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Practical-Research-2-Electrical-Engineering

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The Roman Catholic Bishop of Malolos, Inc.
Sto. Rosario Sapang Palay College, Inc.
Assumption Road City of San Jose del Monte, Bulacan-3024
Chapter1
THE PROBLEM AND ITS BACKGROUND
Introduction
Electricity is the set of physical phenomena associated with the presence and motion of
matter that with electric charge. Electricity is one of the most important needs of men for their
daily lives nowadays. Despite of being one of the most important needs of society, men are
overusing electricity which leads to electrical problems. A big example, here in Philippines,
squatters are the one mostly experience electrical issues such as explosion, fires and short circuit
because of jumper and octopus wiring.
As a future electrical engineers the researchers aim to be helpful in the field of electrical
wirings, electrical installation as well as invent other electrical devices that will be beneficial to
society. The researchers’ objective is to make a device to detect electrical problems in a wiring
installation, furthermore, a system to bring assurance to the users of A.E.R.I.D (Automatic
Electrical Rod Indicator Device) is a device that can detect broken conductor in a wiring
installation.
A.E.R.I.D (Automatic Electrical Rod Indicator Device) will help electricians for work to
be less time consuming and installing the device makes the owner will be rest assured that their
house is fully safe and doesn't have any electrical problems or issues. A.E.R.I.D is hassle free
and less space consuming because of its size the device similar to a buzzer. The device is
connected with wiring installations of a facility. Even if only a single electrical rod has damage,
The Roman Catholic Bishop of Malolos, Inc.
Sto. Rosario Sapang Palay College, Inc.
Assumption Road City of San Jose del Monte, Bulacan-3024
a short circuit for example that may cause electrical issues, A.E.R.I.D can automatically detect it
because of a sensor connected with the overall wiring.
The device has battery, that when the device is connected with a breaker it will
automatically consume electricity to recharge. The purpose of the battery of the device is for
risks loss of electricity ensuring that, it will still work and continue to detect all electrical rods
connected with a breaker for any problems.
A.E.R.I.D can sound an alarm if a damage conductor has detected. Even outdoors
because our device has an application that can be installed on phones can send a message to
inform its owner of the problem. To register, the code at the back of the device should be taken
note of and sent it to the company.
Statement of the problem
This study aims to detect the connection of the wirings installation for over headlines
using the A.E.R.I.D. (Automatic Electrical Rod Indicator Device).
The researchers aim to answer the following:
1. Can the device be more manageable and easier to use?
2. What are the effects of the device to the electrical rods?
3. Could it be beneficial not only for the electricians but also for the users?
The Roman Catholic Bishop of Malolos, Inc.
Sto. Rosario Sapang Palay College, Inc.
Assumption Road City of San Jose del Monte, Bulacan-3024
Hypothesis
Ho – The device may not indicate well the damaged electrical rod, may not alarm well or the text
may also be delayed, or may not be better than manual search of damaged electrical rod..
Ha – The device may indicate well the damaged electrical rod, may alarm well or the text may be
also on time, or may be better than manual search of damaged electrical rod.
Significance of the Study
The study aims to test the effectiveness of A.E.R.I.D. in detecting broken conductors
which will be of benefit for the electricians companies and future researchers:
Owner. The A.E.R.I.D will be beneficial for the owner houses because they will be
worry free for any electrical issues when they will be alarmed by the device and receive
notification if there was a damage part in the electrical rods.
Electricians. The A.E.R.I.D will be beneficial and helpful for the electricians. Their
work will be light and not hazardous. The device makes their job easier and safer for their health.
Company. For those who will be manufacturing this device, they will gain an increase of
income because of the device’s modernity, and its advantage and benefits for facilities needed to
be monitored for electrical problems.
Future researchers. This research will be their basis to may improve the A.E.R.I.D.’s
performance so it can be more useful. It will be also helpful for them to create their own research
to make their own device.
The Roman Catholic Bishop of Malolos, Inc.
Sto. Rosario Sapang Palay College, Inc.
Assumption Road City of San Jose del Monte, Bulacan-3024
Scope and Delimitations
This study will help the electricians easily found the broken conductor and to rebuild it
immediately in a short amount of time. The researchers’ aim is to give a solution to common
electrical related problems. The study will be responsible to set the limits for the 15 respondents
(10 students and 5 professionals) either even if it is a professional or not, the researchers will
only gather data that is related only in the study.
Definition of Terms
A.E.R.I.D. – It is an electrical device for detecting broken wires/conductors/electrical rods in a
wiring installation and has an alarm that can be hear inside of a facility and also can send a
notification in the owner’s phone to inform if there are any problems.
Short Circuit – It is an electrical circuit that allows a current to travel along an unintended path
with no or very low electrical impedance.
Jumper – It is a way of stealing electricity.
Octopus Wiring – It refers to plugging many gadgets and appliances to a single extension wire,
not minding if the cord can withstand the load needed to pass on the power.
Electrical/Wiring Installations – It comprises all the fixed electrical equipment that is supplied
through the electricity meter.
The Roman Catholic Bishop of Malolos, Inc.
Sto. Rosario Sapang Palay College, Inc.
Assumption Road City of San Jose del Monte, Bulacan-3024
Senior High School Department
A.E.R.I.D. (AUTOMATIC ELECTRICAL ROD INDICATOR DEVICE):
DETECTION OF BROKEN CONDUCTORS FOR OVERHEADLINES
Bambo, Christian Montoy
Jamero, Lawrence
Paquibot, Benjamin Jr.
Tomines, Nicko
A scientific research submitted to the
Senior High School Faculty
of Sto. Rosario Sapang Palay College (SRSPC) Inc.
In partial fulfilment of the requirements for the Grade 12 Senior High School
ACADEMIC TRACK
Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM)
2019