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Quote Integration Guidelines and Activity2019En10

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Quote Integration Guidelines
Our goal: To learn how to integrate supporting quotes into your writing so that the quotes flow smoothly out of
your own words. That way, the quotes are given a context, they become part of your argument, and they do not
distract the reader from your ideas.
Some guidelines:

Do not leave your quotes "naked." Make sure you provide context to the quote and that you show
how they are clearly connected to the argument you are trying to make.
NO: After June's humiliating piano recital, Waverly adds insult to injury. "You aren't a genius like me" (Tan
151).
YES: After June's humiliating piano recital, Waverly adds insult to injury by declaring, "You aren't a genius like
me" (Tan 151).

Changing Quotes: Use brackets ([ ]) and ellipses (. . .) to change verbs or other parts of the original
quotes when necessary. This technique is especially useful for maintaining present tense in your paper.
NO: Dwight is a bully who takes out his anger and insecurity on those who are weaker than he is. "This made
him furious; on the way back to the car he would kill anything he saw. He killed chipmunks, squirrels, blue jays,
and robins"(Wolff 171).
YES: Dwight is a bully who takes out his anger and insecurity on those who are weaker than he is. While
hunting, he boosts his ego by "kill[ing] anything he [sees]. He kill[s] chipmunks, squirrels, blue jays, and robins"
(Wolff 171).

If you're quoting poetry, make sure you use a slash (/) to indicate where each line ends. That way,
you are staying true to the text, and the reader will know that you are quoting poetry, instead of prose.
Ex.: When Duncan asks for an update on the battle, the captain describes the struggling armies as "two spent
swimmers that do cling together/And choke their art" (Macbeth 1.2.10-11).

At the end of the quote, use the QUO-PAR-PUNC Rule: Quotation marks-Parentheses-Punctuation.
Within the parentheses, you usually write the author's last name and the page number. If you are only
quoting from one book throughout your paper, then you only have to put the page number. If you are
quoting Shakespeare or any play, you need to cite the play, act, scene, and line numbers.
NO: When Waverly accuses her mother of showing off, Lindo's eyes turn "into dangerous black slits. She ha[s]
no words for [Waverly], just sharp silence. (Tan 102)"
YES: When Waverly accuses her mother of showing off, Lindo's eyes turn "into dangerous black slits. She ha[s]
no words for [Waverly], just sharp silence" (Tan 102).
Note: If a quote ends with a question mark or exclamation point, then put that punctuation before the quotation
marks, to make sure the intended emotion is retained.
Ex.: During their phone conversation, Toby's father tries to win Toby over by saying, "I've made some
mistakes . . . . We all have. But that's behind us. Right, Tober?" (211).

If there is a quote within the quote you are using, then use single quotation marks to set off the
inner quote.
Ex.: When Lena shows Ying-Ying around her new house, Ying-Ying complains that "the slant of the floor
makes her feel as if she is 'running down'" (Tan 163).

When your quote is longer than four lines, "block it off" from the rest of your paragraph. In this
case, you don't use quotation marks (except for lines of dialogue), and the QUO-PAR-PUNC rule does
not apply. (Note: Avoid using very long quotes--they sometimes bog the paper down.)
Ex.: Lady Macbeth calls on supernatural powers so that she can assist in Duncan's murder:
. . . Come you spirits
That tend on mortal thoughts, unsex me here,
And fill me from the crown to the toe top-full
Of direst cruelty. Make thick my blood.
Stop up th'access and passage to remorse,
That no compunctious visitings of nature
Shake my fell purpose . . . . (Macbeth 1.5.47-53)
Lady Macbeth thus reveals the all-consuming nature of her ambition: she is even willing to give up her identity
as a woman to get what she wants. (And the paper goes on from there.)

Last but not least, always remember to cite your quotes properly. Do not risk plagiarizing the
author's words.
Quotation Integration Practice
Now that we have discussed the proper format for integrating quotations in an
analytical essay, try integrating these quotes!
Essay topic: Internal Conflict in “Just Lather”
Quote: “I am a revolutionary but not a murderer” (Tellez 345)
Integrate the quote (set the stage, quote, explanation)
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Essay topic: Characterization in “Harrison Bergeron”
Quote: “Harrison tore the straps of his handicap harness like wet tissue paper,
tore straps guaranteed to support five hundred pounds.” (Vonnegut 4)
Integrate the quote (set the stage, quote, explanation)
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Proper In-text Citation
A General Rule: Any time you copy words directly from printed material, you must
place quotation marks around those words.
Since the words are not your own, you must give the author credit.
How to do it:
Once you have smoothly integrated your quote (set the stage,
quote, and explain) you must cite the work from which you found
the quotation.
Step 1: Make sure you have quotation marks around the quote
Step 2: Leave off the punctuation at the end of the sentence
Step 3: After the end quotation marks, put the author’s name and
page number in parentheses.
Step 4: Close the parentheses and put a period.
Example:
Miss O’Shay tells Nancy Lee of her Irish decent and that “years
ago, we were called the dirty Irish, and mobs rioted against us in
the big cities, and we were invited to go back where we came
from. But we didn’t go. And we didn’t give up, because we
believed in the American dream, and in our power to make that
dream come true” (Hughes 50).
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------Try it out:
Rewrite the following quotes with the proper in-text citation.
Author: Langston Hughes
Page: 49
Quote: We still have in this world of ours, democracy to make…Lift up your head,
Nancy Lee, and smile at me.
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Author: Avi
Page: 42
Quote: I had never met with such impertinence that this Zachariah…my inferior,
should tell me such slanderous tales.
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