SADHYASADHYATHA Tolerant to all medicines, young, male, strong mind, it is not affected the vital organ, mild cause, premonitory symptoms and symptoms are mild and not cause complications, dissimilar dushya desha, irthu and prakrithi, four padas of treatment will be perfect, all graha must be supporting and cause of disease is due to 1 dosha and 1 channel and diseases must be recent onset are easily curable. Those who can be free from diseases: Those who practice daily proper food and regimens, self-control, not greediness, helping others, truthfulness, patience, and listening to the words from authorities, will not get diseases. Factors increasing all doshas: ● Eating excessively, ● An improper diet, ● Uncooked, contaminated or incompatible food, ● Spoiled food and drinks, ● Dried vegetables, Other factors include: ● Eating fried sesame seeds, m ● Eating molasses, ● Eating barley beer, ● Eating old and dry meat, ● Eating food out of season, ● Direct breeze, ● Negative thoughts, ● Living in mountain slopes, ● Improper administration of therapies, ● Illegal actions, and ● Being too inactive. How can a person become a healthy person? We should follow: ● Daily regiments, ● Seasonal regiments, ● Eat food at the proper time, ● Eliminate natural urges ● Control the senses’ actions, and ● Follow the proper food and activities in particular season to get rid of diseases Daily regimens: Dina charya includes daily routines which are to be followed by a person for their state of well-being. It begins with waking up in brahma muhurtha. What is brahma muhurtha? 1. Brhma muhurtha means knowledge seeking time ● Roughly 4:30 to 5 am ● One should analyse their digestion 2. Go to the toilet Don’t talk Don’t take more time Don’t involve other activities Cover the head Don’t strain Don’t put more pressure Don’t be nude 3. Oral hygiene should be attended by cleaning the teeth with herbal brushes ● 9 inches in length diameter of the tip of one’s little finger ● The sharp edge should be crushed and made soft before use. ● Plans used should be either of kashaya (astringent), katu (bitter), or thiktha (pungent) rasas like karanja (pongamia pinneta), kadhira (accacia catechu), and nimba (azadiricta indica) 4. Tooth powder ● Sassurae lappa (Kushta), trikatu (pepper, dry ginger, long pepper), triphala (indian gooseberry, chebulic myrobalan, belliric myrobalan), thrijatham (cardamom, cinnamon, indian cassia lignea) ● While brushing, care should be taken no to hurt the gums. Teeth should be brushed after every meal. ● Start brushing from the lower, jaw of teeth then upper jaw ● Contraindications of brushing: ● Ageerna (indigestion), vomiting, asthma and dyspnea, stomatitis, facial palsy etc 5. Prayer 6. Anjana (collyrium) ● With triphala etc darvi (berberis aristata) souveeranjanam 7. Nasal drop (nasya) ● Pratimarsha nasya can use oil or ghee 8. Dhooma pana (inhalation of herbal smoke) Preparation: Take a small piece of clean, dried cotton cloth. Apply ghee over it and sprinkle turmeric powder on it. Then, roll it as the shape of a cigarette. Tie it with cotton thread. Ignite the cigarette. Once it lights, put out the fire. Then, fumes will come. When fumes come, cover the cigarette with funnel. Fumes come through the tails of the funnel. Inhale this smoke through each nostril and exhale through the mouth 9. Gandoosha holding liquid medicine inside the mouth ● Gingelly oil, ghee, decoction with bitter and astringent taste 10. Thamboola charvana: combination of betel leaf, hydrated lime, arecanut, and clove are chewed. 11. Abhyanga (full body oil massage) ● Contraindications: ○ Kapha predominant person, ○ Just after purification therapy, ○ Suffering from dyspepsia (ajeerna) 12. Exercise ● “Laghavam karma samarthyam……..” ● It makes fit to do all activities, increases agni, reduces excess fat, and makes the body compact. ● Contraindications: ● ● ○ For those who are suffering from vatha pitha diseased person, ○ Tender children, ○ Aged person, and ○ Indigested person must avoid If done in excess, the following will happen: ○ Severe thirst, ○ Emaciation, ○ Dyspnea, ○ Bleeding disorder, ○ Physical and mental fatigue, ○ Cough, ○ Fever, and ○ Vomiting Criteria for doing exercise: ○ The person taking more fatty, strong may practice exercise in winter and spring, using only half of his strength. ○ In other seasons, it should be done using lesser strength. ○ After exercise entire body should be massaged comfortably 13. Udwarthana : upward powder massage ● Benefits: ○ Disintegrates kapha , ○ Dissolves fat, ○ Provides firmness to the body parts ○ Gives