STUDY GUIDE CHAPTER 30 World War II and the Holocaust Matching: DIRECTIONS: ON YOUR BUBBLE SHEET, match each item with the correct statement below. (2pts. ea.). ________ 1. the deliberate mass murder or physical extinction of a particular racial, political, or cultural group ________ 2. Hitler’s largest extermination center in Poland ________ 3. no weapons or fortifications permitted ________ 4. agreement between Hitler and Stalin ________ 5. suicide mission in which young Japanese pilots flew their planes into U.S. fighting ships at sea ________ 6. British term for German air raids over London during World War II ________ 7. A resistance fighter in WWII ________ 8. the systematic, state-sponsored persecution and murder of approximately 11 million people Jews and others deemed as racially inferior by the Nazi regime and its collaborators ________ 9. period of political tension between the United States and the Soviet Union ________ 10. person who assists the enemy ________ 11. Nazi plan for extermination of the Jews ________ 12. process of preparing troops and supplies for war ________ 13. restrictions intended to enforce international law ________ 14. alliance between Mussolini and Hitler ________ 15. policy that sought peace and stability by satisfying reasonable demands of dissatisfied powers Multiple Choice: DIRECTIONS: ON YOUR BUBBLE SHEET, indicate the answer choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. (2pts. ea.). _______ 16. World War II official began with the German invasion of which country? _______ 17. Which event ended the war in the Pacific? _______ 18. The “second front” on the beaches at Normandy in France allowed the Allies to do what to Germany? _______ 19. The United States carried on an “island-hopping” campaign to achieve what? _______ 20. Harry S. Truman authorized dropping the atomic bomb on Japan to save what? _______ 21. To address labor shortages during the war, Japan used whom? ________ 22. The U.S. experience was quite different from that of the other major powers because why? ________ 23. What two countries did Hitler occupy without opposition from France and Great Britain? ________ 24. The Battle of Stalingrad was a crushing defeat for Germany because why? ________ 25. Japan seized Manchuria and north China for what reason? ________ 26. Hitler wanted to dominate other countries because he believed what about his people? ________ 27. Which event led the United States to enter World War II? ________28. The bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki resulted in what? ________ 29. The purpose of bombing cities in World War II was to do what? ________ 30. Hitler first demanded and was given what area in northwestern Czechoslovakia? Modified True/False in the blank. DIRECTIONS: ON THIS PIECE OF PAPER, indicate whether the statement is true (T) or false (F). If false edit the statement to make it a true statement. (2pts. ea.). ________ 1. Germany’s bombing of British cities succeeded in breaking the morale of the British citizens. ________ 2. Isolationism was Germany’s policy of national isolation by abstaining from alliances and other international political and economic relations. ________ 3. The Big Three powers created the League of Nations near the end of World War II. ________ 4. The Big Three included the United States, the Soviet Union, and Italy. ________ 5. The Rape of Nanking refers to the German destruction and massacre of nearly a whole city. ________ 6. The nuclear age followed the dropping of atomic bombs on Japanese cities. ________ 7. A nation is said to be neutral when it becomes involved in a war between other nations, taking one side or the other. ________ 8. The Maginot Line was a series of fortifications along France’s border with Germany. ________ 9. Partisans in Italy were resistance fighters against the Allies. ________ 10. The blitzkrieg was Hitler’s “lightning war” that used panzer divisions with air support. Short Answer. DIRECTIONS: Answer questions about these two quotes. (2pts. ea.). “Sixteen hours ago an American airplane dropped one bomb on Hiroshima and destroyed its usefulness to the enemy. That bomb had more power than 20,000 tons of TNT. . . . The Japanese began the war from the air at Pearl Harbor. They have been repaid many fold. And the end is not yet.” —Harry S. Truman, from a White House press release, 1945 “The unit selected for this task would enter a village or city and order the prominent Jewish citizens to call together all Jews for the purpose of resettlement. They were requested to hand over their valuables to the leaders of the unit, and shortly before the execution to surrender their outer clothing. The men, women, and children were led to a place of execution which in most cases, was located next to a more deeply excavated anti-tank ditch. Then they were shot, kneeling or standing, and the corpses thrown into the ditch.” —Nazi Conspiracy and Aggression, vol. 5, 1946 ESSAY. Directions: On the space provided, please answer the following question: (14pts.) List and describe the four primary causes of World War II?