# IRJET-Array of Circular Microstrip Patch Antenna

```International Research Journal of Engineering and Technology (IRJET)
e-ISSN: 2395-0056
Volume: 06 Issue: 04 | Apr 2019
p-ISSN: 2395-0072
www.irjet.net
Array of circular microstrip patch antenna
Urwashi Vithal Miringkar1, Asst.Prof.Palhavi Kerkar2
1Electronics
And Telecommunication-Industrial Automation And Radio Frequency, Goa College of Engineering
2Electronics and Telecommunication, Goa College of Engineering
---------------------------------------------------------------------***--------------------------------------------------------------------The basic information about the circular antenna and the
Abstract - This paper presents the array of circular
arrays has been described in the introduction.The first part
microstrip patch antenna. The element of the antenna is
consists of the design parameters and the antenna design.the
1x4 arrays. The antenna operates at 3.5GHz.Circular
later section describes the result and conclusion.
antennas give good return loss, and better gain and
directivity. The main aim of using the array is to improve
1. ANTENNA DESIGN
the gain of the antenna. Inset feed technique is used to
design the antenna. The size and feed technique is
We have designed a patch antenna array consisting of
determined by design formulas. Ie3d software is used for
FR4 substrate.3.5GHz is the resonant frequency of the
antenna array.FR4 substrate has 4.4 relative permittivity.
simulation.
The loss tangent for FR4 is 0.02 and thickness is 1.6mm.
A circular patch is designed of radius 12mm, and 1x4
array is designed using one circular element. Following
are the formulas to find the radius of the circular patch.
Key Words: Antenna array; directivity; Microstrip patch;
1.INTRODUCTION
(1)
Several antennas are arranged and connected in regular
structure to form single antenna. There are various types of
antenna array i.e, Log periodic dipole array, planar array,
collinear array, and phased array. Phased array antenna
consists of multiple antenna system, in which, that the
radiation pattern can be reinforced in a desired direction &amp;
suppressed in undesired directions. The phased array
antennas are now widely used, and are spreading to civilian
applications. Phased arrays are used by many AM broadcast
radio stations to enhance signal strength and therefore,
minimizes interference to other areas.
(2)
(3)
Antenna arrays are widely used because it increases the
radiated power and provide high directional beam which
avoids power loss in other directions. Basically the arrays
are used to improve the radiation pattern. Arrays increase
the directivity of the antenna and provides electronic
steering which eliminates the use of mechanical steering
using servo motor. And hence beam can be moved in less
than millisecond. Arrays are also used for tracking in radar
and surveillance. Configuration of array is simple
arrangement of elements.
Inset feed technique is used while designing this antenna.
The dimensions of the line feed are 25.8mm width and
3mm is the length which is calculated using the required
formulas.
(4)
There are various types of structures available for
microstrip
patch,
such
as
rectangular,circular,triangle,square, out of which circular has
more advantages improved gain,return loss,easy design and
improved bandwidth.Circular antennas also provides the
flexibility of designing the the arrays. Circular Patch
antennas can be designed to have horizontal,vertical left
hand circular or right hand circular polarization, with
multiple feeding points, or a single feed point. Such antennas
are common in airplanes and military applications because
of its ability to give high gain in low profile antennas.
&copy; 2019, IRJET
|
Impact Factor value: 7.211
(5)
(6)
|
ISO 9001:2008 Certified Journal
|
Page 3921
International Research Journal of Engineering and Technology (IRJET)
e-ISSN: 2395-0056
Volume: 06 Issue: 04 | Apr 2019
p-ISSN: 2395-0072
www.irjet.net
Fig 3 shows the graph of gain v/s frequency. Gain is an
important parameter of an antenna that defines the total
power which is radiated in a particular direction. The unit
of gain is dBi. The gain of 4.52dBi is obtained.
(7)
I.
1x4 ANTENNA ARRAY
3. CONCLUSIONS
Accordingly we have designed 1x4 microstrip patch array
antenna at 3.5GHz frequency. Several antenna parameters
like gain and return loss are obtained. The obtained gain is
4.52dBi, which we can see is comparatively greater than the
single patch. The single patch antennas give gain of 2-3dBi.
The return loss obtained is -22.5dB.The results give
satisfactory performance. Hence we can conclude that 1x4
antenna improves the gain and the performance of the
antenna.
Fig 1:1x4 antenna array
Fig 1 is the antenna array design of 1x4 arrays.It consists
of 4 circular patch antennas with inset feed technique
designed on FR4 substrate.
REFERENCES
[1]
[2]
[3]
[4]
Fig 2: Return loss
The above figure shows the return loss of 1x4 antenna
array.The return loss of -22.5dB is obtained at 3.5 GHz.The
desired return loss for the antenna must be less than -10dB.
[5]
Microstrip Patch Antenna Array Design to Improve
Better Gains Vasujadevi Midasala1 , Dr. P. Siddaiah2 1
Research Scholar, JNTUA, Ananthapuramu, Andhra
Pradesh, India 2 Professor &amp; Principal, University
College of Engineering &amp; Technology, Acharya
Nagarjuna University, Guntur
Rakhi and Sonam Thakur, “Performance Analysis of
Different Shapes Patch Antennas at 2.45 GHz”,
International Journal of Engineering Research and
Technology, Vol.3, Issue 9, 2014
A.R.G.Chandra Mouli.K, Dr M. Satya Anuradha, Darshana
Kuppili,Dattatreya Gopi A.R.G.CHANDRA MOULI.K,
“Analysis of Rectangular and Triangular Microstrip
Antenna Arrays using HFSS”, 2015 13th International
Conference on Electromagnetic Interference and
Compatibility (INCEMIC)
Madhukant Patel, Piyush Kuchhal, Kanhiya Lal, Ranjan
Mishra, “Design and Analysis of Microstrip Patch
Antenna Array using Different Substrates for X-Band
Applications”, International Journal of Applied
Engineering Research ISSN 0973-4562 Volume 12,
Number 19 2017
Mohini Narendra naik, H.G.Virani, “Design and
simulation of array of rectangular slotted microstrip
patch antenna with improved bandwidth for
WLAN”,IEEE 2016.
Fig 3: Gain
&copy; 2019, IRJET
|
Impact Factor value: 7.211
|
ISO 9001:2008 Certified Journal
|
Page 3922
```