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HumanHeartColoringandScienceLiteracyActivities

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Coloring Book
A FREE excerpt from the Human
Body Coloring Book and Coloring
Book Assistant!
Human Heart
By Stephanie Elkowitz
Name: ____________________________
The Heart
The heart pumps blood to the lungs and other parts of the body. It is made of
cardiac muscle. Cardiac muscle is a special type of muscle that does not fatigue
easily. This allows the heart to continuously contract. When the heart contracts,
blood is forced out of the heart. When it relaxes, the heart fill with blood.
There are four chambers inside the heart: right atrium, left atrium, right
ventricle and left ventricle. The left and right sides are separated by a thick wall of
muscle called the septum. Blood enters the heart through the left and right atrium.
Blood leaves the heart through the left and right ventricles. The left ventricle is
larger than the right ventricle because blood is pumped to the whole body from the
left ventricle whereas the right ventricle only pumps blood to the lungs.
Valves, which are composed of connective tissue, control the flow of blood
through the heart. Valves allow blood to flow in only one direction and prevent
backwards flow of blood through the heart.
Blood Flow
Deoxygenated blood enters the heart through the superior and inferior vena
cava. The superior vena cava carries oxygen-poor blood from the head and upper
limbs. The inferior vena cava carries oxygen-poor blood from the abdomen and lower
limbs. The deoxygenated blood enters the right atrium of the heart.
Then the blood passes through the tricuspid valve to the right ventricle. When
the right ventricle contracts, blood is forced through the pulmonary valve into the
pulmonary artery. The pulmonary artery carries blood to the lungs.
At the lungs, oxygen diffuses into the blood and carbon dioxide diffuses out of
the blood. This turns the oxygen-poor blood into oxygen-rich blood.
The pulmonary vein carries oxygen-rich blood back to the heart. The
oxygenated blood enters the left atrium of the heart. Blood passes through the
mitral value (also called the bicuspid valve) into the left ventricle.
Heart Activities Excerpt
2
© Stephanie Elkowitz
The Heart continued
The oxygenated blood is pumped out of the left ventricle through aortic valve
into the aorta. The aorta is the largest artery in the body. It carries the blood to the
rest of the body.
Oxygen is delivered to body cells. Carbon dioxide is picked up at the body
cells. The deoxygenated blood (carrying carbon dioxide) returns to the heart through
the superior and inferior vena cava. The blood flows through the heart, to the lungs
and back, all over again.
Heart Activities Excerpt
3
© Stephanie Elkowitz
Name: ____________________________
The Heart
Coloring Activity
Directions:
1.
Label and color the superior vena cava blue.
2.
Label and color the inferior vena cava blue.
3.
Label and color the right atrium violet.
4.
Label and color the right ventricle brown.
5.
Label and color the pulmonary artery sky blue.
6.
Label and color the pulmonary vein pink.
7.
Label and color the left atrium orange.
8.
Label and color the left ventricle yellow.
9.
Label and color the aorta red.
10.
Label and color the tricuspid valve grey.
11.
Label and color the pulmonary valve teal.
12.
Label and color the mitral valve green.
13.
Label and color the aortic valve magenta.
14.
Label and color the septum tan.
15.
Draw arrows showing the direction of blood flow through the heart.
Heart Activities Excerpt
4
© Stephanie Elkowitz
Name: ____________________________
The Heart
Heart Activities Excerpt
© Stephanie Elkowitz
Name: ____________________________
The Heart Coloring Activity
Coloring Directions:
1.
Label and color the superior vena cava blue.
2.
Label and color the inferior vena cava blue.
3.
Label and color the right atrium violet.
4.
Label and color the right ventricle brown.
5.
Label and color the pulmonary artery sky blue.
6.
Label and color the pulmonary vein pink.
7.
Label and color the left atrium orange.
8.
Label and color the left ventricle yellow.
9.
Label and color the aorta red.
10.
Label and color the tricuspid valve grey.
11.
Label and color the pulmonary valve teal.
12.
Label and color the mitral valve green.
13.
Label and color the aortic valve magenta.
