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A Concept of Multi-resolution Modal
Teager-Kaiser Energy for Crack Detection
in Composite Laminates
Dr. Wei Xu
13 May 2019
Outline

Introduction

Modal Teager-Kaiser Energy

Multi-resolution Modal TeagerKaiser Energy

Experimental Validation

Conclusions
Introduction
Application of composite laminates
diameter over 150 m
CFRP laminates



low density
high strength
anti fatigue &
corrosion
Introduction
Cracks detection in composite laminates
NDT








guided wave
strain
electrical potential
eddy current
electrical potential
C-scan
X-ray
Modal analysis
(natural frequency,
mode shape, etc.)
Derivative of modal quality
of both damage sensitivity
& noise robustness
Modal Teager-Kaiser Energy
Mode shape of a Timoshenko beam
Modal Teager-Kaiser Energy
Boundary-effect Interval
Modal Teager-Kaiser Energy
Multi-resolution
Modal Teager-Kaiser Energy
Multi-resolution analysis
Am: Approximation
Dj: Details
Multi-resolution modal Teager-Kaiser energy
Experimental validation
Experimental specimen
Experimental validation
Experimental setup
Experimental validation
Results
(a)
(b)
(a) The fourth mode shape and (b) its M-TKE
Experimental validation
Results
(a)
(b)
(a) Approximation and (b) MRM-TKE for the
fourth mode shape
Experimental validation
Results
(a)
(b)
(a) The fifth mode shape and (b) its MRM-TKE
Experimental validation
Results
(a)
(b)
MRM-TKE for (a) the fourth and (b) the fifth
mode shapes with deeper cracks
Conclusions
 Cracks can cause changes in the M-TKE because of the TKE operator.
However, the M-TKE is very prone to noise interference and therefore lacks
the robustness to detect cracks under noise environments.
 To enhance the noise robustness of the M-TKE, the MRM-TKE is developed
from the M-TKE with the MRA, whereby noise components in the M-TKE can
be eliminated at a satisficing level in the MRM-TKE; synchronously, damagecaused change in the M-TKE can be retained in the MRM-TKE.
 The MRM-TKE method is a non-baseline method, requiring no structural
baseline information such as temperature, materials, geometry, and
boundary conditions.
 Vibration is always of close-to-zero amplitude close nodes in a mode shape,
therefore, like other damage detection methods relying a mode shape,
cracks close to nodes are hard to be detected because of the node effect.
Thanks for your
kind attentions!
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