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EFFECTS OF PROCESS PARAMETERS ON CUTTING SPEED IN WIRE-CUT EDM OF 9CRSI TOOL STEEL

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International Journal of Mechanical Engineering and Technology (IJMET)
Volume 10, Issue 03, March 2019, pp. 644-649. Article ID: IJMET_10_03_067
Available online at http://www.iaeme.com/ijmet/issues.asp?JType=IJMET&VType=10&IType=3
ISSN Print: 0976-6340 and ISSN Online: 0976-6359
© IAEME Publication
Scopus Indexed
EFFECTS OF PROCESS PARAMETERS ON
CUTTING SPEED IN WIRE-CUT EDM OF 9CRSI
TOOL STEEL
Tran Thi Hong
Nguyen Tat Thanh University, Ho Chi Minh city, Vietnam
Do Thi Tam, Nguyen Manh Cuong, Luu Anh Tung, Vu Ngoc Pi*
Thai Nguyen University of Technology, Thai Nguyen city, Vietnam
Le Hong Ky
Vinh Long University of Technology Education, Vietnam
Nguyen Quoc Tuan
Thai Nguyen University, Thai Nguyen city, Vietnam
Nguyen Thi Hoa
Ministry of National Defence - The Vocational College - No.1
*Corresponding Author.
ABSTRACT
This article presents a study on the investigation of the effects of the input
parameters on the cutting speed in machining 90CrSi tool steel using wire cut electrical
discharge machining (EDM). In this work, experiments were performed with factorial
design with a total of 32 experimental runs. In addition, the input factors including the
pulse on time, the pulse off time, the cutting voltage, the server voltage, the wire feed
and the feed speed were carefully selected for the investigation. The effects of this
factors on the cutting speed were learned by analysing variance. Moreover, a
regression equation to determine the cutting speed was introduced.
Keywords: WEDM, cutting speed, factorial design, tool steel machining.
Cite this Article: Tran Thi Hong, Do Thi Tam, Nguyen Manh Cuong, Luu Anh Tung,
Vu Ngoc Pi, Le Hong Ky, Nguyen Quoc Tuan and Nguyen Thi Hoa, Effects of Process
Parameters on Cutting Speed in Wire-Cut EDM of 9crsi Tool Steel, International
Journal of Mechanical Engineering and Technology, 10(3), 2019, pp. 644-649.
http://www.iaeme.com/IJMET/issues.asp?JType=IJMET&VType=10&IType=3
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644
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Effects of Process Parameters on Cutting Speed in Wire-Cut EDM of 9crsi Tool Steel
1. INTRODUCTION
Wire electrical discharge machining (WEDM) is one of the most useful methods for machining
difficult-to-machine materials. As a results, there have been many studies on optimization of
WEDM process to find the optimum process factors.
To review the works in optimization of WEDM process, Yushi Takayama [1] introduced
the latest technology in this area. G. Ugrasen [2] conducted an optimization study on the
influence of process parameters on the accuracy, the cutting speedand the volumetric material
removal rate in WEDM with molybdenum wire. Besides, M. Durairaj [3] presented an
optimization study on calculation of optimum input factors for wire cut EDM of Stainless Steel
SS304. In addition, Parameswara Rao [4] proposed optimum input parameters for WEDM
brass. There have also been many studies on finding optimum process parameters [5, 6, 7 and
8]. Moreover, many methods have been used to calculate the optimum process parameters.
They are simulation method [10], Genetic Algorithm method [11] and experimenal method [12,
13].
This paper presents a study on modelling cutting speed in wire cut EDM of 9CrSi tool steel.
In this study, the effect of the input factors including the cutting voltage, the pulse on time, the
pulse off time, the gap voltage, the wire feed and the cutting speed on the cutting speed were
estimated. Aslo, a regression equation for calculation of the cutting speed when WEDM tool
steel 90CrSi was suggested.
2. EXPERIMENTAL WORK
For evaluation of the influence of the input factors on the cutting speed, 6 process parameters
were carefully chosen (Table 1). In addition, a 2-levels ½ factorial experimental design was
chosen and as a result a number of 26-1=32 experimental tests will be conducted. Table 2 shows
the machine sand equipments used in the experiment.
