# IRJET-V6I7435 ```International Research Journal of Engineering and Technology (IRJET)
e-ISSN: 2395-0056
Volume: 06 Issue: 07 | July 2019
p-ISSN: 2395-0072
www.irjet.net
Wavelet based Galerkin Method for the Numerical Solution of One
Dimensional Partial Differential Equations
S.C. Shiralashetti1, L.M. Angadi2, S. Kumbinarasaiah3
1Professor,
Department of Mathematics, Karnatak University Dharwad-580003, India
Professor, Department of Mathematics, Govt. First Grade College, Chikodi – 591201, India
3Asst. Professor, Department of Mathematics, Karnatak University Dharwad-580003, India
---------------------------------------------------------------------***---------------------------------------------------------------------2Asst.
Abstract - In this paper, we proposed the Wavelet based Galerkin method for numerical solution of one dimensional partial
differential equations using Hermite wavelets. Here, Hermite wavelets are used as weight functions and these are assumed bases
elements which allow us to obtain the numerical solutions of the partial differential equations. Some of the test problems are given
to demonstrate the numerical results obtained by proposed method are compared with already existing numerical method
i.e. finite difference method (FDM) and exact solution to check the efficiency and accuracy of the proposed method
Key Words: Wavelet; Numerical solution; Hermite bases; Galerkin method; Finite difference method.
1. INTRODUCTION
Wavelet analysis is newly developed mathematical tool and have been applied extensively in many engineering fileld. This has
been received a much interest because of the comprehensive mathematical power and the good application potential of
wavelets in science and engineering problems. Special interest has been devoted to the construction of compactly supported
smooth wavelet bases. As we have noted earlier that, spectral bases are infinitely differentiable but have global support. On the
other side, basis functions used in finite-element methods have small compact support but poor continuity properties. Already
we know that, spectral methods have good spectral localization but poor spatial localization, while finite element methods have
good spatial localization, but poor spectral localization. Wavelet bases perform to combine the advantages of both spectral and
finite element bases. We can expect numerical methods based on wavelet bases to be able to attain good spatial and spectral
resolutions. Daubechies  illustrated that these bases are differentiable to a certain finite order. These scaling and
corresponding wavelet function bases gain considerable interest in the numerical solutions of differential equations since from
many years [2–4].
Wavelets have generated significant interest from both theoretical and applied researchers over the last few decades. The
concepts for understanding wavelets were provided by Meyer, Mallat, Daubechies, and many others, . Since then, the
number of applications where wavelets have been used has exploded. In areas such as approximation theory and numerical
solutions of differential equations, wavelets are recognized as powerful weapons not just tools.
In general it is not always possible to obtain exact solution of an arbitrary differential equation. This necessitates either
discretization of differential equations leading to numerical solutions, or their qualitative study which is concerned with
deduction of important properties of the solutions without actually solving them. The Galerkin method is one of the best known
methods for finding numerical solutions of differential equations and is considered the most widely used in applied
mathematics . Its simplicity makes it perfect for many applications. The wavelet-Galerkin method is an improvement over
the standard Galerkin methods. The advantage of wavelet-Galerkin method over finite difference or finite element method has
lead to tremendous applications in science and engineering. An approach to study differential equations is the use of wavelet
function bases in place of other conventional piecewise polynomial trial functions in finite element type methods.
In this paper, we developed Hermite wavelet-Galerkin method (HWGM) for the numerical solution of differential equations.
This method is based on expanding the solution by Hermite wavelets with unknown coefficients. The properties of Hermite
wavelets together with the Galerkin method are utilized to evaluate the unknown coefficients and then a numerical solution of
the one dimensional partial differential equation is obtained.
The organization of the paper is as follows. Preliminaries of Hermite wavelets are given in section 2. Hermite wavelet-Galerkin
method of solution is given in section 3. In section 4 Numerical results are presented. Finally, conclusions of the proposed
work are discussed in section 5.
&copy; 2019, IRJET
|
Impact Factor value: 7.211
|
ISO 9001:2008 Certified Journal
|
Page 2886
International Research Journal of Engineering and Technology (IRJET)
e-ISSN: 2395-0056
Volume: 06 Issue: 07 | July 2019
p-ISSN: 2395-0072
www.irjet.net
2. PRELIMINARIES OF HERMITE WAVELETS
Wavelets form a family of functions which are generated from dilation and translation of a single function which is called as
mother wavelet  ( x) . If the dialation parameter a and translation parameter b varies continuously, we have the following
family of continuous wavelets [7 , 8]:
 a ,b ( x) =| a |1/2  (
If we restrict the parameters
a and b
to discrete values as
x b
),  a, b  R, a  0.
a
a = a0 k , b = nb0 a0 k , a0 &gt; 1, b0 &gt; 0. We have the following
family of discrete wavelets
 k ,n ( x) = | a |1/2  (a0k x  nb0 ),  a, b  R, a  0,
where  k , n form a wavelet basis for
L2 ( R) . In particular, when a0 = 2 and b0 = 1 ,then  k , n ( x) forms an orthonormal
basis. Hermite wavelets are defined as
 k
2

