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ANSI/SIA A92.8 – 2012
for
Vehicle-Mounted Bridge
Inspection and Maintenance
Devices
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Date of Publication: September 5, 2012
This Standard will become effective: September 5, 2012
This Standard was approved by the American National Standards Institute on March 5, 2012
The design and manufacturing requirements of this standard apply to all mast-climbing work platforms
manufactured on or after the effective date. All other provisions of this standard apply to both new and
existing units delivered by sale, lease, rental or for any form of beneficial use on or after the effective
date.
The effective date is established by the standards developer and not by the American National
Standards Institute.
This standard was developed under procedures accredited as meeting the criteria for American
National Standards. The consensus body that approved the standard was balanced to assure that
individuals from competent and concerned interests have had an opportunity to participate. The
proposed standard was made available for public review and comment which provides an opportunity
for additional public input from industry, academia, regulatory agencies, and the public-at-large.
The Scaffold Industry Association, Inc. (SIA) does not “approve,” “rate,” or “endorse” any item,
construction, proprietary device or activity.
The Scaffold Industry Association, Inc. (SIA) does not take any position with respect to the validity of
any patent rights asserted in connection with any items mentioned in this document, and does not
undertake to ensure anyone utilizing a standard against liability for infringement of any applicable
Letters Patent, nor assume any such liability. Users of this standard are expressly advised that the
determination of the validity of any such patent rights, and the risk of the infringement of such rights,
is entirely their own responsibility.
Participation by federal agency representative(s) or person(s) affiliated within the industry is not to be
interpreted as government or industry endorsement of this standard.
The Scaffold Industry Association, Inc. (SIA) accepts responsibility for only those interpretations
issued in accordance with governing ANSI Essential Requirements which preclude the issuance of
interpretations by individual volunteers.
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ANSI/SIA
A92.8-2012
Revision of
ANSI A92.8-2006
AMERICAN NATIONAL STANDARD
for VEHICLE-MOUNTED BRIDGE INSPECTION AND
MAINTENANCE DEVICES
Secretariat
Scaffold Industry Association, Inc.
Approved March 5, 2012
American National Standards Institute, Inc
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AMERICAN NATIONAL STANDARD
Approval of an American National Standard requires verification by ANSI that the requirements for
due process, consensus, and other criteria for approval have been met by the standards developer.
Consensus is established when, in the judgment of the ANSI Board of Standards Review, substantial
agreement has been reached by directly and materially affected interests. Substantial agreement means
much more than a simple majority, but not necessarily unanimity. Consensus requires that all views
and objections be considered, and that a concerted effort be made toward their resolution.
The use of American National Standards is completely voluntary; their existence does not in any
respect preclude anyone, whether he has approved the standard or not, from manufacturing, marketing,
purchasing, or using products, or procedures not conforming to the standards.
The American National Standards Institute does not develop standards and will in no circumstances
give an interpretation of any American National Standard. Moreover, no person shall have the right or
authority to issue an interpretation of an American National Standard in the name of the American
National Standards Institute. Requests for interpretations should be addressed to the secretariat or
sponsor whose name appears on the title page of this standard.
CAUTION NOTICE: This American National Standard may be revised or withdrawn any time. The
procedures of the American National Standards Institute require that action be taken to reaffirm, revise,
or withdraw this standard no later than five years from the date of approval. Purchasers of American
National Standards may receive current information on all standards by calling or writing the
American National Standards Institute.
Published by
Scaffold & Access Industry Association, Inc.
400 Admiral Boulevard
Kansas City, MO 64106
816.595.4860
www.saiaonline.org
Copyright ©2012 by the Scaffold & Access Industry Association, Inc.
All rights reserved.
No part of this publication may be reproduced in any form, in an electronic retrieval system or otherwise, without the prior written permission of the
publisher.
Printed in the United States of America
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FOREWORD
This foreword is not part of American National Standard for Vehicle-Mounted Bridge Inspection and
Maintenance Devices, ANSI/SIA A92.8-2012.
This standard is one of a series on aerial platforms developed under the committee procedures of the
American National Standards Institute. The A92 standards committee was organized by the Institute in
1948. The Scaffold Industry Association, Inc. serves as Secretariat.
The primary objective of this standard is to prevent accidents associated with the use of Mast-Climbing
Work Platforms by establishing requirements for design manufacture, installation, maintenance,
performance, use and training.
Interpretations and Suggestions for Improvement
All inquiries requesting interpretation of the Committee’s approved American National Standards must
be in writing and directed to the Secretariat. The A92 Committee shall approve the interpretation
before submission to the inquirer. No one but the A92 Committee is authorized to provide any
interpretation of this standard.
The A92 Committee solicits comments on and criticism of the requirements of the standards. The
standards will be revised from time to time where necessary or desirable, as demonstrated by the
experience gained from the application of the standards. Proposals for improvement of this standard
will be welcome. Proposals should be as specific as possible, citing the paragraph number(s), the
proposed wording, and a detailed rationale for the proposal including any pertinent documentation.
All requests for interpretation and all suggestions for improvement shall be forwarded in writing
to the ASC A92 Committee, c/o Secretariat ~ Scaffold & Access Industry Association, 400 Admiral
Boulevard, Kansas City, MO 64106
This Standard was processed and approved for submittal to ANSI by Accredited Standards Committee
Aerial Platforms, A92 Aerial Work Platforms. The ASC A92 committee approval of the standard does
not necessarily imply that all committee members voted for its approval. At the time the ASC A92
committee approved this standard, the A92 Aerial Work Platforms Committee had the following
members:
Dave Merrifield, Chairman
Lincoln L. Schoenberger, Vice-Chairman
Alimak Hek…………………………………………………………………………………..……..Gregory Janda
Altec HiLine, LLC………………………………………………………………………..………... Eric Lumberg
Altec Industries, Inc.………………………………………………………………………………. Joshua Chard
American Rental Association…………………………………………………………………….. Carla Brozick
Arrowhead Aerial Products, Inc…..………………………………………………………….. Sharon McCarty
Arrowhead Product Development, Inc.……………………………………………………….Gary Werkhoven
Association of Equipment Manufacturers………………………………………………………....Daniel Moss
AWPT…………………………………………………………………………..………………….….Kevin O’Shea
Brewington & Company………………………………………………………………………. John Brewington
C.W. Wright Construction…………………………………………………………….……………Michael Stiles
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Caterpillar ……………………………………………………………………………………..…… Steven Brown
CPWR – The Center for Construction Research & Training ………………………………………Pam Susi
Disneyland……………………………………………………………………………………….Kenneth Colonna
Diversified Inspections LLC…………………………………………………………………………...Lee Bisbee
Eckstine & Associates, Inc………………………………………………………….……………Dennis Eckstine
Elliott Equipment Company…………………………………………………………..…………….. Jason White
Equipment Safety Consultants, Inc…..…………………………………………...…………….Charles Recard
Equipment Technology LLC………………………………………………………………………….Brian Davis
Eric A. Schmidt, PE…… …………………………………………………………………………….Eric Schmidt
Evulich & Associates……………………………………………………………………………….Barris Evulich
Florida Power & Light Company..………………………………………………………………..Mike Paulson
Fraco Products Ltd. ………………………………………………………………………...Francois Villeneuve
GAR Equipment ………………………………………………………………………………… Richard Stollery
Genie Industries…………………………………………………………………………...……….Richard Curtin
H&E Equipment (Corporate Office) ………………………………………………………….…Frankie Wynn
Haulotte Bil-Jax………………………………………………………………………………….. Shahid Quershi
Hayden Enterprises……………………………………………………………………………………Bud Hayden
Heath & Associates…………………………………………………………………………..…..Frederick Heath
Helac Corporation…………………………………………………………………………………...Carl Kishline
Hydro-Mobile, Inc……………………………………………………………………….……….Vincent DeQuoy
Intercontinental Equipment Company LLC.……………………………………….………………..Ron Norris
International Masonry Institute……………………………………………………….………Michael Kassman
JLG Industries, Inc………………………………………………………………………….………Steven Forgas
Kinectrics………………………………………………………………………………………………Ernest Jones
Klimer Platforms ……………………………………………………………………………….. .. James Gordon
Lee Electrical Construction, Inc………………………………………………………………...…….John Cook
Lift-A-Loft Corporation……………………………………………………………………….…..Chris Barefoot
McDonough Elevator Sales & Rentals………………………………………………………..Kevin Lavorgna
MEC Aerial Work Platforms……………………………………………………………….……….David White
Merrifield Safety Consulting LLC ……………………………………………………………. Dave Merrifield
Miller by Honeywell…………………………………………………………………………...Preston Anderson
NES Rentals ………………………………………………………………………………………..…. Teresa Kee
New York State Dept of Transportation………………………………………………….……Frank Bonesteel
Northeast Utilities ……………………………………………………………………………….. Richard Mosel
OEM Controls, Inc……………………………………………………………………......Lincoln Schoenberger
Paula R. Manning………………………………………………………………………………....Paula Manning
PCD, LLC…………………………………………………………………………………….…………Paul Young
Phenix Technologies……………………………………………………………………….………….Mark Miller
Pike Electric…………………………………………………………………………………..……..Cliff Edwards
Power Equipment Leasing Company, Inc………………………………………………….…Tracy Schroeder
Progress Energy, Carolina……………………………………………………………………..….David Benson
Progress Energy, Florida………………………………………………………………………...Daniel Mueller
Reynolds Engineering Servicing Inc………………………………………………………….Stephen Reynolds
Safway Services ……………………………………………………………………………………….. Ted Beville
Sexton's Equipment Rental, Inc……………………………………………………………...……..David Sexton
Skyjack, Inc……………………………………………………………………………………..…….Brad Boehler
Snorkel International, Inc ………………………………………………………………………… Jeff Eckhardt
Southern California Edison………………………………………………………………………….Randy Stone
Southern Company – Alabama Power Company………………………………………….. J. Douglas Bailey
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Sunbelt Rentals………………………………………………………………………..………….. Jeff Stachowiak
Sunstate Equipment Co..........…………………………….……………………………………....Lance Sullivan
Terex Telelect…………………………………………………………………………………….……… Jim Olson
The VON Corporation………………………………………………………………..……..Fred von Herrmann
Time Manufacturing Company……………………………………………………….…………James Christian
TRICO Lift ………….........................…………………………………………………………….Steven Phillips
United Rentals………………………………………………………………………………………… Heidi Rawe
Utility Truck Equipment & Parts, LLC……………………………………………………….……John Mlaker
Vollmer-Gray Engineering ………………………………………………………..………..……..Paul Guthron
Waco Boom Company, Ltd.………………………………………………………………….. ..Jonathan Woods
Xtreme Manufacturing…………………………………………………………………… Richard Hoffelmeyer
Subcommittee A92.8 on Vehicle-Mounted Bridge Inspection and Maintenance Devices, which
developed this standard, had the following members:
Frank Bonesteel, Chairman
Patrick Clark
Bruce Flint
Bud Hayden
Robert Hofmiller
Daniel McClain
Luke Webber
Glenn Williams
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Contents
1
2
2.1
2.1.1
2.1.2
2.2
2.2.1
2.3
3
3.1
3.2
3.3
3.4
3.5
4
5
5.1
5.2
5.3
5.3.1
5.4
5.5
5.5.1
5.5.2
5.5.3
5.5.4.1
5.6
5.6.1
5.6.2
5.6.2.1
5.6.2.2
5.6.3
5.6.3.1
5.6.3.2
5.6.4
5.7
5.8
5.9
5.10
5.11
5.11.1
5.11.2
5.12
5.13
5.13.1
5.13.2
5.13.3
5.13.4
5.13.4.1
5.13.4.2
5.13.5
Page #
Introduction.
Scope, Purpose and Requirements
Scope
Equipment covered.
Equipment not covered.
Purpose.
Effective Dates.
Requirements.
Referenced and related American National Standards and SIA publications
Referenced American National Standards.
Other referenced Standards and Regulations.
Related American National Standards.
Referenced Scaffold Industry Association publication(s).
Related Scaffold Industry Association publication(s).
Definitions
Responsibilities of Manufacturers (Remanufacturers)
Basic principles.
Quality control.
Rated workload.
Multiple ratings.
Welding standards.
Structural safety factors
Ductile elements.
Nonductile elements.
Structural safety factor formulas.
Component requirements.
Controls
General
Base station controls and communication system
Base station Bridge Inspection and Maintenance Device controls.
Communication system.
Platform controls and communication system
Platform controls.
Communication system
Emergency stop controls.
Security.
Auxiliary power system.
Travel securing device.
Level indicator.
Stability.
Stability rating.
Effects of stability test.
Bursting safety factors.
System protection (unintended platform motion)
Hydraulic/pneumatic/electric actuation:
Threaded components.
Hydraulic pressure rise.
Wire rope/chain systems
Safety factor
Unintended platform motion.
Unintended retraction of outriggers or stabilizers
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20
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20
20
20
21
21
21
21
21
21
21
21
21
21
5.13.6
5.14
5.14.1
5.14.2
5.14.3
5.14.4
5.14.4.1
5.14.4.2
5.14.4.3
5.14.4.4
5.14.4.5
5.14.4.6
5.14.4.7
5.15
5.15.1
5.16
5.16.1
5.16.2
5.17
5.17.1
5.17.2
5.17.3
5.18
5.19
5.20
5.21
5.22
5.22.1
5.22.1.1
5.22.1.2
5.22.1.3
5.22.2
5.23
6
6.1
6.2
6.3
6.4
6.5
6.6
6.7
6.8
6.8.1
6.8.2
6.9
6.10
6.10.1
6.10.1.1
6.10.1.2
6.10.2
6.10.2.1
6.10.2.2
6.10.2.3
7
Electrical systems and devices.
Platforms
Dimensions.
Floor openings.
Surface.
Guardrail system.
Top rail.
Mid rail.
Structural integrity.
Toeboards.
Flexible materials.
Anchorage(s) for personal fall protection.
Access and egress.
Instructions and Markings
Manufacturers’ information.
Information to be provided to installer
Chassis information.
Installation instructions.
Manuals and manual storage location
Mobile unit manuals.
Other manuals.
Manual storage location.
Training materials. .
Safety bulletins.
Use of accessories/attachments.
Modifications.
Record retention and dissemination
Record retention
Installation.
Annual inspection.
Frequent inspections.
Record dissemination
Manufacturer (remanufacturer) as dealer.
Responsibilities of Installers
General responsibilities.
Chassis specifications.
Mobile unit weight distribution.
Manuals.
Installations.
Quality assurance.
Welding.
Mechanical tests and inspection
Operational tests.
Visual inspection.
Training.
Record retention and dissemination
Record retention.
Certification.
Training, familiarization, annual or frequent inspection.
Record dissemination
Notification to manufacturer (remanufacturer).
Notification to owners.
Notification to user.
Responsibilities of Dealers
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25
25
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25
25
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25
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25
25
25
25
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26
26
26
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26
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26
7.1
7.2
7.3
7.3.1
7.3.2
7.4
7.5
7.5.1
7.5.2
7.5.3
7.6
7.7
7.8
7.9
7.10
7.11
7.12
7.12.1
7.12.2
7.12.3
7.13
7.14
7.15
7.16
8
8.1
8.2
8.3
8.4
8.4.1
8.4.2
8.5
8.5.1
8.5.2
8.5.3
8.5.4
8.6
8.7
8.8
8.9
8.10
8.11
8.12
8.12.1
8.12.2
8.13
8.14
8.15
8.16
8.16.1
General responsibilities.
Basic principles.
Manuals.
Machine manual(s).
Other manuals.
Pre-delivery preparation
Maintenance, inspection and repair.
Maintenance
Inspection.
Repairs.
Maintenance safety precautions.
Replacement parts.
Training.
Familiarization on delivery.
Dealer as user.
Assistance to owners and users.
Record retention and dissemination
Record retention.
Proof of training.
Record dissemination.
Modifications.
Accessories/attachments.
Safety bulletins.
Responsibilities upon sale.
Responsibilities of Owners
General.
Basic principles.
Responsibilities upon purchase.
Manuals
Machine manual(s).
Manual of Responsibilities.
Inspection, maintenance and repair
Initial inspection and tests.
Frequent and annual inspections.
Maintenance.
Repairs.
Predelivery preparation.
Frequent inspection.
Annual inspection.
Maintenance safety precautions.
Replacement parts.
Maintenance training.
Training
Operator training.
Assistance to user.
Familiarization upon delivery.
Owner as user.
Assistance to users and operators.
Record retention and dissemination
Record retention.
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29
29
29
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29
29
29
30
30
30
31
31
31
31
31
31
31
32
32
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32
8.16.2
8.16.3
8.17
8.18
8.19
8.20
8.21
8.22
9
9.1
9.2
9.3
9.3.1
9.3.2
9.4
9.4.1
9.4.2
9.4.3
9.4.4
9.5
9.6
9.7
9.8
9.9
9.10
9.10.1
9.10.1.1
9.10.1.2
9.10.2
9.10.3
9.10.4
9.10.5
9.10.6
9.10.7
9.10.8
9.10.9
9.10.10
9.10.11
9.10.12
9.10.13
9.10.14
9.10.15
9.10.16
9.10.17
9.10.18
9.10.19
9.10.20
9.10.21
9.10.22
9.10.23
9.10.24
9.10.25
Proof of training.
Record dissemination.
Modifications/remounting.
Accessories/Attachments.
Weight distribution.
Safety bulletins.
Responsibilities upon sale.
Owner as a dealer.
Responsibilities of Users
General.
Basic principles.
Manuals
Machine manuals.
Manual of Responsibilities.
Inspection and maintenance.
Frequent inspection.
Annual inspection.
Pre-start inspection.
Maintenance safety precautions.
Replacement parts.
Operator training and retraining.
Familiarization before use.
Workplace inspection.
During operation.
Operator warnings and instructions.
