Challenge Practices That Confound the Meaning of Grades (Guskey) Going against the traditional way of grading, finding your own path while letting go of the old way of grading. Research does not supports the notion of assigning poor grades as punishment motivates students to try harder. Guskey, does not favor the action of offering extra credit. Guskey, does not agree with grade deduction because of poor behavior. Have a separate record holder for behavior, tardiness, absences. Guskey furthermore argues that some teachers give extra points for performance, participation, behaviors, which Guskey points out, have nothing to do with the learning goals and standards such as bringing in school supplies, helping with food drives, fundraisers, attending school events, perfect attendance.