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IELTS Vocabulary for Speaking (1)

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- Peter Travis -
IELTS Vocabulary
Learn IELTS topic vocabulary the easy way, presented as you might use the
words and expressions in an IELTS Speaking exam
- edited by sutucon -
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HOLIDAY
PART 1
What kind of holiday do you like?
I try to avoid tourist traps … I like to get away from it all and prefer going somewhere off the
beaten track … last year I had the holiday of a lifetime … a two week wildlife safari in Kenya.
What do you like to do when you’re on holiday?
I enjoy visiting the local places of interest … I like to go sightseeing and always sign up for guided
tours as it’s a chance to be shown around and take photographs … one of my hobbies.
Do you have many tourists in your country?
Yes … we have a lot of holiday resorts along the coast that are popular with tourists … most people
come on package holidays and stay in one of the many hotels and self-catering apartments.
PART 2
Describe a beautiful place you once visited. You should say:
●
when you went to this place
●
where it was
●
who you went with
and say why you liked it so much.
<2>
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A few years ago I went on a long weekend to the Lake District in the UK … it’s a very popular
holiday destination in the north of England … I went on my own and had a wonderful time … I
stayed in a youth hostel and met some really nice people … but the most memorable thing about
the holiday were the breathtaking views … and lovely picturesque villages … it can get very busy
with hordes of tourists so I decided to go out of season in the autumn … the weather was
fantastic and the shops were full of local crafts … a really great holiday … it’s certainly not the kind
of short break for someone looking for a busy nightlife but if you want to relax in the middle of
stunning landscape I would certainly recommend a holiday to the Lake District.
PART 3
What do you think has led to the growth in the tourism industry?
It’s much easier and affordable to travel now … nowadays you can get cheap charter-flights or
all-in packages … to somewhere near or to a far-off destination.
How do people tend to choose a destination?
The Internet is a great source of information and high street travel agents are still very popular …
that’s where I like to go to get holiday brochures for the place I’m interested in.
People sometimes say flying is the most glamorous form of travel. Do you agree?
I’m not so sure really … flying can be quite boring … queuing up at the check-in desk … going
through passport control … sitting for ages in the departure lounge … then the flight itself can be
quite uncomfortable … no … I’m not sure I agree.
<3>
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VOCABULARY
No.
1
Words/Phrases
Pronunciation
Definition [Eng]
Definition [Viet]
all-in
ɔl-ɪn
a holiday where you purchase
kỳ nghỉ trọn gói, bao gồm cả
package/package
ˈpækəʤ/ˈpækəʤ
the travel and accommodation
vé máy bay, cả tour có HDV du
holiday
ˈhɑləˌdeɪ
together
lịch, cả khách sạn trong cùng
một gói
2
breathtaking view
ˈbrɛθˌteɪkɪŋ vju
an extremely beautiful view
khung cảnh đẹp đến nghẹt thở
3
charter-flight
ˈʧɑrtər-flaɪt
a cheaper form of flying than a
một chuyến bay được thuê
scheduled flight
trọn gói, dành riêng cho du
khách của một hãng lữ hành;
do công ty tổ chức tour được
tiếp cận giá vé máy bay với
mức ưu đãi tốt từ đối tác hàng
không, nên giá tour tiết kiệm
hơn mức thông thường.
4
check-in desk
ʧɛk-ɪn dɛsk
the place at the airport where
quầy soát vé và gửi hành lý
you register for your flight and
trước khi lên máy bay
deposit your luggage
5
departure lounge
dɪˈpɑrʧər laʊnʤ
where you wait for your flight
sảnh chờ, nơi hành khách ngồi
to be called
đợi đến chuyến bay của mình
6
far-off destination
fɑr-ɔf ˌdɛstəˈneɪʃən
somewhere a long way away
một điểm đến xa xôi
7
to get away from it
tu gɛt əˈweɪ frʌm ɪt
to take a holiday to escape a
một chuyến đi để trốn hết khỏi
all
ɔl
busy or stressful lifestyle
bao âu lo muộn phiền của cuộc
sống
8
guided tour
ˈgaɪdəd tʊr
an organised group shown
chuyến thăm quan có hướng
around a place of interest by an
dẫn viên du lịch
expert
9
10
holiday brochure
holiday destination
ˈhɑləˌdeɪ broʊˈʃʊr
ˈhɑləˌdeɪ
a glossy publication with
tờ rơi với thông tin về các tour
details of holiday packages
du lịch
where you go for a holiday
điểm đến du lịch
ˌdɛstəˈneɪʃən
<4>
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11
12
holiday of a lifetime
holiday resort
ˈhɑləˌdeɪ ʌv ə
a special holiday that you are
kỳ nghỉ chỉ có một lần trong
ˈlaɪfˌtaɪm
unlikely to repeat
đời
ˈhɑləˌdeɪ rɪˈzɔrt
a place where lots of people go
resort nghĩ dưỡng
for a holiday
13
hordes of tourists
hɔrdz ʌv ˈtʊrəsts
crowds of tourists
hàng đàn hàng lũ khách du
lịch
14
local crafts
ˈloʊkəl kræfts
objects produced locally
đồ thủ công địa phương
15
long weekend
lɔŋ ˈwiˌkɛnd
an extended weekend holiday
kỳ nghỉ cuối tuần kéo dài,
including Friday or Monday
thường bao gồm cả ngày thứ
sáu hoặc thứ hai
16
out of season
aʊt ʌv ˈsizən
outside of the main holiday
không đúng mùa đông du
period
khách
17
picturesque village
ˈpɪkʧərəsk ˈvɪləʤ
very pretty village
ngôi làng đẹp như trong tranh
18
passport control
pæˌspɔrt kənˈtroʊl
the place where your passport
cửa soát hộ chiếu
is checked
19
places of interest
ˈpleɪsəz ʌv ˈɪntrəst
sites of interest to tourists
các điểm đến hấp dẫn
20
wildlife safari
ˈwaɪlˌdlaɪf səˈfɑri
a holiday, often in Africa, to
chuyến thăm quan khám phá
observe wild animals
nơi hoang dã
a holiday where you supply
chuyến du lịch kiểu tự mình
your own food
mang đồ ăn đi và tự nấu
21
self-catering
sɛlf-ˈkeɪtərɪŋ
22
short break
ʃɔrt breɪk
a short holiday
một kỳ nghỉ ngắn
23
to go sightseeing
tu goʊ ˈsaɪtˈsiɪŋ
to look around the tourist sites
thăm quan, vãn cảnh
24
stunning landscape
ˈstʌnɪŋ
extremely beautiful countryside
cảnh đẹp đến lặng người
a shop that specialises in
đại lý của công ty lữ hành,
booking holidays
chuyên giúp du khách book vé
somewhere where too many
điểm đến có quá nhiều du
tourists go
khách
ˈlændˌskeɪp
25
26
travel agent
tourist trap
ˈtrævəl ˈeɪʤənt
ˈtʊrɪst træp
<5>
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RELATIONSHIPS
PART 1
Do you see your friends very often?
Yes … we meet up most weekends … we all get on really well and have a lot in common so we’re
always happy doing the same things and going to the same places.
What do you like about your close friends?
I think we enjoy each other’s company … we see eye-to-eye on most things so we rarely fall out
with each other.
Have you known each other long?
Most of them yes … although my closest friend Carrie … we struck up a relationship at college and
got on like a house on fire … but yes … my other friendships go back years to when we were at
school.
PART 2
Describe a person you are very close to. You should say:
●
who this person is
●
when you met them
●
where you met them
<6>
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and say what it is about them you like so much.
I’d like to talk about my boyfriend … Jose … we got to know each other at University almost 4 years ago … we
were in the same department … initially we were just good friends and used to go out in a group with our
other friends … when Jose went back to Spain for the holidays we would keep in touch with each other …
then one year he invited me to come to Spain with him … and that’s when we fell for each other I think … so
you couldn’t really say it was love at first sight as it had been over a year since we’d met … but we really hit it
off and by the time we got back to university in September we were able to tell all our friends that we were in
a relationship… what do I like about Jose … well he’s very kind … very funny … and very supportive … and
we’re really well matched in our interests … he hasn’t popped the question yet though … we’ve talked about
getting married and I think we’re both ready to settle down and have children … we’ll just have to wait and
see …
PART 3
Do you think marriage is still as important as ever?
Yes … it certainly is in my country … I think the problem for some people is a lack of commitment …
all relationships have their ups and downs ... but some people prefer to break up rather than
working at the relationship.
What do you think is the ideal time to get married?
Personally … I think you should wait until you’ve found yourself first … decide if you want a career …
perhaps do some travelling … you should do this before tying the knot … although if you fall head
over heels in love plans like these can easily be forgotten.
Is it important to keep in contact with our friends when we’re in a relationship?
Absolutely … it’s so easy to drift apart from your friends when you fall in love … but I think both
partners should try not to lose touch with their friends … that’s the best way to have a healthy
relationship with your partner.
<7>
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VOCABULARY
No.
Words/Phrases
Pronunciation
Definition [Eng]
Definition [Viet]
1
break up
breɪk ʌp
to end a romantic relationship
chia tay
2
drift apart
drɪft əˈpɑrt
to become less close to
khoảng cách giữa đôi ta cứ lớn
someone
dần
3
enjoy someone’s
ɛnˈʤɔɪ ˈsʌmˌwʌnz
to like spending time with
thích dành thời gian ở bên ai
company
ˈkʌmpəni
someone
đó
4
fall for
fɔl fɔr
to fall in love
“đổ” ai đó
5
fall head over heels
fɔl hɛd ˈoʊvər hilz
to start to love someone a lot
“đổ toàn tập” ai đó
in love
ɪn lʌv
fall out with
fɔl aʊt wɪð
to have a disagreement and
cãi vã, giận dỗi rồi cạch mặt
stop being friends
nhau với ai
cảm thấy hợp nhau quá đi mất
6
7
8
get on like a house
gɛt ɑn laɪk ə haʊs ɑn
to like someone’s company
on fire
ˈfaɪər
very much indeed
get on well with
gɛt ɑn wɛl wɪð
to understand someone and
hòa thuận cùng ai đó, thoải
enjoy similar interests
mái, thân mật
9
get to know to
gɛt tu noʊ tu
begin to know someone
làm quen
10
go back years
goʊ bæk jɪrz
to have known someone for a
đã quen nhau từ nhiều năm
long time
trước rồi
hæv ə lɑt ɪn ˈkɑmən
to share similar interests
có nhiều điểm chung với ai
hæv ʌps ænd daʊnz
to have good and bad times
có lúc thăng lúc trầm
ə ˈhɛlθi riˈleɪʃənˌʃɪp
a good, positive relationship
mối quan hệ tốt, tích cực
hɪt ɪt ɔf
to quickly become good friends
hợp cạ
11
have a lot in
common
12
have ups and
downs
13
a healthy
relationship
14
hit it off
with
15
be in a relationship
bi ɪn ə riˈleɪʃənˌʃɪp
to be romantically involved
đang có người yêu nghiêm túc
with someone
rồi
<8>
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16
be just good friends
bi ʤʌst gʊd frɛndz
to not be romantically involved
chỉ là bạn tốt
17
keep in touch
kip ɪn tʌʧ
with to keep in contact with
giữ liên lạc
18
lose touch with
luz tʌʧ wɪð
to not see or hear from
mất liên lạc
someone any longer
19
love at first sight
lʌv æt fɜrst saɪt
to fall in love immediately you
yêu từ cái nhìn đầu tiên
meet someone
20
pop the question
pɑp ðə ˈkwɛsʧən
to ask someone to marry you
cầu hôn
21
see eye to eye
si aɪ tu aɪ
to agree on a subject
có chung quan điểm
22
settle down
ˈsɛtəl daʊn
to give up the single life and
yên bề gia thất
start a family
23
strike up a
straɪk ʌp ə
to begin a friendship
bắt đầu một tình bạn
relationship
riˈleɪʃənˌʃɪp
24
tie the knot
taɪ ðə nɑt
to get married
kết hôn, về chung một nhà
25
be well matched
bi wɛl mæʧt
to be similar to
hợp nhau trên mọi mặt
26
work at a
wɜrk æt ə
to try to maintain a positive
cố gắng duy trì một mối quan
relationship
riˈleɪʃənˌʃɪp
relationship with someone
hệ tốt
<9>
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TECHNOLOGY
PART 1
Do you enjoy using technology?
Well … I wouldn’t call myself a techie or a computer buff but I enjoy using computers … I’d like to
find out more about how they work … when my computer crashes I never know what to do.
Do you use the Internet for your studies?
Yes … I’d be lost without it … I do lots of video conferencing to practise speaking and social media
like Facebook is a good way to meet up with other students … and I download podcasts that teach
English vocabulary and grammar.
Do you have your own computer?
Yes … I have a Macbook Pro … I use it all the time … for word processing … browsing websites and
catching up with TV programmes I’ve missed.
PART 2
Describe an item of technology you have that is very important. You should say:
●
what the technology is
●
when you got it
●
how often you use it
< 10 >
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and say how different your daily life would be without it.
I don’t have many gadgets … just a computer … a laptop and my mobile phone … but I’ll talk about
my computer as it’s so useful … it’s funny really … 2 years ago I was still learning to use computers …
how to use email … send attachments how to access websites … then I decided to do a digital
editing course for video and photography … and so I bought the laptop when I started the course …
my husband had a desktop PC but it was very slow so I decided to upgrade to a powerful one
because we do a lot of video editing on the course … it’s a high-spec laptop … very fast … the latest
operating system … it boots up really quickly and it’s fun to use so it makes working a pleasure …
I’ve become a competent computer user now … if I didn’t have it I daresay I’d have to spend more
time at college using their computers … but on the positive side I suppose I’d read a lot more if I
didn’t have it … I probably waste a lot of time surfing the web … but hopefully I won’t have to be
without it …
PART 3
What do you think are the important things people need to learn when they start using
computers?
Well … there are things like how to use the Internet … how to enter a web address … how to
navigate websites … that kind of thing but it’s also important to know how to back up your files
in case your computer crashes … and all about Internet security.
What kind of technological developments have made the biggest impact on our lives?
In my lifetime it has to be the Internet of course but I also think wifi has made a huge difference to
how we interact with the Internet … wireless networks at home and public wifi hotspots mean
we can go online easily … access our mail … log into our work intranet and basically be connected
wherever we are.
Do computers make it much easier to study?
Definitely yes … researching information is much easier with the Internet .. you can bookmark
webpages for future reference and writing essays is much easier … being able to cut and paste
sections of text means you can experiment with organisation … so yes … compared to years ago
when you had a pile of books on your desk and a pen and paper … it’s now much easier.
< 11 >
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VOCABULARY
No.
