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RESEARCH TRENDS IN NIGERIAN UNIVERSITIES: ANALYSIS OF NUMBER OF PUBLICATIONS IN SCOPUS (2008-2017)

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International Journal of Civil Engineering and Technology (IJCIET)
Volume 10, Issue 03, March 2019, pp. 1097–1106, Article ID: IJCIET_10_03_106
Available online at http://www.iaeme.com/ijmet/issues.asp?JType=IJCIET&VType=10&IType=3
ISSN Print: 0976-6308 and ISSN Online: 0976-6316
© IAEME Publication
Scopus Indexed
RESEARCH TRENDS IN NIGERIAN
UNIVERSITIES: ANALYSIS OF NUMBER OF
PUBLICATIONS IN SCOPUS (2008-2017)
Inioluwa C. Afolabi
Department of Pure and Applied Chemistry,
Ladoke Akintola University of Technology, Ogbomoso, Nigeria.
Segun I. Popoola, Anthony U. Adoghe, Aderemi A. Atayero
IoT-Enabled Smart and Connected Communities (SmartCU) Research Cluster,
Department of Electrical and Information Engineering,
Covenant University, Ota, Nigeria.
Oluyemi O. Fayomi
Department of Political Science and International Relations,
Covenant University, Ota, Nigeria.
ABSTRACT
Among other things, the performance of a university can be measured based on the
volume and the impact of their scholarly research publications. However, the empirical
evidence that are needed for objective analysis, evaluation, and ranking of universities
based on this factor are often not readily and freely accessible to the public. In this
paper, the trends of research publications in Nigerian Universities are analyzed. The
total number of scholarly articles published by academic researchers in 67 Nigerian
universities over a period of ten years (2008-2017) were sourced from Scopus
abstracting/indexing database. Nigerian universities covered include 32 federal
universities, 26 state universities, and nine private universities. The publication trends
are presented using tables and graphs. Also, yearly percentage growth in scholarly
research outputs are computed for each university. In practice, the insights provided
will propel a more informed policy formulation and implementation towards improving
institutional academic research productivity.
Key words: Research Publications, Scopus, Nigerian Universities, Education.
Cite this Article: Inioluwa C. Afolabi, Segun I. Popoola, Anthony U. Adoghe,
Aderemi A. Atayero, Oluyemi O. Fayomi, Research Trends in Nigerian Universities:
Analysis of Number of Publications in Scopus (2008-2017), International Journal of
Civil Engineering and Technology 10(3), 2019, pp. 1097–1106.
http://www.iaeme.com/IJCIET/issues.asp?JType=IJCIET&VType=10&IType=3
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1097
[email protected]
Inioluwa C. Afolabi, Segun I. Popoola, Anthony U. Adoghe, Aderemi A. Atayero, Oluyemi O. Fayomi
1. INTRODUCTION
Socio-economic development in Africa largely depend on the level of applicable knowledge
generated and disseminated by universities in the continent. Relative to the contribution of
universities in other parts of the world, knowledge produced in African universities has been
rated low (1.6% of the total global research publication outputs) [1]. Conradie et al [2]
conducted a quantitative and qualitative survey of clinical researchers in 27 African countries
in a bid to understand the particular barriers to clinical research in this environment. In order to
measure the contributions of academic researchers in African universities, Abd-Allah et al [3]
reviewed the publications of neuroscience research within the 52 African countries. In a
different study, Chiware & Becker [1] analyzed the trends of research publications in the field
of applied sciences at Universities of Technology in South Africa. Useful information about a
typical African university can be found in [4-7].
For better understanding of the contributions of African researchers to global scholarly
publications, there is a need to encourage more bibliometric and scientometric studies. Hence,
required data must be made freely and publicly available in an easily reproducible format. In
this paper, the trends of research publications in Nigerian Universities are analyzed. The
findings of this paper will help university administrators in Nigeria to gain better understanding
of the trends of scholarly research publications in their respective universities. In practice, the
insights gained will propel a more informed policy formulation and implementation towards
improving institutional academic research productivity. The comprehensive analysis of the
trends of scholarly research publications in Nigerian universities will help the National
Universities Commission (NUC) in fulfilling her vision, mission, mandate, and functions of
developing and monitoring research policy for the Nigerian University System (NUS) in line
with national goals and needs. Measurement of the volume, income, reputation, and influence
of academic research carried out and published by universities is a major performance indicator
in world university rankings. In addition, free access to this information will help postgraduate
students, academics, university leaders, industry, and the Federal Ministry of Education to
identify universities with highest research potentials that can engender productive partnerships
and collaborations. Furthermore, the data provided may facilitate bibliometric and
scientometric studies on this subject.
