Uploaded by Satyam Srivastava

whrs ppt

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What is waste heat recovery system?
A waste heat recovery unit (WHRU) is an energy
recovery heat exchanger that transfers heat from process
outputs at high temperature to another part of the
process for some purpose, usually increased efficiency.
The WHRU is a tool involved in cogeneration. Waste
heat may be extracted from sources such as hot flue
gases from a diesel generator, steam from cooling
towers, or even waste water from cooling processes such
as in steel cooling.
Classification and Application
In considering the potential for heat recovery, it is
useful to note all the possibilities, and grade the
waste heat in terms of potential value as shown in
the following Table 1
1.
CLASSIFICATION:-
A)High Temperature Heat Recovery
B)Medium Temperature Heat Recovery
C)Low Temperature Heat Recovery
SOME EXAMPLES OF COMMERCIAL
WHRS:1.
Recuperators
2. Regenrators
3.Heat Pipe
4.Heat Wheel
What Is Heat Exchanger:• A heat exchanger is a device used to transfer heat between a solid object and a fluid, or
between two or more fluids. The fluids may be separated by a solid wall to prevent mixing or
they may be in direct contact. They are widely used in space heating, refrigeration, air
conditioning, power stations, chemical plants, petrochemical plants, petroleum
refineries, natural-gas processing, and sewage treatment.
BENIFITS OF WHRS:Direct Benefits: Recovery of waste heat has a direct effect on the efficiency of the process.
This is reflected by reduction in the utility consumption & costs, and process cost.
Indirect Benefits:
a) Reduction in pollution: A number of toxic combustible wastes such as carbon monoxide
gas, sour gas, carbon black off gases, oil sludge, Acrylonitrile and other plastic chemicals
etc, releasing to atmosphere if/when burnt in the incinerators serves dual purpose i.e.
recovers heat and reduces the environmental pollution levels
. b) Reduction in equipment sizes: Waste heat recovery reduces the fuel consumption, which
leads to reduction in the flue gas produced. This results in reduction in equipment sizes of
all flue gas handling equipments such as fans, stacks, ducts, burners, etc.
c) Reduction in auxiliary energy consumption: Reduction in equipment sizes gives additional
benefits in the form of reduction in auxiliary energy consumption like electricity for fans,
pumps etc..
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