 2 H (2k x  2n  1),
 n , m ( x) = 
m
 

0,

2
Hm 
H m ( x)
Where
n 1
n
 x&lt;
k

1
k
2
2 1
otherwise
(2.1)
(2.2)

where m = 0,1,, M  1. In eq. (2.2) the coefficients are used for orthonormality. Here
polynomials of degree m with respect to weight function
reccurence formula
H m (x) are the second Hermite
W ( x) = 1  x 2 on the real line R and satisfies the following
H 0 ( x) = 1, H1 ( x) = 2 x ,
H
( x) = 2 xH
( x)  2(m  1) H m ( x) , where m = 0,1,2,.
m2
m1
(2.3)
k  1 &amp; n  1 in (2.1) and (2.2), then the Hermite wavelets are given by
2
,
 1,0 ( x) 
For

 1,1 ( x) 
2
 1,2 ( x) 
2
 1,3 ( x) 
2
 1,4 ( x) 
2
( 4 x  2) ,

(16 x 2 16 x  2) ,


(64 x3  96 x 2  36 x  2) ,

(256 x 4  512 x3  320 x 2  64 x  2) , and so on.
Function approximation:
We would like to bring a solution function
bases as follows,
u ( x) under Hermite space by approximating u ( x) by elements of Hermite wavelet
u ( x) 


c
n 1 m  0
&copy; 2019, IRJET
|
Impact Factor value: 7.211
|
n ,m
 n, m  x 
ISO 9001:2008 Certified Journal
(2.4)
|
Page 2887
International Research Journal of Engineering and Technology (IRJET)
e-ISSN: 2395-0056
Volume: 06 Issue: 07 | July 2019
p-ISSN: 2395-0072
www.irjet.net
 n , m  x  is given in eq. (2.1).
where
We approximate
u ( x) by truncating the series represented in Eq. (2.4) as,
u ( x) 
2k  1 M 1
 c
n 1 m  0
n ,m
 n,m  x 
(2.5)
k 1
c and  are 2
M  1 matrix.
where
Convergence of Hermite wavelets
Theorem: If a continuous function
wavelets expansion of
Proof: Let
u  x   L2  R  defined on
 0 , 1  be bounded, i.e. u  x   K , then the Hermite
u  x  converges uniformly to it .
u  x  be a bounded real valued function on  0 , 1  . The Hermite coefficients of continuous functions u  x 
is defined as,
1
Cn , m   u  x  n , m  x  dx
0
u x 
I
Put
2
k 1
2
 n 1 n 
H m  2k x  2 n  1  dx , where I   k 1 , k 1 
2 

2
2 x  2n  1  z
k


2
k 1
2
1

2
 z  1  2n
2k
 u 
1
 k 1
2
1

k
 H m  z  2 dx

 z  1  2n
2k

 H m  z  dx

 u 

1
Using GMVT integrals,


2
2
 k 1
2
 w  1  2n 
u

2k
 

1
 H  z  dx , for some w   1,1 
m
1
 k 1
2
 w  1  2n 
u
h
2k
 

1
where
h
 H  z  dx
m
1
Cn , m 
2
 k 1
2

 w  1  2n 
u
 h
2k



Since
u is bounded, therefore
C
n,m0
n ,m
u x 
absolutely convergent. Hence the Hermite series expansion of
converges uniformly.
&copy; 2019, IRJET
|
Impact Factor value: 7.211
|
ISO 9001:2008 Certified Journal
|
Page 2888
International Research Journal of Engineering and Technology (IRJET)
e-ISSN: 2395-0056
Volume: 06 Issue: 07 | July 2019
p-ISSN: 2395-0072
www.irjet.net
3. METHOD OF SOLUTION
Consider the differential equation of the form,
2 u
u

