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The silk road
Why was the Silk Road important?
• helped to generate trade and commerce between a number of different
kingdoms and empires. This helped for ideas, culture, inventions, and
unique products to spread across much of the settled world.
• The opening of the silk road effectively promoted the economic and cultural
exchanges between the east and the west 加快中⻄西⽅方经济⽂文化的交流
• Spread the Islam
Why is it called the Silk Road?
It was called the Silk Road because one of the major products
traded was silk cloth from China. People throughout Asia and
Europe prized Chinese silk for its softness and luxury. The Chinese
sold silk for thousands of years and even the Romans called China
the "land of silk".
What goods did the Chinese trade?
Besides silk, the Chinese also exported (sold) teas, salt, sugar,
porcelain, and spices. Most of what was traded was expensive
luxury goods. This was because it was a long trip and merchants
didn't have a lot of room for goods. They imported, or bought, goods
like cotton, ivory, wool, gold, and silver.
How did they travel?
Merchants and tradesmen traveled in large caravans. They would
have many guards with them. Traveling in a big group like a
caravan helped in defending from bandits. Camels were popular
animals for transport because much of the road was through dry
and harsh land.
Fun facts about the Silk Road
A network of trade routes connecting the Eastern Mediterranean to
Central Asia and Central Asia to China,The Silk Road began during
China’s Han Dynasty in 130 BC and lasted until 1453 AD
Zhang Qian pioneered the Silk Road between 138-125 BC during the
Han Dynasty
The Silk Road reached its peak during the Mongol controlled Yuan
Dynasty between 1271-1368 AD
The Silk Road stretched through Asia with additional overland and
water trade routes connecting China, India, Mesopotamia, Arabia,
Egypt, Africa, Greece, Rome, and even Britain
Face difficulties , Sandstorms ,ice storms, heavy snow,
avalanches, and flooding contributed to the danger as did thieves that
lay in wait along the routes for vulnerable traders