Mesopotamia and Egypt – Unit Review I. Define the following terms: 1. city-state _____ a. rich, fertile soil that is good for farming 2. Mesopotamia _____ b. the writing of ancient Sumer 3. ziggurat _____ c. belief in many gods 4. hieroglyphics _____ d. the first written law code 5. silt _____ e. a temple in ancient Sumer that served as both a religious and government center 6. Assyrians _____ f. people who first used iron to make tools and weapons 7. Hittites ______ g. a stone containing ancient Greek, demotic Egyptian, and hieroglyphics which helped decipher the hieroglyphic language 8. Code of Hammurabi ______ h. means “land between two rivers” 9. cuneiform ______ i. a city and the land surrounding it 10. polytheism ______ j. the writing of ancient Egypt 11. Rosetta Stone ______ k. people who conquered the Hittites and Egyptians, militaristic, made advances in medicine II. Picture Identification Identify the following pictures and write which civilization (Mesopotamia or Egypt) they are from. Name: ___________ Name: ______________ Civilization: __________ Civilization: __________ Name: ___________ Civilization: ________ Name: ___________ Civilization: ________ III. Short Answer 1. What are the 5 features of civilization? 2. What were the two important rivers in Mesopotamia? 3. What was the Red and Black Land according the ancient Egyptians? 4. Describe the social pyramid of ancient Egypt.