  u  f x 
2
x
x
u  0   a , u 1  b
With boundary conditions
Where
,
(3.1)
are may be constant or either a functions of
(3.2)
x or functions of u and f x  be a continuous function.
 u
u
(3.3)

  u  f x 
2
x
x
where Rx  is the residual of the eq. (3.1). When Rx   0 for the exact solution, u ( x) only which will satisfy the boundary
2
R( x) 
Write the equation (3.1) as
conditions.
Consider the trail series solution of the differential equation (3.1), u ( x) defined over [0, 1) can be expanded as a modified
Hermite wavelet, satisfying the given boundary conditions which is involving unknown parameter as follows,
u ( x) 
2k  1 M 1
 c
n 1 m  0
where
n ,m
 n,m  x 
(3.4)
cn ,m ' s are unknown coefficients to be determined.
Accuracy in the solution is increased by choosing higher degree Hermite wavelet polynomials.
Differentiating eq. (3.4) twice with respect to
x and substitute the values of
2 u  u
,
, u in eq. (3.3). To find cn ,m ' s we
 x2  x
choose weight functions as assumed bases elements and integrate on boundary values together with the residual to zero .
1
  x  R  x  dx
i.e.
1, m
 0 , m  0, 1, 2,......
0
then we obtain a system of linear equations, on solving this system, we get unknown parameters. Then substitute these
unknowns in the trail solution, numerical solution of eq. (3.1) is obtained.
4. NUMERICAL EXPERIMENT
Test Problem 4.1 First, consider the differential equation ,
2 u
 u  x , 0  x 1
 x2
With boundary conditions: u  0   0,
(4.1)
u 1  0
(4.2)
The implementation of the eq. (4.1) as per the method explained in section 3 is as follows:
The residual of eq. (4.1) can be written as:
Now choosing the weight function
(4.2), i.e.
R  x 
2 u
ux
 x2
(4.3)
w  x   x (1 x ) for Hermite wavelet bases to satisfy the given boundary conditions
ψ  x   w  x    x 
ψ1,0 ( x)   1,0 ( x)  x (1  x) 
&copy; 2019, IRJET
|

2
ψ1,1 ( x)   1,1 ( x)  x (1  x) 
ψ1,2 ( x)   1,2 ( x)  x(1  x) 
2

2

x (1  x )
,
( 4 x  2) x (1  x )
(16 x 2 16 x  2) x (1  x )
Impact Factor value: 7.211
|
ISO 9001:2008 Certified Journal
|
Page 2889
International Research Journal of Engineering and Technology (IRJET)
e-ISSN: 2395-0056
Volume: 06 Issue: 07 | July 2019
p-ISSN: 2395-0072
Assuming the trail solution of (5.1) for
www.irjet.net
k  1 and m  3 is given by
u( x)  c1,0 ψ1,0  x   c1,1 ψ1,1  x   c1,2 ψ1,2  x 
(4.4)
Then the eq. (4.4) becomes
2
u ( x )  c1,0

x (1  x )
Differentiating eq. (4.5) twice w.r.t.
i.e.
u
 c1,0
x
2

(1  2 x )
 c1,1
2 u
 c1,0
 x2
 c1,1
2
( 4 x  2) x (1  x )
 c1,2
2
(16 x 2 16 x  2) x (1  x ) (4.5)


x we get,
2
2
(  12 x 2 12 x  2)  c1,2
(  64 x3  96 x 2  36 x  2) (4.6)


2
2
2
(  2)  c1,1
(  24 x  12)  c1,2
(192 x 2  192 x  36)



(4.7)
Using eq. (4.5) and (4.7), then eq. (4.3) becomes,
R  x   c1,0
2

(2)
2
 c1,1

2

x (1  x )
 c1,0


(  24 x  12)
 c1,1
2

 c1,2
2
(192 x 2  192 x  36 ) 