Fall protection.
Platform (bucket/basket) less than fifty (50) sq. ft.
Platforms of or exceeding fifty (50) sq. ft.
Slope and grade.
Deployment of stability enhancing means.
Guardrails system.
Distribution of load.
Electrocution hazard
Personal protective equipment (PPE).
Personnel footing.
Precaution for other moving equipment.
Reporting problems or malfunctions.
Reporting potentially hazardous locations.
Entanglement.
Capacity limitations.
Work area.
Fueling.
Battery Charging.
Improper platform support.
Misuse as a crane.
Unusual operating support conditions.
Movement of chassis with platform(s) deployed.
Working on scaffolding.
Stunt driving.
Securing the mobile unit.
Altering safety devices.
Vacating or entering a deployed Vehicle-Mounted Bridge Inspection and Maintenance Device.
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37
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39
39
39
9.10.26
9.10.27
9.10.28
9.10.29
9.10.30
9.10.31
9.11
9.12
9.13
9.13.1
9.13.2
9.13.3
9.14
9.15
9.16
9.17
9.18
10
10.1
10.2
10.3
10.3.1
10.3.2
10.4
10.4.1
10.4.2
10.5
10.6
10.7
10.8
10.8.1
10.8.2
10.8.3
10.9
10.10
10.10.1
10.10.1.1
10.10.1.2
10.10.2
10.10.3
10.10.4
10.10.5
10.10.6
10.10.7
10.10.8
10.10.9
10.10.10
10.10.11
10.10.12
10.10.13
10.10.14
Modifications.
Assistance to the operator.
Carrying materials (larger than the platform.)
Requirements for personnel on the support structure surface.
Protecting against unauthorized use.
Adequate support requirements.
User as operator.
Shutdown of the mobile unit.
Record retention and dissemination.
Record retention.
Record dissemination
Proof of training.
Modifications.
Accessories/attachments.
Safety bulletins.
User as a dealer.
User as an owner.
Responsibilities of Operators
General.
Basic principles.
Training and retraining
General training.
Retraining.
Manuals
Machine manuals.
Other manuals.
Pre-start inspection.
Workplace inspection.
Specific work site rules.
Before operation
Initial operation of a specific make and model.
Subsequent operation of a specific make and model.
Precautionary actions prior to operation.
During operation.
Operator warnings and instructions.
Fall protection.
Platform (bucket/basket) less than fifty (50) sq. ft.
Platforms of or exceeding fifty (50) sq. ft.
Driving on grades.
Deployment of stability enhancing means.
Guardrail system.
Distribution of load.
Electrocution hazard
Personal protective equipment.
Personnel footing
Precaution for other moving equipment.
Reporting problems or malfunctions.
Reporting potentially hazardous locations.
Entanglement.
Capacity limitations.
Work area.
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45
10.10.15
10.10.16
10.10.17
10.10.18
10.10.19
10.10.20
10.10.21
10.10.22
10.10.23
10.10.24
10.10.25
10.10.26
10.10.27
10.10.28
10.10.29
10.10.30
10.10.31
10.11
11
11.1
11.2
11.3
11.4
11.5
12
12.1
12.2
12.3
12.4
12.5
13
13.1
13.2
Fueling.
Battery charging.
Improper platform support.
Misuse as a crane.
Unusual operating support conditions.
Movement of chassis with platform(s) deployed.
Working on scaffolding.
Stunt driving.
Securing the mobile unit.
Altering safety devices.
Vacating or entering a deployed Vehicle-Mounted Bridge Inspection and Maintenance Device.
Modifications.
Assistance to the operator.
Carrying materials (larger than the platform.)
Crew size and location requirements.
Protecting against unauthorized use.
Adequate support requirements.
Record of training.
Responsibilities of Lessors
Basic principles.
Lessor as a dealer.
Lessor as an owner.
Lessor as a user.
Lessor as an operator.
Responsibilities of Lessees
Basic principles.
Lessee as a dealer.
Lessee as an owner.
Lessee as a user.
Lessee as an operator.
Responsibilities of Broker
Responsibilities upon sale.
Responsibilities with re-rents, leases, or any other form of beneficial use.
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Figure 1
Typical Examples of Equipment Covered
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American National Standard
For Vehicle-Mounted Bridge Inspection and Maintenance Devices
1 Introduction. Mobile units covered by this standard are
generally designed to be supported on bridge surfaces of
varying degrees of grade and super-elevation and have
the capability of providing personnel quick and easy
access to the underside of such structures.
The rapid development of a wide variety of trailer and
truck-mounted mobile unit designs necessitates the
establishment of standards for their design, manufacture,
remanufacture, installation, performance, inspection,
training, maintenance, testing and use.
Normally, they are not insulated for use near electrically
energized apparatus nor are they intended to be used in
hazardous locations. Any mobile unit intended for use
around energized electrical apparatus shall be designed,
manufactured, and used in accordance with the
requirements outlined in ANSI/SIA A92.2-2009, VehicleMounted Elevating and Rotating Aerial Devices.
The operation of any mobile unit is subject to certain
hazards that can be protected against only by the exercise
of intelligence, care, and common sense and not by
mechanical means. It is essential to have competent,
careful personnel trained in the intended use, safe
operation, maintenance and service of this type of
equipment.
2 Scope, Purpose and Requirements
2.1 Scope
2.1.1 Equipment covered. This Standard applies to
mobile units capable of positioning a platform alongside
or beneath a bridge deck or equivalent structure while
being supported from such structure and are used to
position personnel, along with their necessary tools and
materials, at work locations. Typical examples of this
type of equipment are shown in Figure 1 on page 48.
2.1.2 Equipment not covered. The scope of this
standard does not include the following equipment:
Ladder and ladder stands such as those covered in
American National Standards for Ladder and Ladder
Stands, ANSI A14 series
Scaffolding such as those covered in American National
Standard for Scaffolding Safety Requirements, ANSI
A10.8-2001
Vehicle and trailer mounted Elevating and Rotating
Mobile units such as those covered in American National
Standard for the Vehicle-Mounted Elevating and Rotating
Aerial Devices, ANSI/SIA A92.2-2009
Non-self-propelled elevating mobile unit such as those
covered in American National Standard for Manually
Propelled Elevating Aerial Platforms, ANSI/SIA A92.32006
Self-propelled elevating mobile units such as those
covered in American National Standard for BoomSupported Elevating Work Platforms, ANSI/SIA A92.52006 and
Self-Propelled Elevating Work Platforms, ANSI/SIA
A92.6-2006
Vehicle-mounted vertical lift devices such as those
covered in American National Standard for Airline
Ground Support Vehicle-Mounted Vertical Lift Devices,
ANSI/SIA A92.7-1990 (Reaffirmed 1998)
Mast climbing work platforms such as those covered in
American National Standard for Mast Climbing Work
Platforms, ANSI/SIA A92.9-2011
Suspended powered platforms for exterior building
maintenance such as those covered in Suspended Power
Platforms for Exterior Building Maintenance, ANSI
A120.1-2008
Vertically adjustable equipment used primarily to raise
and lower materials and equipment from one elevation to
another as in ANSI A17, B30, and B56 series
Fire fighting equipment such as covered in Automotive
Fire Apparatus ANSI/NFPA 1901-2009
Construction and demolition digger derricks such as those
covered in American National Standard for Construction
and Demolition Safety Requirements, Definitions, and
Specifications, ANSI A10.31-2006
Mobile and Locomotive Truck Cranes, ANSI/ASME
B30.5-2007 with Supplements "A" and "B"
Personnel carrying attachments associated with cranes
such as those covered in ANSI/ASME B30.23-2005
Personnel Lifting (platforms attached to the crane boom
or suspended by hooks).
2.2 Purpose. This Standard applies to the establishment
of criteria for design, manufacture, remanufacture,
rebuild/recondition, testing, inspection, installation,
maintenance, use, training, and operation of VehicleMounted Bridge Inspection and Maintenance Devices,
primarily used to position personnel, to achieve the
following objectives:
(1) Prevention of personal injuries and accidents;
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(2)
(3)
Establishment of criteria for design, manufacture,
remanufacture, installation, rebuild/recondition,
testing, performance, inspection, training,
maintenance, and operation;
Establishment and understanding by designers,
manufacturers, remanufacturers, installers, dealers,
owners, users, operators, lessees, lessors and
brokers of their respective responsibilities.
2.2.1 Effective Dates. This Standard will become
effective September 5, 2012 as follows:
(1) Design, manufacture and remanufacture
requirements. The design and manufacturing
requirements of this Standard will apply to all
mobile units manufactured on or after the effective
date. Bridge Inspection and Maintenance Devices
remanufactured on or after the effective date of this
Standard shall comply with the requirements of this
Standard.
(2) Rebuilt/reconditioned Bridge Inspection and
Maintenance Devices shall comply with the
standard in effect as of the date of their original
manufacture.
(3) Installation Requirements. The installation
requirements of this Standard apply to all Bridge
Inspection and Maintenance Devices installed on or
after the effective date.
(4) Responsibilities for installers, dealers, owners,
users, operators, lessors, lessees, and brokers. All
provisions detailed for dealers, owners, users,
operators, lessors, lessees, and brokers apply to
both new and existing units delivered by sale, lease,
rental, or any form of beneficial use on or after the
effective date.
2.3 Requirements. The requirements of this Standard
shall be met or exceeded.
3 Referenced and related American National
Standards and Scaffold Industry Association
publications
3.1 Referenced American National Standards. This
standard is intended to be used in conjunction with the
following American National Standards. When these
referenced standards are superseded by a revision
approved by the American National Standards Institute,
the revision shall apply:
ANSI/SIA A92.2-2009, Vehicle-Mounted Elevating and
Rotating Aerial Devices
ANSI Z535.1-2006, Safety Color Code
ANSI Z535.3-2007, Criteria for Safety Symbols
ANSI Z535.4-2007, Product Safety Signs and Labels
ANSI/AWS D 1.1-2010. Structural Welding Code Steel
ANSI/AWS D1.2-2008, Structural Welding Code
Aluminum
ANSI/NFPA 58-2011 Storage and Handling of Liquefied
Petroleum Gases
ANSI/NFPA 70-2008, National Electrical Code
ANSI/NFPA 505-2011, Powered Industrial Trucks,
Including Type Designations, Areas of Use, Maintenance,
and Operation
3.2 Other referenced Standards and Regulations. This
Standard is also intended to be used in conjunction with
the following standards:
SAE J821 - 1994 for Electrical Systems for Construction,
Agriculture and Off-Road Machines
Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) 1910.333
3.3 Related American National Standards. The
standards listed here are for information only and are not
essential for the completion of the requirements of this
Standard. Where these related Standards are superceded
by a revision approved by the American Standards
Institute, the revision shall apply.
ANSI A10.4-2007, Personnel Hoists
ANSI A10.8-2001, Safety Requirements for Scaffolding
ANSI A10.31-2006, Safety Requirements, Definitions,
and Specifications for Digger Derricks
ANSI-SIA A92.2-2009, Vehicle-Mounted Elevating and Rotating
Platforms
ANSI/SIA A92.3-2006, Manually Propelled Elevating
Aerial Platforms
ANSI/SIA A92.5-2006, Boom-Supported Elevating Work
Platforms
ANSI/SIA A92.6-2006, Self-Propelled Elevating
Work Platforms
ANSI/SIA A92.7-1990 (R1998), Airline Ground
Support Vehicle-Mounted Vertical Lift Devices
ANSI/SIA A92.9-2011, Mast Climbing Work Platforms
ANSI A120.1-2008, Suspended Powered Platforms for
Exterior Building Maintenance
ANSI/NFPA 1901-2009, Automotive Fire Apparatus
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3.6 Referenced Scaffold Industry Association
publication(s). The following publication contains the
definitions and requirements of this Standard for the
entities identified:
ANSI/SIA A92.8 – 20xx, Manual of Responsibilities for
Installers, Dealers, Owners, Users, Operators, Lessors,
Lessees and Brokers of Vehicle-Mounted Bridge
Inspection and Maintenance Devices
3.7 Related Scaffold Industry Association
publication(s). The publications listed here are for
information only and are not essential for the completion
of the requirements of this standard.
ANSI/SIA A92.2 – 2009, Manual of Responsibilities for
Dealers, Owners, Users, Operators, Lessors, and Lessees
of Vehicle-Mounted Elevating and Rotating Aerial
Platforms
ANSI/SIA A92.3 - 2006, Manual of Responsibilities for
Dealers, Owners, Users, Operators, Lessors, Lessees, and
Brokers of Manually Propelled Elevating Aerial
Platforms.
ANSI/SIA A92.5 - 2006, Manual of Responsibilities for
Dealers, Owners, Users, Operators, Lessors, Lessees, and
Brokers of Boom-Supported Elevating Work Platforms.
ANSI/SIA A92.6 - 2006, Manual of Responsibilities for
Dealers, Owners, Users, Operators, Lessors, Lessees, and
Brokers of Self-Propelled Elevating Work Platforms.
ANSI/SIA A92.9 – 2011, Manual of Responsibilities for
Dealers, Owners, Lessors, and Lessees of Mast-Climbing
Work Platforms.
4 Definitions
Anchorage(s): A secure point of attachment to be used
with personal fall protection equipment (PFPE).
Authorized personnel (authorized person): Personnel
approved or assigned to perform a specific type of duty or
duties at specific location or locations at a work site.
Base: The relevant contact points of the mobile unit that
form the stability fulcrum (e.g. wheels, outriggers, and
stabilizers).
Bridge Inspection and Maintenance Device: All
components of the mobile unit less the chassis (vehicle).
Such components include, but are not limited to, the
power plant (if any), positioning assembly, platform, and
stabilizers or outriggers (if any).
Broker: An independent business entity or person who
arranges a lease or transfer of ownership of a mobile unit,
but does not own the mobile unit. If the entity or person
is an employee of the buyer, seller, lessor or lessee of the
mobile unit, he/she shall not be considered a broker.
Chassis (vehicle): The integral part of the mobile unit on
which the Bridge Inspection and Maintenance Device is
mounted such as a truck, a trailer or an all-terrain vehicle,
and provides mobility and support for the positioning
assembly.
Configuration: All positions in which a mobile unit or
any part thereof can be placed within its intended
operating limits.
Critical components: Load supporting elements which
support or stabilize the platform of the Bridge Inspection
and Maintenance Device.
Dealer: A person or entity who buys from a
manufacturer or distributor and who generally sells, rents,
and services mobile units.
Delivery: Transfer of care, control, and custody of the
mobile unit from one person or entity to another person or
entity.
Directional controls: Controls that initiate functions that
affect movement of the platform or the mobile unit.
Ductile materials: Materials that have a minimum
elongation at failure of 10% in 2 inches (50.8 mm) gauge
length based on a standardized test specimen.
Effective horizontal working range: Such horizontal
measurements shall be from the edge of the supporting
structure to the far end of the platform when the platform
is positioned 90 degrees relative to the longitudinal axis
of the supporting structure.
Employer: Any person, firm, partnership, association of
persons or corporations or their legal representatives that
make contracts of employment and have the right to
direct and control work activities.
Equivalent entity: An organization, agency, or
individual who, by possession of an appropriate technical
degree, certificate, professional standing, or skill, and
who, by knowledge, training, and experience, has
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demonstrated the ability to deal with the problems
relating to the subject matter, the work, or the project.
beneficial use of that party (the user). A lessor may also
be a dealer, owner, lessee, user, or operator.
Familiarization: Providing information regarding the
location of the weather resistant compartment for storage
of manuals, control functions, operational limits, and
safety devices for the mobile unit to a qualified person or
operator who will control the movement of the mobile
unit being delivered.
Lifetime: The period of time the mobile unit, in the
configuration in which it was certified as being compliant
with the provisions of this Standard, is owned plus four
(4) years. If changes made require recertification
(remounting or modifications affecting stability), are
accomplished, a new “lifetime” will have commenced
effective as of the date re-certification is accomplished.
Gap: The distance between the most extended portion of
the mobile unit (edge of truck or trailer, tires, deployed
stabilizers, outriggers, or other protrusion) and a vertical
barrier (wall, guardrail) on the bridge or equivalent
supporting structure.
Grade: Inclination of the road or bridge surface parallel
to the direction of traffic expressed by stating the vertical
rise or fall as a percentage of the horizontal distance [i.e.,
a rise of 5 ft. in 100 ft. equates to 5% (5 divided by 100 =
5%)].
Note: The percent is also equal to the tangent of the
angle times 100. The tangent of 2.86 degrees is equal to
0.05 x 100 = 5%.
Guardrail system: A vertical barrier primarily intended
to protect against personnel falling to lower levels.
Hazardous location: Any location that contains, or has
the potential to contain, an explosive or flammable
atmosphere as defined in ANSI/NFPA 505 – 1996,
"POWERED INDUSTRIAL TRUCKS."
Instability: A condition of a mobile unit in which the
sum of the moments tending to overturn the unit exceeds
the sum of the moments tending to resist overturning.
Installer: A person(s) or entity who mounts a Bridge
Inspection and Maintenance Device on a chassis.
Interlock: A control or mechanism that, under specified
conditions, automatically allows or prevents the operation
of another control or mechanism.
Lessee: A person(s) or entity to whom a mobile unit is
provided by lease, rental, loan, or other arrangement. A
lessee may also be a dealer, owner, user, or operator.
Lessor: A person(s) or entity who leases, rents, loans, or
otherwise provides a mobile unit to another party for the
Maintenance: The act of upkeep such as inspection,
lubrication, refueling, cleaning, adjustment and scheduled
part(s) replacement.
Manual of Responsibilities: A document containing
definitions (Section 4) and the requirements mandated in
this Standard for the following entities: Installers
(Section 6), Dealers (Section 7); Owners (Section 8);
Users (Section 9); Operators (Section 10); Lessors
(Section 11); Lessees (Section 12), and Brokers (Section
13).
