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PHRASAL VERBS
PART 1
VERB
look
put
get
bring
turn
+
PREPOSITION or PARTICLE
up
make
take
run
break
carry...
on
down
+
out of
over
off
out
for...
VERB
PREPOSITION or PARTICLE
+
look
for
=
search
make
up
=
invent
put
out
=
extinguish
take
off
=
leave the ground
get
over
=
recover
run
out of
=
have none left
bring
up
=
rear, educate
break down
=
collapse
turn
up
=
appear unexpectedly
carry
on
=
continue
VERB+
PARTICLE +
keep up with
PREPOSITION
advance at the same pace
run out of
have none left
put up with
bear patiently
look forward to
expect with pleasure
Phrasal verbs express a particular meaning:
literal
Take off your jacket.
idiomatic
I’ve taken up golf.
Put out the cat.
The car broke down.
Look at the picture.
Only 20 people turned up.
PHRASAL VERBS WITH LITERAL AND
IDIOMATIC MEANING
PUT OUT
I always put out the cat at night.
Put out the cigarette, please.
(extinguish)
PHRASAL VERBS WITH LITERAL AND
IDIOMATIC MEANING
PICK UP
Can you pick up the diskette for me,
please? I dropped it.
I picked up some new slang
expressions while watching that
movie.
(learn)
PHRASAL VERBS WITH LITERAL AND
IDIOMATIC MEANING
TAKE OFF
Take off that funny party hat. You look
stupid in it.
The plane took off 10 minutes ago.
(leave the ground)
PHRASAL VERBS
PART 2
VERB
+
PREPOSITION or PARTICLE
sometimes they help us
understand the phrasal verb’s
meaning.
ON
Why do you go on working?
Carry on!
Don’t keep on telling me this!
(meaning: continue)
OVER
Think it over and let me know.
We’d better talk it over.
Go over the exercise again.
(meaning: consider)
OUT
The lights went out.
Rub that out before mum sees it.
Many customs have died out.
(meaning: disappear)
OUT
The cat stretched out in front of the fire.
Hold out your hand.
He put his tongue out.
(meaning: outward movement)
UP
Eat it all up!
We’ve used it up already.
Drink up and then we’ll go.
(meaning: finish, all, totally)
OFF
He drove off like a maniac.
Back off!
We set off early in the morning.
(meaning: movement)
up
up
increasing
go up; put up
completing and concluding
write up; set up; give up
approaching
come up;
disrupting and damaging
break up; mess up
down
down
decreasing and reducing
come down; cut down
collapsing, failing and ending
fall down; turn down; close down
writing and recording
take down; write down
controlling and suppressing
keep down
on
on
continuing
keep on; go on
thinking or talking about a topic
comment on; decide on; concentrate on
attaching and adding
add on; put on
operating
switch on; turn on
off
off
completing and finishing
departure, exploding
removing, rejecting, cancelling
decreasing, consuming
in
in
entering, arriving and penetrating
come in, get in, break in
filling and absorbing
fill in, colour in, take in (information)
gathering and collecting
take in (object), bring in
remaining in a place
sit in; lock in; stay in
out
out
(i)
leaving, removing and excluding
go out, take out, cut out, throw out
searching and discovering
check out, find out, work out,
increasing in size or extent
grow out, stretch out, branch out
disappearing and diminishing
fade out, phase out, stamp out, put out
out
(ii)
distributing
give out, hand out, send out, run out
supporting and helping
help out, point out
attacking, criticising and protesting
hit out, speak out
over
over
considering
look over, think over, talk over
communicating
put over, get over
changing and transferring
change over, hand over
controlling
take over
under
under
(not used in phrasal verbs)
through
through
Associated with difficult / unpleasant things
overcoming an illness or difficult period
come through, get through, pull through
forcing an opinion
push through, force through, put through
(a)round
(a)round
avoiding
get (a)round
being inactive
hang (a)round, sit (a)round, get (a)round to
changing opinions
bring (a)round, come (a)round
across
across
communicating
get across, put across
other particles
away
movement from = via
apart
separation and disintegration = disfare;
distruggere
together
unity and groups; organisation = insieme
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