( 4 x  2) x (1  x )
 c1,2

(16 x 2 16 x  2 )   x


2
2
 R  x  c
1,0
c
1,2
2
(  x2  x  2 )  c
(  4 x3  6 x 2  26 x  12) 
1,1 

2
( 16 x 4  32 x3  210 x 2  194 x  36 )  x
(4.8)

This is the residual of eq. (4.1). The “weight functions” are the same as the bases functions. Then by the weighted Galerkin
method, we consider the following:
1
  x  R  x  dx
1, m
 0 , m  0, 1 , 2
(4.9)
0
For
i.e.
m  0, 1, 2 in eq. (4.9),
1
1
1
0
0
0
 1,0  x  R  x  dx  0 ,  1,1  x  R  x  dx  0 ,  1,2  x  R  x  dx  0

(0.3802) c1,1  (0) c1,2  (0.4487) c1,3  0.0940  0
(0) c1,1  (0.9943) c1,2  (0) c1,3  0.0376
(4.10)
 0
(4.11)
(0.4487) c1,0  (0) c1,1  (2.3686) c1,2  0.1128  0
(4.12)
We have three equations (4.10) – (4.12) with three unknown coefficients i.e.
algebraic equations, we obtain the values of
c1, 0 , c1,1 and c1, 2 . By solving this system of
c1,0  0.2446 , c1,1  0.0378 and c1,2   0.0013 . Substituting these values in
eq. (4.5), we get the numerical solution; these results and absolute error =
ua  x   ue  x  (where ua  x  and ue  x  are
numerical and exact solutions respectively) are presented in table - 1 and fig - 1 in comparison with exact solution of eq. (4.1) is
u ( x) 
sin ( x)
 x.
sin (1)
Table – 1: Comparison of numerical solution and exact solution of the test problem 4.1
x
0.1
0.2
0.3
0.4
0.5
&copy; 2019, IRJET
|
Numerical solution
FDM
HWGM
0.018660
0.018624
0.036132
0.036102
0.051243
0.051214
0.062842
0.062793
0.069812
0.069734
Impact Factor value: 7.211
Exact solution
0.018642
0.036098
0.051195
0.062783
0.069747
|
Absolute error
FDM
HWGM
1.80e-05
1.80e-05
3.40e-05
4.00e-06
4.80e-05
1.90e-05
5.90e-05
1.00e-05
6.50e-05
1.30e-05
ISO 9001:2008 Certified Journal
|
Page 2890
International Research Journal of Engineering and Technology (IRJET)
e-ISSN: 2395-0056
Volume: 06 Issue: 07 | July 2019
p-ISSN: 2395-0072
0.6
0.7
0.8
0.9
0.071084
0.065646
0.052550
0.030930
www.irjet.net
0.070983
0.065545
0.052481
0.030908
0.071018
0.065585
0.052502
0.030902
6.60e-05
6.10e-05
4.80e-05
2.80e-05
3.50e-05
4.00e-05
2.10e-05
6.00e-06
Fig – 1: Comparison of numerical and exact solutions of the test problem 4.1.
Test Problem 4.2 Next, consider another differential equation 
With boundary conditions:
2 u
  2 u   2  2 sin  x  , 0  x  1
2
x
(4.12)
u  0   0, u 1  0
(4.13)
Which has the exact solution u  x   sin  x  .
By applying the method explained in the section 3, we obtain the constants
c1,0  3.1500 , c1,1  0 and c1,2   0.1959 .
Substituting these values in eq. (4.5) we get the numerical solution. Obtained numerical solutions are compared with exact and
other existing method solutions are presented in table - 2 and fig - 2.
Table – 2: Comparison of numerical solution and exact solution of the test problem 4.2.
Numerical solution
x
0.1
0.2
0.3
0.4
0.5
0.6
0.7
&copy; 2019, IRJET
FDM
0.310289
0.590204
0.812347
0.954971
1.004126
0.954971
0.812347
|
Ref 
0.308865
0.587527
0.808736
0.950859
0.999996
0.951351
0.809671
HWGM
0.308754
0.588509
0.809554
0.950670
0.999123
0.950670
0.809554
Impact Factor value: 7.211
Exact
solution
0.309016
0.588772
0.809016
0.951056
1.000000
0.951056
0.809016
|
Absolute error
FDM
1.27e-03
1.43e-03
3.33e-03
3.92e-03
4.13e-03
3.92e-03
3.33e-03
Ref 
1.51e-04
1.25e-03
2.80e-04
1.97e-04
4.00e-06
2.95e-04
6.55e-04
HWGM
2.60e-04
2.60e-04
5.40e-04
3.90e-04
8.80e-04
3.90e-04
5.40e-04
ISO 9001:2008 Certified Journal
|
Page 2891
International Research Journal of Engineering and Technology (IRJET)
e-ISSN: 2395-0056
Volume: 06 Issue: 07 | July 2019
p-ISSN: 2395-0072
0.8
0.9
0.590204
0.310289
0.588815
0.310379
www.irjet.net
0.588509
0.308754
0.587785
0.309016
2.42e-03
1.27e-03
1.03e-03
1.36e-03
7.20e-04
2.60e-04
Fig – 2: Comparison of numerical and exact solutions of the test problem 4.2.
Test Problem 4.3 Consider another differential equation 
2 u
u

