Type your answer here: Availability heuristics is a mental shortcut that people rely on immediate examples that come to a person mind when discussing a certain topic. Representativeness heuristics is when someone is describing something to someone else and based on the similairty objets they use the other person stereotypes the object. These played a major part in my participants answers because they gave their answers based off what they previously saw or heard about that given topic. For example, the question about lighteing and tornadoes you don't hear a lot about someone dying or being hurt by lightening, you hear more about tornadoes deaths and distruction. So my participants automatically assumed tonadoes was the correct answer.