Planning the inquiry 1. What is our purpose? 1a) To inquire into the following: ● transdisciplinary theme An inquiry into orientation in place and time; personal histories; homes and journeys; the discoveries, explorations and migrations of humankind; the relationships between and the interconnectedness of individuals and civilizations, from local and global perspectives. Class/grade: 1 Age group: 6-7 School: Domuschola International School School code: 7800 Title: Generations Teacher(s): Cam Nicolas, Jash Bersales, Carla Delos Angeles, Brenn Bavia, Carmina Gutierrez, Dean Chua Date: Proposed duration: 6 weeks Number of hours: over 8 hours a week PYP planner ● central idea Learning about the previous generations helps us understand the relationship between the past and the present. 1b) Summative assessment task(s): What are the possible ways of assessing students’ understanding of the central idea? What evidence, including student-initiated actions, will we look for? Goal: Students should be able to show the interconnectedness of generations. Role: You are an adult. You are going to build your own family. Audience: Teacher and classmates Scenario: You are now having a family of your own. You will soon be a spouse and a parent. You are thinking about how you would want your family to be like: what practices and traditions you will do, what artifacts you will have and what heirloom you will give to your future children. Product: A colorful illustration; a combination of drawings and words depicting how you would want your family to look like in the future. 2. What do we want to learn? What are the key concepts (form, function, causation, change, connection, perspective, responsibility, reflection) to be emphasized within this inquiry? Focus Key Concepts: change, causation, connection Related Concepts: history, influence, heritage, time What lines of inquiry will define the scope of the inquiry into the central idea? Similarities and differences between and amongst generations How the past generations affect the present generation Artifacts, heirlooms or practices that have meaning in the family What teacher questions/provocations will drive these inquiries? Why do we need to find out about the past? How is our past connected to the present? How are you similar or different to the older generations of your family? Why do some practices change / continue over time? How can we preserve good practices? How are we affected by the practices of the past? © International Baccalaureate Organization 2011 Planning the inquiry 3. How might we know what we have learned? This column should be used in conjunction with “How best might we learn?” What are the possible ways of assessing students’ prior knowledge and skills? What evidence will we look for? 4. How best might we learn? What are the learning experiences suggested by the teacher and/or students to encourage the students to engage with the inquiries and address the driving questions? Students illustrate using a Y chart how their family looks like, sounds like and feels like. What are the possible ways of assessing student learning in the context of the lines of inquiry? What evidence will we look for? Line of Inquiry Similarities and differences between and amongst generations What will be assessed? Students’ understanding that there are behaviors and practices that have changed or remained the same over time. How the past generations affect the present generation Students’ understanding that there are aspects of the past that still influence us today. Artifacts, heirlooms or practices that have meaning in the family Students’ understanding that heritage shows an evidence of the connection between the past and the present How will evidence be collected? Through a venn diagram, students compare and contrast their generation from the previous generations of their family. Students share some of their practices at present that have been practiced by their previous generations. They also analyse and evaluate why some of the practices of their previous generations are not being practiced by them at present. Past-Present Chart Students create a table comparing the past and the present life in terms of transportation, communication and recreation and identify the connection between the past and the present in terms of these life areas. Family Crest: Students come up with their own family crests reflecting the artifacts, heirlooms and practices that have been passed on to them. Tuning-in: 1. Meet My Family – Students are individually given an A3 paper. On the upper half of the paper, students illustrate their family through finger painting. On the lower half, students complete a profile for each family member. Their works are posted on the wall for viewing. 2. Family Tree – Students trace their family lineage up to the second generation and present it creatively through a family tree. Reflective Questions: How are you similar and different from your parents? How are you similar and different from your grandparents? 3. Memory Box - Students read a story about memories (Wilfrid Gordon McDonald Partridge by Mem Fox). They discuss the story and come up with ideas on what memories are. After discussing what they believe memories are, students bring a memory box filled with significant items from their families. Students discuss memories related to the items in these boxes, and infer why these items are important to them. 4. Chart of Games - The class is divided into groups. Each group is given a set of pictures of different games and toys from different generations. They identify the games they play and guess the games played by their parents and grandparents. They plot the pictures on a chart. Reflective Questions: How did you come up with these groups of pictures? 5. Family Web - In small groups, students make a chart of the members of the family and their roles. (continuation: please see attachment A) What opportunities will occur for transdisciplinary skills development and for the development of the attributes of the learner profile? A. Transdisciplinary Skills Thinking Skills: ANALYSIS- Students identify the differences and similarities between and among generations then they look into how generations are interconnected. METACOGNITION- Students reflect on their own beliefs, practices and traditions. Social Skills: COOPERATING - Students work cooperatively in a group in gathering information about the previous and present generations. ADOPTING A VARIETY OF GROUP ROLES- Students assume varied roles in group work. Research Skills: COLLECTING DATA - Students gather data from different resources to find out about their family’s history. ORGANIZING DATA - Students represent data collected thru diagrams and time line. B. Learner Profile: INQUIRER - Students are developed into being an inquirer as they are given the opportunity to research into their own family histories and practices. THINKER - Students are developed into being a thinker as they are tasked to think of a creative way to present their understanding. COMMUNICATOR - Students learn to be good communicators when they interact with their family members to get information about their family. 