Uploaded by Joel Garcia

Classical Civilization Anatomy Autopsy SPICE T CHART (1)

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SPICE – T: Autopsy of Pre-1200 Civilizations
Indus Valley
- Focus on
Harappa and
MohenjoDaro
Ancient Egypt
Babylonians
Persian Achaemenid
Qin
(China)
Han
(China)
Gupta
(India)
Mauryan
(India)
Greeks
(city - states)
Social
Determined by
wealth and riches
Women inherit
property, kids
played with
handmade
toys, small
percentage
went to
school, social
classes: upper
class(royal
families,
wealthy
landowners),
middle
class(mercha
nts), lower
class(unskille
d merchants,
slaves)
3 main
classes. Lived
by
homerobies
law.
Women were
allowed to
have political
power and
received
respect; slaves
were hired for
labor but there
werent a lot
If people
wanted to
study, officials
taught them
the laws. The
Emperor gave
orders to burn
all books that
don’t contain
laws.
Made up of 3
tired systems.
The Aristocrats
and
bureaucrats
care at the top
followed by
skill labors amd
at the bottom
were the
servants and
slaves and
slaves. The
emperor was at
the top of the
hierarchy.
Hinduism Cas
system; high
priests taught
fundamentals
Followed the
Cas system,
Urban way of
Life, Valued
education and
women had
rights.
Sparta: women
had education
and many
rights
Rome society
were involved
in socail
classes with
the high
Athens: women clasees
had the same
dressing
social status as wealthily and
their father or
slaves of the
Husband.
lower classes
Slaves did the
dressing
hard labor
poorly. Slaves
were able to be
freed.
Working people
were turions
women lived in
secluded areas
Children roles
weren’t so
prominent
Political
The priest wore
All classes
ornaments of rare united by
materials
famous
people (I
didn’t get their
names). Stalin
ended the line
of Egyptian
dynasties.
Pharaoh
makes the
decisions.
King Beltezar
went mad.
Split between
monarchy and
beochrasy,
mainly
monarchy
Cyrus the
Great was the
first person to
establish the
empire and
continued to
conquer land
and passed his
power to his
son, have
provinces.
Ruled by
Monarchs
King Chiuang
had the idea to
build the Great
Wall of China.
Empire was
passed down
in the family
Liu pang
founded the
Han dynasty in
202 B.c. Wuti
ruled from 140
to 87 bc. To
find a leader
they used a
civil service
examination to
select officials
Samudra
Gupta founded
Gupta dynasty
and was
passed down
the family.
Samudra II
was the last
ruler and
conquered
most of India
Fought mainly
Persians for
control of India.
Bindusara was
constantly
expanding the
empire and
had strong
relationship
with Greece
Athens was
democratic
sparta had 2
kings as a
monarchy
Octavian
seized power
first emperor of
Rome and
changed name
to Augustus.
It was the
middle of a
bureaucracy
Interaction w/
nature
Gravity was
utilized for
inventions;
buildings were
built on high
platforms to
protect from
floods
Farmers grew
wheat, cattle,
livestock.
750,000
builders built a
tomb about
500 acres.
Han Dynasty
made the silk
road where
they traded
with many
types of tools
farm animals
food and silk
The gupta
dynasty played
a maior role in
agriculture and
trade but no
animals
Strong sense
of connection
with nature and
based around
agriculture.
Land was very
rich in gold
bronze and
valued metals
Lots of
agriculture
Sparta was an
agrarian
society
Little hygiene,
lots of plagues,
diseases. The
influence to
move to the
country grew
which made
the empire
grow
They would get
materials from
everywhere
Weather: hot
Canal
and dry.
trenches,
Farmers
irrigated their
land with the
Nile river. Built
houses with
no windows
and wet mats
to cool air.
Rome
(Republic /
Empire)
Byzantine
Culture
Egyptians
worshipped
multiple gods.
Pyramid were
built to honor
kings
Believed in
different gods,
Emperor had a
Massive tomb
and declared
himself a God.
King Qin
brought back
the practice of
burying people
alive.
