Uploaded by Marie Jessica Alip Ramos


RAMOS, Marie Jessica Alip
 Rizal manifested through his works, professions and habits that mirrors the Filipinos. “Our
defects and strengths, our virtues and vices, only then we would become conscious as a
people and so we prepare ourselves for painful sacrifices that ultimately lead to self-reliance,
self-respect and freedom” Sen. Laurel
 His life, works and philosophical ideologies centered on his idea of God, religion, humanity,
liberty, love, nationalism, patriotism, politics and family.
 He is considered a Hero
Humanity of Heroes
 they are human beings,
just like us, not born as
 heroes, they are made
 he is a product of his time, of his environment which include his society they are not Saints and
they have their frailties, shortcomings just like any individuals
Criteria for a Hero
 no law, but due to the acclamation of the Filipino people – his achievements are admirable and
exemplary to be followed.
 Public worship and accolades are heaped upon him
 We honor him
 through streets and monuments
 Appreciation of his achievements spans beyond his life
 50 years after his time
 his ideas and ideals are still invoked and appreciated and passed the test of time.
 an admirable leader towering over his peers who serves a noble cause, possessing
exceptional talent, distinguished valor & or enterprise exercising a determinative influence over
the spiritual life of his people in a particular remarkable event.
 abandoned self interest
 under extreme stress must project fortitude
 thinks of the future
 many monuments, streets in his honor
 martyr who died for Filipinos, just like Christ who died for humanity
 many talents
 poet, writer, doctor, anthropologist, sculptor, surveyor, nobelist, farmer, essayist,
historian, teacher, Polygot (some knowledge of 22 languages).
 he inspired the nation, who freed the Phils. from oppression
However, there are negativities
 affairs with other women
 Unpredictable
 questioned his motives man hungry for power
there is a comparison contest – Andres Bonifacio and Rizal
 His achievements outweighed his deficiencies in serving
How would Reading of Rizal’ s Novel impart patriotism?
 In the patriotic novel Noli Me Tangere, Jose Rizal shaped the minds and opened the eyes of
his fellow Filipinos to the abuse they suffered at the hands of tyrannical Spanish authorities
 He proved that the pen is mightier than the sword"
 He symbolically painted a portrait quite similar to the conditions of the Phils. during that time
 "Noli me Tangere is a 'Latin phrase from the bible, meaning “Touch me not” & In John 20/1317, the newly risen Christ says to Mary Magdalene Touch me not. I am not yet ascended to my
Father, but go to my brethren, and say unto them I ascend unto my Father and your Father,
and to my God and your God.
 RA 1425, June 12, 1956
 House Bill No. 5561 – by Cong. Jacobo Gonzales
 Senate Bill No. 438 – Sen. Claro M. Recto and Jose P. Laurel Sr.
 An Act to Include in the Curricula of All Public and Private Schools, Colleges and Universities
courses on the Life Works and Writings of JOSE RIZAL, particularly his novels NOLI ME
TANGERE and EL FILIBUSTERISMO, Authorizing the Printing and Distribution Thereof, and
for Other Purposes.
 Implementor – DepED.
 This is to help the Filipino people to remember Rizal as a hero and his ideologies which
awakened the socio-political conditions of Filipinos during the time.
1. Making Rizal obsolete is like ignoring the defects of the society.
2. Valuing Freedom and Nationalism
3. Neutralizes Globalization
4. Intended to honor other heroes
5. Break the monotony of life.
6. Provides profound reflection to apathy.
Other mandates to honor the life of Rizal.
 Decree of Dec. 20, 1898 that Dec. 30 as a day of national mourning, now known as Rizal Day
 ACT No. 137 District of Morong (a part of Manila) as a Province of Rizal
 ACT No. 1982 – prepare programs for Rizal’s 50th birthday
 RA 229 – prohibiting gambling on Dec. 30.
The trials of the Rizal Bill
 It underwent beyond the normal. The church played a big role in the fight.
 Dr. Jose Rizal’s book Noli Me Tangere were claimed to be heterical, impious, scandalous to
the religious order and gov’t of Spain – findings of special faculty committee thru the request of
Archbishop Pedro Payo.
 Catholic Church pastoral letter by Cardinal Rufino Santos, Archbishop of Manila tried to stop
the passing of the bill.
 Compromises were made including edited novels
 Long debates, pressures and hearings were undertaken
 Church argues that it violates freedom of conscience and religion
 Sen. Laurel argues that Rizal just described the general situation during his time, he was not
trying to teach Theology
 The book is more on the Colonial attack of Spain rather than a ridicule to the Catholic Church.
 The church admires Jose Rizal but ironically not his works