luster to the skin 14. Bath: ● ● ● Bathing: ○ Improves agni, ○ Provides health and longevity, and ○ Enhances sexual power, energy and strength, ○ Tackles itching, dirt, fatigue, sweat, lethargy, thirst, burning feelings, and ill feelings. Rules for taking bath: ○ Pour warm water below neck while bathing renders strength to the body. ○ Pouring hot water over head causes bad effect to the eyes and hair. Contra indications: ○ Facial palsy, ○ Inflammatory eye diseases, ○ Diseases in the oral cavity, ○ Diseases of the ears, ○ Runny nose, ○ Indigestion, and ○ Just after intake of food 15. Ahara ● Eat to 1/2 capacity of stomach, drink to 1/4 and leave 1/4 for air ● - AshtangaHridayam ○ It means that you should not eat full stomach, but leave a little space for proper digestion to take place. ● Principles for a healthy diet are: ○ Eat warm foods to promote action of enzymes and easy digestion. ○ Food needs to be tasty and eat in proper amounts. ○ Food should be eaten on an empty stomach, i.e. only after the previous meal is digested. ○ Food needs to work together, i.e. combine suitable food items. ■ E.g. eating fish products with dairy causes toxins as well as, eating raw and cooked foods simultaneously. ○ Eat food with a calm mind and pleasant surroundings. Eating should not be rushed nor should it take a very long time. ○ Chew properly and do not sleep after a meal or do strenuous exercise just after your meals. ○ Eat according to season and geography. ○ Food shall be taken only after completely digested . It should be wholesome and in proper quantity 16. Do work (dharma) ● It must be good for you and good for others ● Sadvritha (good conduct) ○ Without dharma (virtue), there is no happiness, so everybody must do dharma ○ Ten sins should not be committed violence, theft, infidelity (unfaithful)calumny), being rude, speaking untruth, uttering rubbish, tendency to harm others, longing for others belongings and atheism ○ Should help others ○ Should have empathy and openness towards small creatures like ants and worms ○ God is to be worshipped, scholars, physicians, old ones and guest should be honored ○ One approach for help should help ○ Never reveal enmity towards any body or any bodies hostility towards self. ○ Never induce much strain over the senses nor let them remain inert . ○ Regularly trim the hair, nails and moustache/beard and maintain cleanliness/hygiene of feet and excretory orifices ○ Always bear umbrella and footwear when going out for a walk ○ Nocturnal travel is to be reserved for unavoidable circumstances with the aid of helper, equipped with a stick and bearing a cap ○ Abstain from the places of slaughter and cremation ○ Never concentrate eyes continuously upon objects that are too small luminous and disliked ○ Selling, offering and consuming alcohol is also prohibited The following should be avoided ● Exposure to eastern wind, heat, dust and storm; sneezing, belching ,coughing ,sleeping ,taking food and sexual intercourse in awkward positions ● Don’t go near the river shore, royal palaces, wild animals, venomous animals animal with horn, dependence with those who are socially inferior, despicable and crooked ,quarrel with people of excellent code and conduct ● Intake of food, sexual intercourse, sleep, learning and thinking at dawn and dusk ● Food served by enemies, served in inns, or shared in group, unwholesome food, ● Creation of musical sounds with the body, mouth and nails. ● Flicker of hands and hair ● Walking amidst of water, fire and between respectable persons ● Inhalation of smoke of funeral place ● Addiction towards alcohol ● Exercising over trust and freedom on females Code of ethics: One should: ● Be compassionate, ● Do charity, ● Rein (self control) of body, mind and speech, ● Show selfless devotion to others, “Ardra santhanatha thyaga: kaya vak chethasam dhma: Swarthabudhi:parartheshu parypatham ithi sadvritham” One who is always conscious of his position and involvement during the days and nights, he will not affected by grief Those who follows the codes of ethics will attain longevity, health, prosperity, fame, and above all heavenly abort at the end . RTUCHARYA (SEASONAL REGIMENTS) Ayurveda classified each year in to two group of seasons: Adanam & visargam ● Adanam starts from winter and ends in summer, that is adana kala. In the atmosphere, there will be a predominance of bitter, pungent and astringent tastes. This is ruled by the sun, which move towards the north. As the day becomes brighter and sharper, Earth gets dehydrated because of intensive fire in the atmosphere. People