1
2
Words/Phrases
Pronunciation
Definition [Eng]
Definition [Viet]
to access websites /
tu ˈækˌsɛs
to locate websites/email
truy cập vào trang web / email
email
ˈwɛbˌsaɪts / iˈmeɪl
to back up files
tu bæk ʌp faɪlz
to make a copy of files in case
sao lưu dữ liệu
of a computer problem
3
to boot up
tu but ʌp
to start a computer
khởi động máy
4
to bookmark a
tu ˈbʊkmɑrk ə wɛb
to mark a webpage for future
lưu lại dấu trang
webpage
peɪʤ
reference
5
to browse websites
tu braʊz ˈwɛbˌsaɪts
to look at websites
xem các trang web
6
a computer buff
ə kəmˈpjutər bʌf
an expert computer user
người giỏi vi tính
7
to crash
tu kræʃ
to suddenly stop working
máy sập nguồn
8
to cut and paste
tu kʌt ænd peɪst
to move text or images from
cắt và dán dữ liệu
one place in a document to
another place
9
a desktop PC
ə ˈdɛskˌtɑp ˈpiˈsi
a computer that isn’t portable
máy tính để bàn
and remains in situ on a desk
10
digital editing
ˈdɪʤətəl ˈɛdətɪŋ
to edit digital materials like
biên tập đồ họa, video, audio
audio or video files
11
12
download
ˈdaʊnˌloʊd
to save a copy of a file from the
(podcasts)
(ˈpɔdˌkæsts)
internet to your own device
to enter a web
tu ˈɛntər ə wɛb
to type the address of a
address
ˈæˌdrɛs
website into the address bar of
tải xuống phim, ảnh, podcast
nhập địa chỉ web
your browser
13
a gadget
ə ˈgæʤət
a technological tool like a
thiết bị điện tử
mobile phone or camera
14
to go online
tu goʊ ˈɔnˌlaɪn
to start using the Internet
lên mạng
15
high-spec (laptop)
haɪ-spɛk (ˈlæpˌtɑp)
powerful computer with top
(laptop) cấu hình cao
quality components
< 12 >
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16
Internet security
ˈɪntərˌnɛt sɪˈkjʊrəti
Internet safety
an ninh mạng
17
intranet
ˈɪn.trə.net
a network of connected
mạng nội bộ
computers within an
organisation that is not
accessible by unauthorised
visitors
18
19
to navigate a
tu ˈnævəˌgeɪt ə
to find your way around a
website
ˈwɛbˌsaɪt
website
operating system
ˈɑpəˌreɪtɪŋ ˈsɪstəm
the software that tells the
điều hướng trong trang web
hệ điều hành
computer how to work
20
send an attachment
sɛnd ən əˈtæʧmənt
send an email with an
gửi file đính kèm
accompanying file
21
social media
ˈsoʊʃəl ˈmidiə
media used to interact with
mạng xã hội
other people, such as Facebook
or Twitter
22
to surf the web
tu sɜrf ðə wɛb
to look at a series of websites
lướt web
one after the other
23
a techie
ə ˈtɛki
somebody who has an interest
đứa nghiện máy tính
in technology
24
to upgrade
tu əpˈgreɪd
to obtain a more powerful or
nâng cấp, lên đời
feature-rich computer or piece
of software
25
video conferencing
vɪdioʊ ˈkɑnfrənsɪŋ
to see and hear people from
họp qua video chat
different locations using the
Internet
26
wireless hotspot
ˈwaɪrlɪs hɑt spɑt
a public place where you can
điểm phát wifi
access the Internet
27
word processing
wɜrd ˈprɑsɛsɪŋ
producing written texts on a
computer
< 13 >
xử lý văn bản bằng máy tính
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SPORT
PART 1
Do you do any sports?
Not really … no … I always say I’m going to take up exercise and try to get into shape but I never
seem to get started … I sometimes wonder whether I should get a personal trainer … someone
who will sort out a fitness programme for me and make me train hard ….
How do you spend a typical weekend?
I’m a big football fan and weekends always centre around a football match … I support FC Utrecht
and have a season ticket so I go to most of the home games and quite a few of the away games
too … I’m really looking forward to the new football season starting soon …
Have you got any hobbies or interests?
Yes … I’m really keen on sports … I do judo once a week and play tennis in the summer … I think it’s
really important to keep fit … it makes you feel good and energised for work and your studies ….
PART 2
Describe a place you like going to in your leisure time. You should say:
●
what this place is
●
when you go there
●
what you do there
< 14 >
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and say why you enjoy it there so much.
I’d like to talk about my local sports centre … it’s a place I spend a lot of time in … it’s a new
building with all the latest sports facilities … I probably go there at least twice a week … sometimes
more often … it’s a huge place … there’s an outdoor athletics track and some football pitches … I
play football so I’m often out there … there are several indoor squash and tennis courts that I use
occasionally … a big swimming pool … although I don’t use that very often … I’m not a very strong
swimmer … there’s a gym … lots of things really … why do I enjoy going there … it’s just a really fun
place to be … there’s a good social side to it all … you can enter competitions … meet up with other
people who want to do the same sports … and because there are so many activities on offer it gets
you interested in different things … for example I was listening to some people talking about training
to run the marathon and I’ve decided I might even think about that … I go jogging a couple of
times a week so it would give me something to aim for … so yes … the sports centre … that’s the
place I really like to visit …
PART 3
Should people be encouraged more people to take up sport?
I think young people should be given the chance to discover which sport they might like … watching
sport is sometimes a good way to get people started … not on TV but actually getting out … take
athletics for example … they could go to an athletics meeting … there are so many different sports
on show one might interest them …
Why do some people enjoy participating in sports more than others?
That’s a good question … I suppose some people are more concerned about their health … they can’t
stand the thought of being out of condition … other people might be driven to excel … they want
to set records or get personal bests …
Which sports do you think are best for people who aren’t used to physical activity?
Well … I think people like this should avoid strenuous exercise so things like circuit training are
definitely out of the question … maybe just doing a brisk walk every day … or swimming is always a
good way to get started …
< 15 >
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VOCABULARY
No.
1
Words/Phrases
Pronunciation
Definition [Eng]
Definition [Viet]
an athletics
ən æˈθlɛtɪks ˈmitɪŋ
an event where various
sự kiện thi đấu thể thao
meeting
athletics sports are held
2
an athletics track
ən æˈθlɛtɪks træk
a running track
đường chạy
3
an away game
ən əˈweɪ geɪm
a football match played in the
trận đấu trên sân khách
opposing team's stadium
4
a brisk walk
ə brɪsk wɑk
a fast walk
một “cuốc” đi bộ nhanh
5
to do judo
tu du ˈʤuˌdoʊ
practice judo
tập judo
6
a football fan
ə ˈfʊtˌbɔl fæn
someone who likes football
người hâm mộ bóng đá
7
a fitness
ə ˈfɪtnəs
a schedule of activities to keep
chương trình huấn luyện thể
programme
ˈproʊˌgræm
fit
hình
8
a football match
ə ˈfʊtˌbɔl mæʧ
a game of football
trận đấu bóng đá
9
a football pitch
ə ˈfʊtˌbɔl pɪʧ
the surface on which you play
sân bóng đá (nhỏ hơn sân vận
football (as opposed to a
động)
stadium, which is the building)
10
a football season
ə ˈfʊtˌbɔl ˈsizən
a period in the year when
mùa giải
football is played
11
to get into shape
tu gɛt ˈɪntu ʃeɪp
to become fit
tập luyện để có vóc dáng khỏe
khoắn, săn chắc
12
to go jogging
tu goʊ ˈʤɑgɪŋ
to run around the streets
đi chạy bộ
13
a home game
ə hoʊm geɪm
a football match played in the
trận đấu trên sân nhà
teams own stadium
14
15
to keep fit
tu kip fɪt
to be out of
tu bi aʊt ʌv
condition
kənˈdɪʃən
to stay in good physical
giữ vóc dáng gọn gàng, khỏe
condition
khoắn
to not be physically fit
không ở trong trạng thái khỏe
khoắn, gọn gàng nhất
< 16 >
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16
a personal best
ə ˈpɜrsɪnɪl bɛst
to achieve the best personal
kỷ lục cá nhân
result so far in a sport
17
a personal trainer
ə ˈpɜrsɪnɪl ˈtreɪnər
a sports coach that helps you
huấn luyện viên riêng
on a one-to-one basis
18
19
20
to play tennis /
tu pleɪ ˈtɛnəs /
practice tennis / football
chơi quần vợt / bóng đá
football
ˈfʊtˌbɔl
to run the
tu rʌn ðə
to run a distance of 42.195
chạy điền kinh
marathon
ˈmɛrəˌθɑn
Kilometres
a season ticket
ə ˈsizən ˈtɪkət
a ticket that gives you entry to
vé cả mùa giải
most of a team’s home games
during the sporting year.
21
to set a record
tu sɛt ə ˈrɛkərd
to achieve the best result in a
lập kỷ lục
sport
22
a sports centre
ə spɔrts ˈsɛntər
a public building where people
trung tâm thể thao
can do various sports
23
24
25
sports facilities
spɔrts fəˈsɪlətiz
the equipment and services
cơ sở vật chất phục vụ thi đấu,
needed to do a sport
tập luyện thể thao
sân squash, tennis, cầu lông
a squash / tennis /
ə skwɑʃ / ˈtɛnəs /
the surface where you play
badminton court
ˈbædˌmɪntən kɔrt
these sports
strenuous exercise
ˈstrɛnjuəs
exercise that needs a lot of
ˈɛksərˌsaɪz
physical effort
bài tập đòi hỏi thể lực cao
26
a strong swimmer
ə strɔŋ ˈswɪmər
a good swimmer
người bơi giỏi, tay kình ngư
27
a swimming pool
ə ˈswɪmɪŋ pul
the place where you swim
bể bơi
28
to take up exercise
tu teɪk ʌp
to start doing exercise
bắt đầu tập luyện thể thao
to train with a lot of effort
tập luyện chăm chỉ
ˈɛksərˌsaɪz
29
to train hard
tu treɪn hɑrd
< 17 >
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FOOD
PART 1
Do you like to cook?
Not really, no … most of the time I eat ready meals and take-aways … that’s one of the reasons I
love visiting my mum … you can always guarantee lovely home-cooked food …
What time do you usually eat dinner?
We have our main meal at around 7.00 … I’m usually starving hungry by then … in fact I often
grab a bite to eat as soon as I get home from college … a sandwich perhaps … but not too much to
spoil my appetite …
Are there any types of food you don’t like?
No not really … I’m not a fussy eater at all … actually I eat like a horse … I do a lot of sport and
work up quite an appetite …
PART 2
Describe a restaurant that you like to use. You should say
●
where this restaurant is
●
what kind of food it serves
●
how often you go there
< 18 >
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and say why you like eating there so much.
OK … this is a nice topic to talk about … there’s a restaurant just around the corner from where I live
… it’s an Italian restaurant so as you’d expect you can eat various pasta dishes and pizzas and I
usually go there with my family for a slap-up meal if we have anything to celebrate … it’s quite a
posh restaurant … the kind of place you would take someone if you wanted to wine and dine them
… we usually order a 3-course meal … a light starter then a main dish … and I have quite a sweet
tooth so I always look forward to the dessert … I usually order Tiramisu … it makes my mouth
water just thinking about it … I’m always totally full up by the end … why do I enjoy it there … well
… it’s not cheap … my parents always foot the bill and we couldn’t afford to go there regularly so
it’s always a nice treat …
PART 3
How can we encourage people to eat more healthily?
I think the best approach is to have everything in moderation … processed food won’t kill you if
you only eat it occasionally … but people should also be encouraged to eat a balanced diet… try to
cook fresh ingredients at home a few times a week …
Do you think people enjoy their food as much as they should?
I don’t know really … I suppose it’s true that people will often eat a quick snack because they’re
bored, and not because they’re dying of hunger … and often they just bolt it down and don’t
savour it … so yes … perhaps we could take more time over our food …
Do you think cooking is a pleasure or a chore for people who have busy lives?
Well … whether you follow a recipe or make something up as you go along … I think cooking is a
very creative process … and cooking for other people is a particular pleasure … there’s nothing more
satisfying than seeing people you love tucking into something you’ve cooked yourself …
< 19 >
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VOCABULARY
No.
1
Words/Phrases
Pronunciation
Definition [Eng]
Definition [Viet]
to be full up
tu bi fʊl ʌp
to eat to the point that you can
no căng rốn
no longer eat any more
2
to be starving
tu bi ˈstɑrvɪŋ
an exaggerated way of saying
hungry
ˈhʌŋgri
you are very hungry
to bolt something
tu boʊlt ˈsʌmθɪŋ
to eat something very quickly
ăn ngấu nghiến
down
daʊn
to be dying of
tu bi ˈdaɪɪŋ ʌv
an exaggerated way of saying
chết vì đói rồi đây này
hunger
ˈhʌŋgər
you are hungry
to eat a balanced
tu it ə ˈbælənst
to eat the correct types and
có một thực đơn cân bằng,
diet
ˈdaɪət
amounts of food
một chế độ ăn lành mạnh
6
to eat like a horse
tu it laɪk ə hɔrs
to eat a lot
ăn như rồng cuốn
7
to follow a recipe
tu ˈfɑloʊ ə ˈrɛsəpi
to cook a meal using
theo đúng công thức nấu ăn
instructions
mà làm
to pay the bill
đứng ra trả tiền cho cả nhóm
3
4
5
8
to foot the bill
tu fʊt ðə bɪl
đói muốn xỉu
khi đi ăn
9
a fussy eater
ə ˈfʌsi ˈitər
somebody who has their own
người kén ăn
very high standards about
what to eat
10
11
to grab a bite
to have a sweet
tu græb ə baɪt
to eat to eat something quickly
ăn vội một miếng để còn đi có
(when you’re in a rush)
việc
tu hæv ə swit tuθ
to enjoy sugary food
hảo ngọt, thích ăn đồ ngọt
hoʊm-kʊkt fud
food cooked at home from
đồ ăn tự nấu
tooth
12
home-cooked food
individual ingredients
13
the main meal
ðə meɪn mil
the most important meal of the
day, usually eaten in the
evening
< 20 >
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14
15
to make your
tu meɪk jʊər maʊθ
to make you feel very hungry
ngon đến mức làm mình thèm
mouth water
ˈwɔtər
for something
chảy nước miếng
to play with your
tu pleɪ wɪð jʊər fud
to push food around the plate
cứ ngồi nghịch đồ ăn vì không
to avoid eating it
muốn ăn
commercially prepared food
đồ ăn đã qua xử lý, chế biến và
bought for convenience
đóng hộp trong nhà máy -
food
16
processed food
ˈprɑsɛst fud
ngon và tiện thì có, nhưng
thường có những chất phụ gia
và chất bảo quản nhiều hơn đồ
ăn tươi.
17
a quick snack
ə kwɪk snæk
to eat a small amount of food
ăn vặt
between meals
18
a ready meal
ə ˈrɛdi mil
see ‘processed food’
xem ‘processed food’
19
a slap up meal
ə slæp ʌp mil
a large meal
một bữa ăn lớn
20
to spoil your
tu spɔɪl jʊər
to eat something that will stop
ăn quà vặt trước bữa ăn chính,
appetite
ˈæpəˌtaɪt
you feeling hungry when it’s
làm mất cảm giác thèm ăn
meal-time
21
a takeaway
ə teɪk əˈweɪ
a cooked meal prepared in a
đồ ăn mang đi
restaurant and eaten at home
22
to tuck into
tu tʌk ˈɪntu
to eat something with pleasure
ăn ngon lành
23
to wine and dine
tu waɪn ænd daɪn
to entertain someone by
bữa tối sang chảnh, có khăn
treating them to food and drink
trải bàn trắng, rượu vang, nến
và nhạc
24
to work up an
tu wɜrk ʌp ən
to do physical work that leads
tập thể dục thể thao dẫn đến
appetite
ˈæpəˌtaɪt
to you becoming hungry
việc thèm ăn
< 21 >
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EDUCATION
PART 1
Are you studying English at a school?
Yes … I’m taking an intensive course at a local private language school … I attend classes three
times a week …
Would you say you are a good student?
I’m OK I think … I’m pretty good at meeting deadlines and I’m keeping up with my studies… plus
I find it quite easy to learn things by heart which is useful when learning a language …
When you were younger did you enjoy your time at school?
Yes … I liked school … it was an ordinary state school … nothing special … a single-sex school …
which I’m not sure I liked … but the teachers were great … I had lots of friends and I never played
truant like some pupils there …
PART 2
Describe a time during your education that you really enjoyed. You should say:
●
when this period was
●
where you were
●
what you were studying at the time
< 22 >
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and say why you were so happy.
I’d like to tell you about my time at university … I was a mature student … I didn’t go to university until I was
25 … and it was my first time away from my parents so it was very exciting … I was doing a Bachelors Degree
and it was a bit of a challenge … some people take a year out but I’d been away from education for 8 years …
plus I had to work my way through uni so I was very busy … and sitting exams at the end of each year was
a new experience for me as well but I really enjoyed higher education learning about a subject I loved …
history … and the social life was great as well … I don’t think I’ve ever had so many friends … I had my
graduation ceremony last year in the local cathedral and I know my parents were really proud … so yes … that
was a really happy time … I’m thinking of doing a Masters Degree soon … though that might be through
distance learning as I have a full-time job now …
PART 3
What qualities do you think a good teacher should have?
They should be patient … they should be subject specialists and be able to explain the subject
clearly … they should give feedback quickly … for example not hang on to essay for ages like some
of my teachers …
What are the advantages of studying on a distance learning course?