2. METHODOLOGY
Although there are many abstracting and citation databases of scientific and technical literature,
data contained in this data article were extracted from Scopus abstracting/indexing database
only. Scopus contains the largest number of peer-reviewed multidisciplinary publications with
the following outstanding records: (a) over 5,000 publishers (b) more than 22,800 serial titles
(c) above 150,000 books (d) approximately 70,000 main institutional profiles (e) 70 million
items (f) 60 million author profiles and (g) 1.4 billion cited references dating back to 1970.
Scopus database was systematically queried to retrieve information about the research
outputs of accredited universities in Nigeria. The search was conducted based on affiliation
with “Nigeria” as the country of preference. This search query returned 171 Nigerian affiliation
results. The activities of universities in Nigeria are coordinated, monitored, and regulated by
the National Universities Commission (NUC). The list of accredited Nigerian universities is
categorized into three groups namely: federal, state, and private universities. In Nigeria, there
are 165 accredited universities i.e. 43 federal universities, 47 state universities, and 75 private
universities. However, only 67 of these universities (32 federal universities, 26 state
universities, and 9 private universities) are indexed in Scopus as institutional affiliations of
Nigerian researchers. The remaining 104 affiliation results were discarded as such names
cannot be found on the list of accredited universities in Nigeria as regulated by the NUC. The
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Research Trends in Nigerian Universities: Analysis of Number of Publications in Scopus (2008-2017)
lists of abbreviations (and the full meanings) of the names of federal, state, and private
universities are presented in Tables 1-3 respectively.
Table 1. List of Nigerian federal universities indexed in Scopus database
Abbreviation
ABU
ATBU
BUK
FUAAB
FUD
FUDM
FUL
FULO
FUO
FUOYE
FUTA
FUTM
FUTMINNA
FUTO
FUW
MOUAU
NAU
NOUN
OAU
UAM
UDU
UI
UNIBEN
UNICAL
UNILAG
UNILORIN
UNIMAID
UNIPORT
UNIUYO
UNN
UNNAB
Full Meaning
Ahmadu Bello University
Abubakar Tafawa Balewa University
Bayero University, Kano
Federal University of Agriculture, Abeokuta
Federal University Dutse
Federal University Dutsin-ma
Federal University Lafia
Federal University Lokoja
Federal University Otuoke
Federal University Oye-Ekiti
Federal University of Technology, Akure
Federal University of Technology, Modibbo Adama
Federal University of Technology, Minna
Federal University of Technology, Owerri
Federal University Wukari
Michael Okpara University of Agriculture, Umudike
Nnamdi Azikiwe University
National Open University of Nigeria
Obafemi Awolowo University
University of Agriculture, Markudi
Usmanu Danfodiyo University
University of Ibadan
University of Benin
University of Calabar
University of Lagos
University of Ilorin
University of Maiduguri
University of Port Harcourt
University of Uyo
University of Nigeria, Nsukka
University of Abuja
Table 2. List of Nigerian state universities indexed in Scopus database
Abbreviation
AAU
AISU
AMAU
ANSU
ASU
BSU
DESU
EBSU
ESUST
EUI
IIBU
ISU
KASU
KSU
Full Meaning
Adekunle Ajasin University
Akwa Ibom State University
Ambrose Alli University
Anambra State University
Abia State University
Bauchi State University
Delta State University
Ebonyi State University
Enugu State University of Science and Technology
Edo University, Iyamho
Ibrahim Badamasi Babangida University
Imo State University
Kaduna State University
Kwara State University
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Inioluwa C. Afolabi, Segun I. Popoola, Anthony U. Adoghe, Aderemi A. Atayero, Oluyemi O. Fayomi
KSUST
KUST
LASU
LAUTECH
OOU
OSU
PSU
RSUST
SSU
TSU
UMYU
YSUD
Kebbi State University of Science and Technology
Kano University of Science and Technology
Lagos State University
Ladoke Akintola University of Technology
Olabisi Onabanjo University
Osun State University
Plateau State University
Rivers State University of Science and Technology
Sokoto State University
Taraba State University
Umaru Musa Yar'adua University
Yobe State University Damaturu
Table 3. List of Nigerian private universities indexed in Scopus database
Abbreviation
ABUAD
BIU
BU
BUT
CU
LCU
LU
NUN
RU
Full Meaning
Afe Babalola University
Benson Idahosa University
Bingham University
Bells University of Technology
Covenant University
Lead City University
Landmark University
Nile University of Nigeria
Redeemer's University
3. RESULTS AND DISCUSSION
Total number of scholarly articles published by academic researchers in the identified 67
Nigerian universities over a period of 10 years (2008-2017) were collected from Scopus
database. The data collected were properly formatted in a Microsoft Excel Spreadsheet file for
easy data presentation and data analysis. Percentage growth rate analysis of each of the
university category were performed using MATLAB 2016a software produced by Mathworks
Inc.