14.
Label and color the septum tan.
15.
Draw arrows showing the direction of blood flow through the heart.
Heart Activities Excerpt
© Stephanie Elkowitz
Name: ______________________
The Heart Graphic Organizer
New terms and
vocabulary words:
The main idea of the
reading is…
In summary…
Heart Activities Excerpt
The Heart
7
The most
important details:
© Stephanie Elkowitz
Name: ________________________________
Key Idea Flap Books
Overview
These flap books are designed to help students with the Human Body Coloring Book
Readings. They identify the most important points, or key ideas, in a reading. The
role of the student is to elaborate on those points using evidence in the reading.
Students will have to define new vocabulary words, identify different characteristics
and/or explain a concept.
Example
The text says:
The human body is made up of
trillions of cells. These cells interact with
each other and work together. The cells
organize themselves into tissues. Tissues
are groups of cells that work together to
perform a single function.
There are four major types of tissues
you will study....
Key Idea: Cells organize
themselves into tissues.
This means that…
The human body is made up of
____________________________
trillions of cells. These cells interact
____________________________
with each other and work together.
____________________________
Tissues are groups of cells that
____________________________
work together to perform a single
____________________________
function.
____________________________
____________________________
____________________________
____________________________
____________________________
This text explains an important key idea:
Cells organize themselves into tissues.
Directions
1. Read through the text linked with the flap book.
2. Re-read the text with the flap book. The key ideas of the flap books are in
sequence with the ideas of the text. To do this, read the first key idea presented
on the first page of the flap book. When you come across this idea in the text,
elaborate on the idea on the flap book page.
3. Repeat this for every key idea in the flap book.
4. Cut out the pages of the flap book.
5. Punch a hole in the upper left corner of the pages.
6. Fasten the pages together with a fastener, string or key ring.
Heart Activities Excerpt
8
© Stephanie Elkowitz
The Heart Flap Book PAGE 1
Key Idea: The heart pumps
blood.
This means that…
The Heart
__________________________
__________________________
__________________________
__________________________
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__________________________
__________________________
KEY IDEA
Flap Book
Key Idea: Deoxygenated
blood enters the right side
of the heart.
Key Idea: Valves control the
flow of blood through the heart.
This means that…
This means that…
__________________________
__________________________
__________________________
__________________________
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__________________________
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__________________________
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Heart Activities Excerpt
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© Stephanie Elkowitz
The Heart Flap Book PAGE 2
Key Idea: Deoxygenated
blood is pumped from the
right side of the heart to the lungs.
Key Idea: Blood becomes
oxygenated at the lungs.
This means that…
This means that…
__________________________
__________________________
__________________________
__________________________
__________________________
__________________________
__________________________
__________________________
__________________________
__________________________
__________________________
__________________________
__________________________
__________________________
__________________________
__________________________
__________________________
__________________________
__________________________
__________________________
Key Idea: Oxygenated blood
is pumped from the left side
of the heart to the body.
Key Idea: Oxygenated blood
enters the left side of the
heart.
This means that…
This means that…
__________________________
__________________________
__________________________
__________________________
__________________________
__________________________
__________________________
__________________________
__________________________
__________________________
__________________________
__________________________
__________________________
__________________________
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__________________________
__________________________
__________________________
__________________________
Heart Activities Excerpt
10
© Stephanie Elkowitz
Name: ______________________
Notebook Organizers: Human Body Systems
Directions:
1. Cut along the dotted lines of the TOP PAGE. Then fold along the solid lines of
the TOP PAGE.
2. Next, cut along the dotted lines of BOTTOM PAGE.
3. Glue the top page to the bottom page along the sections that says “glue here
only.”