Manufacturer: A person or entity who makes, builds, or
produces a Bridge Inspection and Maintenance Device.
Mobile operation: The uncradled use of the Bridge
Inspection and Maintenance Device while the mobile unit
is traveling.
Mobile unit: The combination of the personnel carrying
platform, its positioning mechanism, and its support
mechanism, chassis, and related equipment capable of
positioning a platform alongside or beneath a bridge deck
or equivalent structure while being supported from such
structure.
Modification (modifies): To make a change(s) to a
mobile unit which affects the operation, stability, safety
factors, rated workload or safety of the mobile unit in any
way.
Multiple rating(s), multiple rated loads: Two or more
different rated workloads based on alternative
configurations of the mobile unit.
Non-ductile materials: Materials having a minimum
elongation at failure of less than 10% in 2” (50.8 mm)
gauge length based on a standardized test specimen.
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Operation: The performance of functions of a mobile
unit within the scope of its specifications in accordance
with the manufacturer’s (remanufacturer’s) instructions,
the user’s work rules, and applicable governmental
regulations.
Operator: A person trained, authorized, and engaged in
the operation of the mobile unit.
Outriggers: Devices that increase the stability of the
mobile unit and that are capable of lifting and leveling the
mobile unit.
Override: The takeover of mobile unit control functions
at the platform by the activation of the chassis station
controls.
Owner: A person or entity who has possession of a
mobile unit by virtue of proof of purchase.
Passive: Under specified conditions, automatically
performed and not requiring any specific action to
accomplish.
Payload: Readily removable tools and materials that are
carried on a mobile unit.
Platform: The portion of the mobile unit designed to be
occupied by personnel with their tools and materials.
Positioning assembly: The mechanism(s) used to
position the platform relative to the mobile unit chassis.
Powered functions: Those which control motion of the
platform or the mobile unit and are caused by
electromechanical, hydraulic or pneumatic forces.
Prohibited zone: The area within the minimum
approach distance (M.A.D.) to energized (exposed or
insulated) power lines and parts covered in CFR 1910.333
(c).
Qualified person: One who, by possession of a
recognized degree, certificate, or professional standing, or
by extensive knowledge, training, and experience, has
successfully demonstrated his/her ability to solve or
resolve problems related to the subject matter, the work,
or the project.
Rated workload: The designed carrying capacity of the
mobile unit as specified by the manufacturer.
Rebuild/recondition: The act of disassembly, repair or
adjustment of a Vehicle-Mounted Bridge Inspection and
Maintenance Device or component, utilizing replacement
parts and components, in accomplishing work beyond the
scope of maintenance (as described and used in the
Standard) in order to restore, to the extent possible, the
Vehicle-Mounted Bridge Inspection and Maintenance
Device or component to the original manufactured
specifications.
Remanufacture: The modification of a Bridge
Inspection and Maintenance Device either by its original
manufacturer, its successor, or another qualified entity, so
that the Vehicle-Mounted Bridge Inspection Device will
comply with the ANSI Standard in effect on the date the
modification is completed.
Repair: The act of restoring to good condition that
which has been broken, damaged, or worn due to use,
abuse, or other reasons.
Re-rent: A transaction in which an entity not owning the
mobile unit benefits in some manner by arranging its
utilization by a user.
Safety related: A condition or hazard that, if not
corrected, leaves an exposure to accident or injury.
Shall: The word "shall" is to be understood as being
mandatory.
Should: The word “should” indicates that the rule is a
recommendation, the advisability of which depends on
the facts in each situation.
Sold “as is”: Explicitly conveys there is no warranty
concerning the serviceability of the mobile unit when
ownership changes.
Stability/stable: A condition of a mobile unit in which
the sum of the moments which tend to overturn the unit is
less than or equal to the sum of the moments tending to
resist overturning.
Stabilizers: Devices that increase the stability of the
mobile unit but are not capable of lifting or leveling the
mobile unit.
Super elevation: Inclination of the road or bridge
surface perpendicular to the direction of traffic expressed
by stating the vertical rise or fall between the inner and
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outer edges of the road or bridge surface as a percentage
of the horizontal distance [i.e., a rise of 8 ft. in 100 ft.
equates to 8% (8 divided by 100 = 8%)].
Note: The percent is also equal to the tangent of the
angle times 100. The tangent of 4.574 degrees is equal to
0.08 x 100 = 8%.
Training: Instruction to enable the trainee to become a
qualified person regarding the task to be performed,
including knowledge regarding potential hazards.
Unintended motion or motion unintended by
operator: Motion of the mobile unit or platform without
activation of any control.
User: A person(s) or entity who has care, control and
custody of the mobile unit. This person or entity may
also be the employee of a dealer, owner, lessor, lessee,
broker, or the operator.
Vehicle (chassis): A vehicle on which the bridge
inspection and maintenance device is mounted such as a
truck, a trailer or an all-terrain vehicle. A carrier of a
bridge inspection and maintenance device.
Vertical barrier clearance capability (measurement):
The vertical distance between the bridge deck or
equivalent structure and the height of any vertical barrier
(wall, guardrail) that needs to be cleared by the mobile
unit in order to position the platform alongside of or
underneath the structure supporting the mobile unit.
Note: May vary with the horizontal distance mobile unit
is from vertical barrier and the specific configuration of
the mobile unit.
Vertical lowering distance: The vertical distance
measured from the floor of the platform to the surface
upon which the mobile unit is being supported.
5 Responsibilities of Manufacturers
(Remanufacturers)
5.1 Basic principles. Sound engineering principles
consistent with all data available regarding the parameters
of intended use and expected environment shall be
applied in the design, testing, and manufacture
(remanufacture) of Bridge Inspection and Maintenance
Devices, with due consideration for the knowledge that
the unit will be carrying personnel.
5.2 Quality control. The manufacturer (remanufacturer)
shall establish and follow a written quality control
procedure to insure compliance to section 5 of this
standard.
5.3 Rated workload. The rated load capacity of the
mobile unit shall not be less than 300 pounds (136 kg.)
Either single or multiple ratings may be used.
5.3.1 Multiple ratings. When multiple ratings are used,
the following conditions shall be complied with:
(1) When the rated workload is different for alternative
configurations of the Bridge Inspection and
Maintenance Device, the manufacturer
(remanufacturer) shall clearly describe these
configurations, and the rated workload of each
configuration, in the manual and on the platform.
Examples of alternative configurations are, but
shall not be limited to, the following:
(a) Outriggers or stabilizers extended to firm
footing versus not extended.
(b) Extendable axles extended versus retracted.
(c) Extendable (telescopic) platform extended
versus retracted.
(2) When the rated workload of the configuration
depends on the location of the platform in relation
to the base, the manufacturer (remanufacturer) shall
display the appropriate rated workload of that
configuration to the operator at the control
station(s).
5.4 Welding standards. All structural welding shall
conform to ANSI/AWS D1.1 – 2004, for steel, and
ANSI/AWS D1.2 – 2003, for Aluminum. The
manufacturer shall establish applicable welding quality
assurance procedures for all weldments. Methods of
nondestructive testing shall be described in the
manufacturer’s quality assurance manual.
The manufacturer shall designate in the appropriate
manual the welds to be examined by the owner, user, and
operator, the extent and method of the examination, and
specify when tests are required.
If non-destructive testing is designated, the particular
method used shall be in accordance with ANSI/AWS
B1.10 (latest edition) "Guide For Non-Destructive
Inspection Of Welds." The manufacturer shall provide
instructions relative to the application of any and all of
the following types of tests that are applicable to the
Bridge Inspection and Maintenance Device:
(1) Magnetic particle testing.
(2) Ultrasonic testing.
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(3)
(4)
(5)
Dye penetrant test.
Acoustic emission test.
Radiographic test.
f2 = dynamic loading factor
The value of f1 and f2 may be determined by
experimental stress analysis on a prototype unit.
Otherwise the values of f1 and f2 shall not be less than
1.10 and 1.25 respectively.
5.5 Structural safety factors
5.5.1 Ductile elements. All load supporting elements of
the Bridge Inspection and Maintenance Device shall have
a structural safety factor of not less than 2 to 1 based on:
(1) The minimum yield strength of the material used.
(2) The column strength of the structure.
5.5.2 Nonductile elements. Elements of the Bridge
Inspection and Maintenance Device that are made of
nonductile materials shall have a structural safety factor
of not less than 5 to 1 based on the minimum ultimate
strength of the material used.
5.5.3 Structural safety factor formulas. The design
stress or column load used in determining the structural
safety factor shall be the maximum stresses or column
load developed within the element with the machine
operating at its rated workload, used in the type of service
for which it was designed, and operated in accordance
with the manufacturer’s (remanufacturer’s) operating
instructions.
The design stress shall include the effects of stress
concentration and dynamic loading as shown in the
following formula:
Structural Safety Factor =
a
(a1+a2) f1f2
Where:
a = the minimum yield strength for materials
described in 5.5.1 or ultimate strength for
materials described in 5.5.2
a1 = stress due to weight of the structure
a2 = stress due to rated workload
f1 = stress concentration factor
f2 = dynamic loading factor
The column load shall include the effects of the dynamic
loading as shown in the following formula:
Structural Safety Factor =
Where:
b
(b1 + b2) f2
b = column critical buckling load
b1 = column load due to the weight of the
structure
b2 = column load due to the rated workload
5.5.5 Component requirements. Some components that
have been qualified by test and/or acceptable design
criteria shall be considered as providing equivalent levels
of safety as called for in sections 5.5.1, 5.5.2, and 5.5.3.
Examples include gears, gear boxes, and threaded
fasteners.
5.6 Controls
5.6.1 General The Bridge Inspection and Maintenance
Device shall have both a base control station mounted on
the chassis and platform controls. All controls shall:
(1) Be readily accessible to the operator.
(2) Be clearly identified as to their function.
(3) Be marked with durable materials.
(4) Be oriented and/or move in the approximate
direction of the function which they control with
the control box in its normal position for operation.
Control boxes not permanently attached shall have
their normal location and orientation clearly
marked.
(5) Include a separate control which shall be
continuously activated by the operator for primary
chassis and platform directional controls to be
operational, which can be released by the operator
independently from the directional controls, and
which renders the controls inoperative when
released.
(6) Be of the type that automatically return to the “off”
or “neutral” position when released, if used to
control any movement of the Bridge Inspection and
Maintenance Device.
(7) Be powered for normal activation.
(8) Be protected against activation other than that
initiated by the operator.
(9) Be protected from damage.
5.6.2 Base station controls and communication system
5.6.2.1 Base station Bridge Inspection and
Maintenance Device controls. Basic controls. The
following functions of the Bridge Inspection and
Maintenance Device (excludes chassis) shall be
controlled from the base control station:
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(1)
(2)
(3)
(4)
(5)
(6)
(7)
(8)
All stabilizing mechanisms including, but not
limited to, outriggers, stabilizers, and suspension
lockouts. When such devices are required for the
proper stabilization of the unit while operating, they
shall be interlocked.
The interlock shall preclude the movement of any
major structural component or platform without
such stabilizing enhancing mechanisms being
properly deployed. If the mobile unit is equipped
with outriggers/stabilizers, the chassis control
station shall be located such that the operator can
view the movement of the outrigger/stabilizer while
being positioned.
The uncradling and positioning of the Bridge
Inspection and Maintenance Device.
Control of all platform movement capable of
accomplishment from the platform control station.
The positioning of the platform for safe removal of
personnel in the event of an emergency or
malfunction of the platform controls.
Emergency stop. This control shall stop all chassis
and platform movement. This control shall not
require continuous actuation for a stop condition.
The base mounted control station shall provide for
overriding all motions that platform controls are
capable of accomplishing.
Manual override controls shall be protected against
inadvertent operation.
5.6.2.2 Communication system. A dedicated two-way
communication system between personnel on the support
structure and all personnel on the platform (including any
workers on a scaffold) shall be provided. When the
chassis has a cab from which the driver controls the
movement of the chassis, the communication system shall
also allow the driver to communicate with personnel on
the support surface and the platform. Such
communication devices shall be voice-actuated or in the
normal transmit mode.
5.6.3
Platform controls and communication system
5.6.3.1 Platform controls. Controls on the platform
shall control all vertical and horizontal movements
(rotation, extension/retraction) the platform is capable of.
When power scaffolding is employed, an interlock to
prevent all mobile unit platform movement resulting from
either driving, platform rotation, platform
extension/retraction, or mobile unit platform
lowering/raising, when the scaffold floor is elevated, shall
be incorporated into the controls.
5.6.3.2 Communication system. A dedicated two-way
communication system between personnel on the support
structure and all personnel on the platform (including any
workers on a scaffold) shall be provided. Such
communication devices shall be voice-actuated or in the
normal transmit mode.
5.6.4 Emergency stop controls. A control(s) shall be
provided at the platform and at the base control station(s)
mounted on the chassis to effect an emergency stop
simultaneously of both:
all platform powered functions
all chassis movement.
This control(s) shall not require continuous actuation for
a stop condition. This control shall always be operational
so the unit can be stopped at any time from any station.
Emergency stop controls shall not be further apart than 15
feet (4.56 m) from any point an operator or worker may
be positioned. When a worker(s) on scaffold cannot be
seen from the operator station, all such scaffolding must
have an emergency stop control.
5.7 Security. A security means shall be provided to
protect against unauthorized use of the Bridge Inspection
and Maintenance Device.
5.8 Auxiliary power system. An auxiliary power
system capable of positioning the platform(s) such that all
personnel on the platform are able to reach the support
structure surface shall be provided.
5.9 Travel securing device. The mobile unit shall be
equipped either with a device(s) to secure all
components or shall be designed to insure that such
components remain in the cradled position for travel.
5.10 Level indicator. A device located on the chassis,
visible to the operator (on the support surface) at all
times, shall be provided which will indicate the angle
and/or percentage of the grade and super elevation of the
support structure surface.
5.11 Stability. Mobile units are generally intended for
use on bridge and other support surfaces with various
degrees of grade and super elevation and shall be
designed to handle the following requirements:
5.11.1 Stability rating. A mobile unit, used in a
specific configuration, shall be capable of sustaining a
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static load one and one-half times its rated workload
capacity in every position within its full range of motion
when the mobile unit is on:
(1) An ascending or descending grade up to and
including 5%.
(2) A super elevation up to and including 8%.
(3) Any combination of an ascending or descending
grade of up to and including 5%, with a super
elevation of up to and including 8%. The tests shall
be conducted by imposing a downward direction
load of one and one-half times the rated workload
capacity in the configuration most likely to cause
overturning. If having outriggers or stabilizers
deployed on the surface of the support structure is
part of the definition of this configuration, they
shall be deployed appropriately to determine
whether the mobile unit meets the stability
requirements. If other facilities such as a means of
turntable leveling are provided to minimize the
effect of the sloping surface, then those facilities
shall be actuated for purposes of determining
whether the mobile unit meets the stability
requirements. No outriggers, stabilizers,
counterweight, or other structure shall protrude
beyond the outside edge of the vehicle opposite the
curbside.
5.11.2 Effects of stability test. None of the stability
tests described in 5.11.1 shall produce instability of the
mobile unit or cause permanent deformation of any
component. Each unit manufactured (remanufactured),
modified, or remounted shall be tested. During the
stability tests, the lifting of a tire, outrigger, or stabilizer
on the opposite side of the load does not necessarily
indicate a condition of instability.
5.12 Bursting safety factors. All hydraulic components
whose failure could result in motion of the platform(s)
shall have a minimum bursting strength of at least four
times the operating pressure for which the system is
designed. All other hydraulic components normally rated
according to bursting strength, such as hose, tubing, and
fittings, shall have a minimum bursting strength of at
least three times the operating pressure for which the
system is designed. All other hydraulic components
normally rated according to performance criteria, such as
rated flow and pressure, life cycles, pressure drop, rpm,
torque, and speed, shall have a minimum bursting
strength of at least two times the operating pressure for
which the system is designed. Such components
generally include pumps, motors, directional controls, and
similar functional components.
5.13 System protection (unintended platform motion)
5.13.1 Hydraulic/pneumatic/electric actuation:
Where the operation of the mobile unit is accomplished
by hydraulic or pneumatic means, the system shall be
equipped with appropriate devices to prevent motion of
the platform(s) in the event of hydraulic or pneumatic line
failure. This requirement does not apply to properly
guarded metallic tubing installed between a holding
device and the cylinder. Where the operation of the
mobile unit is accomplished electrically, the system shall
be designed to prevent motion in the event of power loss.
5.13.2 Threaded components. All threaded members
used to secure critical components such as hydraulic
pistons, barrel bases, head glands, and rod eyes, shall be
secured against rotation by means of a positive locking
device.
5.13.3 Hydraulic pressure rise. A means shall be
provided to limit pressure rise due to factors such as
thermal expansion of hydraulic fluid and leakage that
could result in stresses that exceed the yield strength of
the material.
5.13.4 Wire rope/chain systems
5.13.4.1 Safety factor. Where positioning of the
platform is accomplished by wire rope or chain, the
system shall prevent motion unintended by the operator in
the event of failure of a single wire rope or chain. The
safety factor of the wire rope or chain shall not be less
than 8 to 1 based on ultimate strength.
5.13.4.2 Unintended platform motion. Where
positioning of the platform is accomplished by wire rope
or chains, the system shall prevent motion unintended by
the operator in the event of failure of a single wire rope or
chain.
5.13.5 Unintended retraction of outriggers or
stabilizers. Hydraulically or pneumatically actuated
outriggers or stabilizers, or both, shall be so constructed
as to prevent their retraction in the event of failure of a
hydraulic or pneumatic line.
5.13.6 Electrical systems and devices. The Bridge
Inspection and Maintenance Device manufacturer
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(remanufacturer) shall design and manufacture equipment
conforming to the current NFPA 70, the National
Electrical Code, and the current NFPA 79, Electrical
Standard for Industrial Equipment.