The number of research outputs published by federal, state, and private universities in
Nigeria over the last ten years are presented in Tables 4-6 respectively. Figures 1-4 show the
trends of research publications in top ten Nigerian universities, top ten Nigerian federal
universities, top ten Nigerian state universities, and top ten Nigerian private universities as
ranked in Scopus abstracting/indexing database. Tables 7-9 present data on the percentage
growth rate of research outputs of Nigerian federal, state, and private universities respectively.
Table 4. Scholarly research publication outputs of federal universities in Nigeria
Rank
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
University
UI
UNN
OAU
UNILAG
ABU
UNILORIN
UNIBEN
FUTA
UNIPORT
UNICAL
NAU
2008
741
358
227
238
336
217
176
89
129
107
82
2009
739
331
409
351
240
257
334
165
172
142
80
2010
816
400
364
357
229
273
298
145
158
152
118
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2011
871
457
595
429
375
284
305
175
210
160
149
1100
2012
864
406
355
413
327
262
294
196
210
173
137
2013
820
416
423
343
313
245
274
169
173
173
137
2014
818
529
418
345
310
317
243
209
169
192
134
2015
785
522
427
381
290
262
245
205
194
178
157
2016
920
623
471
358
311
301
188
250
259
169
184
2017
967
632
575
448
316
391
220
315
189
162
151
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Research Trends in Nigerian Universities: Analysis of Number of Publications in Scopus (2008-2017)
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
UNIUYO
BUK
UNIMAID
FUAAB
FUTMINNA
FUTO
UDU
UNNAB
MOUAU
UAM
ATBU
FUOYE
FUTM
FUD
FUW
NOUN
FUL
FUDM
FULO
FUO
FUBK
62
87
47
63
43
45
127
43
45
21
21
23
0
0
4
0
0
0
0
0
0
124
55
105
4
39
55
45
40
56
47
12
0
21
0
0
3
0
0
0
0
0
148
70
121
6
72
105
59
44
50
64
22
0
23
0
0
12
0
0
0
0
0
137
88
106
4
76
109
77
65
84
77
33
0
26
0
0
14
0
0
0
0
0
169
87
131
45
86
68
48
79
60
76
17
2
21
0
0
18
1
0
1
0
0
128
105
103
104
99
72
72
69
61
61
21
10
27
7
14
8
3
6
1
0
0
139
98
126
141
109
87
82
66
61
44
44
26
20
7
16
7
12
12
4
8
0
105
154
94
157
96
85
71
72
58
35
54
25
22
11
13
10
15
17
4
7
0
109
149
92
197
142
65
90
95
51
53
74
57
21
14
15
10
23
15
10
8
1
137
162
104
207
117
88
99
66
80
51
49
89
26
49
28
9
19
10
13
12
4
Table 5. Scholarly research publication outputs of state universities in Nigeria
Rank
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
University
LAUTECH
DESU
LASU
OOU
EBSU
RSUST
AMAU
AAU
OSU
ISU
ASU
KSU
ESUST
ANSU
KUST
KASU
KSUST
AISU
IIBU
BSU
UMYU
TSU
EUI
PSU
SSU
YSUD
2008
104
127
114
109
88
51
61
22
50
25
0
6
0
10
1
1
2
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
2009
129
164
118
122
65
88
81
35
6
32
48
0
7
6
4
0
0
0
0
0
1
0
0
0
0
0
2010
160
186
115
134
83
71
71
46
17
25
35
0
17
11
9
5
9
1
3
0
2
2
0
0
0
0
2011
167
222
133
115
66
44
63
43
35
45
37
0
21
25
10
2
16
2
8
0
1
6
0
0
0
0
2012
170
160
120
112
32
42
43
35
50
25
42
0
8
30
12
4
8
6
6
0
1
9
0
0
0
0
2013
191
128
117
87
47
28
33
62
60
38
26
0
13
34
9
6
3
15
9
3
7
3
0
2
0
0
2014
160
110
148
83
50
45
32
50
47
30
16
31
14
20
12
11
13
6
7
3
8
7
0
2
0
0
2015
143
103
122
69
52
43
33
43
51
29
17
47
22
13
14
22
1
11
10
9
7
2
0
1
2
0
2016
146
81
114
109
88
46
23
