LONG QUIZ IN EARTH AND LIFE SCIENCE GRADE 11 Prepared by: Mary Ann L. Tolibao Name: ________________________________ Write the letter of the correct answer. 1. A unit of length used to measure astronomical distance. a. Wavelength b. Light waves c. Light years d. Red spectrum 2. Thermo nuclear reaction is ________. a. A nuclear fusion reaction responsible for the energy produced by the stars. b. A nuclear reaction produced by the galaxy. c. A solar nuclear fusion responsible for the energy reaction. d. Solar interaction between stars. 3. An early stage in the formation of the Star resulting from the gravitational collapse of gases is called _____. a. Protostar b. Protistar c. Poststar d. Popstar 4. A matter that has a gravity but do not emit light. a. Dark energy b. Dark matter c. Baryonic matter d. Ionic matter 5. The age of the Universe is at least _______. a. 12.8 billion years b. 13.8 billion years c. 4.6 billion years d. 4.9 billion years 6. The Earth as part of the solar system-inner terrestrial (as opposed to the outer gaseous planet). The Earth is also known as ________. a. The third icy planet. b. The third rock from the Sun. c. The ringed planet. d. The largest planet. 7. The solar system (our Earth system) is located at the outer limb of the galaxy. Specifically, what galaxy? a. Andromeda galaxy b. Messier or Cigar galaxy c. Milky Way galaxy d. NGC 2207 and IC 2163 8. All are composition of the Universe, except. a. 4.6% baryonic matter b. 24% cold dark matter c. 75% energy matter d. 71.4% dark energy 9. The three most abundant element in the Universe are: a. Nitrogen, Oxygen and Carbon Dioxide b. Nitrogen, Helium and c. Hydrogen, Helium and Lithium d. Hydrogen, Helium and Oxygen 10. Who discovered the “redshift” in 1929? a. Charles Darwin b. Albert Einstein c. Bondi, Gould and Hoyle d. Edwin Hubble 11. The building blocks of the galaxy are: a. Rocks b. Moons c. Stars d. Cosmic debris 12. Atoms are made up of tiny particles, except. a. Electrons b. Protons c. Neutrons d. Neurons 13. When do redshift happen? Section: _________________ a. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. Date: _______________ When light or other electromagnetic radiation from an object has a shorter wavelength and higher frequency. b. When light or other electromagnetic radiation from an object is increased in wavelength or shifted to the red end of the spectrum. c. When light or other electromagnetic radiation from an object is decreased in wavelength or shifted to the blue end of the spectrum. d. None of the above. What is the interpretation on the significant discovery of the redshift? a. The galaxy is compact. b. Our galaxy is not the only galaxy. c. The stars are moving in. d. The galaxy is moving away as an evidence for an expanding universe. What is doppler effect? a. Change in the frequency of a wave caused by the observer alone. b. Change in the frequency of a wave caused by source of the wave alone. c. Change in the frequency of a wave caused by relative motion between the source of the wave and the observer. d. None of the above. The band color or color spectrum with the highest frequency is? a. Blue b. Green c. Orange d. Red Which among the band color or color spectrum shows lowest frequency? a. Blue b. Green c. Orange d. Red All are non-scientific thought of the origin of the universe, except: a. According to the ancient Egyptians, the world arose from an infinite sea at the first rising of the sun. b. In central Africa, god Mbombo (or Bumba) felt an intense stomach pain and then vomited the stars, sun and moon. c. In India, Purusha, the primal man whose head, fee, eyes and mind became the sky, earth, sun and moon respectively. d. According to the Big Bang Theory, the universe as we know it started with a small singularity, then inflated over the next 13.8 billion years to the cosmos that we know today. This explains that the planetary system formed in such a disk-shaped cloud around the Sun. a. Catastrophic Hypotheses b. Evolutionary Hypotheses c. Solar Nebula Theory d. None of the above. All are the characteristics of Terrestrial planets, except: a. Outer planet b. Rocky surface c. Dense d. Small planets All are the characteristics of Jovian planets, except: a. Icy interiors b. Less dense c. With rings d. With less or no atmosphere The movement on its own axis is called? a. Rotation 23. 24. 25. 26. 27. 28. 29. 30. 31. 32. 33. 34. b. Revolution c. All of the above d. None of the above Who predicted the existence of Kuiper’s belt in 1950’s? a. Isaac Newton b. Albert Bandura c. Gerome Kuiper d. Gerard Kuiper In the Earth system, system means? a. Any entity that consists of interrelated parts or components. b. Any entity that consists of not interrelated parts or components. c. Individual component. d. Functioning unit. The planetary environment that relies on the interaction among vast combination of factors that enable to support life. a. Earth system b. System c. Solar system d. Subsystem The individual component of a system is called? a. Subsystem b. Variables c. System d. Earth system The functioning units of major system that demonstrate strong internal connection. a. Subsystem b. Variables c. System d. Earth system All are Earth’s subsystem, except? a. Atmosphere b. Hydrosphere c. Troposphere d. Lithosphere It is the gaseous blanket of air that envelops, shields, and insulate the Earth. a. Atmosphere b. Hydrosphere c. Lithosphere d. Biosphere It is the liquid component of the Earth a. Atmosphere b. Hydrosphere c. Lithosphere d. Biosphere It makes up the solid Earth a. Atmosphere b. Hydrosphere c. Lithosphere d. Biosphere It composes the living things. a. Atmosphere b. Hydrosphere c. Lithosphere d. Biosphere Which is NOT true about the Hydrosphere? a. It provides the water supply for the life on Earth. b. It serves us home for many plants and animals especially the aquatic organism. c. All living organism needs water to grow and survive. d. It covers 79% of the Earth’s surface. All are included in the Lithosphere, except? a. Landforms b. Glaciers c. Rocks and soils d. Minerals Modified TRUE or FALSE Write TRUE is the statement is correct and FALSE if not and change the underline world to make it correct. 35. Baryonic matter is an ordinary matter that consists of protons, electrons and neutrons that comprises atoms, planets, stars, galaxies and other bodies. 36. The milky way is one of the billions of the galaxies in the universe. 37. The solar system is at least 2 billion years old. 38. We are at the center of the Universe. 39. The universe comprises all the surface, time, matter and energy in it. 40. Potassium, Oxygen and Carbon were the most abundant element in the universe. 41. Dark matter is a source of anti-gravity. 42. Protostar is the hot core of a future star. 43. Rotation is the movement around the sun. 44. Evolutionary hypotheses states that planetary system form from the collision of Sun and another star. 45. The preferred direction of motion in the solar system is clockwise. 46. Meteors are sudden streaks of glowing gases produced by a bit if the material falling into Earth’s atmosphere and is sometimes called, “shooting star”. 47. Kuiper’s belt is called “minor planet”. 48. Terrestrial planets are large, low-density worlds with thick atmosphere and liquid or ice interiors. 49. Jovian planets are small, dense, rocky worlds with little or no atmosphere. 50. Solar Nebula theory states that planets form in the rotating disks of gas and dust around a young star.