become fatigued because moisture is absorbed and people’s energy gets depleted. ● Adanam means “nature takes our energy” and visarga is “nature gives back energy.” Seasonal regiments: ● There are 6 seasons according to Ayurveda, but it may vary according to different countries ● Normally, in some countries, there are 4 seasons, namely spring, summer, autumn and winter ● Six seasons are (In order, each one comprising of 2 months): ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ● Shishira (extreme winter) Vasantha (sprig), Greeshma (summer) Varsha (rainy), Sharath (autumn), and Hemantha (early winter ). Sharad (autumn) 6 Seasons o Varsha (Rainy) o Sharad (autumn) o Hemantha (winter) o Shisira (cool dewy) o Vasanth ( spring) o Greeshma (summer) ● Hemanta (winter/Vayu Season) ○ Early winter ○ Cold atmosphere causes blockage of body heat which results in increased digestive power of strong people. In absence of adequate food, this strong digestive fire persuaded by vata breaks down body tissues. ○ Food type: containing sweet ,sour and salty items ○ To be avoided: ■ Vayu increasing foods, light foods, wind, cold drinks, ○ If inadequate amounts of food are eaten, the Agni will burn up the body’s plasma, vitiating Vayu. ○ To be taken: ■ Because of long nights, one should get hungry in the early morning, therefore, after daily routines, do Abhyanga , murdha thyala (apply oil on head), body massage with vata reducing oil. Exercise. After exercise, take a bath with powder of drugs having kashaya rasa (astringent) to remove oil by applying it on the body. Then apply a saffron paste and musk on the body and fumigate with agar . ■ Raw honey, sour and salty tastes; meat soup; meat of healthy animals; beverages prepared with molasses and rice flour; pastries prepared with wheat, rice , black gram, sugarcane juice and milk products; fresh rice; gingelly oil and animal fat, are also suggested. Use hot water for usage, wrapping the body with warm blankets and rest on bed covered with cotton garments silk cloth, woolen etc. Sunbath, sudation and wearing shoes, burning charcoal at hearth or heater in the room . ■ During this season, physical expressions of love between married couples are healthy, according to Ayurveda. One’s house is to be kept warm ● Sishira (Cool/Dewy) ○ Kapha accumulates in this season due to the cold and dampness of wind, clouds, and rain. This is the time that Pitta is balanced. This is the start of the Northern Solstice whose winds begin to deplete human strength. ○ ○ To be avoided : ■ Pungent, ■ Bitter, ■ Astringent, ■ Light, ■ Cold, and V ■ Vayu-increasing foods and drinks To be taken: ■ ○ ● Sweet, sour, and salty foods The house needs to be wind-proof and amply heated. Continue the same as in hamentha Vasanth (Spring) ○ During spring, accumulated ‘kapha’ melts by strong rays of the sun weakens digestive fire and then causes many diseases. ○ To be avoided: ■ ○ Kapha increasing things like: ● Heavy, sour, fatty, and sweet diet, ● Cold, and ● Naps during the day To be taken: ■ Exercise, ■ Oil massage, ■ Aromatherapy, ■ Fumigation herbs, ■ Gargling, ■ Eye-washing and warm-water bathing, ■ Vamana, ■ Strong nasya, ■ Exercise, ■ Powder massage, ■ Foot massage, and ○ Sandalwood paste, camphor, agar and saffron is applied to body after bath. ○ Food must light and dry include old barley (Pitta and Kapha) and wheat (Vayu and Pitta) and meat of animals in arid locales are in barbecue, alcoholic beverages, wines made of sugarcane, grapes and honey are to be eaten. ● ○ Water boiled with ginger, ○ Water mixed with honey can be used for drinking . ○ Springtime is the season for amour (but not sex, as indicated during the winter season). Greeshma (summer) ○ Sun rays become more powerful and the body feels as if squeezed with increasing atmospheric temperature. This weakens kapha day by day and strengthens vata . ○ This is a hot and dry season (Kapha is normalized and Vayu accumulates due to the dry or dehydrating effect of the heat). ○ To be avoided: ■ ○ Salty, pungent, and sour items exercise ,exposure to sun to be avoided. To be taken: ■ It is suggested that follow little or no exercise at this time. ■ One takes naps in a cool room during the day and sleeps in a well-ventilated room or on the roof (cooled by moon rays) by night. ■ Sandalwood paste is also suggested for the body. ■ Pearls and other cooling gems are suggested (depending on astrological indications). ■ Fans, cool water, spending time in forests, and ■ Abstaining from sexual intercourse are suggested. ■ Intake of alcohol is forbidden. If necessary, must