Table 1 Input factors
Parameter
Cutting voltage
Pulse on time
Pulse off time
Server voltage
Wire feed
Feed speed
Code
VM
Ton
Toff
SV
WF
SPD
Unit
Low
3
8
13
25
8
4.5
High
9
12
18
35
12
5.5
Table 2 Machines and equipments
Machine and Equipment
Machine
Wire
Work-material
Dielectric fluid
Roughness measurement
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Specifications
Fanuc Robocut α-1 iA (Figure 1)
Brass wire of diameter 0.25 mm (Taiwan)
90CrSi, cross section of 22x22 mm2
Deionised water
Mitutoyo 178-923-2A, SJ-201 (Japan)
645
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Tran Thi Hong, Do Thi Tam, Nguyen Manh Cuong, Luu Anh Tung, Vu Ngoc Pi, Le Hong Ky,
Nguyen Quoc Tuan and Nguyen Thi Hoa
Figure 1 Wire-cut electrical discharge machine
After conducting the cutting tests, the cutting speed was collected. The input parameters
and the output response results (the cutting speed CS) are given in Table 3.
3. RESULTS AND DISCUSSIONS
Figure 2 describes the influence of the main effect of each factoron the cutting speed CS. It is
observed that with the increase of the cutting voltage and the pulse on time the cutting speed
growths considerably. Also, it is effected by the pulse off time Toff, the serve voltage SV and
the wire feed WF. Besides, the cutting speed is not affected by the feed speed SPD.
Table 3 Experimental plans and output response
StdOrder RunOrder CenterPt Blocks VM Ton Toff SV WF SPD
30
4
20
19
1
3
28
8
1
2
3
4
5
6
31
32
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
9
9
9
3
3
3
9
9
8
12
12
12
8
12
12
12
18
13
13
13
13
13
13
18
35
25
25
25
25
25
35
25
12
8
12
12
8
8
12
8
4.5
4.5
5.5
4.5
4.5
5.5
4.5
5.5
CS
(mm/min)
1.883
2.204
2.212
1.849
1.250
1.732
2.132
2.353
Figure 3 presents the trend of the influences of the input factors on the response. From the
figure, it is clear that the pulse on time (factor B) and the cutting voltage (factor A), the pulse
off time (factor C), the server voltage (factor D) and the interactions AC and DF are the
significant effects factors. Moreover, all of them have a positive standardized effect. That means
the cutting speed increases if their values growth.
The Pareto chart of the standardized effects is shown in Figure 4. From the figure, the bars
which symbolyze the pulse on time (factor B), the cutting voltage (factor A), the pulse off time
(factor C), the server voltage (factor D) and the interactions AD and DF cross the reference line.
As a results, these factors are statistically significant at the 0.05 level with the response model.
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Effects of Process Parameters on Cutting Speed in Wire-Cut EDM of 9crsi Tool Steel
Figure 2 Main effects plot for cutting speed
Figure 3 Normal Plot for CS
Figure 4 Pareto Chart of the Standardized Effects
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647
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Tran Thi Hong, Do Thi Tam, Nguyen Manh Cuong, Luu Anh Tung, Vu Ngoc Pi, Le Hong Ky,
Nguyen Quoc Tuan and Nguyen Thi Hoa
Figure 5 Estimated Effects and Coefficients for Ra
Figure 5 presents the estimated effects and coefficients for the cutting speed after ignoring
insignificant effects. It is found from this figure that parameters which have a significant effect
on a response have P-values lower than 0.05 are the cutting voltage, the pulse on time, the pulse
off time, the server voltage, the feed speed and the interactions AC and DF. Hence, the cutting
speed is calculated by the following model:
CS = 2.09 − 0.0146 VM + 0.13527  Ton + 0.0023  Toff + 0.0688  SV − 0.503  SPD +
+0.00596 VM  Toff + 0.01689  SV  SPD
(1)
4. CONCLUSION
A study on investigation of the effects of the input factors on the cutting speed in wire electrical
discharge machining tool steel 90CrSi was carried out. The influences of many process factors
including the cutting voltage, the server voltage, the pulse on time, the pulse off time, the wire
feed and the feed speed on the cutting speed were inspected. It was found that the cutting
voltage, the pulse on time, the pulse off time, the server voltage, the feed speed and the
interactions AC and DF are significant effected factors on the cutting speed. Also, a regression
model for determining the cutting speed was suggested.
ACKNOWLEDGEMENT
The work described in this paper was supported by Thai Nguyen University of Technology for
a scientific project.
REFERENCES
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[2]
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Effects of Process Parameters on Cutting Speed in Wire-Cut EDM of 9crsi Tool Steel
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