40
46
27
25
68
26
22
13
20
8
17
16
11
19
3
2
2
3
1
2017
167
62
133
79
93
45
30
39
50
31
15
68
25
7
23
34
22
15
19
40
13
5
9
5
1
2
Table 6. Scholarly research publication outputs of private universities in Nigeria
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Rank
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
University
CU
ABUAD
RU
LU
BUT
NUN
BIU
BU
LCU
2008
56
0
7
0
14
9
0
2
1
2009
77
0
19
0
23
0
17
0
4
2010
99
0
39
1
21
0
13
4
12
2011
110
4
43
6
21
0
16
4
12
2012
110
3
60
9
18
0
12
12
7
2013
168
34
47
17
17
25
2
6
6
2014
230
42
47
32
15
20
7
2
2
2015
307
49
31
32
17
6
3
12
6
2016
444
103
34
56
39
7
4
12
4
2017
548
121
36
72
26
12
6
13
9
Figure 1. Trends of research publications in top 10 Nigerian universities
Figure 2. Trends of research publications in top 10 Nigerian federal universities
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Figure 3. Trends of research publications in top 10 Nigerian state universities
Figure 4. Trends of research publications in top 10 Nigerian private universities
Table 7. Percentage growth rate of research outputs of Nigerian federal universities
S/N
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
University
UI
OAU
UNN
ABU
UNILAG
UNIBEN
UNILORIN
UNIPORT
FUTA
UNICAL
UNIMAID
2009 2010
(%)
10.42
-11.00
20.85
-4.58
1.71
-10.78
6.23
-8.14
-12.12
7.04
15.24
2010 2011
(%)
6.74
63.46
14.25
63.76
20.17
2.35
4.03
32.91
20.69
5.26
-12.40
2011 –
2012
(%)
-0.80
-40.34
-11.16
-12.80
-3.73
-3.61
-7.75
0.00
12.00
8.13
23.58
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1103
2012 –
2013
(%)
-5.09
19.15
2.46
-4.28
-16.95
-6.80
-6.49
-17.62
-13.78
0.00
-21.37
2013 2014
(%)
-0.24
-1.18
27.16
-0.96
0.58
-11.31
29.39
-2.31
23.67
10.98
22.33
2014 –
2015
(%)
-4.03
2.15
-1.32
-6.45
10.43
0.82
-17.35
14.79
-1.91
-7.29
-25.40
2015 –
2016
(%)
17.20
10.30
19.35
7.24
-6.04
-23.27
14.89
33.51
21.95
-5.06
-2.13
2016 –
2017
(%)
10.42
-11.00
20.85
-4.58
1.71
-10.78
6.23
-8.14
-12.12
7.04
15.24
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Inioluwa C. Afolabi, Segun I. Popoola, Anthony U. Adoghe, Aderemi A. Atayero, Oluyemi O. Fayomi
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
NAU
UNIUYO
BUK
FUTO
FUTMINNA
UDU
FUAAB
UAM
MOUAU
UNNAB
ATBU
FUTM
FUOYE
FUD
NOUN
FUW
FUL
FUDM
FUO
FULO
FUBK
47.50
19.35
27.27
90.91
84.62
31.11
50.00
36.17
-10.71
10.00
83.33
9.52
300.00
-
26.27
-7.43
25.71
3.81
5.56
30.51
-33.33
20.31
68.00
47.73
50.00
13.04
16.67
-
-8.05
23.36
-1.14
-37.61
13.16
-37.66
1025.00
-1.30
-28.57
21.54
-48.48
-19.23
28.57
-
0.00
-24.26
20.69
5.88
15.12
50.00
131.11
-19.74
1.67
-12.66
23.53
28.57
400.00
-55.56
200.00
0.00
-
-2.19
8.59
-6.67
20.83
10.10
13.89
35.58
-27.87
0.00
-4.35
109.52
-25.93
160.00
0.00
-12.50
14.29
300.00
100.00
300.00
-
17.16
-24.46
57.14
-2.30
-11.93
-13.41
11.35
-20.45
-4.92
9.09
22.73
10.00
-3.85
57.14
42.86
-18.75
25.00
41.67
-12.50
0.00
-
17.20
3.81
-3.25
-23.53
47.92
26.76
25.48
51.43
-12.07
31.94
37.04
-4.55
128.00
27.27
0.00
15.38
53.33
-11.76
14.29
150.00
-
47.50
19.35
27.27
90.91
84.62
31.11
50.00
36.17
-10.71
10.00
83.33
9.52
300.00
-
Table 8. Percentage growth rate of research outputs of Nigerian state universities
S/N