It’s a more flexible way of studying, especially if you have a job … tuition fees are usually cheaper …
but you have to be very motivated … and I would imagine more people fall behind with their
studies compared to face-to-face classes …
Do all children get equal opportunities in education?
In my country I think it is quite equal but in the UK I’ve heard that most people who go to the top
universities have studied at public schools … you have to be very rich to study in a school like that
… they’re usually boarding schools as well so the fees are enormous …
< 23 >
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VOCABULARY
No.
Words/Phrases
Pronunciation
Definition [Eng]
Definition [Viet]
1
to attend classes
tu əˈtɛnd ˈklæsəz
to go to classes
đến trường, đi học
2
Bachelor's degree
ˈbæʧələrz dɪˈgri
an undergraduate course which
bằng cử nhân
usually lasts 3-4 years
3
boarding school
ˈbɔrdɪŋ skul
a school where pupils live
trường nội trú
during term time
4
distance learning
ˈdɪstəns ˈlɜrnɪŋ
a way of studying where
học từ xa
tuition is carried out over the
Internet or by post
5
face-to-face classes
feɪs-tu-feɪs ˈklæsəz
as opposed to distance learning
đến tận lớp để học
the traditional way of studying
in a classroom with colleagues
and a teacher
6
7
8
to fall behind with
tu fɔl bɪˈhaɪnd wɪð
to progress less quickly than
học kém, kết quả thua xa so
your studies
jʊər ˈstʌdiz
others
với những người khác
to give feedback
tu gɪv ˈfidˌbæk
to offer guidance on a student’s
đóng góp ý kiến, chỉ ra lỗi sai
work
cho người học
lễ tốt nghiệp
a graduation
ə ˌgræʤuˈeɪʃən
an event where a successful
ceremony
ˈsɛrəˌmoʊni
student receives his or her
academic degree
9
higher education
ˈhaɪər ˌɛʤəˈkeɪʃən
usually in a college or
education
ˌɛʤəˈkeɪʃən
university, that is followed after
học từ cấp đại học trở lên
high school or secondary school
10
an intensive course
ən ɪnˈtɛnsɪv kɔrs
a course that offers lots of
khóa học cấp tốc, chuyên sâu
training in order to reach a goal
in as short a time as possible
11
12
to keep up with
tu kip ʌp wɪð jʊər
your studies
ˈstʌdiz
to learn something
tu lɜrn ˈsʌmθɪŋ baɪ
by heart
hɑrt
to not fall behind
cố gắng bắt kịp với việc học để
không bị chậm quá nhiều
to memorize it
< 24 >
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13
a mature student
ə məˈʧʊr ˈstudənt
a student who is older than
học sinh lớn tuổi
average and who has usually
returned to education after a
period at work
14
masters degree
ˈmæstərz dɪˈgri
a period of study which often
bằng thạc sĩ
follows the completion of a
bachelors degree
15
to meet a deadline
tu mit ə ˈdɛˌdlaɪn
to finish a job or task in the
kịp hạn chót
time allowed or agreed
16
to play truant
tu pleɪ ˈtruənt
to stay away from classes
trốn học, bùng học
without permission
17
18
private language
ˈpraɪvət ˈlæŋgwəʤ
an independent school run as a
trường tư dạy ngoại ngữ
school
skul
business
a single-sex school
ə ˈsɪŋgəl-sɛks skul
a school where only boys or
trường chỉ có nam sinh / chỉ có
girls attend (as opposed to a
nữ sinh
mixed-sex school)
19
to sit an exam
tu sɪt ən ɪgˈzæm
to take an exam
tham gia một kỳ thi
20
state school
steɪt skul
a school paid for by public
trường công lập
funds and available to the
general public
21
subject specialist
ˈsʌbʤɪkt ˈspɛʃələst
a teacher who has a great deal
thầy cô giáo là chuyên gia về
of knowledge about the subject
một lĩnh vực gì đấy
they teach
22
to take a year out
tu teɪk ə jɪr aʊt
to spend a year working or
nghỉ tạm một năm rồi mới đi
travelling before starting
học đại học
university
23
tuition fees
tjuˈɪʃən fiz
the money paid for a course of
học phí
study
24
to work your way
tu wɜrk jʊər weɪ θru
to have a paid job whilst
vừa đi học vừa đi làm kiếm
through university
ˌjunəˈvɜrsəti
studying to support yourself
tiền trả tiền học
financially
< 25 >
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WORK
PART 1
What do you do?
I do a job-share with a friend in a boutique … I enjoy it … I like working with customers …
unfortunately it’s only temporary work but one of the perks of the job is I get a discount on the
clothes …
Do you have any career plans yet?
Yes … I’d like to be my own boss one day … I’m interested in programming and I’d like to create
apps for myself or for other companies … I know being self employed would be a challenge but the
idea of doing a nine-to-five job doesn’t appeal to me at all …
What do you see yourself doing in 10 years time?
Marie: I’d hope to be working … not a high-powered job … but I’m quite a creative person so
something where I can work with my hands would be nice … as long as I’m not stuck behind a
desk doing something boring in a dead-end job I’ll be happy …
PART 2
Describe your ideal job. You should say:
●
what this job is
●
whether you would need any qualifications
< 26 >
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●
whether it would be easy to find work
and say why you would enjoy this job in particular.
I’ve always loved watching wildlife programmes on TV and often thought how much I’d enjoy
working with animals … perhaps in a safari park … something like that … you’d probably need a
degree to have any chance of being called for an interview and whether there are many full-time
jobs I don’t know … I’m sure a lot of parks rely on voluntary work so it might not be easy … and it
probably wouldn’t be well-paid either but money isn’t everything … I’d get so much job
satisfaction … I can’t imagine it being the kind of job where you get stuck in a rut … and I think I’d
be good at it as well … I’d love to work with animals I enjoy manual work and I’m a good team
player … so even though the working conditions might not be the best I think that would be my
ideal job …
PART 3
If there are a limited number of jobs available, who should be given priority, young people or older
people with more experience?
Things are so different these days … a few years ago older employees would often take early
retirement or go onto part-time contracts and there were always opportunities for younger
people but now jobs are so scarce … I think younger people need to be given the chance whenever
possible …
What are some of the important things a candidate should find out before accepting a job?
Well … you’d need to know about your area of responsibility … and your salary of course and then
there are things like holiday entitlement … maternity or paternity leave … if you’re thinking of
having children … and what the situation is regarding sick leave … that kind of thing …
What are the advantages of having your own business rather than working for someone else?
Well … unfortunately being an employee at the moment is very stressful … people have very heavy
workloads … they’re always under pressure to meet deadlines … running your own business
isn’t easy … but I do think it would be far more satisfying …
< 27 >
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VOCABULARY
No.
1
2
Words/Phrases
Pronunciation
Definition [Eng]
Definition [Viet]
to be called for an
tu bi kɔld fɔr ən
to be invited to attend an
được gọi đi phỏng vấn
interview
ˈɪntərˌvju
interview
to be your own
tu bi jʊər oʊn bɔs
to have your own business
boss
3
a dead-end job
tự mở công việc kinh doanh
của chính mình
ə dɛd-ɛnd ʤɑb
a job with no promotional
công việc không có tương lai
opportunities
4
to do a job-share
tu du ə ʤɑb-ʃɛr
to share the weekly hours of
chia sẻ giờ làm
work with another person
5
a good team player
ə gʊd tim ˈpleɪər
somebody who can work well
giỏi làm việc nhóm
with other people
6
full-time
fʊl-taɪm
(of work or education) done for
làm việc toàn thời gian, làm
the whole of a working week
việc kín tuần
7
a heavy workload
ə ˈhɛvi ˈwɜrˌkloʊd
to have a lot of work to do
khối lượng công việc nặng
8
a high-powered job
ə haɪ-ˈpaʊərd ʤɑb
an important or powerful job
quyền cao chức trọng
9
holiday entitlement
ˈhɑləˌdeɪ
the number of days holiday
thời gian nghỉ lễ
ɛnˈtaɪtəlmənt
allowed
ʤɑb
the feeling of enjoying a job
mức độ hài lòng với công việc
work that requires physical
công việc lao động chân tay
10
job satisfaction
ˌsætəˈsfækʃən
11
manual work
ˈmænjuəl wɜrk
activity
12
maternity leave
məˈtɜrnɪti liv
time off work given to a
nghỉ sinh con
woman about to have a baby
13
14
to meet a deadline
a nine-to-five job
tu mit ə ˈdɛˌdlaɪn
ə naɪn-tu-faɪv ʤɑb
to finish a job by an agreed
kịp tiến độ công việc, kịp hạn
time
chót
a normal job that consists of an
công việc làm theo giờ hành
8 hour day (approximately)
chính, 8 tiếng một ngày từ
9:00 sáng đến 5:00 chiều
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15
16
one of the perks of
wʌn ʌv ðə pɜrks ʌv
an extra benefit you get from a
một trong những lợi ích của
the job
ðə ʤɑb
job
công việc này là
part-time
ˈpɑrtˈtaɪm
working less than full-time
bán thời gian, chỉ làm một số
ngày trong tuần
17
18
to run your own
tu rʌn jʊər oʊn
business
ˈbɪznəs
to be self-employed
tu bi sɛlf-ɛmˈplɔɪd
see ‘to be your own boss’
tự mở công việc kinh doanh
của chính mình
see ‘to be your own boss’
tự mở công việc kinh doanh
của chính mình
19
sick leave
sɪk liv
time allowed off work when
nghỉ ốm
sick
20
21
22
23
to be stuck behind
tu bi stʌk bɪˈhaɪnd
a desk
ə dɛsk
to be/get stuck in a
tu bi/gɛt stʌk ɪn ə
to be in a boring job that is
công việc chán nản mà không
rut
rʌt
hard to leave
bỏ được
to take early
tu teɪk ˈɜrli
to retire early (retire to reach
nghỉ hưu sớm vì đã có đủ tiền
retirement
rɪˈtaɪərmənt
an age when you are allowed
và không cần phải làm việc
to stop working for a living)
kiếm ăn nữa.
work done for a limited time
công việc tạm thời thôi
temporary work
ˈtɛmpəˌrɛri wɜrk
to be unhappy in an office job
bị kẹt phải làm một công việc
bàn giấy cả đời
only
24
voluntary work
ˈvɑləntɛri wɜrk
to work without pay
công việc tình nguyện
25
to be well paid
tu bi wɛl peɪd
to earn a good salary
lương cao
26
working conditions
ˈwɜrkɪŋ kənˈdɪʃənz
the hours, salary and other
điều kiện làm việc
entitlements that comes with
the job
27
to work with your
tu wɜrk wɪð jʊər
hands
hændz
to do manual work
< 29 >
phải làm việc chân tay
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HEALTH
PART 1
Have you got a relation you’re particularly fond of?
Yes … my granddad … he’s 94 years old but generally he’s as fit as a fiddle … we’re very close and
see each other a lot … whenever he goes down with a cold or is under the weather I make a
point of visiting him …
Do you do any sports?
Yes … I’m keen on skateboarding … but I haven’t done it for a while … I had a bad fall recently and
pulled a muscle and had a few cuts and bruises … but I’m on the mend and hope to be doing it
again soon …
Is there anything you’re particularly afraid of?
The dentist … I hate going to the dentist … I only ever go if I have a toothache so it usually means I
have to have a filling or even have a tooth out … I really don’t like it …
PART 2
Describe a time when you were ill. You should say:
●
when this was
●
what your symptoms were
●
how long the illness lasted
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and say how it affected your life at the time.
This is a tricky one really as I’m usually quite healthy … I’ve never been seriously ill … like everyone
else I sometimes get a few aches and pains or catch a cold … I can remember a few months ago I
had to have time off work with a heavy cold … I had the usual symptoms … a blocked nose … sore
throat … it lasted quite a while … about 2 weeks I think though I didn’t have that much time off
work … for a few days I remember feeling poorly but I was over the worst of it after a few days
and went back to work … I always find it’s better to be active when you feel ill as it keeps your mind
off your symptoms … I think my family get a little fed up with me when I’m ill though … I tend to feel
sorry for myself and lie on the sofa all day as if I’m at death’s door … but as I said earlier … on this
occasion it was nothing serious and didn’t really cause me any problems …
PART 3
What costs are involved when you are ill in your country?
Well … people have to pay prescription charges which can be quite expensive … but fortunately
general healthcare is free … unless you want to go private of course and then you can pay a
fortune for your treatment …
In your experience are people too quick to take time off work when they’re ill?
Yes .. I’ve got friends who have a day off work if they wake up with a runny nose … and in most
cases they seem to make a speedy recovery after they’ve phoned in sick …
Do women pay more attention to their health than men?
I think so yes … women are more likely to see their GP for a check-up if they’re concerned about
something … men tend to avoid facing up to any health problems they have … my dad always seems
to have a very chesty cough but refuses to go to make an appointment to see the doctor …
< 31 >
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VOCABULARY
No.
Words/Phrases
Pronunciation
Definition [Eng]
Definition [Viet]
1
aches and pains
eɪks ænd peɪnz
minor pains that continue over
đau nhức kéo dài
a period of time
2
to be a bit off
tu bi ə bɪt ɔf ˈkɔlər
to feel a little ill
cảm thấy hơi hơi ốm
tu bi æt dɛθs dɔr
to be very ill indeed
ở ngưỡng cửa tử, thập tử nhất
colour
3
to be at death’s
door
sinh
4
to be on the mend
tu bi ɑn ðə mɛnd
to be recovering after an illness
đang phục hồi
5
to be over the
tu bi ˈoʊvər ðə
to have got through the most
đã qua cơn nguy kịch
worst
wɜrst
serious or uncomfortable stage
of an illness
6
7
to be under the
tu bi ˈʌndər ðə
weather
ˈwɛðər
a blocked nose
ə blɑkt noʊz
to not feel well
cảm thấy không được khỏe
when the nose has excess fluid
nghẹt mũi
due to a cold
8
to catch a cold
tu kæʧ ə koʊld
to get a cold
dính cảm lạnh
9
a check-up
ə ʧɛk-ʌp
a physical examination by a
đi khám bác sĩ xem tình hình
doctor
sức khỏe nói chung thế nào
a cough caused by congestion
ho do đau thắt ngực
10
a chesty cough
ə ˈtʃes.ti kɑf
around the lungs
11
cuts and bruises
kʌts ænd ˈbruzəz
minor injuries
vết cắt, vết bầm, trầy xước
12
to feel poorly
tu fil ˈpurli
to feel ill
thấy muốn ốm
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13
as fit as a fiddle
æz fɪt æz ə ˈfɪdəl
to be very healthy
khỏe như vâm / khỏe như voi
14
to go down with a
tu goʊ daʊn wɪð ə
to become ill
dính cảm rồi
cold
koʊld
to go private
tu goʊ ˈpraɪvət
to choose to be treated by
đi khám phòng khám tư
15
commercial healthcare rather
than by services offered by the
state
16
GP
ʤi-pi
General Practitioner (family
bác sĩ gia đình
doctor)
17
to have a filling
tu hæv ə ˈfɪlɪŋ
to have a tooth repaired
trám răng
18
to have a tooth out
tu hæv ə tuθ aʊt
to have a tooth removed
nhổ răng
19
a heavy cold
ə ˈhɛvi koʊld
a bad cold
bị cảm nặng
20
to make an
tu meɪk ən
to arrange a time to see the
đặt lịch hẹn với bác sĩ
appointment
əˈpɔɪntmənt
doctor
to make a speedy
tu meɪk ə ˈspidi
to recover quickly from an
recovery
rɪˈkʌvri
illness
to phone in sick
tu foʊn ɪn sɪk
to call work to explain you
21
22
hồi phục nhanh
gọi điện xin nghỉ ốm
won’t be attending work due to
illness
23
prescription
prəˈskrɪpʃən
money the patient pays for
tiền mua thuốc theo đơn kê
charges
ˈʧɑrʤəz
medicine authorised by a
bởi bác sĩ
doctor
24
to pull a muscle
tu pʊl ə ˈmʌsəl
to strain a muscle
< 33 >
căng cơ do hoạt động quá mức
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25
a runny nose
ə ˈrʌni noʊz
a nose that has liquid coming
chảy nước mũi
out of it
26
a sore throat
ə sɔr θroʊt
inflammation that causes pain
when swallowing
< 34 >
đau họng
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BOOKS AND FILMS
PART 1
Do you like to read books?