   e x 1  1 , 0  x  1
2
x
x
(4.14)
u  0   0, u 1  0
With boundary conditions:

Which has the exact solution u  x   x 1  e
x 1
(4.15)
.
By applying the method explained in the section 3, we obtain the constants
c1,0  0.7103 , c1,1  0.0806 and c1,2  0.0064 .
Substituting these values in eq. (4.5) we get the numerical solution. Obtained numerical solutions are compared with exact and
other existing method solutions are presented in table - 3 and fig - 3.
Table - 3: Comparison of numerical solution and exact solution of the test problem 4.3.
Numerical solution
x
0.1
0.2
0.3
0.4
0.5
0.6
0.7
0.8
0.9
&copy; 2019, IRJET
FDM
0.061948
0.115151
0.158162
0.189323
0.206737
0.208235
0.191342
0.153228
0.090672
|
Ref 
0.059383
0.110234
0.151200
0.180617
0.196983
0.198083
0.181655
0.145200
0.085710
HWGM
0.059339
0.110138
0.151031
0.180479
0.196733
0.197803
0.181421
0.145008
0.085637
Impact Factor value: 7.211
Exact
solution
0.059343
0.110134
0.151024
0.180475
0.196735
0.197808
0.181427
0.145015
0.085646
|
Absolute error
FDM
2.61e-03
5.02e-03
7.14e-03
8.85e-03
1.00e-02
1.04e-02
9.92e-03
8.21e-03
5.03e-03
Ref 
4.00e-05
1.00e-04
1.76e-04
1.42e-04
2.48e-04
2.75e-04
2.28e-04
1.85e-04
6.40e-05
HWGM
4.00e-06
4.00e-06
7.00e-06
4.00e-06
2.00e-06
5.00e-06
6.00e-06
7.00e-06
9.00e-06
ISO 9001:2008 Certified Journal
|
Page 2892
International Research Journal of Engineering and Technology (IRJET)
e-ISSN: 2395-0056
Volume: 06 Issue: 07 | July 2019
p-ISSN: 2395-0072
www.irjet.net
Fig – 3: Comparison of numerical and exact solutions of the test problem 4.3.
Test Problem 4.4 Now, consider singular boundary value problem 
2 u 2  u 2