4. Cut along the dotted lines of INSIDE FLAP.
5. Glue the inside flap pages to the inside of your notebook organizer.
6. Label the structures on the top page.
7. Complete the inside flap boxes.
8. Glue the organizer into your science notebook.
Heart Activities Excerpt
11
© Stephanie Elkowitz
The Heart Organizer FRONT PAGE
Heart Activities Excerpt
12
© Stephanie Elkowitz
superior
vena cava
aorta
pulmonary
artery
pulmonary
vein
pulmonary
valve
left atrium
right atrium
aortic valve
tricuspid
valve
mitral valve
right
ventricle
left ventricle
inferior
vena cava
Heart Activities Excerpt
septum
13
----------------------------------- GLUE HERE ONLY -----------------------------------
----------------------------------- GLUE HERE ONLY -----------------------------------
The Heart Notebook Organizer BOTTOM PAGE
© Stephanie Elkowitz
The Heart Notebook Organizer INSIDE FLAP
The function of the
heart is…
Major structures and
parts of the heart:
__________________________
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Some interesting facts
about the heart:
__________________________
__________________________
__________________________
__________________________
__________________________
__________________________
__________________________
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__________________________
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Heart Activities Excerpt
14
© Stephanie Elkowitz
Name: ____________________
The Heart Vocabulary Builder
Based on what you know about the heart, explain how the word origin helps to
define the terms.
Structure
Word Origin
Superior Vena Cava
Super: above
Vena: vein
Cava: hollow
Aorta
From aorte which means
raise
Pulmonary artery/vein
Pulmon: lung
Artery means windpipe
Vein: channel
Right/Left Atrium
Atrium means open
space in architecture
Right/Left Ventricle
From ventriculus which
means belly
Inferior Vena Cava
Infer: low
Vena: vein
Cava: hollow
Pulmonary valve
Pulmon: lung
Valve: leaf
Tricuspid valve
Tri: three
Cuspid: cusp
Valve: leaf
Mitral valve
Mitra: belt/turban
Valve: leaf
Aortic valve
Aortic refers to aorta
Valve: leaf
Septum
From sepire which means
enclose
Heart Activities Excerpt
15
Description
© Stephanie Elkowitz
Name: _______________________________________ Date: _______________
The Circulatory System – Heart
Directions: Use information and evidence from the coloring book reading to
answer the following questions
1.
What is the function of the heart?
_______________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________
2.
What is the function of valves in the heart?
_______________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________
3.
Why does the left ventricle have a thicker layer of muscle than the right
ventricle?
_______________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________
4.
Label the major vessels and chambers of the heart in the diagram below.
Heart Activities Excerpt
16
© Stephanie Elkowitz
The Heart
Superior vena cava
Pulmonary
artery
Aorta
Pulmonary
vein
Left
atrium
Pulmonary
valve
Mitral
valve
Right
atrium
Aortic
valve
Right
ventricle
Left
ventricle
Inferior
vena cava
Tricuspid
valve
Septum
© Stephanie Elkowitz
Name: _____________________________ Date: _______________
The Circulatory System – Heart
1. What is the function of the heart?
The function of the heart is to pump blood throughout the body.
2. What is the function of valves in the heart?
To keep blood flowing correctly through the heart.
3. Why does the left ventricle have a thicker layer of muscle than the
right ventricle?
The left side of the heart pumps blood to the body and the right
side only has to pump blood to the lungs.
4. Label the major vessels and chambers of the heart in the diagram
below.
Superior Vena Cava
Aorta
Pulmonary Artery
Pulmonary Vein
Left Atrium
Right Atrium
Right Ventricle
Left Ventricle
Inferior Vena Cava
Heart Activities Excerpt
18
© Stephanie Elkowitz
THANK YOU!
Copyright © 2016 Stephanie Elkowitz
Terms of Use:
All rights reserved. Purchase of this item entitles the purchaser the right
to reproduce the pages for individual classroom use only. Duplication for
an entire school, an entire school system or for commercial purposes is
strictly forbidden without written permission from the author.
The content of this file is not to be reproduced, edited, or used
elsewhere. Posting this item or any part thereof on the Internet is strictly
prohibited. Placing any part of this product on the Internet is a violation
of the Digital Millennium Copyright Act (DMCA).
Credits:
Fonts by KG Fonts
Graphics by Stephanie Elkowitz,
www.mycutegraphics.com and www.sweetclipart.com
I hope you enjoy this product
and find it useful! Please
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