Yes … I love reading … I like nothing more than to be engrossed in a good book … I regularly take
out books from the library and usually read them from cover to cover in no time … and I can’t go to
sleep at night without some good bedtime reading …
How often do you go to the cinema?
Unfortunately we don’t have a cinema near us so we have to go into the nearest town to catch the
latest movie … I usually avoid seeing popular box-office hits which I’m not always keen on seeing
… I prefer low-budget films … sci-fi especially … and there’s a great cinema I go to that has
frequent showings of films like these …
Do you prefer reading books or watching films?
I’m not really a big reader … I find books quite heavy-going … so I much prefer to see a film …
perhaps it’s the special effects or the soundtrack … I don’t know … I just prefer a film …
PART 2
Describe a book you have read or a film you have seen. You should say:
●
what this book or film was
●
when you read or saw it
●
why you decided to see the film or read the book
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and say if you enjoyed it and why.
I like reading … especially English novels … it’s a great way to improve your vocabulary and there are
so many fantastic authors to choose from … one book that came highly recommended by my
teacher was The Mayor of Casterbridge … I was studying at a school in The UK at the time and she
said it would give me a picture of what life was like years ago in the area I was living … well I have to
say I absolutely loved it … it was a real page-turner … it’s a historical novel and the setting was
a fictional town called Casterbridge … but actually it was based on a town near where I was
studying called Dorchester … it had such a great plot … to cut a long story short it tells the story of
the downfall of a man called Henchard the central character who lives during a period of great
social change around the time of the industrial revolution … the reason I enjoyed it so much … apart
from the great story … it gave me a picture of what life had been like in the place I was studying at
the time … I really couldn’t put it down … a fantastic story …
PART 3
Is reading as pleasurable in digital format?
Personally I prefer reading a paperback or hardback … especially if I’m reading a classic which I
don’t think feels right as an ebook … but I can see it can be good for others … my grandmother has
an e-reader and she loves the way you can enlarge the text …
Do you think bookshops will survive the digital revolution?
I think so … at least I hope so … I love flicking through books in a bookshop … online shopping is
useful … finding out on Amazon if a book you want has got a good review … maybe getting one
that is difficult to find … but I still love the experience of being in a bookshop …
Statistics show that visits to the cinema are up despite the availability of DVDs and online
downloads. Why do you think this might be?
I think it’s the whole experience that the cinema offers … going out to see a film when it goes on
general release … and seeing it on the big screen is more exciting than watching the filmat
home on TV … especially if it’s an action movie … and watching it with others makes it even more
special …
< 36 >
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VOCABULARY
No.
Words/Phrases
Pronunciation
Definition [Eng]
Definition [Viet]
1
an action movie
ən ˈækʃən ˈmuvi
a film with fast moving scenes,
phim hành động
often containing violence
2
3
to be engrossed in
bedtime reading
tu bi ɪnˈgroʊst ɪn
ˈbɛdˌtaɪm ˈrɛdɪŋ
to be completely focused on
vô cùng chăm chú, bị cuốn
one thing
theo câu chuyện
something to read in bed
truyện đọc trước khi ngủ
before you go to sleep
4
to be a big reader
tu bi ə bɪg ˈridər
someone who reads a lot
là người đọc rất nhiều
5
to be based on
tu bi beɪst ɑn
to use as a modal
dựa theo câu chuyện nào đó
6
a box office hit
ə bɑks ˈɔfəs hɪt
a financially successful film
phim đạt doanh thu cao
7
to be heavy-going
tu bi ˈhɛvi-ˈgoʊɪŋ
difficult to read
sách nặng nề, khó đọc
8
a blockbuster
ə ˈblɑkˌbʌstər
a film that is a big commercial
phim bom tấn
success
9
10
to catch the latest
tu kæʧ ðə ˈleɪtəst
to see a film that has just come
movie
ˈmuvi
out
the central
ðə ˈsɛntrəl ˈkɛrɪktər
the main person in a film or
character
đón xem bộ ph
nhân vật chính
book
11
a classic
ə ˈklæsɪk
of the highest quality to come
một tác phẩm kinh điển
12
highly
ˈhaɪli
to be praised by another person
rất đáng xem
recommended
ˌrɛkəˈmɛndəd
couldn’t put it
ˈkʊdənt pʊt ɪt daʊn
wasn’t able to stop reading a
(sách) hay đến mức không thể
book
bỏ xuống giữa chừng được
13
down
< 37 >
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14
an e-book
ən i-bʊk
a digital book
sách điện tử
15
an e-reader
ən i-ˈridər
a device for reading e-books
máy đọc sách
16
to flick through
tu flɪk θru
to look quickly through a book
lật qua các trang sách
17
to get a good/bad
tu gɛt ə gʊd / bæd
to receive positive or negative
được phản hồi tốt / không tốt
review
ˌriˈvju
feedback
to go on general
tu goʊ ɑn ˈʤɛnərəl
when a film can be seen by the
release
riˈlis
general public
hardback
ˈhɑrdˌbæk
a book with a rigid cover (see
18
19
được phát hành rộng rãi
sách bìa cứng
‘paperback’ below)
20
a historical novel
ə hɪˈstɔrɪkəl ˈnɑvəl
a story set in the past
tiểu thuyết lấy bối cảnh lịch sử
21
a low budget film
ə loʊ ˈbʌʤɪt fɪlm
a film made with a small
bộ phim với kinh phí sản xuất
amount of money
thấp
22
on the big screen
ɑn ðə bɪg skrin
at the cinema
trên màn ảnh
23
a page turner
ə peɪʤ ˈtɜrnər
a book that you want to keep
một cuốn sách hay và hấp dẫn
reading
đến mức mình cứ phải ngồi
đọc hết trang này đến trang
khác, không dứt ra được
24
paperback
ˈpeɪpərˌbæk
a book with a flexible cover
sách bìa mềm
(see ‘hardback’ above)
25
plot
plɑt
the main events in a film or
cốt truyện
book
26
27
to read something
tu rid ˈsʌmθɪŋ frʌm
to read a book from the first
đọc ngấu nghiến từ đầu đến
from cover to cover
ˈkʌvər tu ˈkʌvər
page to the last
cuối sách
sci-fi
si-faɪ
science fiction
khoa học viễn tưởng
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28
to see a film
tu si ə fɪlm
to see a film at the cinema (see
đi xem một bộ phim ở rạp
‘watch a film’ below)
(phân biệt với “to watch a
film” là xem phim trên tivi)
29
the setting
ðə ˈsɛtɪŋ
where the action takes place
bối cảnh
30
showings
ˈʃoʊɪŋz
performances of a film
buổi chiếu, suất chiếu
31
soundtrack
ˈsaʊndˌtræk
the music that accompanies a
nhạc phim
film
32
special effects
ˈspɛʃəl ɪˈfɛkts
the visuals or sounds that are
hiệu ứng đặc biệt, kỹ xảo
added to a film which are
difficult to produce naturally
33
34
to take out (a book
tu teɪk aʊt (ə bʊk
to borrow a book from the
from the library)
frʌm ðə ˈlaɪˌbrɛri)
library
to tell the story of
tu tɛl ðə ˈstɔri ʌv
to outline the details of
mượn sách (từ thư viện)
kể câu chuyện về...
someone’s life or an event
35
to watch a film
tu wɑʧ ə fɪlm
to watch a film on TV (see ‘to
xem một bộ phim trên tivi
see a film’ above)
(phân biệt với “to see a film” là
xem phim ngoài rạp)
< 39 >
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ACCOMMODATION
PART 1
Do you live in a house or an apartment?
Actually I live on campus … in a single room in halls of residence … all first year students are
encouraged to do that as they’re close to the university … next year I plan to move into student
digs in town …
Tell me about where you live.
I live with my parents in the suburbs of Madrid … we only moved in recently … in fact we had a
house-warming party just a few weeks ago …
What kind of accommodation do most people live in in your city?
In the city itself the majority of people live in apartment blocks … that’s what surprised me about
England … most people seem to live in terraced houses with lovely back gardens …
PART 2
Describe a house or an apartment you would like to live in. You should say
●
what kind of accommodation it would be
●
where it would be
●
who would live there with you
< 40 >
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and say why you would enjoy living in this place.
I think most people when answering this question would say they’d like to live in a big detached house
with spacious rooms … views of the countryside and so on … but actually my ideal home would be a lot
different … I’ve always loved the idea of having a mobile home … a really expensive one with all the mod
cons … so I could live wherever I wanted or at least have lots of holidays and be able to take all my home
comforts with me whenever I travelled … I realise this would have to be a second home as I’d need a base …
a permanent address … but the mobile home would be the accommodation I’d find it exciting to live in … I
suppose once I settle down and have children I’ll want to get on the property ladder … I’ll be like everyone
else … saving up to put down a deposit on a house or an apartment … I don’t think my family would want
to live in a mobile home … but I like to think I’ll still keep that dream home in mind ….
PART 3
Is it better to own your own home or to rent?
I think both have their advantages … living in rented accommodation isn’t necessarily a bad thing
… you don’t have a huge debt like you do when you take out a mortgage but I suppose the
property market offers you an investment for the future … I’m sure that’s why most people prefer
to own their own home …
What options are available to young couples looking for accommodation in your country?
If they want to buy their own home, it isn’t easy for first-time buyers … mortgages are hard to get
so most people live with their parents or in rented accommodation … but that can also be very
expensive … you often have to pay rent in advance … and if the accommodation isn’t fully
furnished you have the expense of buying furniture …
What are some of the pleasures involved in making a home for ourselves?
I suppose it starts with house-hunting … finding your ideal home … some people enjoy doing up
an old property … giving a property that’s old and tired a new lease of life … others like making
wherever they live feel like home with some home comforts …
< 41 >
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VOCABULARY
No.
1
Words/Phrases
Pronunciation
Definition [Eng]
Definition [Viet]
(all the) mod cons
(ɔl ði) mɔd kɑnz
technology at home that makes
những máy móc hiện đại làm
jobs easier such as a washing
giảm sự vất vả của việc nhà
machine, dishwasher etc.
như máy giặt, máy rửa bát,
v..v..
2
apartment block
(ɔl ði) mɔd kɑnz
a large building made up of
tòa nhà chung cư nhiều tầng,,
smaller units of apartments
mỗi tầng có nhiều phòng là
các căn hộ nhỏ
3
back garden
bæk ˈgɑrdən
a garden at the rear of the
vườn ở sân sau của nhà
house
4
detached house
dɪˈtæʧt haʊs
a house that is not physically
nhà tách rời, một mình trên
connected to another property
một mảnh đất, không bị chung
bờ tường với nhà hàng xóm
nào cả.
5
to do up a property
tu du ʌp ə ˈprɑpərti
to repair an old building
sửa chữa, tân trang lại một căn
nhà / căn hộ
6
dream home
drim hoʊm
a home you regard as perfect
ngôi nhà trong mơ
7
first-time buyer
fɜrst-taɪm ˈbaɪər
someone buying a property for
người mới mua nhà lần đầu,
the first time, especially when
thường là người phải đi vay
taking out a loan (mortgage)
tiền ngân hàng để mua
a rented property with all
căn hộ đã có đầy đủ nội thất,
furniture included
chỉ cần dọn đến ở
8
9
fully-furnished
ˈfʊli-ˈfɜrnɪʃt
to get on the
tu gɛt ɑn ðə
to buy a property with the aim
bắt đầu mua nhà để sau này
property ladder
ˈprɑpərti ˈlædər
of buying another bigger or
có tiền đầu tư thêm thì bán đi
more expensive one later in life
mua một căn nhà / căn hộ
khác tốt hơn, và cứ thế
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10
hall of residence
hɔl ʌv ˈrɛzɪdəns
a college or university building
ký túc xá
where students live
11
home comforts
hoʊm ˈkʌmfərts
things that make a home feel
những đồ tiện nghi trong một
comfortable to live in
ngôi nhà
12
house-hunting
haʊs-ˈhʌntɪŋ
looking for a property to live in
đi tìm nhà
13
house-warming
haʊs-ˈwɔrmɪŋ
a party to celebrate moving
bữa tiệc tân gia
party
ˈpɑrti
into a new home
ideal home
aɪˈdil hoʊm
a perfect home
14
ngôi nhà lý tưởng (not “túp lều
lý tưởng”)
15
16
to live on campus
mobile home
tu lɪv ɑn ˈkæmpəs
ˈmoʊbəl hoʊm
to live on the university or
sống luôn trong khuôn viên
college grounds
trường (vd trong ký túc xá)
a home that can be moved by a
ngôi nhà di động, có thể gắn
vehicle or one that has its own
vào ô tô kéo đi, hoặc nhà trên
engine
xe ô tô luôn (google xe RV)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/
Recreational_vehicle
17
to move into
tu muv ˈɪntu
to begin to live in a property
chuyển vào sống trong (nhà
mới)
18
19
to own your own
tu oʊn jʊər oʊn
to have bought the property
sở hữu ngôi nhà riêng của
home
hoʊm
you live in
mình, không phải đi thuê nữa
to pay rent in
tu peɪ rɛnt ɪn
weekly or monthly rent paid at
trả tiền nhà vào đầu tháng
advance
ədˈvæns
the beginning of the week or
month
20
permanent address
ˈpɜrmənənt
a fixed address
địa chỉ thường trú
the buying and selling of land
thị trường nhà đất, thị trường
or buildings
bất động sản
ˈæˌdrɛs
21
property market
ˈprɑpərti ˈmɑrkət
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22
to put down a
tu pʊt daʊn ə
to pay an amount of money as
deposit
dəˈpɑzɪt
the first in a series of future
trả tiền đặt cọc
payments
23
rented
ˈrɛntəd
property owned by someone
accommodation
əˌkɑməˈdeɪʃən
else and for which a person
nhà đi thuê
pays a fixed amount to live in
24
single room
ˈsɪŋgəl rum
a room for one person
phòng đơn (cho một người ở)
25
spacious room
ˈspeɪʃəs rum
a large room
phòng rộng rãi, thoáng mát
26
student digs
ˈstudənt dɪgz
student accommodation
loại nhà / căn hộ dành cho đối
tượng học sinh, sinh viên
27
28
the suburbs
ðə ˈsʌbərbz
a residential area on the edge
khu dân cư ven đô (thường
of towns or cities
dành cho người thu nhập cao)
to take out a
tu teɪk aʊt ə
to borrow a large amount of
vay tiền ngân hàng để mua
mortgage
ˈmɔrgəʤ
money, paid back over several
nhà
years, in order to buy a house
29
terraced house
ˈtɛrəst haʊs
a house connected on both
nhà liền kề thành một dãy dài
sides by other properties
các căn nhà giống hệt nhau
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CLOTHES AND FASHION
PART 1
Do you enjoy buying clothes?
I used to … yes … like most young people I was a bit of a slave to fashion and I’d always have to
buy that must-have shirt or pair of shoes … I’m not so bothered now though … I wouldn’t feel
comfortable wearing something old fashioned but I’m not as bothered as I used to be about what I
wear …
What kind of clothes do you like to wear?
I prefer casual clothes actually … I hate getting dressed up for special occasions … personally I
think it’s possible to look good in a pair of jeans … but that’s my opinion … I don’t think my wife
would call me a fashion icon that’s for sure …
Are there many clothes shops where you live?
Yes … there are lots in my town … apart from the big chain stores we’ve got a couple of really nice
shops that sell vintage clothes … old clothes but in a classic style that never really go out of
fashion … I love going there …
PART 2
Describe someone you know who dresses well. You should say
●
who they are
●
how you know them
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●
what kind of clothes they wear
and say why you like the way they dress.
