# DENSITY BLOCKS Lab ```DENSITY BLOCKS – Lab Activity
Name ____________________________
Table # ______
1. Describe the appearance of each block
2. Predict if each will sink of float, then test if each sinks of floats
3. For those that sink find the displacement (final volume – initial volume)
Density Description
Block
(color, what it
looks like)
A
B
C
D
E
F
G
H
Float
prediction
(yes or no)
Does it
float (yes
or no)
Initial
water
volume
(mL)
Final
water
volume
(mL)
Displacement (mL)
2. If the cubes don’t sink, what is another way we could calculate the volume?
Activity 2
1. Find the mass of each block using a triple beam balance
2. Find the mass of each block using an electric balance
3. Find the volume for each block using the formula L x W x H in cm!
4. Find the density of each block using the formula D= M/V
Density Description (color,
Block
what it looks like)
A
B
C
D
E
F
G
H
Mass (g) –
triple beam
balance
Mass (g) – electric
balance (use this to
determine final
density)
Volume
(cm3)
Density
(g/cm3)
1.
Compare the volume of each block. What pattern did you notice?
_____________________________________________________________________________________
2. Is this same pattern evident for the density you calculated?
_____________________________________________________________________________________
6. Refer to the Density Chart (below). Do the densities you calculated for each
substance match any of the numbers listed in the chart? Which materials can you
identify?
List the blocks in order of density from least dense to most dense.
least dense substance
description, density
most dense substance
description, density
Density Chart
Substance
Acrylic
Aluminum
Brass
Copper
Oak
Pine
Density (g/cm3)
1.1-1.2
2.7
8.5
8.9
0.6-0.9
0.45
Polypropylene
PVC
Steel
Water
0.9-0.92
1.4
7.9
1.0
ACTIVITY 3
1. Obtain three blocks of the same substance (with the same letter on them).Record
the name of the substance (from above) in the appropriate space in Data Table 3.
2. Measure the mass of one block to the nearest tenth of a gram using an electronic
scale or triple beam balance. Record the mass in the appropriate space in table 3.
3. Calculate the volume of the block by multiplying the length (cm) by the width (cm)
by the height (cm). Record this volume in the appropriate space in Data Table 3.
4. Measure the mass of two blocks to the nearest tenth of a gram. Record this
combined mass in the appropriate space in Data Table 3.
5. Place two blocks next to each other. Calculate the volume of this new combined
block by measuring and multiplying the length by the width by the height. Record this
combined volume in the appropriate space in Data Table 3.
6. Repeat steps 5 and 6 using three blocks.
7. Repeat steps 5 and 6 using 3 blocks. (Note: You may place 3 blocks four in a row, or
two on top of each other. Either way the volume is the same.)
Data Table 3
Description of Substance: _______________________________ Letter of block:____________
Mass (g)
One Cube
Two Cubes
Three Cubes
Volume (cm3)
Density (g/cm3)
8. Make a line graph! Plot your data for the cubes from Activity 3 on the graph below.
Be sure to mark the numerical units for your grid lines on each axis.
Mass (g)
Volume (cm3)
9. Using information from your graph, determine the correct answer to each of the
following questions:
A. As volume increases, mass (increases, decreases, remains the same).
B. As volume decreases, mass (increases, decreases, remains the same).
C. What is the formula for calculating density?
D. Compare the slope of your line to the density of the substance you measured. Are
these two numbers similar or not? Why or why not?
E. As mass and volume increase, density (increases, decreases, remains the same).
F. As mass and volume decrease, density (increases, decreases, remains the same).
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