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
University
UI
OAU
UNN
ABU
UNILAG
UNIBEN
UNILORIN
UNIPORT
FUTA
UNICAL
UNIMAID
NAU
UNIUYO
BUK
FUTO
FUTMINNA
UDU
FUAAB
UAM
MOUAU
UNNAB
ATBU
FUTM
FUOYE
FUD
NOUN
FUW
FUL
FUDM
FUO
FULO
FUBK
2009 2010
(%)
10.42
-11.00
20.85
-4.58
1.71
-10.78
6.23
-8.14
-12.12
7.04
15.24
47.50
19.35
27.27
90.91
84.62
31.11
50.00
36.17
-10.71
10.00
83.33
9.52
300.00
-
2010 2011
(%)
6.74
63.46
14.25
63.76
20.17
2.35
4.03
32.91
20.69
5.26
-12.40
26.27
-7.43
25.71
3.81
5.56
30.51
-33.33
20.31
68.00
47.73
50.00
13.04
16.67
-
2011 –
2012
(%)
-0.80
-40.34
-11.16
-12.80
-3.73
-3.61
-7.75
0.00
12.00
8.13
23.58
-8.05
23.36
-1.14
-37.61
13.16
-37.66
1025.00
-1.30
-28.57
21.54
-48.48
-19.23
28.57
-
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2012 –
2013
(%)
-5.09
19.15
2.46
-4.28
-16.95
-6.80
-6.49
-17.62
-13.78
0.00
-21.37
0.00
-24.26
20.69
5.88
15.12
50.00
131.11
-19.74
1.67
-12.66
23.53
28.57
400.00
-55.56
200.00
0.00
-
1104
2013 2014
(%)
-0.24
-1.18
27.16
-0.96
0.58
-11.31
29.39
-2.31
23.67
10.98
22.33
-2.19
8.59
-6.67
20.83
10.10
13.89
35.58
-27.87
0.00
-4.35
109.52
-25.93
160.00
0.00
-12.50
14.29
300.00
100.00
300.00
-
2014 –
2015
(%)
-4.03
2.15
-1.32
-6.45
10.43
0.82
-17.35
14.79
-1.91
-7.29
-25.40
17.16
-24.46
57.14
-2.30
-11.93
-13.41
11.35
-20.45
-4.92
9.09
22.73
10.00
-3.85
57.14
42.86
-18.75
25.00
41.67
-12.50
0.00
-
2015 –
2016
(%)
17.20
10.30
19.35
7.24
-6.04
-23.27
14.89
33.51
21.95
-5.06
-2.13
17.20
3.81
-3.25
-23.53
47.92
26.76
25.48
51.43
-12.07
31.94
37.04
-4.55
128.00
27.27
0.00
15.38
53.33
-11.76
14.29
150.00
-
2016 –
2017
(%)
10.42
-11.00
20.85
-4.58
1.71
-10.78
6.23
-8.14
-12.12
7.04
15.24
47.50
19.35
27.27
90.91
84.62
31.11
50.00
36.17
-10.71
10.00
83.33
9.52
300.00
-
[email protected]
Research Trends in Nigerian Universities: Analysis of Number of Publications in Scopus (2008-2017)
Table 9. Percentage growth rate of research outputs of Nigerian private universities
S/N
University
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
CU
ABUAD
RU
LU
BUT
BIU
NUN
BU
LCU
2009 2010
(%)
37.50
0.00
171.43
0.00
64.29
88.89
0.00
-100.00
300.00
2010 2011
(%)
28.57
0.00
105.26
0.00
-8.70
-23.53
0.00
0.00
200.00
2011 –
2012
(%)
11.11
0.00
10.26
500.00
0.00
23.08
0.00
0.00
0.00
2012 –
2013
(%)
0.00
-25.00
39.53
50.00
-14.29
-25.00
0.00
200.00
-41.67
2013 2014
(%)
52.73
1033.33
-21.67
88.89
-5.56
-83.33
0.00
-50.00
-14.29
2014 –
2015
(%)
36.90
23.53
0.00
88.24
-11.76
250.00
-20.00
-66.67
-66.67
2015 –
2016
(%)
33.48
16.67
-34.04
0.00
13.33
-57.14
-70.00
500.00
200.00
2016 –
2017
(%)
44.63
110.20
9.68
75.00
129.41
33.33
16.67
0.00
-33.33
4. CONCLUSIONS
In this paper, research trends in Nigerian Universities were analyzed based on the number of
scholarly articles published in ten years (2008-2017). Out of the 165 NUC accredited
universities in Nigeria, only 67 universities have research visibility in Scopus database. This
shows that only 40.61% of the NUC accredited universities in Nigeria have research visibility
in Scopus. The remaining 98 universities do not have any research output which bears their
institutional affiliations indexed in Scopus within the selected 10-year range. The list of the 67