5.14 Platforms
5.14.1 Dimensions. The minimum platform dimension
in any one direction shall not be less than 22 inches
(0.55m).
5.14.2 Floor openings. When flooring is of an opentype construction, gaps and openings shall not permit a
9/16" (.0015m) diameter ball to pass.
5.14.3 Surface. All platform floors shall have a slip
resistant surface.
5.14.4 Guardrail system. The platform(s) shall include
a guardrail system:
5.14.4.1 Top rail. The guardrail system shall include a
top rail around its upper periphery. The top rail shall be
42 inches (1.07m) high, plus or minus 3 inches (7.6 cm)
above the platform surface. Equivalent structure may be
used in place of top rails, but shall meet the strength
requirements of 5.14.4 .3.
5.14.4.2 Mid rail. The guardrail system shall include at
least one mid-rail approximately midway between the top
rail and the platform surface. Equivalent structure may
be used in place of mid-rail(s), but shall meet the strength
requirements of 5.14.4.3.
5.14.4.3 Structural integrity. Each top rail, mid-rail, or
equivalent vertical barrier shall withstand, without loss of
structural integrity a concentrated load of 300 pounds
(136 kg.), without reaching ultimate strength, applied in
any direction.
5.14.4.4 Toeboards. The platform shall include
toeboards on all sides. The minimum toeboard height
shall be 4 inches (10.2 cm). Toeboards may be omitted at
the access opening(s).
5.14.4.5 Flexible materials. Flexible materials such as
cables, chains, and ropes shall not be used in the guardrail
system, except they may be used as a midrail at access
openings 30 inches (0.76 m) wide or less.
5.14.4.6 Anchorage(s) for personal fall protection. The
manufacturer shall provide anchorage(s) on the boom or
platform. The location of the anchorage(s) shall be
identified and the number of anchorages shall equal or
exceed the number of rated occupants. More than one
occupant may attach to a single anchorage if the
anchorage is rated for more than one person. The
anchorage(s) shall be capable of withstanding the force of
3600 lbs. (16,000N) for each allowed person on the
attachment without reaching ultimate strength. The
strength requirement shall apply only to the anchorage(s)
and their attachment to the boom or platform. The
anchorage(s) shall be located to minimize lanyard slack.
5.14.4.8 Access and egress. A safe means for entering
and exiting the platform shall be provided. The access
system shall permit and, by proper placement of
components, promote achievement of three-point support
while ascending or descending the access system. The
steps or rungs shall not be more than 12 inches (0.30m)
apart. All steps should be of equal spacing. The height
of the first step above the boarding surface shall be a
maximum of 20 inches (0.50m). Each step or rung shall
be at least 12.5 inches (0.32m) wide, at least 1 inch
(25mm) deep, and shall be slip resistant. The front of the
steps or rungs shall be at least 6 inches (0.15m)
horizontally away from the supporting structure of any
other components of the Bridge Inspection and
Maintenance Device.
5.15 Instructions and Markings
5.15.1 Manufacturers’ information. The following
information shall be displayed on all Bridge Inspection
and Maintenance Devices in a clearly visible, accessible
area and in a durable manner:
(1) Warnings, cautions, or restrictions for safe
operation and maintenance in accordance with:
ANSI Z535.1 - 2006 - Safety Color Code.
ANSI Z535.3 - 2007 - Criteria for Safety Symbols.
ANSI Z535.4 - 2007 - Product Safety Signs and Labels.
(2) The make, model, serial number, and
manufacturer’s (remanufacturer’s) name and
address.
(3) The rated workload capacity including rated
number of occupants.
(4) The maximum travel height.
(5) The maximum operating pressure of hydraulic
system.
(6) A notice to study the Operators Manual before
using the equipment.
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(7)
A notice of the inspections required by section 8.7,
8.8, and 9.4.3 of this Standard.
(8) The maximum allowable operational wind speed
(as measured on the support surface).
(9) An alternative configuration statement. When the
Bridge Inspection and Maintenance Device has
multiple configurations, the manufacturer shall
clearly describe these configurations, including the
rated workload capacity of each in the manual and
on the device.
(10) When a Bridge Inspection and Maintenance Device
has multiple ratings, the lower (lowest) workload
capacity rating shall be displayed at each access to
the platform. Units having multiple ratings shall
have the full range of capacities clearly identified at
the control station(s).
When multiple ratings are used, the following conditions
shall be complied with:
(a) When the rated workload varies according to
multiple configurations or multiple ratings for
any one configuration of the mobile unit, the
manufacturer (remanufacturer) shall clearly
describe these configurations, and the
corresponding rated workload in the manual
and on the platform.
Examples of varying configurations are, but not limited
to, the following:
(i) Outriggers or stabilizers extended to firm
footing versus not extended.
(ii) Extendible positioning assembly retracted
versus extended.
(iii) Positioning assembly elevated versus
lowered.
(iv) Extendible axles extended versus retracted.
An example of a single configuration with multiple
ratings is a mobile unit rated with both a maximum
concentrated workload and a distributed workload
capacity.
(a) When the rated workload of the varying
configuration depends on the location of the
platform in relation to the base, the
manufacturer shall display the appropriate
rated workload of that configuration to the
operator at the control station(s).
(11) Instructional markings:
(12) Cautions and restrictions of operation including the
maximum grade and super elevation for which the
unit is rated (expressed in percentages).
(13) The location of the anchorage point(s) provided.
(14) Accident prevention markings:
Markings shall be determined by the manufacturer
(remanufacturer) or the manufacturer (remanufacturer)
and user jointly to indicate hazards inherent in the
operation of the mobile unit and those hazards for which
the mobile unit does not provide protection. Markings
shall be provided for:
(a) Warnings and instructions intended to prevent
electric shock and inform the operator of the
minimum approach distance requirements
found in the Code of Federal Requirements
(CFR) 1910.333(c). The markings shall be
visible to operators in the platform and to
operator(s) and passers-by on the support
structure and warn that contact with the unit or
chassis under these conditions may cause
serious injuries.
(b) Hazards that result from failure to operate the
equipment in a prescribed manner.
5.16 Information to be provided to installer
5.16.1 Chassis information. The Bridge Inspection and
Maintenance Device manufacturer shall provide the
installer the following vehicle specifications information
to ensure the mobile unit complies with the structural and
stability requirements set forth in this standard:
Minimum front gross axle weight rating (GAWR front);
Minimum rear gross axle weight rating (GAWR rear);
Minimum gross vehicle weight rating (GVWR);
Minimum frame section modulus;
Minimum yield strength of the vehicle frame;
Minimum resisting bending moment (RBM);
Minimum wheel base dimension (WB);
Minimum rear of cab to axle centerline dimension (CA);
Minimum axle weights of the mobile unit to achieve
stability.
5.16.2 Installation instructions. The Bridge Inspection
and Maintenance Device manufacturer shall provide
written instructions for the installation or mounting of the
Bridge Inspection and Maintenance Device on the
chassis.
5.17
Manuals and manual storage location
5.17.1 Mobile unit manuals. The manufacturer
(remanufacturer) shall provide an operator's manual and a
parts and maintenance manual for each mobile unit.
Three sets of manuals shall accompany each device.
The manuals shall contain:
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(1)
(2)
(3)
(4)
(5)
(6)
(7)
(8)
(9)
Descriptions, specifications, and ratings of the
mobile unit.
Operating instructions for the mobile unit and any
auxiliary systems provided.
Precautions relating to multiple configurations
[5.15.1 (9)] including performing work from a
moving vehicle.
Instructions for pre-start, frequent, and annual
inspections.
Instructions for recommended maintenance.
Replacement part information.
Clear identification and description of all parts and
markings.
Guidelines for parts replacement based on
inspection, non-destructive testing procedures, and
the manufacturer’s recommendations.
Instructional markings per section 5.15.1.
5.17.2 Other manuals. The current Manual of
Responsibilities for Installers, Dealers, Owners, Users,
Operators, Lessors, Lessees, and Brokers of VehicleMounted Bridge Inspection and Maintenance Devices
shall be provided and stored in the weather resistant
storage location.
5.17.3 Manual storage location. The manufacturer
shall provide on the mobile unit a weather-resistant
storage location for manuals required in sections 5.17.1
and 5.17.2.
5.18 Training materials. The manufacturer
(remanufacturer) shall develop and offer training
materials for the Bridge Inspection and Maintenance
Device that will aid dealers, owners, users, and operators
in meeting their responsibilities as outlined in this
Standard.
5.19 Safety bulletins. The manufacturer
(remanufacturer) of the Bridge Inspection and
Maintenance Device shall inform the owner of record, as
maintained by the manufacturer (remanufacturer), of all
safety-related improvements or modifications. Such
notifications shall be disseminated as expeditiously as
possible.
5.20 Use of accessories/attachments. The manufacturer
(remanufacturer) shall provide proper instructions
regarding the use of any accessories and/or attachments
such as scaffolding or suspended cages supplied with the
mobile unit. Upon receipt of inquiries from owners and
users regarding new accessories and attachments, or
configurations of previously supplied items such as
scaffolding or suspended cages, which have not been
previously addressed, the manufacturer (remanufacturer)
shall have the responsibility of:
(1) Responding in writing as to whether or not such
items may be employed.
(2) Providing operating instructions for such approved
accessories/attachments, including their application
as appropriate.
When and if such accessories or attachments are
provided, all applicable provisions of Section 5
addressing design requirements shall be complied with.
5.21 Modifications. Only modifications approved by
the manufacturer (remanufacturer)shall be accomplished.
All such modifications shall be communicated in writing
to the proper entity(ies): Installer, Dealer, Owner, User.
The manufacturer (remanufacturer) shall determine
whether the modifications, when made, require a
recertification of the mobile unit (reference section
6.10.1.1).
5.22 Record retention and dissemination
5.22.1 Record retention
5.22.1.1 Installation. The manufacturer
(remanufacturer) of the Bridge Inspection and
Maintenance Device shall maintain records certifying
compliance with requirements set forth in sections 6.8.1
and 6.8.2 for the lifetime of the mobile unit.
Note: If an entity other than the manufacturer
(remanufacturer) installs the Bridge Inspection and
Maintenance Device, the installer shall provide such
records (reference section 6.10.2.1) to the manufacturer
(remanufacturer).
5.22.1.2 Annual inspection. When accomplished by the
manufacturer (remanufacturer), copies shall be retained
for a minimum of four (4) years.
5.22.1.3 Frequent inspections. When accomplished by
the manufacturer (remanufacturer), copies shall be
retained for a minimum of four (4) years.
5.22.2 Record dissemination. The manufacturer
(remanufacturer) shall, within 60 days of performing the
service, provide the following information:
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(1)
(2)
(3)
(4)
To the owner of the mobile unit, a copy of frequent
or annual inspections performed.
To the owner of the mobile unit, a copy of repairs
accomplished.
To a user, proof of training for an operator who
successfully completes training, including the
name(s) of the trainee(s), the trainer, clear
identification of the make (s) and model(s) of
Vehicle-Mounted Bridge Inspection Device(s) the
successful trainee was trained on, and date of
training.
To a user, the name of the person(s) receiving
familiarization upon delivery of the mobile unit.
5.23 Manufacturer (remanufacturer) as dealer.
Whenever a manufacturer (remanufacturer) sells, rents or
leases a mobile unit directly to an owner or user, the
manufacturer (remanufacturer) shall assume the
responsibilities of a dealer as outlined in Section 7 of this
Standard.
6 Responsibilities of Installers
6.1 General responsibilities. The installer shall comply
with the applicable requirements of this section.
6.2 Chassis specifications. The installer of a Bridge
Inspection and Maintenance Device shall inform the
dealer or the owner, or both, of the manufacturer's
(remanufacturer’s) minimum chassis specifications.
6.3 Mobile unit weight distribution. The installer shall
be responsible for the weight distribution of the
completed mobile unit in accordance with the
requirements of the mobile unit and the applicable
regulations. Allowance shall be made for the weight of
fuel, operator(s), and readily removable tools and
materials supplied by the dealer or owner.
6.4 Manuals. Upon delivery of the equipment to the
dealer or owner, the installer shall provide the operator’s
manuals, the parts and maintenance manuals, the Manual
of Responsibilities provided by the manufacturer
(remanufacturer) and three (3) copies of manuals for any
auxiliary equipment added by the installer.
6.5 Installations. The installer shall comply with
installation instructions provided by the manufacturer
(remanufacturer). In the event the original manufacturer
(remanufacturer) no longer exists, an equivalent entity
may provide these instructions. The installer of a mobile
unit shall, before the mobile unit is placed in operation,
perform the stability test specified in 5.11.1 and the
operational and visual tests in accordance with
requirements of 6.8.1 and 6.8.2. The installer shall
comply with all requirements of Federal Motor Vehicle
Safety Standards in effect at the time of installation.
Certification as an alteration, intermediate or final
manufacturer of a motor vehicle under the Federal Motor
Vehicle Safety Standards is required. The travel height of
the mobile unit shall be posted in a location that is readily
visible to the vehicle operator.
6.6 Quality assurance. The installer shall have a quality
assurance program which will ensure compliance with
this Standard.
6.7 Welding. All welds made by the installer, whose
failure could result in motion of the platform(s) shall meet
the current Structural Welding Code ANSI/AWS D1.1 –
2004 and ANSI/AWS D1.2 – 2003. The installer shall
establish applicable welding quality assurance procedures
for all weldments.
6.8 Mechanical tests and inspection
6.8.1 Operational tests. Each mobile unit, upon
installation, shall be tested by the installer in accordance
with the manufacturer’s (remanufacturer’s)
recommendations to the extent necessary to ensure
compliance with the operational requirements of this
section.
Some examples are:
Boom(s) elevating and lowering mechanism.
Boom extension mechanism.
Rotating mechanism.
Stability tests (Reference section 5.11.1).
Safety devices.
6.8.2 Visual inspection. A visual inspection of the
finished unit shall be made to determine that the
operational test has not produced any adverse effects such
as cracked welds or permanent deformation.
6.9 Training. Whenever the installer delivers the mobile
unit to a dealer or owner, he shall offer training in
operation, inspection, and maintenance.
6.10 Record retention and dissemination
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6.10.1 Record retention.
6.10.1.1 Certification. The installer of the Bridge
Inspection and Maintenance Device and any entity
accomplishing modifications which affect the stability of
the mobile unit shall maintain records certifying
compliance with requirements set forth in section 6.8.1
and 6.8.2 for the lifetime of the mobile unit.
6.10.1.2 Training, familiarization, annual or frequent
inspection. Records of training, familiarization, annual
or frequent inspections accomplished by the installer shall
be retained for a minimum of four (4) years.
6.10.2 Record dissemination
6.10.2.1 Notification to manufacturer
(remanufacturer). Within 30 days of delivery of a
mobile unit, the installer shall provide the following
information to the manufacturer (remanufacturer) of the
Bridge Inspection and Maintenance Device:
(1) Name and address of owner.
(2) Model and serial number of the Bridge Inspection
and Maintenance Device.
(3) Chassis specifications including manufacturer,
model and serial number.
(4) Copy of certification (reference 6.10.1.1).
(5) Date of delivery.
6.10.2.2 Notification to owners. Within 60 days of
providing services, the installer shall provide the
following information to the owner of the mobile device:
(1) Copies of any frequent or annual inspections
performed.
(2) Copies of repairs accomplished to the Bridge
Inspection and Maintenance Device.
(3) Proof of training for an operator who successfully
completes training, including the name(s) of the
trainee, the trainer, clear identifications of the
make(s) and model(s) of Vehicle-Mounted Bridge
Inspection and Maintenance Device(s), and date of
training.
(4) When responsible for delivery, both the name of
person providing familiarization and the person
being familiarized.
6.10.2.3 Notification to user. Upon request, within 60
days after training, the installer shall provide the user
with proof of training including:
(1) Name(s) of successful trainee(s).
(2) Name of entity providing training or retraining.
(3)
(4)
(5)
7
Name of the person(s) providing training.
Make(s) and model(s) of the Bridge Inspection and
Maintenance Device(s) on which trained.
Date of training.
Responsibilities of Dealers
7.1 General responsibilities. The dealer shall comply
with the requirements of this section.
7.2 Basic principles. Sound principles of safety,
training, inspection, maintenance, application, and
operation consistent with all data available regarding the
parameters of intended use and expected environment
shall be applied in the training of operators, in
maintenance, application, safety provisions and operation
of the mobile unit with due consideration of the
knowledge that the Bridge Inspection and Maintenance
Device will be carrying personnel.
7.3 Manuals.
7.3.1 Machine manual(s). The dealer shall keep and
maintain a copy(ies) of the :
(1) Operating manual.
(2) Maintenance manual.
(3) Parts manual.
(4) Repair manual.
(5) Manuals for any auxiliary equipment added by an
installer who is not the manufacturer
(remanufacturer) of the Bridge Inspection and
Maintenance Device.
The operating manuals and maintenance manual shall be
provided with each rental, lease or sale delivery and shall
be stored in the weather resistant storage location on the
Bridge Inspection and Maintenance Device. Manual(s)
are considered an integral part of the Bridge Inspection
and Maintenance Device and are vital to communicate
necessary safety information to owners, users and
operators. In addition, repair and parts manuals should be
provided with each sale delivery.
7.3.2 Other manuals. The current Manual of
Responsibilities for Installers, Dealers, Owners, Users,
Operators, Lessors, Lessees, and Brokers of VehicleMounted Bridge Inspection and Maintenance Devices
26
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shall be provided and stored in the weather resistant
storage location.
7.4 Pre-delivery preparation. Prior to each delivery by
sale, unless sold “as is”, lease, rental, demonstration, or
any form of beneficial use, the mobile unit shall be:
(1) Serviced and adjusted to the manufacturer’s
(remanufacturer’s) requirements.
