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Scientific Method Pre-Test

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Scientific Method Practice
3. Answer the questions using the graph below:
1. A study was created to test the effects of fear in children. The
hypothesis of the experimenters was that if babies were exposed to
fuzzy bunnies and at the same time a loud cymbal was struck close
behind them, then that child would be afraid of all fuzzy things. Another
group of children would be exposed to bunnies without any loud noises.
The study was carried out as planned and as a result, hundreds of young
children developed fear of all cute furry bunny rabbits.
a. Hypothesis:
b. Independent Variable:
c. Dependent Variable:
d. Constant:
e. Control:
2. At a daycare, the staff has had problems with the children behaving
badly every day. They begin to test to see how the children react if the
staff gives them large amounts of candy when they are good and no
candy when they are bad. The staff hopes that the incentive for the
children will improve their behavior.
a. Independent Variable:
b. Dependent Variable:
c. When the temperature is 300 K, what is the volume of the
sample?
d. What type of relationship exists between temperature and
pressure? (Direct or Inverse) How do you know?
a. Hypothesis:
b. Independent Variable:
c. Dependent Variable:
d. Constant:
4. The owner of the Redskins wants to increase ticket
prices at the stadium, however, his aides are
concerned it will negatively affect attendance of
games. They showed him the following data
conducted by another team.
a. Write in the independent and dependent
variables on the graph on the right.
e. Control:
b. What type of relationship exists between ticket price and
attendance at games? (Direct or Inverse) How do you know?