Why Does It Matter? More than 43.7 million immigrants resided in the United States in 2016, accounting for 13.5 percent of the total U.S. population of 323.1 million, according to American Community Survey (ACS) data. In terms of illegal immigration, the undocumented population is about eleven million people. Source: Pew Research Center Modern Immigration Issues ● Border Wall ● Immigrant Bans from certain countries ● Healthcare ● Citizenship Test ● Deporting Criminals Vocabulary Alien: A foreigner, especially one who is not a naturalized citizen of the country where he or she is living. Amnesty: An undertaking by the authorities to take no action against specified offences during a fixed period. Anchor Babies: Used to refer to children born to a non-citizen mother in a country which has birthright citizenship, especially when viewed as providing an advantage to family members seeking to secure citizenship or legal residency. Asylum: The protection granted by a state to someone who has left their home country as a political refugee. Citizenship: The position or status of being a citizen of a particular country. Deportation: The action of deporting a foreigner from a country. Emigration: The act of leaving one's own country to settle permanently in another; moving abroad. Illegal Alien: A foreign national who is living without official authorization in a country of which they are not a citizen. Immigrant: A person who comes to live permanently in a foreign country. Naturalization: The admittance of a foreigner to the citizenship of a country. Nonimmigrant: An alien who seeks temporary entry to the United States for a specific purpose. Permanent Resident: A person who lives somewhere permanently or on a long-term basis. Port of Entry: A harbour or airport where customs officers are stationed to oversee people and goods entering or leaving a country. Refugee: A person who has been forced to leave their country in order to escape war, persecution, or natural disaster. Remittances: A sum of money sent in payment or as a gift.