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around fertile river valleys
in rain forests and their peripheries
in mountainous areas
along dry coastal areas
in grassy plains
17. The polis is most closely associated with which of the following societies/civilizations?
The Mauryan Empire
Han China
Persian Empire
18. All of the following are accurate comparisons of Athens and Sparta EXCEPT:
(A) Sparta demanded more subordination of its male citizens to the demands of the
(B) The Athenians emphasized the importance of poetry, art, and philosophy; the
Spartans did not.
(C) Spartan women did not have as many freedoms as did Athenian women.
(D) The Spartans placed the military at the center of their society; Athens generally
did not.
(E) Both Sparta and Athens dominated the countryside around them and were two of
the largest city states.
19. All of the following are important principles of Greek culture that had wide influence on later
civilizations EXCEPT:
(A) new religious concepts that redefined the nature of god(s)
(B) an interest in political theory that sought the best forms of government
(C) an emphasis on the importance of human effort and ability to shape future
(D) celebration of human achievement, including the ideal human form
(E) a philosophical and scientific tradition that emphasized the use of logic
20. The approximate date of the map is
20,000 BCE
10,000 BCE
5,000 BCE
3,500 BCE
300 BCE
21. Which of the following is the most probable reason for the migrations shown on the
Nutrients from the soil were being rapidly depleted.
Explorers were seeking gold and other riches,
Hunters were following their herds to better pasture.
Humans were escaping from powerful new breeds of carnivores.
Humans were seeking warmer climates.
22. All of the following are accurate descriptions of trade along the Silk Road before 600
(A) The Chinese traded silk, pottery, and paper for horses, alfalfa, and a variety of
(B) The Silk Route linked China to the Mediterranean world via Central Asia, Persia
and Mesopotamia.
(C) Silk Road trade did not significantly affect the lifestyles of Turkic nomads, the
dominant pastoralist group in Central Asia.
(D) The breeding of hybrid camels developed along with the burgeoning Silk Road
(E) Trade along the Silk Road network was stimulated by Roman demands for
luxury goods such as silk.
23. Which of the following technologies most directly contributed to increased overland
travel starting around 300 B.C.E.?
camel saddles
wheeled chariots
horse collars
iron plows
24. Which of the following most helps to explain why the collapse of political institutions
was more devastating to the Roman civilization than to Han China or Gupta India?
(A) Political institutions in Rome were weaker to begin with.
(B) The barbarian attacks destroyed more physical property and vital public works
in Rome.
(C) Roman emperors had more power than did Han or Gupta emperors, so their
downfall eviscerated the Roman Empire.
(D) Han China and Gupta India had strong religious/philosophical traditions to
provide continuity.
(E) The Romans were economically more self-sufficient than the Han or Gupta, so they had
no long-distance trade to cushion their fall
25. Which sailing technology allowed the sailors on the Indian Ocean to travel long
distances by taking advantage of monsoon winds?
the square sail
the wooden rudder
the lateen sail
the caravel
lightweight masts
26. Which of the
companying wealth.
The best farmland was concentrated along rivers in eastern China.
They were more isolated from invasion from nomad peoples there.
The best Buddhist centers were in eastern China.
The Tibetans held control in the west, and they did not welcome Chinese
settlement in their area.
28. Th
31. What central feature of Hinduism did Buddhism reject?
union with the universal spirit as a major goal
use of missionaries to spread the religion
the caste system
the importance of ethical decision making