5. What resources need to be gathered? What people, places, audio-visual materials, related literature, music, art, computer software, etc, will be available? People ● Teacher Dad and Teacher Juan Banal ● Daddy Tony and Mommy Manju Kattoor ● Mommy Danica Pingris Places ● Ancestral Houses ○ The NakpilBautista House ○ Legarda Mansion Literature ● Wilfrid Gordon McDonald Partridge by Mem Fox ● The Relatives Came by Cynthia Rylant ● Every Friday by Dan Yaccarino Audio-Visual ● ● ● ● ● ● What is an ancestor? https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6sfOggdClV8 Why do we study family History? https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4oQPweb387w Connecting Generations https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CIT2LbQpgOc Every Friday by Dan Yaccarino https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QBz6IR7EQsQ https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=c_cfGoOaXR8 The Relatives Came by Cynthia Rylant https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0oJF_4wjf-Y References Books ● Philippines’ Pride Teacher’s Resource Material 1 How will the classroom environment, local environment, and/or the community be used to facilitate the inquiry? Different expert speakers will be invited and ancestral houses will be visited. Students will be asked to memory boxes that contain artifacts and heirloom from their families. These materials will be placed in the UOI corner. © International Baccalaureate Organization 2011 Reflecting on the inquiry 6. To what extent did we achieve our purpose? Assess the outcome of the inquiry by providing evidence of students’ understanding of the central idea. The reflections of all teachers involved in the planning and teaching of the inquiry should be included. The students were able to understand that there are certain aspects of the present generation that are similar to the past generations. For instance, a student was able to explain that she got her interest in cooking from her Dad, and another mentioned that he likes to be a basketball player just like his brother. How you could improve on the assessment task(s) so that you would have a more accurate picture of each student’s understanding of the central idea. A Triple Venn diagram might have served as a clearer depiction of interconnectedness among the generations in the family compared to a basic Venn, which only shows connection between two generations. However, for it to be an effective tool, Grade 1 students should already have gained the skill and experience in making a Triple Venn diagram as it is more complex than the basic one. What was the evidence that connections were made between the central idea and the transdisciplinary theme? As the students learned about their family histories and the life of their family members from the previous generations, they were able to identify some of the things that connect the past and the present. They were able to point out what life was like in the past and in the present and how these two time frames are related. Moreover, through the family crest, students were also able to identify the interconnectedness of the different generations of their family. © International Baccalaureate Organization 2011 7. To what extent did we include the elements of the PYP? What were the learning experiences that enabled students to: ● develop an understanding of the concepts identified in “What do we want to learn?” CONNECTION - Through the engagements on the past and the present life, the students were able to understand the connection between the past and the present. The students were able to see how the past and the present life are connected in terms of communication, transportation to school and recreation activities. Students understood that despite the changes that happened in the present, the need for learning, communication and recreation is what connects the past and the present. CHANGE - The interviews students conducted with their family members enabled them to know more about their family practices and traditions that changed or continue over time. As the class processed the information they gathered through sharing and reflection activities, students were able to understand why some traditions change and why some are still being practiced in their families. CAUSATION - Students’ memory boxes and family crests helped them understand that the past life of their families affect the practices, beliefs and values they have in the present. ● demonstrate the learning and application of particular transdisciplinary skills? Thinking Skills: ANALYSIS - Students were able to identify the connections between the past and the present during the sorting out activity. METACOGNITIONStudents were given opportunities to reflect on how much they have learned about their own families and why learning about the past is personally important for them. Social Skills: COOPERATING - Students work cooperatively in various group activities such as sorting pictures from the past and presenting and organizing the data they gathered from the field trips. ADOPTING A VARIETY OF GROUP ROLES - Students took on different roles as historians and future parents. Research Skills: COLLECTING DATA - Students interviewed their family members, school staff and resource speakers to find about how they are the same as, or different from, the older generations of their families. ORGANIZING DATA Students compared and contrasted themselves to the older generations of their family through a Venn diagram. They also compared the practices of the past and the present through a table. ● develop particular attributes of the learner profile and/or attitudes? In each case, explain your selection. Communicator - Students interviewed their relatives to find out more about their family history. They also presented their memory boxes and shared with a group what’s in their family crests. Inquirer- Students researched about their family histories with the help of their parents as they conducted interviews and made their own memory boxes. Creativity- Students showed their understanding of the central idea through a colorful illustration of how they want their future family to look like. Reflecting on the inquiry 8. What student-initiated inquiries arose from the learning? Record a range of student-initiated inquiries and student questions and highlight any that were incorporated into the teaching and learning. 