(2) Given a pre-start inspection as detailed in section
9.4.3.
7.5 Maintenance, inspection and repair.
7.5.1 Maintenance. When a dealer accomplishes
preventive maintenance on the Vehicle-Mounted Bridge
Inspection and Maintenance Device, it shall be in
accordance with the manufacturer’s (remanufacturer’s)
recommendations and based on the environment and
severity of use.
7.5.2 Inspection. When the dealer accomplishes frequent
and annual inspections, they shall be accomplished in
accordance with the manufacturer’s manuals.
7.5.3 Repairs. Repairs accomplished to correct
malfunctions and problems shall be in accordance with
the manufacturer’s (remanufacturer’s) manuals and
instructions.
7.6 Maintenance safety precautions. Before
adjustments and repairs are started on a mobile unit, the
following precautions shall be taken as applicable:
(1) Power plant stopped and starting means rendered
inoperative.
(2) All controls in the "Off” position and all operating
systems secured from inadvertent motion by brakes,
blocks, or other means.
(3) Positioning assembly and platform shall be
positioned as appropriate to accomplish required
repairs and adjustments. Blocking, cribbing, and
the utilization of safety props or latches, as
applicable and as prescribed by the manufacturer,
shall be accomplished.
(4) Hydraulic oil pressure relieved from all hydraulic
systems before loosening or removing hydraulic
components.
7.7 Replacement parts. When parts or components are
replaced, they shall be identical or equivalent to original
mobile unit parts or components.
7.8 Training. The dealer shall offer appropriate training
to facilitate compliance by owners, users, and operators
with requirements set forth in this standard regarding the
inspection, maintenance, use, application, and operation
of the Bridge Inspection and Maintenance Device.
7.9 Familiarization on delivery. Upon delivery by sale,
lease, rental or any form of use, the dealer shall have the
responsibility with the person designated by the receiving
entity for accepting the mobile unit to:
(1) Identify the weather resistant location for manual
storage.
(2) Confirm the manuals, as specified by the
manufacturer (remanufacturer), are on the Bridge
Inspection and Maintenance Device.
(3) Review control functions.
(4) Review safety devices specific to the Bridge
Inspection and Maintenance Device being
delivered.
(5) Review the operational limits of the Bridge
Inspection and Maintenance Device being
delivered.
7.10 Dealer as user. Whenever a dealer directs or
authorizes an employee to operate a mobile unit [driving,
deploying (or configuring the mobile unit for travel),
inspecting, sales demonstrations, or any form of use], the
dealer shall assume the responsibilities of users as
specified in Section 9 of this Standard. All personnel
authorized to operate the mobile unit shall have been:
(1) Trained.
(2) Familiarized with the mobile unit to be operated.
(3) Made aware of the responsibilities of operators as
outlined in Section 10 of this Standard.
7.11 Assistance to owners and users. If a dealer is
unable to answer an owner's or user's question(s) relating
to rated capacity, intended use, maintenance, repair,
inspection, or operation of the Bridge Inspection and
Maintenance Device, the dealer shall obtain the proper
information from the manufacturer (remanufacturer) or a
qualified person if the manufacturer (remanufacturer) is
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no longer in business and provide that information to the
owner or user.
(3)
7.12 Record retention and dissemination
(4)
7.12.1 Record retention. The dealer shall retain the
following records for at least 4 years:
(1) Name and address of the purchaser of each Bridge
Inspection and Maintenance Device or mobile unit
by serial number.
(2) Date of delivery.
(3) Records of the pre-delivery preparation performed
prior to each delivery.
(4) Record of frequent and annual machine inspections
accomplished.
(5) Records of repairs accomplished to correct
malfunctions and problems.
(6) Name of the person(s) trained.
(7) Name of the person(s) providing the training.
(8) Date of training.
(9) Name of person(s) receiving familiarization with
the mobile unit upon each delivery.
(10) Name of person(s) providing the familiarization
with the mobile unit upon each delivery.
7.12.2 Proof of training. The dealer should provide
trainees who successfully complete training a means to
evidence they are trained. The dealer shall provide such
proof if requested by trainee. The document evidencing
training shall include the following information:
(1) Name of trainee.
(2) Name of entity providing training or retraining.
(3) Name of trainer(s).
(4) Clear identification of the make(s) and model(s) of
Vehicle-Mounted Bridge Inspection and
Maintenance Device(s) on which the operator was
trained.
(5) Date of training.
7.12.3 Record dissemination. Upon request, the dealer,
within 60 days of performing the service, shall provide
the following information:
(1) To the owner of the mobile unit, a copy of frequent
or annual inspections performed.
(2) To the owner of the mobile unit, a copy of repairs
accomplished.
To a user, proof of training for an operator who
successfully completes training, including name of
trainer and date of training.
To a user, the name of the person(s) receiving
familiarization upon delivery of the mobile unit.
7.13 Modifications. Modification, alteration or
remanufacture of a mobile unit shall be made only with
prior written permission of the manufacturer
(remanufacturer). Should the original manufacturer
(remanufacturer) no longer exist, a qualified person may
approve such modifications.
7.14 Accessories/attachments. Only attachments and
accessories approved by the manufacturer
(remanufacturer) shall be installed and used on the mobile
unit. The assemblage and use of such accessories and
attachments shall only be accomplished with properly
trained personnel. All applicable manuals shall be
provided and stored in the manual storage location
provided on the mobile unit.
7.15 Safety bulletins. The dealer shall comply with
safety related bulletins as received from the manufacturer,
(remanufacturer) or installer.
7.16 Responsibilities upon sale. When the mobile unit
or Bridge Inspection and Maintenance Device is sold, the
dealer:
(1) Shall, unless the mobile unit is sold “as is”, perform
pre-delivery inspection, service and adjustment of
the mobile unit in accordance with the
manufacturer’s (remanufacturer’s) instructions.
(2) Shall, upon delivery, ensure the operating and
maintenance manuals are conveyed to the owner.
(3) Shall, upon delivery, provide a copy of the current
Manual of Responsibilities for Vehicle-Mounted
Bridge Inspection and Maintenance Devices.
(4) Shall, within sixty (60) days of sale, provide repair
and parts manuals.
(5) Shall, within sixty (60) days of the sale, notify the
manufacturer (remanufacturer) or its successor (if
existing) of the sale, providing the full name and
address of the purchaser.
(6) Shall, if the mobile unit is used, accomplish an
annual machine inspection prior to delivery and
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(7)
provide a copy to the purchaser within sixty (60)
days of the sale.
Shall, upon delivery, familiarize the person
designated by the receiving entity with the mobile
unit being acquired.
8 Responsibilities of Owners
8.1 General. The owner shall comply with the
requirements of this section.
8.2 Basic principles. Sound principles of safety,
training, inspection, maintenance, application, and
operation consistent with all data available regarding the
parameters of intended use and expected environment
shall be applied in the performance of the responsibilities
of owners with due consideration of the knowledge that
the Bridge Inspection and Maintenance Device platform
will be carrying personnel.
8.3 Responsibilities upon purchase. Upon purchase of
the Bridge Inspection and Maintenance Device, the
buyer:
(1) Shall ensure the operating and maintenance
manuals have been received.
(2) Shall acquire repair and parts manuals within sixty
days (60) of acquisition.
(3) Shall within sixty days (60) of acquisition of the
mobile unit provide the manufacturer
(remanufacture) or its successor with the full name
and address of the buyer along with the model and
serial number of the Bridge Inspection and
Maintenance Device acquired.
(4) Shall, if the Bridge Inspection and Maintenance
Device is used, ensure that frequent and annual
inspections are current and all safety-related repairs
have been made.
(5) Shall become familiar with and conform with the
responsibilities of owners as set forth in the current
Manual of Responsibilities for Vehicle-Mounted
Bridge Inspection and Maintenance Devices.
(6) Shall become familiar with and conform with
federal and state laws and regulations applicable to
the ownership and operation of the mobile unit.
8.4 Manuals
8.4.1 Machine manual(s). Owners shall provide a
copy(ies) of the operating and maintenance manual(s)
with each rental, lease, or sales delivery by ensuring they
are properly stored in the weather resistant location that is
a part of the mobile unit. The manual(s) is considered an
integral part of the mobile unit and is vital to
communicate necessary safety information to owners,
users and operators. In addition, repair and parts manuals
should be provided with each sale delivery.
8.4.2 Manual of Responsibilities. The current Manual
of Responsibilities for Installers, Dealers, Owners, Users,
Operators, Lessors, Lessees, and Brokers of VehicleMounted Bridge Inspection and Maintenance Devices
shall be provided and stored in the weather resistant
storage location.
8.5 Inspection, maintenance and repair
8.5.1 Initial inspection and tests. Prior to initial use, all
new, modified or remounted Bridge Inspection and
Maintenance Devices shall be inspected and tested to
ensure compliance with the provisions of this Standard.
Initial inspection and tests as detailed in section 6.8 of this
Standard shall be performed and certified by the
manufacturer, remanufacturer, installer or an equivalent
entity.
8.5.2 Frequent and annual inspections. The owner
shall arrange for frequent and annual inspections of the
Bridge Inspection and Maintenance Device to be
performed in accordance with the recommendations of
the manufacturer (remanufacturer) and as required by
Sections 8.3 (4), 8.7 and 8.8 of this Standard. All safety
related malfunctions and problems identified in the
inspection shall be corrected before the Bridge Inspection
and Maintenance Device is returned to service.
8.5.3 Maintenance. The owner of a mobile unit shall
arrange for the maintenance specified in this standard to
be properly performed on a timely basis. The owner shall
establish a preventive maintenance program in
accordance with the manufacturer’s (remanufacturer’s)
recommendations and the environment and severity of
use of the mobile unit.
8.5.4 Repairs. When the mobile unit is damaged or in
need of repair, all safety related malfunctions and
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problems identified shall be corrected before the Bridge
Inspection and Maintenance Device is returned to service.
8.6 Predelivery preparation. Prior to each delivery by
sale, unless sold “as is”, lease, rental, demonstration, or
any form of beneficial use, the mobile unit shall be:
(1) Serviced and adjusted in accordance with the
manufacturer’s (remanufacturer’s) instructions.
(2) Given a pre-start inspection as detailed in section
9.4.3.
8.7 Frequent inspection. The owner of a mobile unit
shall ensure a frequent inspection is performed in
accordance with the manufacturer’s (remanufacturer’s)
instructions on a Bridge Inspection and Maintenance
Device:
(1) That has been in service for three (3) months or two
hundred (200) hours, whichever comes first.
(2) Prior to operating after the unit has been out of
service for a period longer than three months.
(3) Purchased used. This inspection shall be
accomplished prior to the mobile unit being placed
in service unless it is determined the frequent and
annual inspections are current.
The inspection shall be made by a person qualified as a
mechanic on the specific make and model of the mobile
unit or one having similar characteristics. The inspection
shall be in accordance with items specified by the
manufacturer (remanufacturer) for a frequent inspection
and shall include, but not be limited to, the following:
(1) All functions and their controls for speed(s)
smoothness, and limits of motion;
(2) Base controls including the provisions for
overriding of platform controls;
(3) All chain and cable mechanisms for adjustment and
worn or damaged parts;
(4) All emergency and safety devices;
(5) Lubrication of all moving parts, inspection of filter
element(s), hydraulic oil, engine oil, and coolant as
specified by the manufacturer (remanufacturer);
(6) Visual inspection of structural components and
other critical components such as fasteners, pins,
shafts and locking devices;
(7) Placard, warnings and control markings;
(8) Ensure the operating and maintenance manuals and
the current Manual of Responsibility for the
(9)
Vehicle-Mounted Bridge Inspection and
Maintenance Device are in the weather resistant
storage location;
Additional items specified by the manufacturer
(remanufacturer).
The owner shall not place the mobile unit into service
until all safety related malfunctions and problems have
been corrected. The name and signature of the person(s)
accomplishing the inspection, a description of any
deficiencies found, any corrective action accomplished,
including the date, identification, and signature of the
person(s) performing any required repairs shall be
recorded [reference 8.16.1 (1)].
8.8 Annual inspection. The owner of a mobile unit shall
ensure that an annual inspection is performed on the
Bridge Inspection and Maintenance Device no later than
twelve (12) months from the date of the prior annual
inspection or after 1,000 hours of operation (from prior
annual inspection) whichever occurs first. The inspection
shall be performed by a person(s) qualified as a mechanic
on the specific make and model of the Bridge Inspection
and Maintenance Device or one having similar
characteristics. The inspection shall be in accordance with
items specified by the manufacturer (remanufacturer) for
an annual inspection. Such items shall include but not
necessarily be limited to:
(1) Structural members for deformation, cracks or
corrosion;
(2) Parts, such as pins, bearings, shafts, gears, rollers,
locking devices, chains, chain sprockets, wire
ropes, and sheaves for wear, cracks or distortion;
(3) Hydraulic and pneumatic relief valve settings;
(4) Hydraulic system for proper oil level;
(5) Hydraulic and pneumatic fittings, hoses, and tubing
for evidence of leakage, abnormal deformation, or
excessive abrasion;
(6) Compressors, pumps, motors and generators for
loose fasteners, leaks, unusual noises or vibrations,
loss of operating speed, and excessive heating;
(7) Hydraulic and pneumatic valves for malfunction
and visible cracks in the external valve housing,
leaks, and sticking spools;
(8) Hydraulic and pneumatic cylinders and holding
valves for malfunction and visible damage;
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(9)
Hydraulic and pneumatic filters for cleanliness and
the presence of foreign material in the system
indicating other component deterioration;
(10) Electrical systems and components for deterioration
or wear including those not readily visible on a
frequent inspection;
(11) Performance test of all boom movements;
(12) Performance test of all interlocks;
(13) Condition and tightness of bolts and other fasteners;
(14) Welds, as specified by the manufacturer;
(15) Legible and proper markings of controls, ratings,
and instructions;
(16) Ensure operating and maintenance manuals and the
current Manual of Responsibilities for the VehicleMounted Bridge Inspection and Maintenance
Device are in the weather resistant storage location.
Prior to operation, all safety related malfunctions and
problems identified shall be corrected and further
inspection, if necessary, shall be accomplished.
The name and signature of the person(s) accomplishing
the inspection, a description of any deficiencies found,
any corrective action accomplished, including the date,
identification, and signature of the person(s) performing
any required repairs shall be recorded [reference 8.16.1
(1)].
8.9 Maintenance safety precautions. Before
adjustments and repairs are started on a mobile unit, the
following precautions shall be taken as applicable:
(1) Power plant stopped and starting means rendered
inoperative.
(2) All controls in the "off” position and all operating
systems secured from inadvertent motion by brakes,
blocks, or other means.
(3) Positioning assembly and platform shall be
positioned as appropriate to accomplish required
repairs and adjustments. Blocking, cribbing, and
the utilization of safety props or latches, as
applicable and as prescribed by the manufacturer,
shall be accomplished.
(4) Hydraulic oil pressure relieved from all hydraulic
systems before loosening or removing hydraulic
components.
8.10 Replacement parts. When parts or components
are replaced, they shall be identical or equivalent to the
original mobile unit parts or components.
8.11 Maintenance training. The owners shall train
their maintenance personnel in the inspection and
maintenance of the Bridge Inspection and Maintenance
Device in accordance with the manufacturer’s
(remanufacturer’s) recommendations and sections 8.5
through 8.10 of this Standard, prior to directing their
employees to accomplish this work.
Note: Owners may outsource inspections and
maintenance to a qualified entity or individual.
8.12 Training
8.12.1 Operator training. Whenever an owner directs
or authorizes an employee to operate a mobile unit
(driving, deploying, configuring for travel, inspecting or
any form of use) the owner shall assume the
responsibilities of the user as specified in Section 9 of this
Standard and shall ensure the person has been:
(1) Trained.
(2) Familiarized with the mobile unit to be operated.
(3) Made aware of the responsibilities of operators as
outlined in Section 10 of this Standard.
8.12.2 Assistance to user. Upon request by the user,
when an owner leases, rents or provides a mobile unit for
any form of beneficial use, the owner at that time shall
offer to do training or advise the user where training may
reasonably be secured.
8.13
Familiarization upon delivery. Upon delivery
for lease, rental or any form of beneficial use, the owner
shall have the responsibility with the person designated
by the receiving entity for accepting the mobile unit to:
(1) Identify the weather resistant compartment for
manual storage.
(2) Confirm the manuals, as specified by the
manufacturer (remanufacturer), are on the Bridge
Inspection and Maintenance Device.
(3) Review control functions with the operator(s) or
person(s) designated by the user.
(4) Review safety devices specific to the Bridge
Inspection and Maintenance Device being
delivered.
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(5)
Review the operational limits of the Bridge
Inspection and Maintenance Device.
8.14 Owner as user. Whenever an owner directs or
authorizes an employee to operate a mobile unit [driving,
deploying (or configuring the mobile unit for travel),
inspecting, sales demonstrations, or any form of use], the
owner shall assume the responsibilities of users as
specified in Section 9 of this standard. All personnel
authorized to operate the mobile unit shall have been:
(1) Trained.
(2) Familiarized with the mobile unit to be operated.
(3) Made aware of the responsibilities of operators as
outlined in Section 10 of this Standard.
8.15 Assistance to users and operators. If an owner is
unable to answer a user’s or operator’s question(s)
relating to rated capacity, intended use, maintenance,
repair, inspection, or operation of the Bridge Inspection
and Maintenance Device, the owner shall obtain the
proper information from the manufacturer
(remanufacturer) or a qualified person if the manufacturer
(remanufacturer) is no longer in business and provide that
information to the owner or user.