I’d like to talk about one of my teachers … Miss Evans … she teaches us English in the school I go to … we
always look forward to seeing what she’s going to wear when our lessons start … she’s always very well
dressed and takes a lot of pride in her appearance … it’s not that she dresses in very smart clothes …
she doesn’t come to school dressed to kill or anything like that … but what she wears really suits her … and
she has a great sense of style as well … we often ask her where she gets some of her clothes and most of
the time they’re just off the peg … and she says she’s not interested in designer labels or anything like that
… she doesn’t seem too concerned about keeping up with the latest fashion … she just wears clothes that
are timeless … yes … Miss Evans is the person I think looks great in the clothes she wears …
PART 3
What factors do you think affect the clothes we choose to wear?
It depends … where we are or where we’re going is a big factor … if you are going out to a club or
party you’re going to dress for the occasion … and then there are those who think it’s important
to look like they’re on trend … they’ll want to wear the latest fashions … there are lots of factors
really …
What kind of things determine what is in fashion and what we should be wearing?
I suppose the big fashion houses and fashion shows must have an effect but the clothes you see
on the catwalk don’t always reflect what normal people wear … so I suppose it will be things like
what singers are wearing in videos or models are wearing in magazines … that kind of thing …
Is it possible to look good without spending lots of money on clothes?
I’m sure it is … yes … I suppose it’s about having an eye for what looks good … knowing how to
mix and match different items of clothing that go well together … I think you can pick up great
bargains in charity shops … sometimes for youngsters even hand-me-downs can look good …
< 46 >
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VOCABULARY
No.
Words/Phrases
Pronunciation
Definition [Eng]
Definition [Viet]
1
to be on trend
tu bi ɑn trɛnd
to be very fashionable
bắt kịp những xu hướng thời
trang mới nhất
2
casual clothes
ˈkæʒwəl kloʊðz
not formal
đồ thường ngày
3
classic style
ˈklæsɪk staɪl
a simple, traditional style that is
kiểu dáng kinh điển, thời nào
always fashionable
cũng vẫn đẹp
a well-known company that
hãng thời trang đồ hiệu
4
designer label
dɪˈzaɪnər ˈleɪbəl
makes (often expensive)
clothing
5
6
dressed to kill
drɛst tu kɪl
wearing clothes that attract
mặc đẹp để quyến rũ người
admirers
khác
to dress for the
tu drɛs fɔr ði
to wear clothes suitable for a
mặc đồ hợp với sự kiện mình
occasion
əˈkeɪʒən
particular event
đến dự
7
fashionable
ˈfæʃənəbəl
in fashion
hợp thời trang
8
fashion house
ˈfæʃən haʊs
a company that sells (usually
hãng thời trang lớn, chuyên
expensive) new styles in
tạo ra các xu hướng thời trang
clothes
mới
a person who is famous for
một biểu tượng thời trang,
their sense of fashion
một người lúc nào cũng mặc
9
fashion icon
ˈfæʃən ˈaɪkɑn
rất đẹp
10
fashion show
ˈfæʃən ʃoʊ
an event where models show
buổi trình diễn thời trang
off the latest in fashion designs
11
to get dressed up
tu gɛt drɛst ʌp
to put on nice clothes, often to
go out somewhere special
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12
to go out of fashion
tu goʊ aʊt ʌv
to not be in fashion any more
lỗi mốt
clothes that are passed down
đồ cũ mặc rồi của anh, chị
from older brothers or sisters to
truyền lại cho em (thay vì em
their younger siblings
được mua đồ mới)
to be a good judge of
có con mắt chọn (đồ thời
ˈfæʃən
13
14
15
16
hand-me-downs
hænd-mi-daʊnz
to have an eye for
tu hæv ən aɪ fɔr
(fashion)
(ˈfæʃən)
to have a sense of
tu hæv ə sɛns ʌv
the ability to wear clothes that
có phong cách thời trang của
style
staɪl
look stylish
riêng mình
the height of
ðə haɪt ʌv ˈfæʃən
very fashionable
rất hợp thời trang
to keep up with the
tu kip ʌp wɪð ðə
to wear the latest fashions
bắt kịp mốt mới nhất
latest fashion
ˈleɪtəst ˈfæʃən
to look good in
tu lʊk gʊd ɪn
to wear something that suits
(mặc đồ này lên) trông đẹp
trang) rất chuẩn
fashion
17
18
you
19
to mix and match
tu mɪks ænd mæʧ
to wear different styles or items
tự phối đồ để mặc, chứ không
of clothing that aren’t part of a
mặc theo những set đồcó sẵn
set outfit
20
must-have
mʌst-hæv
something that is highly
những món đang hot,
fashionable and therefore in
buộc-phải-có
demand
21
off the peg
ɔf ðə pɛg
clothing that is ready made
quần áo mua sẵn từ shop
(không phải đặt may riêng)
22
old fashioned
oʊld ˈfæʃənd
not in fashion any more
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23
on the catwalk
ɑn ðə ˈkæˌtwɑk
the stage that modals walk
trên sàn diễn thời trang
along to show off the latest
fashions
24
25
a slave to fashion
to suit someone
ə sleɪv tu ˈfæʃən
tu sut ˈsʌmˌwʌn
someone who always feel the
làm nô lệ cho thời trang, lúc
need to wear the latest
nào cũng phải chạy theo mốt
fashions
mới nhất
to look good on someone
(đồ nào đấy) hợp với anh/chị
đấy
26
27
to take pride in
tu teɪk praɪd ɪn
to pay attention to how one
tự hào về diện mạo của bản
one’s appearance
wʌnz əˈpɪrəns
looks
thân
timeless
ˈtaɪmləs
something that doesn’t go out
vẻ đẹp không tuổi, chỉ đến
of fashion
một thứ nào đấy chẳng bao
giờ lỗi mốt
28
vintage clothes
ˈvɪntɪʤ kloʊðz
clothes from an earlier period
đồ thời trang theo xu hướng
hoài cổ
29
well-dressed
wɛl-drɛst
to be dressed attractively
< 49 >
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PERSONALITY
PART 1
How would you describe yourself?
Everyone tells me I take after my mum as I’m quite laid-back … I think I’m good company, but you
should ask my friends if they agree …
In what ways are you similar to your friends?
I seem to be attracted to introverts … not people who are painfully shy but most of my friends are
a little reserved … and I think that’s what I’m like …
Are you similar or different to your brother(s)/sister(s)?
I think my brother and I are very similar … I’d say we’re fun-loving and tend to be a bit extroverted
… my brother is certainly the life and soul of the party … I’m not sure that applies to me …
PART 2
Describe a teacher you once had who you enjoyed being taught by. You should say
●
who this person was
●
when they were your teacher
●
which subject they taught you
and describe what it was about their character that you liked.
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I’d like to describe my English teacher from school … Miss Thomas … this was a few years ago now and she
was my teacher at a time when I was getting a little bored with being at school … unlike some of the other
teachers Miss Thomas never lost her temper … she was very calm and easy-going … she was also very
broad-minded … we were able to ask her questions about lots of subjects that some other teachers would
refuse to discuss which made us respect her even more … she had a great sense of humour too … she’d
laugh at our jokes as well as making us laugh … and she would also bend over backwards to help us with
our work … she always put us first and often stayed around at the end of class to talk with anyone who
needed help … apparently she was highly respected within her field but you would never know as she was
the type that hid her light under a bushel … she was very modest and self-effacing … so yes … Miss
Thomas was a teacher I have fond memories of …
PART 3
Which personal qualities do you think we most want to pass on to our children?
I certainly would want my children to be self-confident and self-assured … I really believe that
people who feel good about themselves are in a good position to face what life has to offer them …
and I’d hope they wouldn’t be self-centred … but remember to think about others …
Which characteristics do you think are the least appealing in a person?
Well … people who are very narrow-minded are difficult to get on with … it’s nice when someone is
open to other people’s opinion and willing to think about their own views … and people who are
two-faced can be a little irritating … relationships are built on trust and without honesty there’s not
much left …
Which personality types do you think are less likely to suffer from stress or anxiety?
Sol: Probably people who are thick-skinned … who don’t let people or problems affect them too
much … and if you are fair-minded you'll be less likely to overreact to situations or be
quick-tempered …
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VOCABULARY
No.
1
2
3
Words/Phrases
Pronunciation
Definition [Eng]
Definition [Viet]
to be the life and
tu bi ðə laɪf ænd
a fun person, someone who is
là trung tâm của mọi cuộc vui,
soul of the party
soʊl ʌv ðə ˈpɑrti
the centre of activity
là linh hồn của cả bữa tiệc
to bend over
tu bɛnd ˈoʊvər
to try very hard to help
tất tưởi, khổ sở, chạy vạy khắp
backwards
ˈbækwərdz
someone
nơi để giúp đỡ ai đó
broad-minded
brɔd-ˈmaɪndəd
prepared to accept other views
đầu óc cởi mở
or behaviours
4
5
easy-going
extrovert
ˈizi-ˈgoʊɪŋ
ˈɛkstrəˌvɜrt
relaxed and not easily worried
thoải mái, dễ sống, thế nào
about anything
cũng được
an energetic person who likes
người hướng ngoại
the company of others
6
fair-minded
fɛr-ˈmaɪndəd
to treat people equally
yêu sự công bằng ghét sự giả
dối
7
fun-loving
fʌn-ˈlʌvɪŋ
to enjoy having fun
ham vui
8
to hide one’s light
tu haɪd wʌnz laɪt
to hide one’s talents and skills
hay giấu nghề, giấu tài
under a bushel
ˈʌndər ə ˈbʊʃəl
good company
gʊd ˈkʌmpəni
enjoyable to socialise with
một người nói chuyện hợp, ở
9
với họ ta thấy thoải mái
10
11
have a good sense
hæv ə gʊd sɛns ʌv
having the ability to understand
of humour
ˈhjumər
what is funny
introvert
ˈɪntroʊˌvɜrt
someone who prefers to spend
có khiếu hài hước tốt
người hướng nội
time alone; they often appear
to be shy and quiet
12
laid-back
leɪd-bæk
see ‘easy-going’
thoải mái, dễ tính, thế nào
cũng xong
13
to lose one’s
tu luz wʌnz ˈtɛmpər
to suddenly become angry
temper
không kiềm chế được cơn
giận, nổi nóng
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14
narrow minded
ˈnɛroʊ ˈmaɪndəd
opposite of ‘broad-minded’ (see
có đầu óc hẹp hòi, bảo thủ
above)
15
painfully shy
ˈpeɪnfəli ʃaɪ
very shy
vô cùng nhút nhát, ít nói
16
to put others first
tu pʊt ˈʌðərz fɜrst
to think of others before
lúc nào cũng nghĩ đến người
yourself
khác trước khi nghĩ đến mình
17
quick-tempered
kwɪk-ˈtɛmpərd
to become angry quickly
nóng tính, dễ tức giận
18
reserved
rɪˈzɜrvd
shy
ít nói, dè dặt
19
self-assured
sɛlf-əˈʃʊrd
confident
tự tin
20
self-centred
sɛlf-ˈsɛntərd
thinks only of oneself
lúc nào cũng chỉ nghĩ đến
mình, không nghĩ cho người
khác, cư xử như kiểu cả vũ trụ
quay quanh mình vậy
21
self-confident
ˈsɛlfˈkɑnfədənt
believes in one’s own ability or
có sự tự tin
knowledge
22
self-effacing
sɛlf-ɪˈfeɪsɪŋ
to not try to get the attention
ngại thể hiện, không thích làm
of others (especially in terms of
trung tâm của sự chú ý
hiding one’s skills or abilities)
23
to take after
tu teɪk ˈæftər
to be like (often another
thừa hưởng được từ ai
member of the family)
(thường là thành viên trong
gia đình) một đặc điểm, năng
lực hay phẩm chất gì đó.
24
thick-skinned
θɪk-skɪnd
not easily affected by criticism
nhạy cảm, dễ bị tổn thương
bởi những lời chỉ trích
25
trustworthy
ˈtrʌˌstwɜrði
can be trusted
đáng tin cậy
26
two-faced
tu-feɪst
not honest or sincere. Will say
loại người hai mặt, không
one thing to someone to their
đáng tin cậy, trước mặt người
face and another when they are
ta thì nói thế này nhưng sau
not present
lưng người ta thì lại nói thế
khác được ngay
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BUSINESS
PART 1
Do you work or are you a student?
I run my own business actually … I have an online business selling cosmetics … I set up the
business 5 years ago and I’m really enjoying working for myself …
What is your ideal job?
I don’t think I’d enjoy working for a big company … I think I’d like to go it alone and be
self-employed … I’m not sure what area of business it would be but I think I’d enjoy the process of
drawing up a business plan and seeing if I could be successful …
Is your town a nice place to live?
It’s OK … the main problem we have is our local high street … it used to be a busy centre but lots of
shops have gone bust … it must be very difficult to make a profit when you have huge
supermarkets in the area and a lot haven’t been able to survive with such cut-throat
competition…
PART 2
Describe a business you know that you admire. You should say
●
what this business is
●
what the business sells
●
how long you have known about the business
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and say why you like it so much.
Actually I discovered a business very recently that I like so much I’d like to do something similar in the future
… it’s a small niche business that runs courses in how to cook … especially bread … the owner uses his
kitchen for the courses and went into business with a local community shop and sells a lot of the bread
and cakes they make in the shop … I first got to hear about the business last year … my wife paid for me to
do one of the baking courses and I got to know the owner during the training … it’s a lifestyle business
really … he doesn’t have plans to take on employees or expand into new areas … he’s happy earning a
living doing the thing he loves … I really admire what he does and I’m sure a lot of people would love to do
something similar … he has a web presence … in fact that’s how we got to find out about his company …
and he uses social media to raise the company profile … but he’s the only person involved in running the
business so he’s in complete control of where the business goes … that’s something that must make it really
satisfying … as long as he’s managing to balance the books and the cash flow is healthy I’m sure he must
be very pleased with what he has achieved …
PART 3
Why do some people decide to set up their own business?
I suppose it’s the idea of being in control of your own destiny … or of believing in a product or
service idea you may have … plus it must be very exciting … launching products … winning
contracts … and seeing your sales figures improving must be wonderful …
What are some of the dangers involved in starting a business?
Well … obviously you need to have a good idea … some people say you need to do market
research beforehand so you know what the market wants … if you don’t do this you could go
under … and if it is a good idea the chances are someone else is doing the same thing so you could
end up facing stiff competition …
What are some of the things you have to do when running your own business that might not
appeal to everyone?
Personally i don’t like being in debt so taking out a business loan wouldn’t suit me at all … and I
know a lot of companies do cold calling to try and drum up business … that’s something I’d hate
to do … and laying people off if the business gets into trouble … that would be horrible …
< 55 >
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VOCABULARY
No.