 2 u  4 x2 , 0  x  1
2
x
x x x
With boundary conditions: u  0   0,
(4.16)
u 1  0
(4.17)
Which has the exact solution u  x   x  x .
2
By applying the method explained in the section 3, we obtain the constants
c1,0   0.8945 , c1,1  0.0047 and
c1,2   0.0046 . Substituting these values in eq. (4.5) we get the numerical solution. Obtained numerical solutions are
compared with exact and other existing method solutions are presented in table - 4 and fig - 4.
Table - 4: Comparison of numerical solution and exact solution of the test problem 4.4.
x
0.1
0.2
0.3
0.4
0.5
0.6
0.7
0.8
0.9
&copy; 2019, IRJET
|
Numerical solution
FDM
HWGM
-0.011212
-0.091865
-0.027274
-0.162047
-0.044247
-0.211369
-0.060551
-0.240457
-0.074699
-0.249739
-0.084704
-0.239439
-0.087649
-0.209587
-0.079213
-0.160010
-0.053056
-0.090338
Impact Factor value: 7.211
Exact solution
-0.090000
-0.160000
-0.210000
-0.240000
-0.250000
-0.240000
-0.210000
-0.160000
-0.090000
|
Absolute error
FDM
HWGM
7.88e-02
1.90e-03
1.33e-02
2.00e-03
1.66e-02
1.40e-03
1.79e-02
4.60e-04
1.75e-02
2.60e-04
1.55e-02
5.60e-04
1.22e-02
4.10e-04
8.08e-02
1.00e-05
3.69e-02
3.40e-04
ISO 9001:2008 Certified Journal
|
Page 2893
International Research Journal of Engineering and Technology (IRJET)
e-ISSN: 2395-0056
Volume: 06 Issue: 07 | July 2019
p-ISSN: 2395-0072
www.irjet.net
Fig – 4: Comparison of numerical solution and exact solution of the teat problem 4.4.
Test Problem 4.5 Finally, consider another singular boundary value problem 
2 u 8  u