Han dynasty
believes in the
development of
Confucianism
and Daoism
and the
acceptance of
mahayana
buddhism
Because of
Hinduism they
believed in Cas
system. The
High priests
taught
hinduism to the
young.
More basic for
the time.
Changed over
time, like
woman had
rights and were
valued and had
minimal slave
work
They believed
in Greek gods
Athens had
many
philosophers
Largely
impacted by
the Greek art,
poetry rhythm
melody and
architecture
gods and
goddesses
Christianity, they
believed the
emperors were
chosen by gods
Not much trade
and very AntiSocial. The
king was
overthrown and
then trading
began. The
emporer raised
taxes to fund
the Great Wall
of China
The empire
had a huge
agricultural
output opened
up the silk road
Kings were
very wealthy
because of
successful
trade which
was
considered the
golden age.
Made coins
with their
leaders faces.
Very strong
stable
government.
Own Currency.
Strong in
Agriculture and
traded with silk,
food, textiles,
and spices
Lots of trade
Sparta took
from the cities
they conquered
Trading huge
ships carts and
wagons to
carry goods.
They imported
food, raw
materials, and
manufactured
goods
Trade- imported
spices from
china, slaves,
fur from western
Europe
They made
paper invented
the compass
Astronomers
founded the
Earth was tilted
on its axis.
Invented the
concept of zero
(0) and made
the decimal
system
Bronze tools
and weapons
and marked
beginning of
the gold age
Much study of
astronomy,
math,
philosophy,
and arts
Concrete
newspapers,
welfare,
bounded
books, roads,
and highways
,calendar
Stems- to stores
water
underground
Economic
Accurately
trading
civilizations, well
known for their
trading seals,
imported many
materials like
gold silver
copper, etc
In the new
kingdom
Egyptians
reached peak
military power
and gained
land, traded
leaoprd skins,
cedar, logs,
wheat, barley,
gold, more.
Traded
Natural
products
Traded many
fruits and
clothing.
Marketplaces
are called
bazars.
Technology
Tin, copper,
bronze, led tools,
built with bricks
Created the
first 365-day
calendar,
could
measure
lengths,
volumes,
weight, etc.
with their
geometry.
Mapped stars
and
constellations,
medical
advancement
s, more
strides in
irrigation
systems
Invented the
first windpowered
machines for
military. Big on
architecture.
Life Span
(years)
Estimated
3100 bce to
70 years
515-330 bce
221-22
400 years
320 ad to 550
ad
321bc – 185 bc (athens)700480 Bc
(Sparta) 700378 bc
480 years
300 ad- 1450 cd
Led to Decline
Invasion by the
Arians or
weather changes
(all theories)
Weakened
central
government
Captured 539
bc King Cyrus
destroyed
part of the
city,
Alexander the
Great took
control
Loss control of
citizens and
rebels
Weak Rulers
Lost red cliff
war
External- White
Huns and other
nations.
Internal- Gupta
became more
peaceful and
leadership
started to think
trade was all
they needed
Last Major
emperor
became a
buddhist and
became
peaceful and
then empire
split.
Peloponnesian
League
challenged its
ascension,
defeating
athens after
almost a
century of war
Lack of food
Unstable
government
Civil wars
invasions
Eventual
Cause of
Death
Floods,
earthquakes
Empire split
and
conquered by
Muslims
Got taken
over
Alexander the
Great
Qin dynasty
Got taken over
was
overthrown and
had a weak rulr
The White
Huns Invaded
Empire split
and became
weak
Macedonians
took over the
Greeks
A precedent for Justinian codex
democratic
Legacy
Identification
seals, crops,
Calendars,
mummies
Laws of
Homerabie
First and
largest Persian
The Great Wall
of China
Long years of
success and
Landmass and
territory of
Sparta had
innovative
systems
Silk road
Parts of
christianity,
measurement
systems,
domestication of
animlas
empire,
Alexander the
Great enforced
respect for past
Persian kings
art
India and
spread of
BuddhismCon
diplomatic
techniques and
were one of the
first city states
that let women
have political
social and
economic
rights.
architecture of
churches
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