Name of country: USA Tier Placement (check box): () Tier 1; ( ) Tier 2; ( ) Tier 2 Watch List; ( )Tier 3 Reasons for Tier Placement and Please Explain by using the tier ranking EXAMPLE in this document: The United States of America is ranked as a Tier 1 country which is a country whose government fully complies with TVPA minimum standards. Is it a source, destination, or transit country? Please explain why: The USA is a source, destination and transit country for women, men and children subjected to sec trafficking, sex slavery, and forced labor Prosecution: Are any traffickers being prosecuted??? If so, how many are being prosecuted? How long are the sentences? Explain. The government increased the number of convictions, but the number of investigations and prosecutions decreased. Title 18 US code section 1581 criminalizes sex and labor trafficking, which holds a minimum sentence of three months and a maximum life sentence. This law also prohibits conspiracy to engage in such crimes. In 2018, 526 traffickers were convicted of labor and sex trafficking (labor:25, sex:501). More than 70% of the convictions resulted in a sentence exceeding five years. The government is continuing to make efforts in capturing and convicting these traffickers. The DOJ and DHS partnered with Mexican law enforcement to mitigate trafficking at the border. Protection: What laws and organizations are in place to help the victims of HT? What are the NGOs doing (non-governmental organizations)? What is the government doing? Explain. The government is decreasing their efforts in protecting victims. Because the government increased funding for victim's assistance, it decreased the number of trafficking immigration options for victims. DOJ funded the $1.2 million to increase the availability of trauma informed services. DOJ also funded $1.8 million to support mentoring and comprehensive victim services for victims of sexual exploitation and child sex trafficking. For foreign victims, A Certification Letter enables foreign adult victims to apply for federal and state benefits and services with an approved application for T nonimmigration status. Prevention: Has the country developed a plan to eradicate HT? Is there a hotline for victims to call for help? Are there programs to help victims leave HT? Are the police getting training to identify and aid victims of HT? Explain The U.S government maintains efforts to prevent trafficking. Agencies conducted educational and training activities for their state, local, and tribal officials. An NGO hotline received 116,940 calls, texts, emails, etc., identified 10,685 trafficking cases, and provided resources and services to over 9,300 victims. The government spreads awareness through advertisements, campaigns, fundraising, and more. NGOs reported weak government enforcement of the recruitment free ban and stated that the HSB list was not published enough so that the workers can verify recruits. Recommendations: What could this country be doing to eradicate HT? Make sure you use complete sentences. The agencies within the federal government are improving their efforts to mitigate human trafficking. Within the last few weeks there have been reports of missing young girls and women across the country who could be possible trafficking victims. Local authorizes have been making significant efforts in keeping women alert on ways to be safe, informing the community on known traffickers and trafficking victims, and ensuring the arrests of the traffickers.