Submitted by: Dadang, Ian Khen R. Taquiso, Joan Therese I. Tinoy, Honey Lou U. Debate Outline I. Resolution Analysis A. Definition of key terms. Sex Either of the two major forms of individuals that occur in many species and that are distinguished respectively as female or male especially on the basis of their reproductive organs and structures. It may also refer to sexual activity, including specifically sexual intercourse. (English Dictionary) Sex Education A broad term that is used to describe education about human sexual anatomy, sexual intercourse, and other aspects of human sexual behavior. (ScienceDaily) Sometimes referred to as sexuality education is any process dedicated to providing information about sexual techniques, practices, and health or human sexuality. (goodtherapy.org) Contraceptive A mechanism or means by which conception as a result of sexual intercourse can be prevented or made less likely. (English Dictionary) HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Viruses) Two (2) species of Lentivirus that causes infection and overtime an Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS). In its simplest sense, HIV is a virus that damages the immune system. AIDS (Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome) A condition in humans in which progressive failure of the immune system allows life-threatening infections and cancers to thrive. Teenage Pregnancy A pregnancy that occurs for a woman under the age of 20. Although technically not a teenager, a young woman 12 or under who is pregnant falls into this definition of teenage pregnancy as well. (American Pregnancy Association) Carcinogenic Causing or tending to cause cancer. B. Resolution type Policy Resolution: Sex education should not be mandatory in schools. C. Burdens Burdens of Rejoinder: Rebut the affirmative side on the implementation of sex education in the curriculum. Identify faulty reasoning in the opponent’s argument on sex education. Show why a valid conclusion cannot be derived from the reasons provided by the affirmative side. D. Decision Rule The decision on whether the policy will be adopted or not shall be based on who has the higher average grade based on the three criteria namely Matter, Manner and Method. These are the three criteria against which the debaters will be scored. Manner- 40 Matter- 40 Method- 20 Total- 100 points A. Harms Sex Addiction Notion of Safe Sex Sexual Intercourse during school is increasing Philippines would eventually become a liberated country which opposes to the claim that we are the only Christian-country in the Southeast Asia B. Significance Implementation of Sex Education as part of the DepEd curriculum will bring about awareness in order to curb the occurrences of teenage pregnancy, population growth and sexual diseases. III. Inherency A. Attitude Inherency Many religious sectors are not in favor of implementing sex education in schools since they never talk about reducing fornication or meeting the spiritual needs of our children. They focus on bodies when the real concern is souls. In addition, children don’t need sex education, they need chastity ed. Kids need to learn how to say no and why saying no is in their best interest – physically, emotionally, spiritually. B. Structural Inherency Catholic Bishops’ Conference of the Philippines (CBCP) reiterates that the Church is not against sex education. But for reasons of morality and religious faith, they strongly object to the proposed sex education program. The program is devoid of any substantive moral and religious value formation. Furthermore, they believed that a contraceptive-oriented population control program is not the moral way. Even if powerful organizations in the world might imperiously and ideologically promote and fund such programs, they would still object. Moral truth is not created by the powerful or by popular opinion. Moral truth is what God wills from the Sacred Scriptures, interpreted and taught authentically by the Church’s teaching authority. Teachers themselves are not comfortable in tackling sexuality and reproductive health education because their knowledge on the subject is limited and also, they are hesitant to teach sex education because they are not motivated due to the sensitivity of the topic. Apparently, there is much discomfort among teachers in talking about subjects that were taboo when they grew up. IV. Plan A. Agent of Action 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. The World Health Organization (WHO) Department of Health (DOH) Department of Education (DepEd) The United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) Commission on Population and Development (POPCOM) Population and Development Integration (POPDEV) Responsible Parenthood- Family Planning (RP-FP) Adolescent Health and Development (AHD) Gender and Development (GAD) B. Mandate 1. The Republic Act 10354 or the Responsible Parenthood and Reproductive Health (RPRH) Act of 2012 mandates the Department of Education (DepEd) to design a Comprehensive Sexuality Education (CSE) which is a curriculum-based process of teaching about the cognitive, emotional, physical, and social aspects of sexuality. It intends to impart age-appropriate and medically accurate information to equip the learners with knowledge, skills, attitudes, and values that will empower them to realize their health, well-being, and dignity. 2. DepEd’s Order No. 31 s. 2018, the integration shall be based on the identified learning areas and are made congruent to the learning objectives and competencies in Music, Arts, Physical Education, and Health (MAPEH), Araling Panlipunan (AP), Edukasyon sa Pagpapakatao (EP). C. Funding In Malacañang, Health Undersecretary Gerardo Bayugo stated that the plan is included in the government’s P3.35-trillion budget for 2017, where P1 billion has been allocated for the HIV-AIDS program. The budget includes HIV testing, condom distribution and awareness campaign. P50 to P100 million were allocated for procurement of condom to avoid teen age pregnancy and control population D. Enforcement The Secretary of the Department of Education will approve a department order establishing a comprehensive sexuality education policy aimed at providing students with appropriate life skills that can advance gender equality and empowerment, clarify their values and attitude and reduce risks related to poor health outcomes. In line with this, sex education curriculum will be developed. Then regional directors and superintendents will invite health organizations in order to give workshops to teachers handling sexuality education in order for them to be equipped. V. Solvency VI. Plan will not meet need. If we accept the plan nothing will change. In fact, things could get worse. A comprehensive, reliable and rigorous Cochrane review of studies reviewing schoolbased interventions on sex education was done and results showed that sex education programs do not reduce pregnancy and STDs among the young. In fact, they have no effect on adolescent pregnancy and STD rates. The review also showed that promoters of current sex education policies really do not know what works (or does not work) in practice. Advantages Parents will be encouraged to be responsible in teaching their children about sex education as a sensitive matter. Teachers will not be burdened in teaching the course. Students especially the elementary ones will not lose their innocence. Students will not have the thinking that it’s okay to have sex as long as it is safe.