8.16 Record retention and dissemination
8.16.1 Record retention. The owner shall date and
retain the following records for at least 4 years:
(1) Written records of the frequent and annual
inspections and repairs performed. The record shall
include deficiencies found, corrective action
accomplished and identification of the person(s)
performing the inspection and repairs.
(2) Written records of repairs accomplished on the
Bridge Inspection and Maintenance Device. The
records shall include corrective action
accomplished and identification of the person(s)
performing the repairs.
(3) Pre-delivery preparation performed prior to each
delivery.
(4) Name of the person(s) trained.
(5) Name of person(s) providing training.
(6) Name of person(s) receiving familiarization upon
delivery, unless the individual has been provided
with familiarization on the same model, or one
(7)
(8)
having characteristics consistent with the one being
delivered, within the prior 90 days.
Name of person(s) providing familiarization upon
delivery.
Upon sale, the make, model, and serial number of
the mobile unit, the name and address of the
purchaser, and date of delivery.
8.16.2 Proof of training. Owners providing training
should provide successful trainees a means to evidence
their training and shall provide such proof if requested by
the trainee. The document evidencing training shall
include the following information:
(1) Name of trainee.
(2) Name of entity providing training or retraining.
(3) Name of trainer(s).
(4) Clear identification of the make(s) and model(s) of
Vehicle-Mounted Bridge Inspection and
Maintenance Device(s) on which the operator was
trained.
(5) Date of Training
8.16.3 Record dissemination. Upon request, an owner
accomplishing inspections, training and/or familiarization
shall provide the following to a user:
(1) Proof of training for an operator, including the
information outlined in Section 8.16.2
(2) The name of the person(s) receiving familiarization
upon delivery of the mobile unit.
(3) Proof annual and frequent inspections are current.
(4) Verification all safety related repairs required were
accomplished prior to the mobile unit being placed
back into service
8.17 Modifications/remounting. Only modifications
approved in writing shall be accomplished. If
modifications made alter the stability, capacity, operation
and maintenance requirements, all instructional markings
shall be changed accordingly and appropriate changes
shall be incorporated in the operator’s and maintenance
manuals. In no case shall the safety factors be reduced
below those specified in this Standard or below the
manufacturer’s (remanufacturer’s) designed safety
factors, whichever are greater.
Remounting of a Bridge Inspection and Maintenance
Device shall be accomplished according to written
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instructions provided by the manufacturer
(remanufacturer).
(5)
Should the original manufacturer (remanufacturer) not
exist, a qualified person may approve required
modification(s) and provide written instructions regarding
remounting. Reference section 6, Responsibilities of
Installer.
8.22 Owner as a dealer. When an owner is likewise a
dealer for the mobile unit, the responsibilities of dealers
as specified in Section 7 shall also apply.
8.18 Accessories/Attachments. Only attachments or
accessories approved by the manufacturer
(remanufacturer) shall be installed and used on the Bridge
Inspection and Maintenance Device. The assemblage and
use of such accessories and attachments, including
scaffolding or suspended cages, shall only be
accomplished with properly trained personnel.
Applicable installation and operating manuals shall be
stored in the manual storage location provided on the
mobile unit.
8.19 Weight distribution. Changes in loading or
additions made to mobile units after the final acceptance
that affect weight distribution shall meet applicable
regulations by governmental agencies. In no case shall
axle loads of the fully loaded vehicle when in the transit
configuration exceed the gross axle weight ratings
(GAWR) assigned by the manufacturer.
8.20 Safety bulletins. The owner shall comply with
safety-related bulletins as received from the manufacturer
(remanufacturer), installer or the dealer.
8.21 Responsibilities upon sale. Upon sale of the
mobile unit, the seller shall:
(1) Unless the mobile unit is sold “as is,” perform predelivery inspection, service, and adjustment of the
mobile unit in accordance with the manufacturer’s
(remanufacturer’s) instructions.
(2) Upon delivery, ensure the operating and
maintenance manuals are conveyed to the new
owner.
(3) Upon delivery, provide a copy of the current
Manual of Responsibilities for Installers, Dealers,
Owners, Users, Operators, Lessors, Lessees, and
Brokers of Vehicle-Mounted Bridge Inspection and
Maintenance Devices.
(4) Provide repair and parts manuals to the new owner.
Upon request of the new owner, offer training, or
advise where training may reasonably be obtained.
9 Responsibilities of Users
9.1 General. The user shall comply with all applicable
sections of this Standard.
9.2 Basic principles. The information in this standard
must be supplemented by good job management, safety
control, and the application of sound principles of safety,
training, inspection, maintenance, application, and
operation, consistent with all data available regarding the
parameters of intended use and expected environment.
Since the user has direct control over the application and
operation of the mobile unit, conformance with good
safety practices in this area is the responsibility of the
user and all operating personnel. Decisions on the use and
operation of the Bridge Inspection and Maintenance
Device must always be made with due consideration for
the fact that the platform will be carrying personnel
whose safety is dependent on those decisions.
9.3 Manuals
9.3.1 Machine manuals. Users shall keep and maintain
a copy(ies) of the operating and maintenance manual(s) in
the weather resistant storage location provided by the
manufacturer (remanufacturer). The manual(s) is
considered an integral part of the mobile unit.
9.3.2 Manual of Responsibilities. The user shall become
familiar with and conform with the responsibilities of
users set forth in the current Manual of Responsibilities
for Installers, Dealers, Owners, Users, Operators, Lessors,
Lessees, and Brokers for Vehicle-Mounted Bridge
Inspection and Maintenance Devices and shall ensure a
copy is provided and stored in the weather resistant
storage location.
9.4 Inspection and maintenance. Users shall ensure
qualified personnel accomplish the inspection,
maintenance, and repair of the mobile unit in compliance
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with provisions of this Standard and as required by the
manufacturer (remanufacturer). The frequency of
inspection and maintenance shall be in accordance with
the manufacturer’s (remanufacturer’s) recommendations
and be compatible with operating conditions and the
severity of the operating environment. Bridge Inspection
and Maintenance Devices that are not in proper operating
condition shall be immediately removed from service
until repaired.
9.4.1 Frequent inspection. Users of a Bridge Inspection
and Maintenance Device shall ensure that frequent
inspections are conducted as outlined in section 8.7 of
this Standard.
9.4.2 Annual inspection. Users of a Bridge Inspection
and Maintenance Device shall ensure that annual
inspections are conducted as outlined in section 8.8 of
this Standard.
9.4.3 Pre-start inspection. Users of a mobile unit
shall ensure a pre-start inspection is given prior to use
each day or at the beginning of each shift. The visual and
functional test will include, but not be limited to the
following:
(1) Operating and emergency controls.
(2) Safety devices.
(3) Placards, warnings, control markings, and operating
manual(s).
(4) The communication system(s).
(5) Guardrail system.
(6) Air, hydraulic and fuel systems for observable
deterioration and leakage.
(7) Cables and wiring harness.
(8) Loose or missing parts.
(9) Structural components of the Bridge Inspection and
Maintenance Device for deformation, cracks or
corrosion.
(10) Tires and wheels.
(11) Outriggers, stabilizers, and other structures.
(12) Vehicle or chassis components.
(13) Items specified by the manufacturer.
The discovery during the pre-start inspection of any
safety related defect shall immediately be reported and
corrective action shall be taken prior to continued
operation.
9.4.4 Maintenance safety precautions. Before
adjustments and repairs are started on a mobile unit the
following precautions shall be taken as applicable:
(1) Power plant stopped and starting means rendered
inoperative.
(2) All controls in the "Off” position and all operating
systems secured from inadvertent motion by brakes,
blocks, or other means.
(3) Positioning assembly and platform shall be
positioned as appropriate to accomplish required
repairs and adjustments. Blocking, cribbing, and
the utilization of safety props or latches, as
applicable and as prescribed by the manufacturer,
shall be accomplished.
(4) Hydraulic oil pressure relieved from all hydraulic
systems before loosening or removing hydraulic
components.
(5) Precautions specified by the manufacturer
(remanufacturer) shall be complied with.
9.5 Replacement parts. When parts or components are
replaced, they shall be identical or equivalent to original
mobile unit parts or components.
9.6 Operator training and retraining. Whenever a user
directs or authorizes an individual to operate a mobile
unit the user shall ensure the person has been:
(1) Trained before being assigned to operate the Bridge
Inspection and Maintenance Device.
(2) Familiarized with the Bridge Inspection and
Maintenance Device to be operated.
(3) Made aware of responsibilities of operators as
outlined in Section 10 of this Standard.
(4) Retrained, if necessary, based on the user’s
observation and evaluation of the operator.
9.7 Familiarization before use. The user shall permit
only properly trained personnel to operate a mobile unit.
The user shall ensure that before use the operator is
familiar with the model of the Bridge Inspection and
Maintenance Device to be operated, and specifically:
(1) Knows where the weather resistant location for
manual storage is located.
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(2)
(3)
(4)
(5)
Confirms the operating and maintenance manuals
supplied by the manufacturer are stored in the
weather resistant compartment and is familiar with
the operating and safety manuals.
Understands all control functions, placards and
warnings.
Is aware of and understands all safety devices
specific to the model Bridge Inspection and
Maintenance Device being used.
Has reviewed the operational limits of the Bridge
Inspection and Maintenance Device.
9.8 Workplace inspection. Before the mobile unit is
used and during use, the user shall direct the operator to
check the area in which the mobile unit is to be used for
limits and conditions for operation, including possible
hazards such as but not limited to those listed in section
10.6:
(1) Traffic control. All signing requirements and
placement of appropriate warning signs and/or the
employment of signal/flag personnel on the support
structure and shall be in accordance with:
(a) Instructions provided by the owner of the
support structure, and/ or
(b) Federal, state and local ordinances addressing
traffic control provisions covering lane
closure procedures.
(2) Time limits of operation.
(3) Traffic both above and beneath the support
structure, including trains, water craft, and vehicles.
(4)
High voltage lines – both above the support
structure and beneath (reference 9.10.6).
(5) Gas transmission lines – both above the support
structure and beneath.
(6) Drop-offs, holes or bumps in the support structure
surface, including those concealed by water, ice,
mud, etc.
(7) Obstructions on the support structure surface, such
as light poles.
(8) Debris.
(9) Hazardous location (reference 10.10.11).
(10) Wind and weather conditions.
(11) Presence of unauthorized persons.
(12) Overhead obstruction.
(13) Adequacy of support structure and surface to
withstand all loads imposed by the mobile unit in
all operating configurations, including loads
imposed by any outriggers and stabilizers
employed.
(14) Grade and super elevation of support structure
surface.
(15) Other possible unsafe conditions.
9.9 During operation. The mobile unit shall be used in
accordance with the standard. The user shall direct his
operating personnel and supervise their operation to
ensure the following is adhered to prior to each
movement of the mobile unit and each repositioning of
the platform:
(1) Proper traffic control arrangements have been
provided for. Prior to stationing the mobile unit on
the support structure, warning and signing
requirements, and/or the use of signal/flag
personnel shall be in accordance with:
(a) Instructions provided by the owner of the
support structure, and/ or
(b) Federal, state, and local ordinances
addressing traffic control provisions covering
lane closure procedures.
(2) The mobile unit is operated within the limits
specified by the manufacturer regarding grade and
super elevation.
(3) The outriggers, stabilizers, extendable axles, or
other stability enhancing means, are used as
required by the manufacturer.
(4) The guardrails are installed and access gates or
openings are closed per manufacturer’s
instructions.
(5) The load and its distribution on the platform and
any platform extension(s) are in accordance with
the manufacturer’s rated workload for that specific
configuration.
(6) There is adequate clearance from overhead
obstructions.
(7) The minimum approach distances (M.A.D.) to
energized power lines and parts as covered by CFR
1910.333 (c) are maintained.
(8) Personal fall protection equipment (PFPE)
(reference 9.10.1.1, and 9.10.1.2) is properly
utilized.
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(9)
Personal protective equipment (PPE) appropriate
for the work site condition(s) is properly utilized
(reference 9.10.7).
(10) The precautions defined in sections 9.4, 9.8, 9.9,
9.10, 9.11, and 9.12 are followed during the
operation of the mobile unit.
(11) Only manufacturer (remanufacturer) approved
scaffolding shall be used on the platform and
installation and use shall be in accordance with the
manufacturer’s (remanufacturer’s) instructions.
When employed, no movement shall be
accomplished with personnel stationed above the
platform floor.
(12) Under all travel conditions, the operator shall limit
travel speed in accordance with conditions of the
support surface, congestion, and slope.
9.10 Operator warnings and instructions. The user
shall direct personnel operating the mobile unit to be in
compliance with the provisions set forth in this standard.
The user shall monitor their performance and supervise
their work to ensure the use, application and operation of
the mobile unit is in conformance with the provisions set
forth in section 10 of this Standard, warn personnel of
potential hazards, provide means to protect against
identified hazards, and explain the potential consequences
of not following proper operating guidelines. Instructions
and guidelines regarding proper operation shall include,
but not necessarily be limited to the following issues and
subjects:
9.10.1 Fall protection. Principal fall protection is
provided by the guardrail system. The user shall direct
and monitor the operator to ensure that all components of
the guardrail system are in place.
9.10.1.1 Platform (bucket/basket) less than fifty (50)
sq. ft. The user shall direct and monitor occupants of the
work platform to ensure that they wear a personal fall
arrest system (attached to lanyard) to protect against the
potential effects of ejection or a fall restraint system to
prevent free fall.
Election of systems: The user may elect to use either a
restraint or an arrest system.
(1) Fall restraint systems - an anchorage, belt or
harness and a lanyard which prevent free fall.
These systems are arranged to keep occupants in
(2)
(3)
(4)
(5)
the platform in the event of dynamic forces which
might cause ejection.
(a) Occupants shall use a restraint system to keep
the occupant(s) within the platform.
(b) Restraint systems may include either belts or
harnesses and do not include arresting or
deceleration devices.
Fall arrest system - an anchorage, full body harness
and a lanyard used to arrest an employee in a fall
from a Bridge Inspection and Maintenance Device.
Such systems allow a fall over the guardrail system.
The force applied to the body shall be limited to
1800 lbs. (8,000N).
A fall arrest system shall allow workers to move
around the platform but provide a minimum of
lanyard slack.
A fall arrest system for Bridge Inspection and
Maintenance Devices shall include a lanyard and
full body harness. A deceleration device if used
will not allow a fall further than that required to
arrest the fall without exceeding 1800 lbs. (8,000N)
of force on the worker.
Access to systems. Fall arrest systems, beyond the
anchorage, are not part of the Bridge Inspection and
Maintenance Device. Upon making an election as
to which system to employ, the user shall ensure all
personnel requiring the use of the system have
access to acquiring a system.
9.10.1.2 Platforms of or exceeding fifty (50) sq. ft. The
user shall provide work rules concerning the use of
personal fall protection equipment (PFPE), taking into
account the application, the environment, and the number
of personnel working on the platform and assure access to
acquiring personal fall protection equipment (PFPE) is
provided.
9.10.2 Slope and grade. The mobile unit shall not be
operated in any manner on grades, side slopes or ramps
exceeding those for which the mobile unit is rated by the
manufacturer (remanufacturer).
9.10.3 Deployment of stability enhancing means.
Outriggers, stabilizers, extendible axles, oscillating axles
or other stability enhancing means shall be deployed and
locked into place as required by the manufacturer
(remanufacturer).
9.10.4 Guardrails system. Guardrails shall be installed
and positioned, and access gates or openings shall be
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closed per the manufacturer's (remanufacturer’s)
instructions.
9.10.5 Distribution of load. The load and its
distribution on the platform and any platform extension(s)
shall be in accordance with the manufacturer's
(remanufacturer’s) rated workload for that specific
configuration.
9.10.6 Electrocution hazard
(1) Except where electrical power lines have been deenergized and visibly grounded at the point of
work, or where insulating barriers have been
erected to prevent physical contact with the lines,
the user shall ensure all applicable safety related
work practices intended to prevent electric shock
covered by the Code of Federal Regulations (CFR)
1910.333 shall be defined and explained to the
operator by a qualified person. In particular, such
person shall direct the operator, commensurate with
the operator’s qualifications, to maintain the
appropriate minimum approach distance (MAD)
from energized power lines and parts covered by
CFR 1910.333 (c).
(2) If cage-type boom guards, insulating links, or
proximity warning devices are used on Bridge
Inspection and Maintenance Devices, the operator
shall operate the Bridge Inspection and
Maintenance Devices per the requirements of (1)
above, even if cage-type boom guards, insulating
links, or proximity warning devices are used for
any reason including laws or regulations. In view
of the complex, invisible, and lethal nature of the
electrical hazards involved, and to lessen the
potential of false security, the limitations of such
devices, if used, shall be understood by the
operating personnel. All such devices shall be
tested in the manner and at the intervals prescribed
by the manufacturer of the device. Compliance
with (1) above is the recommended practice of this
standard in determining permissible proximity of
the mobile unit and any of its components
(deployed positioning assembly and/or platform) to
energized electrical power lines.
(3) Before the commencement of operation near
electrical power lines, the person responsible for
the job shall notify the owners of the electrical
power lines or their authorized representatives,
provide them with all pertinent information and
request their cooperation in minimizing risks
(4)
(5)
(6)
associated with operating in proximity to such
lines.
Any electrical power line shall be considered to be
energized, unless and until:
(a) The person owning such line or the electrical
utility authorities verifies the line is deenergized and grounded.
(b) Alternate procedures set forth in writing
provide protection.
Exceptions to the procedure outlined in (4) above,
if approved by the owner of the electrical power
lines, may be granted by the administrative or
regulatory authority if the alternate procedure
provides protection and is set forth in writing and
communicated to the person(s) in charge of the
work site.