 x u  x5  x 4  44 x 2  30 x, 0  x  1
 x2
x x
With boundary conditions: u  0   0,
(4.16)
u 1  0
(4.17)
Which has the exact solution u  x    x  x .
3
4
By applying the method explained in the section 3, we obtain the constants and substituting these values in eq. (4.5) we get the
numerical solution. Obtained numerical solutions are compared with exact and other existing method solutions are presented
in table - 5 and fig - 5.
Table – 5: Comparison of numerical solution and exact solution of the test problem 4.5.
x
0.1
0.2
0.3
0.4
0.5
0.6
0.7
0.8
0.9
&copy; 2019, IRJET
|
Numerical solution
FDM
HWGM
0.024647
-0.000900
0.024538
-0.006401
0.016024
-0.018904
-0.000072
-0.038407
-0.022021
-0.062512
-0.045926
-0.086417
-0.065532
-0.102920
-0.072190
-0.102420
-0.054840
-0.072914
Impact Factor value: 7.211
Exact solution
-0.000900
-0.006400
-0.018900
-0.038400
-0.062500
-0.086400
-0.102900
-0.102400
-0.072900
|
Absolute error
FDM
HWGM
2.55e-02
0
3.09e-02
1.00e-06
3.40e-02
4.00e-06
3.83e-02
7.00e-06
4.05e-02
1.20e-05
4.05e-02
1.70e-05
3.74e-02
2.00e-05
3.02e-02
2.00e-05
1.81e-02
1.40e-05
ISO 9001:2008 Certified Journal
|
Page 2894
International Research Journal of Engineering and Technology (IRJET)
e-ISSN: 2395-0056
Volume: 06 Issue: 07 | July 2019
p-ISSN: 2395-0072
www.irjet.net
Fig - 5: Comparison of numerical solution and exact solution of the teat problem 4.5.
5. CONCLUSION
In this paper, we proposed the wavelet based Galerkin method for the numerical solution of one dimensional partial differential
equations using Hermite wavelets. The efficiency of the method is observed through the test problems and the numerical
solutions are presented in Tables and figures, which show that HWGM gives comparable results with the exact solution and
better than existing numerical methods. Also increasing the values of M , we get more accuracy in the numerical solution.
Hence the proposed method is effective for solving differential equations.
References
 I. Daubechie, Orthonormal bases of compactly supported wavelets, Commun. Pure Appl. Math., 41(1988), 909-99.
 S. C. Shiralashetti, A. B. Deshi, “Numerical solution of differential equations arising in fluid dynamics using Legendre
wavelet collocation method”, International Journal of Computational Material Science and Engineering, 6 (2), (2017)
1750014 (14 pages).
 S. C. Shiralashetti, S. Kumbinarasaiah, R. A. Mundewadi, B. S. Hoogar, Series solutions of pantograph equations using
wavelets, Open Journal of Applied &amp; Theoretical Mathematics, 2 (4) (2016), 505-518.
 K. Amaratunga, J. R. William, Wavelet-Galerkin Solutions for One dimensional Partial Differential Equations, Inter. J.
Num. Meth. Eng., 37(1994), 2703-2716.
 I. Daubeshies, Ten lectures on Wavelets, Philadelphia: SIAM, 1992.
 J. W. Mosevic, Identifying Differential Equations by Galerkin's Method, Mathematics of Computation, 31(1977), 139147.
 A. Ali, M. A. Iqbal, S. T. Mohyud-Din, Hermite Wavelets Method for Boundary Value Problems, International Journal of
Modern Applied Physics, 3(1) (2013), 38-47 .
 S. C. Shiralashetti, S. Kumbinarasaiah, Hermite wavelets operational matrix of integration for the numerical solution of
nonlinear singular initial value problems, Alexandria Engineering Journal (2017) xxx, xxx–xxx(Article in press).
&copy; 2019, IRJET
|
Impact Factor value: 7.211
|
ISO 9001:2008 Certified Journal
|
Page 2895
International Research Journal of Engineering and Technology (IRJET)
e-ISSN: 2395-0056
Volume: 06 Issue: 07 | July 2019
p-ISSN: 2395-0072
www.irjet.net
 R. S. Saha, A. K. Gupta, A numerical investigation of time fractional modified Fornberg-Whitham equation for analyzing
the behavior of water waves. Appl Math Comput 266 (2015),135–148
 J. E. Cicelia, Solution of Weighted Residual Problems by using Galerkin’s Method, Indian Journal of Science and
Technology,7(3) (2014), 52–54.
 S. C. Shiralashetti, M. H. Kantli, A. B. Deshi, A comparative study of the Daubechies wavelet based new Galerkin and Haar
wavelet collocation methods for the numerical solution of differential equations, Journal of Information and Computing
Science, 12(1) (2017), 052-063.
 T. Lotfi, K. Mahdiani, Numerical Solution of Boundary Value Problem by Using Wavelet-Galerkin Method, Mathematical
Sciences, 1(3), (2007), 07-18.
 J. Chang, Q. Yang, L. Zhao, Comparison of B-spline Method and Finite Difference Method to Solve BVP of Linear ODEs ,
Journal of Computers, 6 (10) (2011), 2149-2155.
 V. S. Erturk, Differential transformation method for solving differential equations of lane-emden type, Mathematical and
Computational Applications, 12(3) (2007), 135-139.
BIOGRAPHIES
1’st
Author
Photo
2nd
Author
Photo
&copy; 2019, IRJET
Dr. S. C. Shiralashetti was born in 1976. He received M.Sc., M.Phil, PGDCA, Ph.D. degree, in Mathematics
from Karnatak University, Dharwad. He joined as a Lecturer in Mathematics in S. D. M. College of
Engineering and Technology, Dharwad in 2000 and worked up to 2009. Futher, worked as a Assistant
professor in Mathematics in Karnatak College Dharwad from 2009 to 2013, worked as a Associate
Professor from 2013 to 2106 and from 2016 onwards working as Professor in the P.G. Department of
studies in Mathematics, Karnatak University Dharwad. He has attended and presented more than 35
research articles in National and International conferences. He has published more than 36 research
articles in National and International Journals and procedings.
Area of Research: Numerical Analysis, Wavelet Analysis, CFD, Differential Equations, Integral Equations,
Integro-Differential Eqns.
H-index: 09; Citation index: 374.
In September 2009, he joined as Assistant Professor in Govt. First Grade College, Dharwad and worked up
to August 2013 and september 2013 onwards working in Govt. First Grade College, Chikodi
(Dist.: Belagavi).
Area of Research: Differential Equations, Numerical Analysis, Wavelet Analysis.
H-index: 03; Citation index: 13.
Dr. Kumbinarasaiah S, received his B.Sc., degree (2011) and M.Sc., degree in Mathematics (2013) from
Tumkur University, Tumkur. He has cleared both CSIR-NET (Dec 2013) and K-SET (2013) in his first
attempt. He received Ph.D., in Mathematics (2019) at the Department of Mathematics, Karnatak
University, Dharwad. He started his teaching career from September 2014 as an Assistant Professor at
Department of Mathematics, Karnatak University, Dharwad.
Area of research:Linear Algebra, Differential Equations, Wavelet theory, and its applications.
H-index: 03; Citation index: 23
|
Impact Factor value: 7.211
|
ISO 9001:2008 Certified Journal
|
Page 2896
```