Scopus-indexed Nigerian universities comprises of 32 federal, 26 state, and 9 private
universities. Whereas, there are 43 federal, 47 state, and 75 private universities in Nigeria as at
the time of this study. This implies that the research outputs of 11 federal universities (25.58%),
21 state universities (44.68%) and those of 66 private universities (88%) are not visible in
Scopus.
All the Scopus-indexed Nigerian universities were ranked based on the total number of
research publications generated within the 10-year period. The list of top 10 Scopus-indexed
Nigerian universities comprises of nine federal universities (UI, UNN, OAU, UNILAG, ABU,
UNILORIN, UNIBEN, FUTA and UNIPORT) and one private university (CU). On the list of
top 10 federal universities are UI, UNN, OAU, UNILAG, ABU, UNILORIN, UNIBEN, FUTA,
UNIPORT and UNICAL with total publications of 8341, 4395, 4543, 2949, 3761, 2618, 2768,
1823, 1958 and 1608 respectively. In another category, LAUTECH, DESU, LASU, OOU,
EBSU, RSUST, AMAU, AAU, OSU and ISU made the list of the top 10 state universities with
total publications of 1537, 1343, 1024, 1229, 540, 627, 470, 415, 311 and 307 respectively.
There are only nine Scopus-indexed universities in the private university category namely: CU,
ABUAD, RU, LU, BUT, NUN, BIU, BU and LCU. The total numbers of research publications
produced by these universities are 2149, 356, 363, 225, 211, 89, 70, 67 and 63 respectively.
In general, a larger percentage (88.1%) of the Scopus-indexed Nigerian universities has
increased their contributions to the body of knowledge within the 10-year period. These
universities include all the 32 Scopus-indexed federal universities, 20 out of the 26 Scopusindexed state universities, and 7 out of the 9 Scopus-indexed private universities, making a total
of 59. Eight out of the 67 Scopus-indexed Nigerian universities (11.9%) experienced different
degree of decline in research publications from 2008 to 2017. The research outputs of OOU,
BIU, RSUST, SSU, AAU, DSU, NUN and ASU declined by 30.7%, 33.3%, 48.9%, 50%,
50.8%, 51.2%, 52% and 70% respectively in 10 years. The findings of this paper will help
university administrators in Nigeria to gain better understanding of the trends of scholarly
research publications in their respective universities. In practice, the insights gained will propel
a more informed policy formulation and implementation towards improving institutional
academic research productivity.
http://www.iaeme.com/IJCIET/index.asp
1105
[email protected]
Inioluwa C. Afolabi, Segun I. Popoola, Anthony U. Adoghe, Aderemi A. Atayero, Oluyemi O. Fayomi
ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
This work was carried out under the IoT-Enabled Smart and Connected Communities
(SmartCU) research cluster of the Department of Electrical and Information Engineering,
Covenant University, Ota, Nigeria. The research was fully sponsored by Covenant University
Centre for Research, Innovation and Development (CUCRID), Covenant University, Ota,
Nigeria.
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[email protected]
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