The Standard calls for markings, visible to a passerby, to be on the mobile unit warning it does not
provide protection from contact with or proximity
to an electrically charged conductor and that
contact with the Vehicle-Mounted Bridge
Inspection and Maintenance Device (or the chassis)
may cause serious injury. When such markings are
not visible to a passer-by on the support structure,
signs warning that electrocution or serious bodily
injury may occur unless a minimum clearance of 10
ft. is maintained between the mobile unit and
electrical power line(s) shall be provided to the
operator with instructions to erect them on the
support structure. Sufficient signs shall be provided
to provide warnings on all sides of the mobile unit.
These signs are considered important and the
operator shall be instructed not to operate the
mobile unit without their availability and erection
(installation) on the support structure. Greater
clearances may be required for voltages higher than
50 kV. These signs shall be revised when local
jurisdiction requires greater clearances.
9.10.7 Personal protective equipment (PPE). The
user shall direct the operator to ensure all personnel
properly wear personal protective equipment (PPE), such
as hard hats, safety glasses. etc. to meet special work
conditions as specified by the employer.
9.10.8 Personnel footing. Personnel shall maintain a
firm footing on the platform floor while working thereon.
Use of planks, ladders, or any other devices on the
platform for achieving additional height or reach shall be
prohibited, except for those accessories approved in
writing by the manufacturer (remanufacturer).
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9.10.9 Precaution for other moving equipment.
When other moving equipment and vehicles are present,
special precautions shall be taken to comply with local
ordinances or safety standards established for the work
place. Warnings such as, but not limited to, flags, roped
off areas, flashing lights, and barricades shall be used.
9.10.10 Reporting problems or malfunctions. The
user shall direct the operator to immediately report to
his/her supervisor any problem(s) or malfunction(s) that
become evident during operation. The user shall ensure
all problems and malfunctions that affect the safety of
operations shall be repaired prior to continued use.
9.10.11 Reporting potentially hazardous locations.
The operator shall immediately report to his/her
supervisor any potentially hazardous location(s) which
become evident during operation. Any problems that
might affect the safety of the operator shall be resolved
prior to continued use.
9.10.12 Entanglement. Care shall be taken to prevent
rope, electric cords and hoses from becoming entangled
in the mobile unit.
9.10.13 Capacity limitations. The rated workload(s) of
the mobile unit shall not be exceeded.
9.10.14 Work area. The user shall direct the operator to
ensure the area surrounding the mobile unit is clear of
personnel and equipment before deploying or re-cradling
the platform.
9.10.15 Fueling. The engine (if applicable) shall be shut
down while fuel tanks are being filled. Fueling shall be
done in a well-ventilated area free of flame, sparks, or
other hazards that may cause fire or explosion.
9.10.16 Battery Charging. Batteries shall only be
charged in a well ventilated area free of flame, sparks, or
other hazards that may cause fire or explosion.
9.10.17 Improper platform support. Support of the
platform in any working position shall not be dependent
upon any other object(s) or structure(s).
9.10.18 Misuse as a crane. The mobile unit shall not be
used as a crane unless it has been specifically designed
and rated for that purpose.
9.10.19 Unusual operating support conditions. The
mobile unit shall not be operated from a position on
trucks, trailers, railway cars, floating vessels, scaffolds, or
similar equipment unless the application is approved in
writing by the manufacturer (remanufacturer).
9.10.20 Movement of chassis with platform(s)
deployed. Before and during movement of the chassis,
the user shall ensure the driver of the chassis complies
with the following:
(1) Be in constant communication with personnel on
the platform.
(2) Avoid any travel that adversely affects the stability
of the mobile unit.
(3) Maintain a safe distance from all obstacles.
(4) Under all conditions, limit travel speed in
accordance with manufacturer's (remanufacturer’s)
recommendations and work site conditions.
(5) Ensure all travel accomplished shall be within the
traffic control and/or signaling device regulations
as specified by the owner or governing body having
jurisdiction over the support structure.
(6) Follows instructions provided by the manufacturer
(remanufacturer).
If scaffolding is employed on the platform, no movement
shall be accomplished with personnel stationed on the
scaffold [reference 10.9 (11)].
9.10.21 Working on scaffolding. When the project
requires scaffolding to be attached to the platform, the
user shall ensure:
(1) Only scaffold approved by the manufacturer
(remanufacturer) of the Bridge Inspection and
Maintenance Device is used,
(2) The scaffold is installed/erected in accordance with
the manufacturer’s (remanufacturer’s)
requirements,
(3) A dedicated two-way communication system
between the occupant(s) on the scaffold and
personnel on the support structure is supplied and
working properly. The communication system may
either be voice-actuated or simply operated in the
normal transmit mode at all times.
(4) There will be no movement of the platform when
personnel are on the scaffold.
9.10.22 Stunt driving. Stunt driving and horseplay are
prohibited.
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9.10.23 Securing the mobile unit. The user shall direct
the operator to implement means provided to protect
against use by an unauthorized person(s).
9.10.24 Altering safety devices. Altering or disabling of
interlocks or other safety devices shall be prohibited.
9.10.25 Vacating or entering a deployed VehicleMounted Bridge Inspection and Maintenance Device.
If permitted by the manufacturer (remanufacturer),
personnel shall only exit or enter a platform when
deployed by following the guidelines and instructions
provided by the manufacturer (remanufacturer).
9.10.26 Modifications. Modification or alteration of the
Vehicle-Mounted Bridge Inspection and Maintenance
Device or the fabrication and attaching of frameworks, or
the mounting of attachments for holding tools or
materials onto the platform or the guardrail system shall
only be accomplished with the prior written permission of
the manufacturer (remanufacturer).
9.10.27 Assistance to the operator. The user shall
direct the operator, if he/she encounters any suspected
malfunction of the mobile unit, or any hazard or
potentially unsafe condition relating to capacity, intended
use or safe operation of the mobile unit, to cease
operation of the mobile unit and request further
information from the user.
9.10.28 Carrying materials (larger than the platform.)
The user shall ensure that only tools and materials which
are evenly distributed and can be safely handled by a
person(s) working from the platform, are transported.
9.10.29 Requirements for personnel on the support
structure surface. The minimum crew shall consist of
two qualified operators. When the platform is deployed
in an operating position, at least one qualified operator,
knowledgeable in procedures for retrieval of personnel
and/or the platform, shall be on the support structure at all
times. A means of communication with the operator(s)
on the platform shall be maintained at all times.
9.10.30 Protecting against unauthorized use. The
user shall direct the operator not to use, rent, lease, or
provide the mobile unit for any form of beneficial use
unless so authorized.
9.10.31 Adequate support requirements. The user shall
ensure the surface on which the mobile unit is being used
is capable of sustaining the load(s) imposed while
operating in any configuration the mobile unit can attain.
9.11 User as operator. If a user is also the operator of a
mobile unit, the user shall have the responsibilities of
operators specified in Section 10 of this Standard as well
as responsibilities of users specified in Section 9 of this
standard.
9.12 Shutdown of the mobile unit. The user shall
authorize and direct the operating personnel to cease
operation of the mobile unit in case of any suspected
malfunctions of the mobile unit, or any hazard or
potentially unsafe condition that may be encountered, and
to request further information as to safe operation from
the owner, dealer, or manufacturer before further
operation of the mobile unit.
9.13 Record retention and dissemination.
9.13.1 Record retention. The user shall retain the
following records for at least 4 years or as required by
applicable regulations.
(1) Name of entity providing training, name of trainer,
name of operator(s) trained or retrained, clear
identification training covered Vehicle-Mounted
Bridge Inspection and Maintenance Device(s), and
date of training.
(2) Date of familiarization, name of persons providing
familiarization, and names of operator(s) provided
familiarization.
(3) The user is responsible to ensure frequent and
annual inspections of the Bridge Inspection and
Maintenance Device are conducted (reference
sections 8.7 and 8.8). When qualified employees of
the user, or an entity other than the owner,
accomplish these inspections the user shall retain
records stating the date of the inspection, any
deficiencies found, the corrective action
recommended, and the name of the person(s)
performing the inspections.
(4) When employees of the user or an entity other than
the owner accomplish repairs on the mobile unit,
the user shall maintain written records. The record
shall include the date of repair, a description of the
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work accomplished, and identification of the
person(s) performing the repair.
9.13.2 Record dissemination
When the user directs personnel to accomplish frequent
or annual inspections, not later than 60 days after the
inspections, the appropriate records shall be provided to
the owner of the mobile unit.
When the user directs personnel to accomplish repairs on
the Bridge Inspection and Maintenance Device, not later
than 60 days after the repairs are accomplished, the
appropriate records shall be provided to the owner.
9.17 User as a dealer. When the user is also the dealer,
the responsibilities of dealers as specified in Section 7
shall apply.
9.18 User as an owner. When the user is also the
owner, the responsibilities of owners as specified in
Section 8 shall apply.
10 Responsibilities of Operators
10.1 General. The operator shall comply with the
requirements for operators set forth in this Standard.
9.13.3 Proof of training. Users providing training
should provide successful trainees a means to evidence
their training and shall provide such proof if such proof is
requested by the trainee. The document evidencing
training shall include the following information:
(1) Name of trainee.
(2) Name of entity providing training or retraining.
(3) Name of trainer(s).
(4) Clear identification of make(s) and the model(s) of
Vehicle-Mounted Bridge Inspection and
Maintenance Device(s) on which the trainee was
trained.
(5) Date of training.
10.2 Basic principles. The information in this standard
shall be supplemented by good judgment, safety control,
and caution in evaluating each situation. Operation of the
mobile unit requires a work crew with at least two (2)
qualified operators. Since the operators are in direct
control of the mobile unit, conformance with good safety
practices is the responsibility of the operators. The
operators shall make decisions on the use and operation
of the mobile unit with due consideration for the fact that
their own safety as well as the safety of all personnel on
the platform is dependent on those decisions.
9.14 Modifications. Modification or alteration of a
mobile unit shall be made only with prior written
permission of the owner and manufacturer
(remanufacturer).
10.3.1 General training. Training shall cover/include
general instructions regarding the pre-start inspection,
application and operation of the mobile unit, including
recognition and avoidance of hazards associated with
their operation. Such items covered shall include, but not
necessarily be limited to, the following issues and
requirements:
(1) The purpose and use of manuals.
(2) That operating manuals are an integral part of the
Bridge Inspection and Maintenance Device and
must be stored properly in the weather resistant
location when not in use.
(3) A prestart inspection.
(4) Responsibilities associated with problems or
malfunctions affecting the operation of the mobile
unit.
(5) Factors affecting stability.
(6) The purpose of placards and decals.
(7) Workplace inspection.
9.15 Accessories/attachments. Only accessories or
attachments such as scaffolding and suspended cages
approved by the manufacturer (remanufacturer) shall be
employed. The assemblage and use of such accessories
and attachments shall only be accomplished with properly
trained personnel. Applicable installation and operating
manuals shall be stored in the manual storage location
provided on the mobile unit.
9.16 Safety bulletins. The user shall comply with safety
related bulletins as received from the manufacturer
(remanufacturer), installer, dealer or owner.
10.3 Training and retraining
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(8)
(9)
(10)
(11)
Safety rules and regulations.
Authorization to operate.
Operator warnings and instructions.
Proper use of personal protection equipment (PPE)
and personal fall protection equipment (PFPE).
(12) Actual operation of the mobile unit. Under the
direction of a qualified person, the trainee shall
operate the mobile unit for a sufficient period of
time to demonstrate proficiency in the actual
operation of the Bridge Inspection and Maintenance
Device. Such training shall include knowledge for
retrieval of personnel and/or the platform in the
event of an emergency.
The operator must also be cognizant of any user’s special
work instructions or work site conditions specified by the
authority having jurisdiction. Such rules may include but
not be limited to:
(1) Traffic control. Instructions and training received
regarding signing requirements and placement of
appropriate warning signs and/or the employment
of signal/flag personnel on the support structure
shall be followed in accordance with instructions
provided by the owner of the support structure,
or
federal, state or local ordinances addressing traffic
control provisions covering lane closure
procedures.
(2) Time limits of operation.
(3) Traffic both above and beneath the support
structure, including trains, water craft, and vehicles.
(4) High voltage lines – both above the support
structure and beneath (reference 10.10.6).
(5) Gas transmission lines – both above the support
structure and beneath.
(6) Drop-offs, holes, or bumps in the support structure
surface.
(7) Obstructions on the support structure surface, such
as light poles.
(8) Debris.
(9) Hazardous location (reference 10.10.11).
(10) Wind and weather conditions.
(11) Presence of unauthorized persons.
(12) Overhead obstruction.
(13) Adequacy of support structure and surface to
withstand all loads imposed by the mobile unit in
all operating configurations, including loads
imposed by any outriggers and stabilizers
employed.
(14) Grade and super elevation of support structure
surface.
(15) Other possible unsafe conditions.
Operators, when assigned to operate a model(s) Bridge
Inspection and Maintenance Devices they were not
trained on, shall be familiarized with the mobile unit prior
to operation.
10.3.2 Retraining. The operator shall be retrained, when
so directed by the user, based on the user’s observation
and evaluation of the operator.
10.4 Manuals
10.4.1 Machine manuals. The operator shall ensure the
operating and maintenance manuals are stored in the
weather resistant storage location on the mobile unit. The
manual(s) is considered an integral part of the Bridge
Inspection and Maintenance Device and is vital to
communicate necessary safety information to the
operator. The operator shall be familiar with the manuals
and reference them as required.
10.4.2 Other manuals. The operator shall ensure the
current Manual of Responsibilities for Installers, Dealers,
Owners, Users, Operators, Lessors, Lessees, and Brokers
of Vehicle-Mounted Bridge Inspection and Maintenance
Devices is stored in the weather resistant storage location
on the Vehicle-Mounted Bridge Inspection and
Maintenance Device and that he/she is familiar with the
responsibilities for operators as set forth in Section 10.
10.5 Pre-start inspection. Before use each day or at the
beginning of each shift, the operator of the mobile unit
shall perform a visual inspection and functional test
including but not limited to the following:
(1) Operating and emergency controls.
(2) Safety devices.
(3) Placards, warnings, control markings, and operating
manual(s).
(4) The communication system(s).
(5) Personal protective devices.
(6) Guardrail system.
(7) Air, hydraulic and fuel systems for observable
deterioration and leakage.
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(8) Cables and wiring harness.
(9) Loose or missing parts.
(10) Structural components of the Bridge Inspection and
Maintenance Device for deformation, cracks or
corrosion.
(11) Tires and wheels.
(12) Outriggers, stabilizers, and other structures.
(13) Vehicle or chassis components.
(14) Items specified by the manufacturer
(remanufacturer).
The discovery during the pre-start inspection of any
safety related hazard shall immediately be reported and
corrective action shall be taken prior to continued
operation.
10.6 Workplace inspection. Before the mobile unit is
used and during use, the operator(s) shall check the area
for operating conditions and limitations including
potential hazards such as, but not limited to:
(1) Traffic control. Instructions and training received
regarding signing requirements and placement of
appropriate warning signs and/or the employment
of signal/flag personnel on the support structure and
shall be followed and in accordance with
instructions provided by the owner of the support
structure, or federal, state or local ordinances
addressing traffic control provisions covering lane
closure procedures.
(2) Time limits of operation.
(3) Traffic both above and beneath the support
structure, including trains, water craft, and vehicles.
(4) High voltage lines - both above the support
structure and beneath (reference 9.10.6).
(5) Gas transmission lines - both above the support
structure and beneath.
(6) Drop-offs, holes, or bumps in the support structure
surface, including those concealed by water, ice,
mud, etc.
(7) Obstructions on the support structure surface, such
as light poles.
(8) Debris.
(9) Hazardous location (reference 10.10.11).
(10) Wind and weather conditions.
(11) Presence of unauthorized persons.
(12) Overhead obstruction.
(13) Inadequate surface and support to withstand all
loads imposed by the mobile unit in all operating
configurations, including loads imposed by
outriggers and stabilizers.
(14) Grade and super elevation of the support structure
surface.
(15) Other possible unsafe conditions.
10.7 Specific work site rules. The operator shall follow
all special work site rules provided by the owner, user, or
the organization having jurisdiction over the project. Such
work site rules and conditions may include but are not
limited to the following:
(1) Time limits of operation.
(2) Traffic control.
(3) Consideration of energized power lines.
(4) Consideration of gas transmission lines.
(5) Consideration for traffic under the support
structure, including trains, watercraft, and road
vehicles.
(6) Requirements for use of personal protection
equipment.
10.8 Before operation
10.8.1 Initial operation of a specific make and model.
Before operating a specific make or model Bridge
Inspection and Maintenance Device for the first time, the
operator shall take time to read and understand the
manufacturer’s (remanufacturer’s) operating instructions
and understand all labels, warnings and instructions
displayed on the mobile unit or have them explained.
10.8.2 Subsequent operation of a specific make and
model. Before operation, the operator shall:
(1) Review and have an understanding of the user’s
safety rules such that he/she will be in compliance.
(2) Review all labels, warnings and instructions
displayed on the mobile unit or have them
explained.
10.8.3 Precautionary actions prior to operation. Prior
to the start of operations, whether it be initial or
subsequent, the operator shall:
(1) Accomplish the pre-start inspection mandated in
section 10.5.
(2) Inspect the work place as mandated in section 10.6.
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(3)
Ensure all occupants of the Bridge Inspection and
Maintenance Device wear appropriate personal
safety equipment for the conditions, including the
environment in which the mobile unit will be
operated.
10.9 During operation. The mobile unit shall be used
in accordance with this standard. Before positioning the
mobile unit and prior to deployment of the platform, the
operator shall ensure:
(1) Proper traffic control measures have been
accomplished. The placement and use of warning
signals, signs, and the employment of signal/flag
personnel on the support structure shall be in
accordance with instructions provided by the owner
of the support structure, or federal, state, and local
ordinances addressing traffic control provisions
covering lane closure procedures.
(2) The mobile unit is operated on a surface within the
limits specified by the manufacturer.
