Unit 2 Vocabulary Vocabulary Word 1. Part of Speech/ Definition (adj) unfavorable; negative; working against; hostile Adverse (adj) extremely dry; uninteresting; dull 2. Arid (n) a person who attacks violently (with blows or words) 3. Assailant 4. Billow 5. Confront 6. Constrain (n) a large wave (v) to rise or swell like a wave (v) to meet face-to-face, especially as a challenge; come to grips with 7. Contemporary (v) to force, compel; to restrain, hold back (n) a person of the same time (adv) belonging to the same period of time as oneself; 8. Depict (v) to portray; to represent or show in the form of a picture 9. Disinterested (adj) fair-minded; free from selfish motives; indifferent (v) to encircle, go or reach around; to enclose; to include with a certain group or class (adj) without any good reason or cause, unjustified 10. Encompass 11. Groundless 12. Hypocrite (n) person who pretends to be what he or she is not or better than he or she really is; a two-faced person (adj) impossible to understand 13. Incomprehensible 14. Manipulate 15. Maximum 16. Mimic 17. Ruffle (v) to handle or use skillfully; to manage or control for personal gain or advantage (n) the greatest possible amount (adj) reading the greatest possible amount or degree (n) a person who does imitations; (v) to imitate; to make fun of (v) to wrinkle; to annoy, upset; to flip through (n) material used for trimming edges (adj) peaceful, calm; free of emotional upset Sample Sentence Some people suffer an adverse reaction if they eat peanut butter or any peanuts. Although California leads the nation in farming, crops won’t grow in most arid regions. The jogger was injured by an unknown assailant, who left him on the side of the road. Fans cheered when they saw their team’s flags billow over the stadium. In court, defendants can confront their accusers in a controlled setting You can’t constrain me against my will. His novel used a contemporary style but had a historical setting. The painter chose to depict a plain prairie landscape using bold colors. A judge must remain disinterested in order to make a logical decision. Oceans encompass about three-fourths of the surface of our planet. Kate’s groundless fear of hurting herself during exercise has left her weak and out of shape. The speaker who said one thing but did something else was considered a hypocrite. Our school’s intercom is so old that the morning announcements were incomprehensible. Scientists shouldn’t manipulate data. This postage scale can weight a maximum of only five pounds. Troy can mimic any accent he hears. His wisecracks always ruffle my feelings. She stayed serene in the face of chaos. 18. Serene 19. Sheepish 20. Stamina (adj) embarrassed; resembling a sheep in meekness, timid (n) the strength needed to keep going or overcome physical or mental strain; staying power His sheepish grin made the crowd cheer louder for his victory. Marathon runners need a great deal of stamina to cover the many miles.