Words/Phrases
Pronunciation
Definition [Eng]
Definition [Viet]
1
to balance the
tu ˈbæləns ðə bʊks
to not spend more money than
cân bằng tài chính, không chi
you are earning
nhiều hơn thu
to work for yourself/to not
tự mở công việc kinh doanh
work for an employer
của mình, không làm cho ai cả
to make a sales call to someone
chào hàng qua điện thoại,
without asking them for
thường là gọi một cách bất
permission first
ngờ, người ta không biết
books
2
3
to be self-employed
to cold call
tu bi sɛlf-ɛmˈplɔɪd
tu koʊld kɔl
trước, và thường không thích
4
cut throat
kʌt θroʊt
when one company lowers its
cạnh tranh bằng cách hạ giá
competition
ˌkɑmpəˈtɪʃən
prices, forcing other companies
kịch sàn, buộc các đối thủ của
to do the same, sometimes to a
mình cũng phải hạ giá theo
point where business becomes
không thì mất khách, đôi lúc
unprofitable
thậm chí dẫn đến lỗ - có thể
dịch là “cạnh tranh khốc liệt”
5
to do market
tu du ˈmɑrkət
to do research into what
tìm hiểu, nghiên cứu về thị
research
riˈsɜrʧ
potential customers would or
trường
wouldn’t buy
6
7
to draw up a
tu drɔ ʌp ə ˈbɪznəs
to write a plan for a new
business plan
plæn
business
to drum up
tu drʌm ʌp ˈbɪznəs
to try to get customers
business
lên chiến lược kinh doanh
đẩy mạnh doanh số, thu hút
khách hàng
8
to earn a living
tu ɜrn ə ˈlɪvɪŋ
to earn money
kiếm sống
9
to go bust
tu goʊ bʌst
when a business is forced to
vỡ nợ
close because it is unsuccessful
10
11
12
cash flow
kæʃ floʊ
the money coming in and going
dòng tiền thu-chi của một
out of a business
doanh nghiệp
hùn vốn cùng làm ăn với ai đó
to go into business
tu goʊ ˈɪntu
to join another person to start
with
ˈbɪznəs wɪð
or expand a business
to go it alone
tu goʊ ɪt əˈloʊn
to start your own business
< 56 >
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13
to go under
tu goʊ ˈʌndər
see ‘to go bust’
vỡ nợ
14
to have a web
tu hæv ə wɛb
to have a website or social
khi bạn/cửa hàng của bạn có
presence
ˈprɛzəns
media profile that showcases
mở trang web, page trên
your business
facebook, tài khoản trên insta
và các mạng xã hội khác
15
16
to launch a product
to lay someone off
tu lɔnʧ ə ˈprɑdəkt
tu leɪ ˈsʌmˌwʌn ɔf
to start selling and promoting a
đưa sản phẩm ra mắt công
new product
chúng
when a company ends an
chấm dứt hợp đồng, cho nghỉ
employee’s contract of
việc
employment
17
18
lifestyle business
to make a profit
ˈlaɪfˌstaɪl ˈbɪznəs
tu meɪk ə ˈprɑfɪt
a business that is set up to
công việc kinh doanh chỉ dừng
bring in a sufficient income and
ở mức đủ sống, ngoài ra
no more
không có ý định làm to hơn
to earn more money than it
sinh lời, kiếm được lợi nhuận
costs to run the business
19
niche business
nɪʧ ˈbɪznəs
a business that serves a small,
doanh nghiệp tập trung vào
particular market
thị trường “ngách”: một phân
đoạn nhỏ của thị trường mà
bạn đặt mục tiêu vào một
nhóm khách hàng riêng biệt
20
to raise a company
tu reɪz ə ˈkʌmpəni
to make more people aware of
nâng cao tầm thương hiệu của
profile
ˈproʊˌfaɪl
a business
doanh nghiệp để nhiều người
biết đến mình hơn
21
22
to run your own
tu rʌn jʊər oʊn
business
ˈbɪznəs
sales figures
seɪlz ˈfɪgjərz
to have a business of your own
tự điều hành công việc kinh
doanh riêng của mình
a report of the income a
doanh số
company generates through
sales of products or services
23
stiff competition
stɪf ˌkɑmpəˈtɪʃən
strong competition from other
companies in the same area of
work
< 57 >
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24
to take on
tu teɪk ɑn ɪmˈplɔɪiz
to employ people
thuê thêm nhân viên
employees
25
to take out a loan
tu teɪk aʊt ə loʊn
to borrow money
vay tiền
26
to win a contract
tu wɪn ə
when a business gets
giành được hợp đồng
ˈkɑnˌtrækt
legally-binding work with an
individual or company
PHYSICAL APPEARANCE
PART 1
Do you look like any other people in your family?
No … not at all … take my brother for example … he has short cropped hair and has quite a pointed
face … he’s also quite fair-skinned compared to me …
Tell me about your family.
My father’s getting on a bit … he’s in his 60s … but he looks very young for his age … he still
does lots of exercise and is quite well-built …
What does your best friend look like?
She’s the same age as me … she has shoulder-length hair … fair hair … she has a slim figure and is
medium height …
< 58 >
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PART 2
Describe a person whose appearance you like. You should say
●
who this person is
●
what their relationship is to you
●
what they look like
and say what it is about their appearance you like.
OK … I’d like to talk about my aunt … her name’s Marta and she’s quite a character … she’s middle-aged but
has a very youthful appearance … she’s a little overweight I suppose but not too much … she has a
friendly round face framed by thick blonde hair … she has a lovely complexion and she’s always
well-turned out … she actually always looks like she’s going out for the evening to somewhere special …
there’s never a hair out of place … I’ve always thought she bears a striking resemblance to someone on
TV … I can’t remember the name now … she wears glasses and always seems to have a different pair on
every time I see her … I like the way she looks because she wears clothes that are right for her age and
manages to look glamorous without it looking like she’s too done up … yes … I’ll be happy if I look like her
when I’m her age …
PART 3
Is it important to dress well whenever we go out?
It depends where you’re going … I know some people get done up just to go to the shops … but I
don’t see the point … you shouldn’t go out looking scruffy with disheveled hair but I really don’t
see the point in getting dressed up to the nines unless you’re going somewhere special …
Do you think that people worry too much about their appearance as they get older?
I’m sure they do … yes … but it happens to all of us doesn’t it … we all go grey eventually and get
hard of hearing … we start to lose our figure … that’s why plastic surgery is so popular …
personally I think we just need to grow old gracefully and not worry too much about how we look
…
Is attractiveness a quality worthwhile aiming for?
I’d like to say no … it shouldn’t matter what we look like in terms of our physical appearance … but
unfortunately it seems women especially are taken more seriously if they are good looking with a
slender figure with perfect make up and so on …
< 59 >
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VOCABULARY
No.
Words/Phrases
Pronunciation
Definition [Eng]
Definition [Viet]
to bear a striking
tu bɛr ə ˈstraɪkɪŋ
to look very similar to
trông giống ai đó đến kỳ lạ
resemblance
rɪˈzɛmbləns
2
cropped hair
krɑpt hɛr
very short hair
tóc ngắn
3
disheveled hair
dɪˈʃɛvəld hɛr
untidy hair
tóc tai bù xù
4
to dress up to the
tu drɛs ʌp tu ðə
to dress very smartly or
lên đồ lồng lộn, lộng lẫy, rực rỡ
nines
naɪnz
glamorously
khiến thiên hạ phải à ồ
5
fair hair
fer hɛr
light-coloured hair
tóc sáng màu
6
to be fair-skinned
tu bi fer-skɪnd
light skinned
da trắng
7
to get done up
tu gɛt dʌn ʌp
to dress smartly
lên đồ cho đẹp, tử tế nào
8
to be getting on a
tu bi ˈgɛtɪŋ ɑn ə bɪt
to be getting old
đã bắt đầu có tuổi rồi
1
bit
9
to go grey
tu goʊ greɪ
to have hair that is turning grey
tóc đã chuyển bạc
10
to be good looking
tu bi gʊd ˈlʊkɪŋ
to be attractive
đẹp, cuốn hút, thu hút (dùng
cho cả nam đẹp và nữ đẹp)
11
12
to grow old
tu groʊ oʊld
to act in a way that embraces
càng già càng đẹp lão
gracefully
ˈgreɪsfəli
the fact you are getting older
to be hard of
tu bi hɑrd ʌv ˈhirɪŋ
to find it difficult to hear
bị lãng tai, nghễnh ngãng
ɪn hɪz / hɜr ˈθɜrtiz /
to be 30/40 something
độ ba mấy, bốn mấy tuổi
hearing
13
in his/her 30s/40s
ˈfɔrtiz
14
scruffy
ˈskrʌfi
dressed untidily
(ăn mặc) luộm thuộm, lôi thôi
15
to look young for
tu lʊk jʌŋ fɔr jʊər
to look younger than you are
trông trẻ so với tuổi thật
your age
eɪʤ
to lose one’s figure
tu luz wʌnz ˈfɪgjər
to have a figure that has lost its
mất dáng, thường là do béo
toned shape
lên, tăng cân
natural skin colour and texture
màu da, nước da, sắc da
16
17
complexion
kəmˈpɛkʃən
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18
make up
meɪk ʌp
cosmetics
đồ trang điểm, mỹ phẩm
19
medium height
ˈmidiəm haɪt
average height
có chiều cao tầm thước, vóc
người vừa phải, không cao lắm
nhưng cũng không thấp
20
middle-aged
ˈmɪdəl-eɪʤd
approximately between 45-65
tuổi trung niên
21
to never have a hair
tu ˈnɛvər hæv ə hɛr
perfectly styled hair
mái tóc lúc nào cũng được chái
out of place
aʊt ʌv pleɪs
to be overweight
tu bi ˈoʊvərˌweɪt
22
chuốt, buộc, bện gọn gàng
to weigh more than is regarded
thừa cân, dư cân, béo quá
as healthy
không khỏe cho lắm
23
pointed face
ˈpɔɪntəd feɪs
the opposite of a round face
mặt V-line
24
shoulder-length
ˈʃoʊldər-lɛŋkθ hɛr
hair that comes down to the
tóc dài ngang vai
hair
25
slender figure
shoulders and no further
ˈslɛndər ˈfɪgjər
a figure that is tall and slim
vóc dáng dong dỏng cao, gầy
(như ông Đen Vâu ấy)
26
slim figure
slɪm ˈfɪgjər
attractively thin
vóc dáng thon thả
27
thick hair
θɪk hɛr
a lot of hair
mái tóc dày
28
to wear glasses
tu wɛr ˈglæsəz
to use spectacles
đeo kính
29
to be well-built
tu bi wɛl-bɪlt
to be muscular
có vóc dáng vạm vỡ, to lớn
30
to be well-turned
tu bi wɛl-tɜrnd aʊt
to look smart
trông thông minh, sáng sủa,
out
quần áo gọn gàng ra dáng “trí
thức”
31
youthful
ˈjuθfəl əˈpɪrəns
to look young
appearance
< 61 >
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TOWN AND CITY
PART 1
What is it like where you live?
I live in a residential area of a busy town in the south of Spain … we have all the facilities you need
… good public transport … a good shopping centre … it’s nice …
Do you like living in the city?
Yes I do … I like going out with my friends and there are lots of lively bars and restaurants within
walking distance of my apartment … I’m a bit of a culture vulture as well so it’s great to have access
to art exhibitions and that kind of thing …
Do you get many tourists visiting your area?
Mandy: Not really no … I live in the inner-city and the area is a little run down … it’s basically a lot
of high-rise flats and many of the shops are boarded up … so nothing to interest tourists really …
PART 2
Describe an interesting town or city in your country that visitors might enjoy. You should say
●
what the place is called
●
where the place is
●
what the facilities are like
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and say why visitors might enjoy going there.
Anyone who comes to my country really should spend some time in Barcelona … it’s a beautiful
place … it’s not what you would call a sprawling city … it’s quite compact really and you could walk
across the city in a couple of hours … but there’s no need to do that as we have a fantastic public
transport system so it’s easy to get around … there are various districts all with their own
character … you have the upmarket shops in the centre … you’ll find lots of chain stores you’ll
recognise from your own country but also local brands as well … we have the narrow streets in the
Gothic district with lots of fashionable boutiques and tourist attractions … there’s the Olympic
area and the beaches along the coast … and dotted around the city are some lovely public spaces …
parks and squares in the city centre and on the outskirts of Barcelona where people relax with
their friends and family … and of course pavement cafes everywhere … all that and some great
historical places of interest … so a great destination for tourists …
PART 3
What are the advantages of living in a city or big town?
I think it’s having access to local facilities really … local shops as well as access to larger shopping
malls in the city centre … and if you’re well-off you can afford to live in the suburbs away from the
busy traffic …
In your experience are city centres usually attractive places?
Some can be yes … especially those with a historical interest … but sometimes they’re full of ugly
office blocks … multi-story car parks … and residents living in poor housing … it depends on the
city doesn’t it?
What are some of the challenges facing towns and cities?
I suppose traffic congestion is a major problem … and the growth in out-of-town supermarkets
and retail parks mean lots of town centre shops are closing down … plus a shortage of good
quality housing … I think these are the major challenges …
< 63 >
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VOCABULARY
No.
1
2
Words/Phrases
Pronunciation
Definition [Eng]
Definition [Viet]
boarded up shops
ˈbɔrdəd ʌp ʃɑps
shops that are no longer doing
cửa hàng đã đóng cửa, đã sập
business
tiệm
well-known brands with shops
chuỗi cửa hàng
chain stores
ʧeɪn stɔrz
in multiple cities
3
to close down
tu kloʊs daʊn
to stop doing business
đóng cửa, không buôn bán
kinh doanh gì nữa
4
fashionable
ˈfæʃənəbəl buˈtiks
fashionable clothes shops
các cửa hàng/shop thời trang
boutiques
5
to get around
tu gɛt əˈraʊnd
to travel around
đi thăm thú vòng quanh
6
high-rise flats
haɪ-raɪz flæts
multi-story apartments
các tòa nhà chung cư cao tầng
7
inner-city
ˈɪnər-ˈsɪti
the central part of a city where
trong khu vực nội đô
people live and where
conditions are often poor
8
in the suburbs
ɪn ðə ˈsʌbərbz
the outer area of large towns
ở khu dân cư ven đô
and cities where people live
9
10
11
12
lively
ˈlaɪvli
bars or restaurants with a good
bars/restaurants
bɑrz/ˈrɛstəˌrɑnts
atmosphere
local facilities
ˈloʊkəl fəˈsɪlətiz
local buildings or services
các cơ sở vật chất tại địa
serving the public
phương
car parks on several floors
bãi để xe nhiều tầng
a large building that contains
tòa nhà khu văn phòng
multi-story car
ˈmʌlti-ˈstɔri kɑr
parks
pɑrks
office block
ˈɔfəs blɑk
offices
13
out of town
aʊt ʌv taʊn ˈʃɑpɪŋ
large shopping centres outside
trung tâm mua sắm / bán lẻ
shopping
ˈsɛntər/ˈriˌteɪl pɑrk
of the town or city
ngoại ô
centre/retail park
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14
pavement cafe
ˈpeɪvmənt kəˈfeɪ
cafes with tables outside on the
cafe vỉa hè
pavement
15
16
17
places of interest
poor housing
public spaces
ˈpleɪsəz ʌv ˈɪntrəst
pur ˈhaʊzɪŋ
ˈpʌblɪk ˈspeɪsəz
buildings that have a particular
những điểm đến hấp dẫn nên
interest for visitors
ghé thăm
housing that is not in good
(khu vực) nhà cửa tồi tàn, lạc
condition
hậu
areas in a town or city that are
không gian công cộng
open to the public
18
public transport
ˈpʌblɪk ˈtrænspɔrt
public vehicles such as buses
hệ thống giao thông công
system
ˈsɪstəm
and trains that operate at
cộng
regular times on fixed routes
19
residential area
ˌrɛzɪˈdɛnʧəl ˈɛriə:
an area where people live
khu dân cư
20
run down
rʌn daʊn
old and of a poor standard
tàn tạ, xập xệ, cũ nát
21
shopping centre
ˈʃɑpɪŋ ˈsɛntər
an area consisting of multiple
trung tâm mua sắm
shops
22
shopping malls
ˈʃɑpɪŋ mɔlz
large indoor shopping centres
các trung tâm mua sắm
23
sprawling city
ˈsprɔlɪŋ ˈsɪti
a city that has grown over time
thành phố đã được mở rộng
and which covers a wide area
hơn so với trước đây
24
tourist attraction
ˈtʊrəst əˈtrækʃən
a place of interest to tourists
điểm đến du lịch hấp dẫn
25
traffic congestion
ˈtræfɪk kənˈʤɛsʧən
heavy traffic making it difficult
tắc nghẽn giao thông
to move around a town or city
26
upmarket shops
ˈʌpˌmɑrkət ʃɑps
expensive fashionable shops
cửa hàng bán đồ sang chảnh,
đắt tiền
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MUSIC
PART 1
What kind of music do you listen to?
I’m a big fan of classical music … it doesn’t make me very popular with my children … their taste in
music is completely different … they always want to listen to their favourite rock bands …
Do you play any instruments?
No I don’t … I’ve always wished I’d taken up a musical instrument … I’d love to be able to play the
guitar … but I think I’m a bit tone deaf so perhaps I’d find it hard …
Have you got any hobbies or interests?
I’m really into live music … I go to a lot of music festivals … I think a live performance always
sounds more exciting than a recorded version … as long as the performers can sing and play well of
course …
PART 2
Describe a song you like to listen to. You should say
●
what the piece of music is called
●
how long you have liked it
●
when you like to listen to it
and say why you like it so much.