be taken in very small quantity or mixing with ample quantity of water, otherwise, causes burning, fainting, weakness, etc. ■ ● Food: ● Rice taken with animal meat from arid locales. ● Soft drinks, ● Fruit juices, ● Buffalo milk with sugar and cooled by putting in moon light. Varsha (Rainy) ○ The Agni, (fire) already weakened from the dryness produced by the summer, is further diminished in the rainy season. During this season, the clouds are full of water, it is cold, windy, and in some places, snowy. These conditions continue to aggravate all three dosha. The water becomes muddy from the runoff caused by the rain; the warm earth creates sourness of water, while the Agni( digestive fire), as already mentioned, becomes even weaker. ○ Pitta begins to accumulate due to weakened digestion and increased acidity in the atmospheric water. Vayu, which had begun to accumulate in the dry or dehydrating summer heat, becomes aggravated due to weak digestion, acidic atmospheric conditions, and gas issuing from the earth. Kapha also becomes vitiated due to the acidity of the water. Thus, in this season the three dosha start vitiating each other, causing many diseases of all three dosha. This is a troubling time for the mind and body, and all the dosha must be monitored very carefully. It is the transition season from the northern solstice (depleting), to southern solstice (strengthening). Depending upon the weather from day to day, one has to adjust their diet and lifestyle. ○ ○ To be avoided: ■ One should avoid cold drinks, ■ Naps during the day, ■ Dew, ■ River water, ■ Over exercise, ■ Sun, and ■ Intercourse To be taken: ■ Food and drinks are mixed with honey. ■ On windy, cool and rainy days, sour, salty, and fatty foods are taken to pacify Vayu. ■ Wheat, rice, oils, soups, ■ Vayu-reducing teas, ■ Oil massage, ■ Aromatherapy, ■ Baths, ■ Light, clean clothes. ■ A humidifier is used, if needed. ■ Panchakarma is suggested as well as medicated emesis, purgation, enemas, and nasal oil therapy. ○ ■ Grain soups, ■ Medicated grape wines, or fermented ■ Use footwear, fumigate the dress, body scented with perfumes The aggravated Pitta from the rainy season worsens as a result of the sudden warmth of the sun’s rays. Thus, pitta reduction therapy is suggested. Purgation therapy is also recommended. ○ Generally, a person should have a little of each of the six tastes each day. However, during each month in which any of the tastes are environmentally predominant, one should reduce or avoid that taste to maintain balance. Since that taste is already exceeded, consuming foods that taste will only cause more imbalances. So each fordable amount of each taste needs to be taken. Boiled rain water or well water can be used. ● Sarath (autumn) ○ In varsha irthu, the body is accustomed to the cold atmosphere, hence pitta is accumulated but fails to aggravate due to frigid atmosphere. When the sunrise become hot in the sharath, the body suddenly becomes hot and by this accumulated, and pitta get aggravated and cause diseases. To pacify this aggravated pitta, the use of the ghee prepared with thiktha dravya , purgation, and bloodletting are advised. When hungry, dishes having bitter, sweet, astringent tastes and of light guna like shali rice green gram, sugar, gooseberry, snake guard, honey and meat of arid locales are to be used. Body anointed with paste of sandals, camphor, wear pearls, etc. ○ To be avoided: ■ Exposure to fog, ■ Taking alkali, ■ Heavy food, ■ Curd, ■ Sesame oil, ■ Sun bath, ■ Strong alcoholic beverages, ■ Sleeping during the day Recommended tastes for daily usage: ● In hamentha (early winter), sisira ( extreme winter) and varsha (rainy season), vata increases, therefore sweet, sour,and salty are recommended. ● ● ● In vasantha (kafa): bitter, pungent, and astringent taste are advised. In greeshma (summer): sweet In sharath (autumn): sweet, bitter and astringent should be taken. Food and drinks which are dry are recommended in autumn and spring. Unctuous items can be used during early and late winter, summer and rainy season. All six taste can be practiced in all seasons. The taste which are specially directed for use in each season should be used more. Rthu sandhi The last 7 days of a season and the first 7 days of the next season is considered to be rthu sandhi (period of climatic transition). In this period, one should tapper the regimens of the previous rthu and practice those of the next season in a gradual phased manner. Immediate stoppage and adoption of regimens will cause various diseases due to improper adaptation.