9. Teacher Notes Strengths: Students benefited from the resource speakers as they were able to make connections with the speakers’ personal experiences. They were able to identify where their interests came from. Students were able to create a quality output for their summative assessment that shows what practices and traditions they follow, what artifacts they will have, and what heirloom they will give their future children. What are traditions? Why do I have a family? I wonder if your friends can be your family too. I wonder what families do together. I wonder what are other ways to spend with your family. At this point teachers should go back to box 2 “What do we want to learn?” and highlight the teacher questions/provocations that were most effective in driving the inquiries. Challenges: Some students were not able to show their similarities and differences from an older member of their family using the Venn diagram Timing of field trips and talks from resource speakers What student-initiated actions arose from the learning? Record student-initiated actions taken by individuals or groups showing their ability to reflect, to choose and to act. Some parents reported that their children became more curious about their family history. They started to ask more questions about their ancestors and are enthusiastic about looking into old photographs and family artifacts. A parent also reported that her child is starting to make her own “Grade 1 Memory Box” so she can always remember the experiences she had in Grade 1. The teacher also noticed that two students have started to keep their own diaries. Recommendations: Explicitly teach the use of Venn diagram to gather and present more accurate and authentic data Early planning for field trip sites and schedules of resource speakers © International Baccalaureate Organization 2011 Attachment... A. Learning Engagements Finding Out ● ● ● Data collection Experiences to assist students to gather new information about the topic Sorting Out ● ● Experiences and texts that add to the knowledge base. Emphasis on gathering first-hand data in a range ● of ways (usually shared experiences) LOI #1 Similarities and differences between and among generations 1. Students in pairs compare and contrast the different practices that have meaning in their families. 2. Students go on field trips to ancestral houses and find evidences of family artifacts, heirloom and practices and find out the meaning of these to the family and why they value them. They compare these generations with each other and with the present generations. They focus on beliefs, values and practices. LOI #2 How the past generations affect the present generation 1. Students interview their parents and grandparents about how their past generations affected them. - What were the beliefs, values and practices that their previous generations transferred to their present generations? - Do they still practice them up to now? Why? How? 2. Students play different games/sports that the past generations played before and find-out how they affected the sports or games of today. What were improved? How did they improve them? 3. Students compare and contrast the songs/music of the past generations and present generations. 4. Students interview older family members about their life in the past. LOI#3 Artifacts, heirlooms or practices that have meaning in the family 1. Student bring their memory boxes to school which include family artifacts/ heirlooms and things that are reflective of practices that have meaning in their family. Students share their memory boxes by answering these questions: Why did your grandparents choose to give this object your parents? What are the meanings of these artifacts to your family? If your parents pass it on to you, what will you do with it? How will you preserve it? Do you think it’s worth it to be an heirloom? Why or why not? 2. Students carry out an artifacts/heirlooms analysis through a chart. The chart includes the following questions: What is it like? Why was it passed on to the next generation? How does it connect the present generation to the previous generations of the family? 3. Students do an observational drawing of the heirloom/artifact that they brought in Gauging, organizing or representing new information Activities to assist students to process and work with the information and ideas they have gathered about the topic (including exploring values) Organizing, analyzing and communicating the information gathered using a range of vehicles (e.g through Maths, Arts, English, Drama, Music or IT) 1. Students create a Venn a diagram to compare and contrast the practices that have meaning in their families with their pairs. 2. Students come up with a comparison chart: BEFORE and NOW. They state the similarities and differences of the past generations and present generations. 1. Students create a poster that shows how the past generation affect the present generation. 2. Students come up with a chart that shows how the sports/games that were played by the past generations affected the games/sports that are being played at present. 3. Students come up with a list on how the past generation's music affected the present generation's music. 4. Students create a mind map that would show how the family artifacts, heirlooms and practices in one of the ancestral houses connected to what the family values. 1. Students illustrate through a poster how and why their family values the family artifacts and heirlooms that they brought to class. 2. Students create a flowchart to show how the family artifacts, heirlooms or practices show connection of their family generations. 3. Students create a mind map that would show how the family artifacts, heirlooms and practices in one of the ancestral houses connected with what the family valued. 3. Students come up with a table that shows a comparison of the life in the past and the present. school. Going Further ● Activities to challenge and extend ● Raising new questions, extending experiences, challenging assumptions. May be individually negotiated. Students are shown videos of bullying. They are asked questions about their current relationships with other people. They are given the chance to reflect on how they wanted people to remember them/ what kind of memories would they leave behind. Drawing conclusions Raising new questions, extending experiences, challenging assumptions. May be individually negotiated. Students draw conclusions of what they have learnt. This is an important time to evaluate the success of the unit and the needs and achievements of individuals. This is where students put it all together. Two Stars and A Wish: Students write statements of two things they learned about their family and the past. They also write what they still wish to learn more about the unit. Reflecting and Taking Action To reflect on what has been learnt and process of learning. It is important that students be given opportunities to act upon what they have learnt. Actions are things that students can themselves and from which they can see results. They create an illustration of the things they wanted to do to improve their relationships with other people based on how they wanted people to remember them.