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Well … I’m a little older than most students and when I was young Abba the Swedish pop group
were very famous … I don’t think it was cool to like them even though they had a huge following
but I think now people have realised what wonderful songs they wrote … one piece of music in
particular is called ‘Slipping through my fingers’ … it wasn’t a massive hit but I love it … it’s a song
for parents and it’s all about how quickly our children grow up … it’s a slow number and like a lot of
their songs it’s a very catchy tune … the two women in Abba had great voices and it’s the kind of
music you can also sing along to easily … even if you don’t have a great voice … I listen to Abba
when I feel like a sing-song … and I especially like to listen when I’m doing the housework … it stops
me thinking about the hard work …
PART 3
Is the Internet a good or bad thing for the music industry?
On the one hand, it's good for marketing new musical talent or particular bands but it’s so easy to
share and download tracks for free I think it is costing the industry a lot of money …
Should music be treated as seriously as subjects like maths or sciences at school?
I think it should … I don’t think it should be taught in a boring way … I mean making children read
music … but I do think they should be encouraged to play instruments and to play things by ear
perhaps … to keep the lessons fun …
Where do people usually enjoy listening to music?
Sally: In lots of ways or places … as background music when they are doing something else … at
concerts when a band goes on tour … or in clubs or discos …
< 67 >
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VOCABULARY
No.
1
Words/Phrases
Pronunciation
Definition [Eng]
Definition [Viet]
adoring fans
əˈdɔrɪŋ fænz
people who love a particular
fan hâm mộ, fan cuồng
band or singer
2
3
background music
a catchy tune
ˈbækˌgraʊnd
music that is played while
nhạc nền
ˈmjuzɪk
something else is happening
ə ˈkæʧi tun
a song that is easy to
một giai điệu “bắt tai”, dễ hát
remember and makes you want
dễ thuộc
to sing it
4
classical music
ˈklæsɪkəl ˈmjuzɪk
music that is regarded as part
nhạc cổ điển
of a long, formal tradition
5
6
to download tracks
to have a great
tu ˈdaʊnˌloʊd
to obtain music from the
tải các bài nhạc từ trên mạng
træks
Internet
về
tu hæv ə greɪt vɔɪs
to sing well
có một giọng hát hay
tu goʊ ɑn tʊr
to go on a planned series of
tổ chức tour diễn ở nhiều nơi
voice
7
to go on tour
performances around a region
or country
8
a huge following
ə hjuʤ ˈfɑloʊɪŋ
a large number of fans
có lượng fan đông đảo
9
live music
laɪvˈmjuzɪk
music that is listened to while it
đến tận buổi hòa nhạc để
is performed (not recorded)
nghe thay vì nghe bản ghi âm
see “live music”
màn biểu diễn trực tiếp trên
10
live performance
laɪv pərˈfɔrməns
sân khấu
11
a massive hit
ə ˈmæsɪv hɪt
a record that sells lots of copies
một bài hát cực kỳ nổi tiếng và
thành công, ai ai cũng biết
12
a music festival
ə ˈmjuzɪk ˈfɛstəvəl
music performances at a venue
đại hội âm nhạc
often over several days
13
musical talent
ˈmjuzɪkəl ˈtælənt:
skilled at music
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14
to be/sing out of
tu bi/sɪŋ aʊt ʌv tun
tune
15
16
to play by ear
a pop group
tu pleɪ baɪ ir
ə pɑp grup
to not be in harmony/to sing
hát sai tông, hát lệch tông
the wrong notes
(quá cao hoặc quá trầm)
to play without reading the
chỉ cần nghe bản nhạc là chơi
musical notes
được, không cần đọc nốt nhạc
a small group of people who
nhóm nhạc pop
play or sing pop music together
17
to read music
tu rid ˈmjuzɪk
to understand and follow
đọc được nốt nhạc
written musical notes
18
a rock band
ə rɑk bænd
a group of musicians that play
ban nhạc rock
rock music
19
to sing along to
tu sɪŋ əˈlɔŋ tu
to join in singing
hát hòa cùng theo ai đó
20
a sing-song
ə sɪŋ-sɔŋ
an informal gathering for
một buổi gặp mặt hát hò (4-5
singing
đứa bạn tụ tập với nhau, mang
đàn mang trống theo hát hò
linh tinh cho vui)
21
a slow number
ə sloʊ ˈnʌmbər
a song with a slow tempo
một bản nhạc chậm
22
to take up a musical
tu teɪk ʌp ə
to begin learning a musical
bắt đầu học chơi một nhạc cụ
instrument
ˈmjuzɪkəl
instrument
ˈɪnstrəmənt
23
taste in music
teɪst ɪn ˈmjuzɪk
the music someone likes
gu âm nhạc, loại nhạc ưa thích
24
to be tone deaf
tu bi toʊn dɛf
to be unable to distinguish the
bị “điếc” nhạt, không phân
different notes in music
biệt nổi âm này với âm kia
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WEATHER
PART 1
What’s the weather like in your country?
It’s quite changeable really … we have periods of time with clear blue skies then all of a sudden
we’ll have torrential rain.
Which months have the best weather in your country?
Well … I suppose it’s a matter of personal taste really … I like it around the end of October and
November … I’m not fond of the heatwaves we often get during the summer … it’s not freezing
cold during these months and we still get lots of sunny spells.
Does it bother you much when it rains?
It depends … if I get caught in the rain and I get drenched I don’t like it … but I’m a gardener so a
drop of rain is good for my plants.
PART 2
Describe a time when you experienced extreme weather conditions. You should say
●
when this was
●
where you were
●
what the weather was like
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and say how you felt about the experience.
I was studying English in a language school a few years ago … we were in Cornwall in the UK … we’d
been enjoying lovely sunny days … not a cloud in the sky … when all of a sudden there was a
change in the weather … we were in town walking around the shops when it started to pour
down … I’d never seen such heavy rain before … within about 10 minutes the roads were full of
water … I think they call it a flash flood … it was like being in the middle of a tropical storm … the
water was almost up to my knees … the weather forecast hadn’t predicted it so everyone was
taken by surprise … I’m not sure you could call it ‘extreme’ weather as a few hours later it started to
clear up … the sun came out and slowly the water level went down … but a lot of people’s houses
were flooded so it would have been extreme for them … I found it all quite exciting … in my country
we generally have a very mild climate and don’t often get floods like this so it was quite an
experience for me.
PART 3
Do you think the weather affects how people feel?
Absolutely … yes … I don’t mind the occasional cold spell but I think the winter months can make
you feel down. I hate having to leave the house in the winter … there’s often a thick fog every
morning and we sometimes get bitterly cold winds … the winter certainly makes me feel a little
depressed … though having said that … it’s always nice to see the town covered in a blanket of
snow.
Do you think the weather is changing due to global warming?
I don’t know if it’s due to global warming or not but the weather in my country is certainly changing
… we’ve been getting quite mild winters lately … the temperatures are sometimes below freezing
but only occasionally … and then during the summer it can get boiling hot with a lot of older people
even suffering from heatstroke.
In which ways are weather forecasts useful?
Well … if you’re planning a trip or going on holiday, it's important to know whether you’ll need to
dress up warm or take an umbrella … farmers need to know what the long-range forecast is so
they can plan their work … I suppose people who organise outside events need to know as well in
case things get rained off.
VOCABULARY
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No.
1
Words/Phrases
Pronunciation
Definition [Eng]
Definition [Viet]
to be below
tu bi bɪˈloʊ ˈfrizɪŋ
below zero degrees Celsius
lạnh dưới 0 độ (đóng băng
freezing
luôn)
2
bitterly cold
ˈbɪtərli koʊld
very cold and unpleasant
lạnh cắt da cắt thịt
3
a blanket of snow
ə ˈblæŋkət ʌv snoʊ
a complete covering of snow
tuyết trắng phủ dầy khắp nơi
4
boiling hot
ˈbɔɪlɪŋ hɑt
very hot (informal)
nóng như thiêu như đốt
5
changeable
ˈʧeɪnʤəbəl
weather that often changes
(thời tiết) dễ thay đổi
6
a change in the
ə ʧeɪnʤ ɪn ðə
when weather conditions
thay đổi thời tiết
weather
ˈwɛðər
change
7
clear blue skies
klɪr blu skaɪz
a sky without clouds
bầu trời xanh ngắt trong veo
8
to clear up
tu klɪr ʌp
when clouds or rain disappear
mây mù đã tan nắng vàng đã
đến
9
to come out (the
tu kʌm aʊt (ðə sʌn)
sun)
when the sun appears out of a
mặt trời mới ló dạng
cloudy sky
10
a cold spell
ə koʊld spɛl
a short period of cold weather
một đợt lạnh
11
to dress up warm
tu drɛs ʌp wɔrm
to wear warm clothes to
mặc ấm vào
protect yourself against wintry
conditions
12
a drop of rain
ə drɑp ʌv reɪn
a little bit of rain
một tí mưa, vài giọt mưa (thật
là lom zom)
13
a flash flood
ə flæʃ flʌd
a sudden and severe flood
đợt lũ quét, lũ ống (rất đột
ngột)
14
freezing cold
ˈfrizɪŋ koʊld
very cold (informal)
rất lạnh
15
to get caught in the
tu gɛt kɑt ɪn ðə reɪn
to be outside when it rains
bị dính mưa
rain
unexpectedly
16
to get drenched
tu gɛt drɛnʧt
to get very wet
bị ướt như chuột lột
17
heatstroke
ˈhiːt.stroʊk
a serious condition caused by
bị say nắng
being too long in hot weather
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18
heatwave
ˈhiːtˌweɪv
a period of very hot weather
đợt sóng nhiệt, đợt nắng nóng
(dài)
19
heavy rain
ˈhɛvi reɪn
intense rainfall
cơn mưa to
20
long-range forecast
ˈlɔŋˈreɪnʤ
the weather forecast for several
dự báo thời tiết vài ngày hoặc
ˈfɔrˌkæst
days or weeks ahead
cả tuần sắp tới
maɪld ˈklaɪmət
a climate without extreme
khí hậu ôn hòa, ít có nắng
weather conditions
nóng mưa nhiều hay bão tố,
21
mild climate
rét buốt
22
23
mild winter
maɪld ˈwɪntər
a winter that isn’t particularly
mùa đông nhưng thời tiết dịu
cold
nhẹ, không quá lạnh
see ‘clear blue skies’ above
trời trong veo, không một gợn
not a cloud in the
nɑt ə klaʊd ɪn ðə
sky
skaɪ:
24
to pour down
tu pɔr daʊn
to rain heavily
mưa trút xuống xối xả
25
to be rained off
tu bi reɪnd ɔf
to be cancelled or postponed
(nói về các sự kiện, lịch hẹn)
due to poor weather
phải hoãn vì thời tiết xấu
mây
26
sunny spells
ˈsʌni spɛlz
short periods of sunny weather
đợt nắng nóng (ngắn)
27
thick fog
θɪk fɑg
a dense fog that makes
sương mù dày đặc
visibility very poor
28
torrential rain
tɔˈrɛnʧəl reɪn
see ‘heavy rain’ above
cơn mưa xối xả
29
tropical storm
ˈtrɑpɪkəl stɔrm
a storm typical of ones that you
bão nhiệt đới
find in tropical climates
30
weather forecast
ˈwɛðər ˈfɔrˌkæst
a TV/radio programme or
section in a
newspaper/magazine which
predicts weather conditions
< 73 >
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SHOPPING
PART 1
Examiner: Do you often go shopping for personal items?
Maxine: When I can afford it yes … my college is in the city centre and I do a lot of window
shopping … but being a student, I'm on a tight budget so I have to be careful with money …
Examiner: Are there many shops where you live?
Jenny: We’ve got a few local shops nearby and a few independent stores but none of the big
high street names … I have to go into town for them …
Examiner: Do you enjoy shopping?
Marco: It depends … I hate it when the sales are on … crowds of people all trying to snap up a
bargain … I find it all a bit stressful … I also get annoyed when shop assistants try to give me
the hard sell when all I want to do is look around …
PART 2
Describe a time when you bought something for someone. You should say
●
when this was
●
what is was you bought
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●
who you bought it for
and say how you felt about buying it for them.
I’d like to tell you about the time … about four years ago … my husband and I bought a computer for
our daughter … she was about to go to university and we’d promised her we would treat her to one
… at the time there had been a big advertising campaign for the latest Apple Macbook and our
daughter was very keen to have one … she kept telling us they were value for money … even
though they seemed very expensive to us … anyway we tried to shop around to see if we could
pick up a bargain … this was in the middle of the summer sales and wherever you went prices
were being slashed on big brand names … but unfortunately not Apple products … we ended up
having to pay the full price … I remember my daughter justifying the cost by pointing out how nice
the Apple carrier bag was … but it was lovely to see her so excited and the customer service she’s
received during the four years she’s had it has been excellent … so it was value for money after all …
PART 3
Do you think we will stop using paper money in the future?
I think it’s almost certain … at the moment it’s still possible to pay in cash but I’m sure this will
change … the problem is people are more likely to get into debt and run up a credit card billwhen
this happens.
How do companies encourage the consumer to spend their money?
Well … a recent development in my country is something called ‘Black Friday’ where people are
encouraged to shop until they drop and buy the latest must-have products … then there are
things like loyalty cards to get the customer back in the store …
What do you think shops need to do to create a positive shopping experience?
The main thing for me is not being pressured to buy … I appreciate that shop assistants are probably
on commission but if I’m looking for clothes for example I like to take my time … to try something
on … and to ask for help if I need it …
< 75 >
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VOCABULARY
No.
1
Words/Phrases
Pronunciation
Definition [Eng]
Definition [Viet]
advertising
ˈædvərˌtaɪzɪŋ
a series of advertisements to
chiến dịch quảng cáo
campaign
kæmˈpeɪn
persuade people to buy
something
2
big brand names
bɪg brænd neɪmz
large well-known companies or
các hãng lớn, có tên tuổi
product names
3
4
5
to be careful with
tu bi ˈkɛrfəl wɪð
money
ˈmʌni
carrier bag
ˈkæriər bæg
customer service
ˈkʌstəmər ˈsɜrvəs
to not over-spend
cẩn thận với tiền bạc, đừng có
tiêu xài phung phí quá trớn
bags (usually plastic) supplied
túi mua hàng có in logo của
by shops
cửa hàng
the degree to which customers
bộ phận chăm sóc khách
are treated well
hàng, mức độ chăm sóc khách
hàng
6
to get into debt
tu gɛt ˈɪntu dɛt
to owe money
dính nợ
7
to give someone
tu gɪv ˈsʌmˌwʌn ðə
to put pressure on someone to
dùng áp lực mạnh để thuyết
the hard sell
hɑrd sɛl
buy something
phục người khác mua một
món hàng nào đó, một hai bắt
người ta phải mua
8
high street names
haɪ strit neɪmz
well-known shops
cửa hàng có tiếng, có thương
hiệu lớn
9
independent stores
ˌɪndɪˈpɛndənt stɔrz
small shops independent of
cửa hàng độc lập do các cá
large companies
nhân tự mở, chứ không thuộc
về một chuỗi cửa hàng của
một tập đoàn lớn
10
local shops
ˈloʊkəl ʃɑps
community shops
cửa hàng nhỏ , chỉ bán cho
người dân ở loanh quanh một
địa phương nào đấy
11
loyalty card
ˈlɔɪəlti kɑrd
a card issued by a shop to allow
thẻ thành viên (dùng để tích
customers to save money on
điểm quy đổi ra các hình thức
the basis of what they spend
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ưu đãi cho người mua hàng
nhiều)
12
must-have product
mʌst-hæv ˈprɑdəkt
a product that is very popular
sản phẩm “hot”, buộc phải có
that a lot of people want to
have
13
14
to be on a tight
tu bi ɑn ə taɪt
to have a limited amount of
budget
ˈbʌʤɪt
money to spend
to be on
tu bi ɑn kəˈmɪʃən
to be paid in relation to the
được hưởng hoa hồng theo
amount they sell
doanh số hàng bán được
to pay for something using
thanh toán bằng tiền mặt
commission
15
a pay in cash
ə peɪ ɪn kæʃ
đang thắt chặt chi tiêu
coins or paper money
16
to pay the full price
tu peɪ ðə fʊl praɪs
to pay the full amount for
trả đúng giá
something
17
to pick up a bargain
tu pɪk ʌp ə ˈbɑrgən
to buy something much
mua được món hàng giá hời
cheaper than the normal price
18
19
to run up a credit
tu rʌn ʌp ə ˈkrɛdət
card bill
kɑrd bɪl
to shop around
tu ʃɑp əˈraʊnd
to owe money on a credit card
nợ tiền trong thẻ tín dụng do
quẹt thẻ hơi quá tay
to try different shops to find
đi một loạt các cửa hàng khác
the best deal
nhau để tìm được món hàng
có giá tốt nhất
20
shop assistant
ʃɑp əˈsɪstənt
the person who serves
nhân viên bán hàng, cái đứa
customers
cứ thấy khách đến là chạy ra
đứng cạnh hỏi “Anh/chị có cần
em giúp gì không ạ?”