(3) Outriggers, stabilizers, extendable axles, or other
stability enhancing means, are used as required by
the manufacturer.
(4) Personnel are on the support structure as outlined in
section 10.10.29.
(5) Guardrails are installed and access gates or
openings are closed per manufacturer's instructions.
(6) The load and its distribution on the platform
extension(s) are in accordance with the
manufacturer's rated workload for that specific
configuration.
(7) There is adequate clearance from all obstructions.
(8) The minimum approach distances (M.A.D.) to
energized power lines and parts covered by CFR
1910.333 (c) are maintained.
(9) All personnel on the platform comply with the
personal fall protection equipment (PFPE)
requirements as directed by the user.
(10) All personnel comply with the use of other personal
protection equipment (PPE) such as hard hats as
specified by the user.
(11) Only manufacturer (remanufacturer) approved
scaffolding shall be used on the platform. The
installation and use shall be in accordance with the
manufacturer’s (remanufacturer’s) instructions.
When employed, no movement shall be
accomplished with personnel stationed above the
platform floor.
10.10 Operator warnings and instructions. The
operator shall ensure the operation of the mobile unit in
compliance with the following:
10.10.1 Fall protection. Principal fall protection is
provided by the guardrail system. The operator shall
ensure that all components of the guardrail system are in
place.
10.10.1.1 Platform (bucket/basket) less than fifty (50)
sq. ft. The operator shall ensure all occupants of the
work platform wear a personal fall arrest system (attached
to anchorage) to protect against the potential effects of
ejection or a fall restraint system to prevent free fall.
Election of systems: As directed by the user, the
occupants may elect to use either a restraint or an arrest
system.
(1) Fall restraint system - an anchorage, belt or harness
and a lanyard which prevent free fall. These
systems are arranged to keep occupants in the
platform in the event of dynamic forces which
might cause ejection. Fall restraint systems,
beyond the anchorage, are not part of the Bridge
Inspection and Maintenance Device and are to be
specified and provided access to by the user of the
Bridge Inspection and Maintenance Device.
(a) Occupants shall use a restraint system to keep
the occupant(s) within the platform.
(b) Restraint systems may include either belts or
harnesses and do not include arresting or
deceleration devices.
(2) Fall arrest system - an anchorage, full body harness
and a lanyard used to arrest an employee in a fall
from a Bridge Inspection and Maintenance Device.
Such systems allow a fall over the guardrail system.
The force applied to the body shall be limited to
1800 lbs. (8,000N). Fall arrest systems, beyond the
anchorage, are not part of the Bridge Inspection and
Maintenance Device and are to be specified and
provided access to by the user of the Bridge
Inspection and Maintenance Device.
(3) A fall arrest system shall allow workers to move
around the platform but provide a minimum of
lanyard slack.
(4) A fall arrest system for Bridge Inspection and
Maintenance Devices shall include a lanyard and
full body harness. A deceleration device if used
will not allow a fall further than that required to
arrest the fall without exceeding 1800 lbs. (8,000N)
of force on the worker.
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(5)
Access to systems. Upon selection of the system to
be utilized, the user shall provide access to same for
all personnel requiring the use of the system.
(2)
10.10.1.2 Platforms of or exceeding fifty (50) sq. ft.
The operator shall ensure all occupants of the platform
conform to the requirements established by the user. For
platforms of, or exceeding, fifty (50) square feet, the
operator shall comply with the work rules provided by the
user concerning the use of personal fall protection
equipment (PFPE). The user shall ensure all occupants of
the platform have access to personal fall protection
equipment (PFPE).
10.10.2 Driving on grades. The mobile unit shall not
be deployed for operation on support structures with
either slopes or grades that exceed those for which the
mobile unit is rated by the manufacturer
(remanufacturer).
10.10.3 Deployment of stability enhancing means.
The operator shall deploy outriggers, stabilizers,
extendible axles, oscillation axles or other stability
enhancing means as required by the manufacturer
(remanufacturer).
10.10.4 Guardrail system. The operator shall ensure
the guardrails are installed and positioned per the
manufacturer’s (remanufacturer’s) instructions. Access
gates or openings shall be closed in accordance with the
manufacturer’s (remanufacturer’s) instructions.
10.10.5 Distribution of load. The operator shall ensure
the load and its distribution on the platform and any
platform extension(s) shall be in accordance with the
manufacturer’s (remanufacturer’s) rated capacity for that
specific configuration.
10.10.6 Electrocution hazard
(1) Except where electrical power lines have been deenergized and visibly grounded at the point of
work, or where insulating barriers have been
erected to prevent physical contact with the lines,
the operator shall perform only that work for which
he or she is qualified, in compliance with all
applicable safety related work practices intended to
prevent electric shock covered by the Code of
Federal Regulations (CFR) 1910.333. The
operator’s level of competence shall be established
only by persons qualified to do so. Operators shall
maintain the appropriate minimum approach
(3)
(4)
distance (MAD) from energized power lines and
parts as covered by CFR 1910.333 (c).
If cage-type boom guards, insulating links, or
proximity warning devices are used on bridge
inspection and maintenance units, the operator shall
operate the bridge inspection and maintenance unit
per the requirements of (1) above, even if cage-type
boom guards, insulating links, or proximity
warning devices are used for any reason including
laws or regulations. In view of the complex,
invisible, and lethal nature of the electrical hazards
involved, and to lessen the potential of false
security, the limitations of such devices, if used,
shall be understood by the operator(s). The
operator(s) shall be aware that compliance with (1)
above is the recommended practice of this standard
in determining permissible proximity of the mobile
unit and its determining permissible proximity of
the mobile unit and any of its components
(deployed positioning assembly and/or platform) to
energized electrical power lines.
The operator shall consider all electrical power
lines to be energized unless:
(a) The person owning such line(s) or the
electrical utility authorities verifies the line is
de-energized and grounded.
(b) Alternate procedures set forth in writing
provide protection.
The Standard calls for markings, visible to a passerby, to be on the mobile unit warning it does not
provide protection from contact with or proximity
to an electrically charged conductor and that
contact with the Vehicle-Mounted Bridge
Inspection and Maintenance Device (or the chassis)
may cause serious injury. When such markings are
not visible to a passer-by, the user has a
responsibility to provide warning signs [reference
Section 9.10.6 (6)]. The operator shall erect these
signs to warn passers-by on the support structure
that the mobile unit does not provide protection
from contact with or proximity to an electrically
charged conductor and that contact with the Bridge
Inspection and Maintenance Device (or chassis)
under these operating conditions may cause
electrocution or serious injuries. The operator shall
not operate the mobile unit without proper signs
being available and erected. The signs shall be
visible to passers-by when approaching the mobile
unit from any direction. The operator shall use his
discretion regarding the placement of such signs,
including their proximity to the mobile unit.
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10.10.7 Personal protective equipment. The operator
shall ensure all personnel comply with the use of hard
hats, safety glasses, and similar personal protective
equipment (PPE) as specified in work rules supplied by
their employer.
10.10.8 Personnel footing. Personnel shall maintain a
firm footing on the platform floor while working thereon
except when working from:
(1) Scaffold authorized by the manufacturer
(remanufacturer) to provide additional vertical
height(s) is properly installed.
(2) Powered devices specified by the manufacturer
(remanufacturer) and approved in writing by the
manufacturer are properly installed.
The use of planks, ladders, or any other devices on the
platform for achieving additional height or reach shall be
prohibited unless approved in writing by the manufacturer
(remanufacturer).
10.10.9 Precaution for other moving equipment.
When moving equipment and vehicles are present, special
precautions shall be taken to comply with local
ordinances or safety standards established for the work
place. Warnings such as, but not limited to flags, ropedoff areas, flashing lights, and barricades shall be used.
10.10.10 Reporting problems or malfunctions. The
operator shall immediately contact their supervisor for
guidance and assistance when they encounter any:
(1) Suspected malfunction(s) or actual malfunction(s)
of the mobile unit.
(2) Hazard or potentially unsafe condition(s) relating to
capacity, intended use, or safe operation of the
mobile unit.
The operators shall not continue operation of the mobile
unit until corrective action has been taken or appropriate
information received.
10.10.11 Reporting potentially hazardous locations.
The operator shall immediately report to his/her
supervisor any potentially hazardous location(s) which
become evident during operation. Any problems that
might affect the safety of the operator shall be resolved
prior to continued use.
10.10.12 Entanglement. Care shall be taken to prevent
ropes, electric cords, and hoses from becoming entangled
in the mobile unit.
10.10.13 Capacity limitations. The rated workload of
the mobile unit shall not be exceeded.
10.10.14 Work area. The operator shall ensure the area
surrounding the mobile unit is clear of personnel and
equipment before deploying or re-cradling the platform.
10.10.15 Fueling. The engine (if applicable) shall be
shut down while fuel tanks are being filled. Fueling shall
be done in a well-ventilated area free of flame, sparks, or
other hazards which may cause fire or explosion.
10.10.16 Battery charging. Batteries shall be charged in
a well-ventilated area free of flame, sparks, or other
hazards which may cause fire or explosion.
10.10.17 Improper platform support. Support of the
platform in any working position shall not be dependent
upon any other object(s) or structure(s).
10.10.18 Misuse as a crane. The Bridge Inspection and
Maintenance Device shall not be used as a crane unless it
has been specifically designed and rated for that purpose
by the manufacturer (remanufacturer).
10.10.19 Unusual operating support conditions. The
mobile unit shall not be operated from a position on
trucks, trailers, railway cars, floating vessels, scaffolds, or
similar equipment unless the application is approved in
writing by the manufacturer (remanufacturer).
10.10.20 Movement of chassis with platform(s)
deployed. During movement of the chassis, the
operator(s) shall comply with the following:
(1) Ensure communication with the operator(s) in the
platform is maintained at all times with the person
moving the chassis (chassis/vehicle driver).
(2) Ensure the operator(s) on the support structure are
knowledgeable in the retrieval of personnel and/or
the platform in the event of an emergency.
(3) Avoid traveling on any surface that adversely
affects the stability of the mobile unit.
(4) Maintain a safe distance from all obstacles.
(5) Under all conditions, limit travel speed in
accordance with manufacturer's (remanufacturer’s)
recommendations.
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(6)
Ensure all travel accomplished shall be within the
traffic control and/or signaling device regulations
as specified by the agency or governing body
having jurisdiction over the support structure.
If scaffolding is employed on the platform, no movement
shall be accomplished with personnel stationed on the
scaffold [reference 10.9 (11)].
10.10.21 Working on scaffolding. When scaffolding is
used on the platform of the Bridge Inspection and
Maintenance Device, the operator shall ensure:
(1) Only scaffold approved by the manufacturer
(remanufacturer) of the Bridge Inspection and
Maintenance Device is used.
(2) The scaffold is installed/erected in accordance with
the manufacturer’s (remanufacturer’s) instructions.
(3) The occupant(s) on the scaffold has a dedicated
two-way communication system enabling
communication between personnel on the support
structure and the occupant(s) at all times. The
system may either be voice-actuated or simply
employed in the normal transmit mode at all times.
(4) There will be no movement of the platform when
there are personnel on the scaffold [reference 10.9
(11)].
10.10.22 Stunt driving. Unsafe operating practices such
as stunt driving and horseplay shall not be permitted.
10.10.23 Securing the mobile unit. The operator(s) shall
implement means provided to protect against use of the
mobile unit by an unauthorized person(s).
10.10.24 Altering safety devices. The operator shall not
alter, modify, or disable interlocks or other safety devices.
10.10.25 Vacating or entering a deployed VehicleMounted Bridge Inspection and Maintenance Device.
If permitted by the manufacturer (remanufacturer),
personnel shall only exit or enter a platform when
deployed by following the guidelines and instructions
provided by the manufacturer (remanufacturer).
10.10.26 Modifications. Modification or alteration of the
Bridge Inspection and Maintenance Device or the
fabrication and attaching of frameworks, or the mounting
of attachments for holding tools or materials onto the
platform or the guardrail system shall only be
accomplished with the prior written permission of the
manufacturer (remanufacturer).
10.10.27 Assistance to the operator. If an operator
encounters any suspected malfunction of the mobile unit,
or any hazard or potentially unsafe condition relating to
capacity, intended use or safe operation of the mobile
unit, the operator shall cease operation of the mobile unit
and request further information from the user.
10.10.28 Carrying materials (larger than the
platform.) The operator shall ensure that only tools and
materials which are evenly distributed and can be safely
handled by a person(s) working from the platform, are
transported.
10.10.29 Crew size and location requirements. The
minimum crew shall consist of two qualified operators.
When the platform is deployed in an operating position,
at least one qualified operator, knowledgeable in
procedures for retrieval of personnel and/or the platform,
shall be on the support structure at all times. A means of
communication with the operator(s) on the platform shall
be maintained at all times.
10.10.30 Protecting against unauthorized use. The
operator shall not use, rent, lease or provide any form of
beneficial use to another entity without the authorization
of the user.
10.10.31 Adequate support requirements. The operator
shall ensure the surface upon which the mobile unit is to
be used is capable of sustaining the load(s) imposed in
any configuration the mobile unit can attain.
10.11 Record of training. When provided or when
obtained upon the operator’s request, proof of training
provided by the training entity should be retained by the
operator. Records shall contain the following
information:
(1) Name of trainee.
(2) Name of entity providing training or retraining.
(3) Name of trainer(s).
(4) Clear identification of the make(s) and model(s) of
Vehicle-Mounted Bridge Inspection and
Maintenance Device(s) the operator was trained on.
(5) Date of training.
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The operator shall not alter in any way training records or
Certificates of Training received.
responsibilities of dealers as specified in Section 7 of this
standard shall apply.
11 Responsibilities of Lessors
12.3 Lessee as an owner. When a lessee is also the
owner of the mobile unit, the responsibilities of owners as
specified in Section 8 of this standard shall apply.
11.1 Basic principles. Sound principles of safety,
training, inspections, maintenance, application, and
operation consistent with all data available regarding the
parameters of intended use and expected environment
shall be applied in the performance of responsibilities of
lessors with due consideration of the knowledge that the
Bridge Inspection and Maintenance Device will be
carrying personnel.
11.4 Lessor as a dealer. When a lessor is also a dealer
for the Bridge Inspection and Maintenance Device, the
lessor shall have the responsibilities of dealers as
specified in Section 7 of this Standard.
11.5 Lessor as an owner. When a lessor is also the
owner of the mobile unit, the lessor shall have the
responsibilities of owners as specified in Section 8 of this
Standard.
11.4 Lessor as a user. When a lessor uses the mobile
unit, the lessor shall have the responsibilities of users as
specified in Section 9 of this Standard.
11.5 Lessor as an operator. When a lessor is also the
operator of the Bridge Inspection and Maintenance
Device, the responsibilities of operators as specified in
Section 10 of this Standard shall apply.
12 Responsibilities of Lessees
12.1 Basic principles. Sound principles of safety,
training, inspection, maintenance, application, and
operation consistent with all data available regarding the
parameters of intended use and expected environment
shall be applied in the performance of responsibilities of
lessees with due consideration of the knowledge that the
Bridge Inspection and Maintenance Device will be
carrying personnel.
12.2 Lessee as a dealer. When a lessee is also a dealer
for Bridge Inspection and Maintenance Devices, the
12.4 Lessee as a user. When a lessee uses the mobile
unit as a user, the responsibilities of users as specified in
Section 9 of this standard shall apply.
12.5 Lessee as an operator. When a lessee is also the
operator of the Bridge Inspection and Maintenance
Device, the responsibilities of operators as specified in
Section 10 of this standard shall apply.
13 Responsibilities of Broker
13.1 Responsibilities upon sale. The broker shall:
(1) Upon delivery, ensure the operating and
maintenance manuals are provided to the new
owner.
(2) Upon delivery, provide a copy of the current
Manual of Responsibilities for Installers, Dealers,
Owners, Users, Operators, Lessors, Lessees, and
Brokers of Vehicle-Mounted Bridge Inspection and
Maintenance Devices.
(3) Maintain records of the sale for a minimum of four
(4) years.
13.2 Responsibilities with re-rents, leases, or any other
form of beneficial use. When compensation is received
as a result of a re-rent, lease or any form of beneficial use
of a mobile unit, the broker shall:
(1) Upon delivery, ensure the operating and
maintenance manuals are provided to the user.
(2) Upon delivery, ensure a copy of the current Manual
of Responsibilities for Installers, Dealers, Owners,
Users, Operators, Lessors, Lessees, and Brokers of
Vehicle-Mounted Bridge Inspection and
Maintenance Devices is provided to the user.
(3) Ensure operating personnel are familiarized with
the mobile unit prior to use.
(4) Retain records of the transaction for a minimum of
four (4) years.
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Figure 1 - Typical Examples of Equipment Covered
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American National Standards for Aerial Work Platforms
ANSI/SIA A92.2 Vehicle-Mounted Elevating and Rotating Aerial Devices
ANSI/SIA A92.3 Manually Propelled Elevating Aerial Platforms
ANSI/SIA A92.5 Boom-Supported Elevating Work Platforms
ANSI/SIA A92.6 Self -Propelled Elevating Work Platforms
ANSI/SIA A92.7 Airline Ground Support Vehicle-Mounted Vertical Lift Devices
ANSI/SIA A92.8 Vehicle-Mounted Bridge Inspection and Maintenance Devices
ANSI/SIA A92.9 Mast-Climbing Work Platforms
ANSI/SIA A92.10 Transport Platforms
ANSI/SIA A92 Standards are under continual development. Contact the Scaffold Industry
Association for the current updated information.
Scaffold & Access Industry Association, Inc.
The Voice of the Scaffold and Access Industry
400 Admiral Boulevard
Kansas City, MO 64106
Phone: 816-595-4860
Fax: 816-472-7765
Email: [email protected]
Web: www.saiaonline.org
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