Case Department of Agriculture Vs. NLRC GR 104269, 227 SCRA 693 [Nov 11, 1993] Facts The petitioner DA and Sultan Security Agency (SSA) entered into a contract for security services to be provided by SSA to the said governmental entity. Guards were deployed by SSA in the various premises of the DA. Several Guards of the SSA filed a complaint against DA and SSA for underpayment of wages, nonpayment of the 13th month pay etc., The Executive Labor Arbiter rendered a decision finding the DA jointly and severally liable with SSA for the payment of the money claims and a writ of execution was accordingly issued. The DA prayed to quash the writ of execution with the NLRC which did not. The DA asserts State immunity. Issues May the writ of execution be directed against the properties of the DA to satisfy a final and executory judgment? Held NO Ratio/Ruling When the State waives its immunity, all it does, in effect, is to give the other party an opportunity to prove, if it can, that the State has a liability. The Court reiterated Republic v. Villasor: “power of the Courts ends when the judgment is rendered, since government funds and properties may not be seized under writs or execution or garnishment to satisfy such judgments. Disbursements of public funds must be covered by the correspondent appropriation as required by law.” Government-owned or controlled corporations have juridical personalities separate and distinct from the government, and are thus not covered by State immunity from suit. Their funds are therefore not exempt from garnishment.