21
to shop until you
tu ʃɑp ənˈtɪl ju drɑp
to do a lot of shopping
mua sắm đến mệt nghỉ
drop
22
to slash prices
tu slæʃ ˈpraɪsəz
to reduce prices a great deal
đại hạ giá
23
to snap up a
tu snæp ʌp ə
to buy something quickly that
nhanh tay “săn” hàng đang
bargain
ˈbɑrgən
is being sold cheaply
sale khủng
summer sales
ˈsʌmər seɪlz
a period in the year when
đại hạ giá mùa hè
24
things are sold cheaply
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25
to try something on
tu traɪ ˈsʌmθɪŋ ɑn
to see if an item of clothing fits
mặc thử đồ
or is suitable
26
27
to be value for
tu bi ˈvælju fɔr
money
ˈmʌni
window shopping
ˈwɪndoʊ ˈʃɑpɪŋ
to be worth the cost
đáng đồng tiền bát gạo
to visit a store to look at items
chỉ xem mà không mua hàng
without the intention of buying
anything
:
< 78 >
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ENVIRONMENT
PART 1
Are there any environmental problems in your country?
Yes … we have a serious issue with pollution levels in some of our big cities … exhaust fumes
from cars and lorries are definitely one reason for the problem but we also have a lot of heavy
industry in some areas and this also results in poor air quality …
Do you take an interest in nature?
Well … I’m a city person through and through and don’t get back to nature very often I’m afraid …
but like everyone else I’m fascinated by the natural world and I like watching documentaries
showing wild animals in their natural habitat …
Do you or your family take steps to help the environment?
Mira: My parents have always tried to make us aware of our impact on the environment… they’re
really into energy conservation … and always try to buy environmentally friendly products if
they have the chance …
PART 2
Describe an environmental problem that has been in the news. You should say
●
when this was
●
where the event happened
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●
what actually took place
and say how you felt about this problem.
Well … this is an interesting question … there are so many issues I could think of … natural disasters
like earthquakes and floods seem to be in the news almost every year … but there was one story
recently about some animals that were under threat … it wasn’t focused on one place in particular
… it was looking at various animals that could actually become extinct in different African countries
… if we don’t take steps to protect them … these were really iconic animals like gorillas … leopards …
rhinos … and apparently they’re now listed as endangered species … what made it really
depressing was they were in danger thanks to us … in some cases it was due to a loss of habitat
either because people need more agricultural production … or even worse I think … because of
hunting and poaching … I hate to think of future generations being robbed of the chance to see
creatures like these in their natural environment … it’s lucky we have lots of organisations that
focus on wildlife conservation … hopefully with their help we can put pressure on those in power
to do something to stop creatures like these dying out …
PART 3
What do you think is the main danger the world faces in terms of the environment?
Well … climate change is a real issue … in my country we have flash floods and heatwaves on a
yearly basis … so yes … I think global warming is the biggest issue.
What examples are there of how we damage the natural world?
There are so many examples … there are factories that empty toxic waste into rivers and oceans …
oil spills that damage the coastline … the way we destroy vast areas of land and rain forests in
search of fossil fuels or to increase agricultural production …
In which ways do we respond well to environmental problems?
Well … on the one hand there are various worldwide agencies that are always the first on the scene
with humanitarian aid after natural and man-made disasters … and on the other hand we have
environmental pressure groups that are constantly raising awareness of issues and trying to stop
disasters happening …
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VOCABULARY
No.
1
Words/Phrases
Pronunciation
Definition [Eng]
Definition [Viet]
air quality
ɛr ˈkwɑləti
the cleanliness of the air we
chất lượng không khí
breathe
2
to become extinct
tu bɪˈkʌm ɪkˈstɪŋkt
to no longer exist
tuyệt chủng
3
to be under threat
tu bi ˈʌndər θrɛt
to be in danger of becoming
trên bờ vực đe dọa
extinct
4
climate change
ˈklaɪmət ʧeɪnʤ
the change in worldwide
biến đổi khí hậu
weather patterns
5
to die out
tu daɪ aʊt
see ‘to become extinct’
biến mất dần, tuyệt chủng
6
endangered species
ɛnˈdeɪnʤərd ˈspiʃiz
categories of animals or plants
động vật có nguy cơ tuyệt
that are in danger of becoming
chủng
extinct
7
energy
ˈɛnərʤi
the careful management of
conservation
ˌkɑnsərˈveɪʃən
energy resources to ensure
việc tiết kiệm năng lượng
they last as long as possible
8
9
environmentally
ɪnˌvaɪrənˈmɛntəli
behaviour and products that
friendly
ˈfrɛndli
do not harm the environment
exhaust fumes
ɪgˈzɑst umz
the toxic gases given off by
thân thiện với môi trường
khí thải xe cộ
vehicles powered by petrol
10
flash floods
flæʃ flʌdz
floods that happen quickly
lũ quét, lũ ống
11
fossil fuels
ˈfɑsəl ˈ uəlz
energy resources like gas and
nhiên liệu hóa thạch
oil that are produced deep
below the ground over millions
of years
12
future generations
ˈ uʧər
the people who live after us
các thế hệ tương lai
quay lại với tự nhiên
ˌʤɛnəˈreɪʃənz
13
to get back to
tu gɛt bæk tu
to live a life that is closer to
nature
ˈneɪʧər
nature
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14
global warming
ˈgloʊbəl ˈwɔrmɪŋ
the increasing temperature of
sự ấm lên toàn cầu
the world brought about by
gases such as carbon dioxide
15
heavy industry
ˈhɛvi ˈɪndəstri
the manufacture of heavy
các ngành công nghiệp nặng
articles and materials in large
numbers
16
humanitarian aid
ˌhjuˌmænəˈtɛriən
the act of showing support to
eɪd
people struggling to survive
hỗ trợ nhân đạo
17
impact on
ˈɪmpækt ɑn
the effect on
tác động đến
18
loss of habitat
lɔs ʌv ˈhæbəˌtæt
the decline in areas of land
mất mát sinh quyển, mất nơi
where animals and plants
sống của các loài động vật
would normally exist
19
man-made disaster
mən-meɪd dɪˈzæstər
widespread damage or loss of
các thiên tai, thảm họa do tác
life brought about by the
động của con người mà ra
action of humans
20
natural disaster
ˈnæʧərəl dɪˈzæstər
an event such as an
thảm họa tự nhiên
earthquake, flood or hurricane
which causes widespread
damage or loss of life
21
oil spill
ɔɪl spɪl
waste usually deposited in the
vụ tràn dầu (ra biển, sông, hồ)
seas and oceans after an
accident at sea
22
poaching
ˈpoʊʧɪŋ
to hunt and kill wild animals
săn bắt động vật trái phép
illegally
23
pollution levels
pəˈluʃən ˈlɛvəlz
the amount of toxic waste
mức độ ô nhiễm
24
pressure group
ˈprɛʃər grup
a group of people who try to
nhóm người gây sức ép (đối
raise awareness of issues and
với một chính phủ)
try to affect the views and
actions of people and
organisations
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25
toxic waste
ˈtɑksɪk weɪst
poisonous, unwanted rubbish
chất thải độc hại
often produced by industrial
processes
26
wildlife
ˈwaɪlˌdlaɪf
to protect animals and plants
conservation
ˌkɑnsərˈveɪʃən
and their habitats
< 83 >
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ADVERTISING
PART 1
Are there any TV channels in your country that don’t have adverts?
No … they’re all commercial channels and show adverts all day long … too many really … and
there’s also a lot of product placement going on … especially in soap operas where they place an
item just behind the actors.
Do you enjoy watching adverts on TV?
No … not really … I hate commercial breaks during a film … it really spoils the flow … and during
prime time viewing they seem to squeeze even more ads in than usual … celebrity endorsements
also get on my nerves … everyone knows they’re only doing it because they’re getting paid.
What are the best ways for ordinary people to advertise something they want to sell in your
country?
The simplest way is to place an advert in something like the classified ads section of a local paper
… or there’s the Internet of course … there are lots of sites like eBay where you can buy and sell
things online.
PART 2
Describe an advert you once saw that was very effective. You should say
●
where this advert appeared
●
when you saw it
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●
what it was advertising
and say why you thought it was so effective.
OK … well this was about 4 years ago … I was looking for some software to create videos … one day I
got an email from a mailing list I’d signed up to … there was a link in it to a press release … a
company had written something about a new product that was similar to what I was looking for …
at the end of the press release there was a link to the sales page … I hadn’t heard of the company
but I was interested and clicked the link to the ad …. what caught my attention immediately were
the number of testimonials from people who had bought the software … I think testimonials are like
the online equivalent of word of mouth advertising and are really persuasive … anyway … when I
got to the bottom of the page there was a great big call to action button inviting me to buy … I was
totally persuaded and ended up making a purchase … what made it so effective I think was the
power of those testimonials … they’d been written by people very much like me … they’d had a need
and the software had obviously turned out to be just what they were looking for … when you think
that this was a newish company they wouldn’t have had any brand awareness at all … they
probably wouldn’t have had much of a budget for advertising … obviously you wouldn’t advertise a
product like this through the mass media on TV … they probably didn’t even have an advertising
agency to support them …and yet they’d managed to create a great deal of brand loyalty from
previous customers … I think that was really effective.
PART 3
What is it that makes an advert effective?
Well … when a company launches a product they have to consider the Internet … especially how it
can be used to spread the word on social media … so in this context a video that goes viral is
probably the most effective type of advert you could make.
What are the advantages to companies of advertising on the Internet rather than TV?
I’d imagine the main advantage is you can reach your target audience much more effectively … if
you bring out a niche product for example … or you have a tight advertising budget … you can
advertise on particular sites that the people you want to reach visit … that’s not something you can
do on TV.
What things do advertising companies do that might give it a bad name?
For me the most irritating is cold calling … we must get two or three of these every day at work …
then there’s junk mail that gets posted through the letterbox … and of course the online equivalent
of this … spam emails … I think it’s this kind of advertising that tends to annoy people.
< 85 >
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VOCABULARY
No.
Words/Phrases
1
advertising agency
2
advertising budget
Pronunciation
Definition [Eng]
Definition [Viet]
ˈædvərˌtaɪzɪŋ
a company that creates
hãng quảng cáo
ˈeɪʤənsi
adverts for other companies
ˈædvərˌtaɪzɪŋ
the amount of money a
ngân sách dành cho quảng
ˈbʌʤɪt
company decides to spend on
cáo
advertising
3
brand awareness
brænd əˈwɛrnəs
how well people know a
mức độ nhận diện thương hiệu
particular brand
4
brand loyalty
brænd ˈlɔɪəlti
the degree to which people
sự trung thành của khách
continue to buy from the same
hàng đối với một thương hiệu
brand or company
5
buy and sell
baɪ ænd sɛl
often used to refer to the
mua và bán
buying and selling of items
between individuals
6
call to action
kɔl tu ˈækʃən
something that encourages
lời kêu gọi hành động
someone to take a particular
action, such as making a
purchase or clicking a link on a
website
7
classified ads
ˈklæsəˌfaɪd ædz
small advertisements often put
mục “rao vặt” trên báo, tạp chí
in a newspaper or magazine by
individuals
8
celebrity
səˈlɛbrɪti
to have a well-known person
mời người nổi tiếng làm gương
endorsement
ɛnˈdɔrsmənt
promote a product
mặt đại diện cho các sản phẩm
của công ty hoặc một chiến
dịch quảng cáo.
9
to cold call
tu koʊld kɔl
to call someone with the aim of
tiếp cận khách hàng tiềm
selling something without them
năng bằng điện thoại, tuy
asking you to do so
nhiên khách hàng thường
không thích thú với việc này.
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10
11
12
13
commercial break
commercial channel
to go viral
junk mail
kəˈmɜrʃəl breɪk
kəˈmɜrʃəl ˈʧænəl
tu goʊ ˈvaɪrəl
ʤʌŋk meɪl
the short period during TV
sau đây là ít phút dành cho
programmes when
quảng cáo, xen vào giữa
advertisements are shown
chương trình đang chiếu
TV channels that make money
kênh truyền hình chuyên về
from showing advertisements
quảng cáo sản phẩm
to quickly become extremely
lan truyền khắp mạng xã hội
popular on the Internet through
và cả Internet, thành “cơn sốt”
social media
trên mạng
unwanted promotional leaflets
thư rác, thư quảng cáo
and letters
14
to launch a product
tu lɔnʧ ə ˈprɑdəkt
to introduce a new product
ra mắt sản phẩm
15
mailing list
ˈmeɪlɪŋ lɪst
a list of names and contact
danh sách gửi thư hàng loạt
details used by a company to
send information and
advertisements
16
mass media
mæs ˈmidiə
large media outlets like TV,
truyền thông đại chúng
newspapers and magazines
17
niche product
nɪʧ ˈprɑdəkt
a product that is aimed at a
Sản phẩm dành cho “thị
distinct group of people
trường ngách”. Định nghĩa của
thị trường ngách (niche
market) là một phân đoạn nhỏ
của thị trường mà bạn đặt
mục tiêu vào một nhóm khách
hàng riêng biệt. Chúng ta
không tập trung vào phân
khúc của toàn bộ thị trường
mà tập trung vào một phân
đoạn chuyên biệt.
18
to place an advert
tu pleɪs ən ˈadˌvərt
to put an advert somewhere
đặt quảng cáo ở đâu đó
19
press release
prɛs riˈlis
something written by a
Thông cáo báo chí. Một thông
company for newspapers and
cáo báo chí là một văn bản
magazines and websites to
ngắn, thường chỉ một trang,
share and publish
nhằm mục đích kêu gọi nhận
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thức và sự quan tâm tới một
sự kiện hoặc một vấn đề có giá
trị tin tức của công ty bạn.
20
prime time
praɪm taɪm
the time during the viewing
khung giờ vàng
schedule when most people
watch TV or listen to a
broadcast
21
product placement
ˈprɑdəkt
to advertise a product by using
hiểu đơn giản là “đặt sản
ˈpleɪsmənt
it as a prop in a TV show or film
phẩm trong phim”, là cách
doanh nghiệp đưa sản phẩm,
thương hiệu của mình quảng
cáo trên kênh truyền thông
một cách khéo léo, không lộ
liễu, gây thiện cảm và “đánh”
vào cảm xúc của người xem,
thúc đẩy họ mua hàng.
22
sales page
seɪlz peɪʤ
a page specifically used to
trang đưa tin quảng cáo
promote a product or service
23
to show adverts
tu ʃoʊ ˈadˌvərt
to display adverts on TV
chiếu quảng cáo
24
social media
ˈsoʊʃəl ˈmidiə
websites that enable users to
mạng xã hội, truyền thông xã
create and share content or to
hội
participate in social networking
25
spam email
spæm iˈmeɪl
unwanted, promotional email
email rác
26
target audience
ˈtɑrgət ˈɑdiəns
the people a company want to
đối tượng khán giả nhắm tới
sell their product or service to
27
word of mouth
wɜrd ʌv maʊθ
recommendations made by
thông qua lời truyền miệng, lời
individuals to other individuals
người này mách người kia
about a product of service
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