Uploaded by Allie Nguyen

giao tiếp

advertisement
UNIT 1
GREETINGS
A. EXPRESSIONS
To say your name, you can say:
My name is Alex – or – I am Alex
To ask someone’s name, you can say:
What is your name? – or – What’s your name? – or – Your name is?
To ask how to spell a name, you can say:
How do you spell that, please?
To introduce someone, you can say:
I would like to introduce Linda.
I would like you to meet Robert.
This is Peter.
To say how you feel about meeting someone, you can say:
The pleasure’s mine
It’s a pleasure to meet you
I’m happy to meet you
It’s nice to meet you
Glad/ Nice to meet you
Pleased to meet you
Greetings
Responses
Good morning
Good morning
Good afternoon
Good afternoon
Good evening
Good evening
Hello, Robert!
Hello, Cathryn.
How are you?
Fine, thanks. And you?
How’ve you been?
Pretty good.
What’s new?
Nothing
How are you doing?
Not bad/ Ok
Long time, no see!
Yeah!
Pre-closings
Responses
Well. I’m afraid I have to be going?
Thank you for coming.
(I’ve got to get up early tomorrow.)
Well, it’s getting late...
Maybe we can talk again.
Maybe we could get together sometime
Sounds good.
I’ve really got to go
OK. See you
I got to go now
See you again
Closings
Responses
Good bye, Bill.
Good bye, Lisa.
Have a nice day/ weekend!
You, too.
Talk to you later.
Bye. Take it easy.
See you later
So long. Take care.
B. VOCABULARY
a real pain: điều gì đó gây khó chịu
make it: thành công trong việc gì
complain (v) /kəmˈpleɪn/: than phiền
out of work: thất nghiệp
eat a horse: ăn rất nhiều
reasonable (adj) /ˈriː.zən.ə.bəl/: hợp lí
get off work (phr.v): rời khỏi chỗ làm
shake hands: bắt tay
get together: gặp gỡ, tụ tập
supper (n) /ˈsʌp.ər/: bữa ăn khuya
invite (v) /ɪnˈvaɪt/: mời
thoughtful (adj) /ˈθɔːt.fəl/: chu đáo
C. PRACTICE
Dialogue 1
Alex:
Hi. My name is Alex. What’s your name?
Annie: I’m Annie. Nice to meet you.
Alex:
It’s nice to meet you too.
Annie: How do you spell your name Alex?
Alex:
Well, my full name is Alexjandro. It’s spelled A-L-E-J-A-N-D-R-O. But most people
call me Alex: A-L-E-X.
Annie: Ok, Alex. Let me introduce you to my friend. Her name is Amy.
Alex:
Hello, Amy. I’m happy to meet you.
Amy:
Hi, Alex. It’s a pleasure to meet you too.
Dialogue 2
(The doorbell rings. Mrs. Carr opens the door)
Mrs. Carr:
Good evening, George. Come in. How have you been?
George:
Just fine, thank you. How are you?
Mrs. Carr:
Oh, reasonably well.
George:
Mrs. Carr, I would like to introduce a friend of mine, if I may: Albert Douglas.
Albert, this is Mrs. Elaine Carr.
Albert:
Pleased to meet you Mrs. Carr
Mrs. Carr:
I’ve heard so much about you, Mr. Douglas. Please do come in. Oh, Richie?
Darling, I’d like you to meet someone – a friend of George’s.
Mr. Carr:
Oh, hello Gorge. Glad you could make it.
(He shakes hands with George.)
George:
Hello, Rich. It was very thoughtful of you to invite us.
Mrs. Carr:
Yes, Darling, as I was saying, this is Albert Douglas. (to Albert) My husband,
Richard.
Albert:
(shaking hands with Mr. Carr) Very nice to meet you, Mr. Carr.
Mr. Carr:
The pleasure’s mine. But call me Rich. Every does. Mind if I call you Albert?
Albert:
Of course not. But just plain “Al” will do.
Dialogue 3
Mike:
Say, Grace, how are you doing?
Grace: Mike! Hey, how are you?
Mike:
Not bad. Where are you going?
Grace: Over to Jerry’s. How about you?
Mike:
Oh, I just got off work. Boy, I’m so hungry I could eat a horse!
Grace: Where are you working now?
Mike:
J & L Steel. It’s a real pain. But I guess I shouldn’t complain. Lots of guys are out of
work these days.
Grace: Yeah, that’s the truth. Well, I had better let you go get some supper.
Mike:
Yeah. It was great seeing you gain. Maybe we could get together sometime.
Grace: Sounds good. I’ll give you a call.
Mike:
Ok, Great. Well, I’ll be seeing you.
Grace: Ok, Mike. Enjoy your meal.
Mike:
Thanks. Bye.
Grace: Bye.
Le Minh Duy BUH
Page | 3
UNIT 2
SELF INTRODUCTION
A. EXPRESSIONS
To say your age, you can say:
I am 26 years old. – or – I was born in 1990.
To introduce your hometown, you can say:
I come from Tien Giang province.
I am from Tien Giang province.
I was born in Tien Giang province.
To introduce your current address, you can say:
I am living in district 7, Ho Chi Minh City.
I am living on Hoang Van Thu Street, Ho Chi Minh city.
I am living at 34 Hoang Van Thu Street, Ho Chi Minh city.
To talk about your occupation, you can say:
For students:
I am a freshman/ sophomore/ junior/ senior at Banking University Ho Chi Minh City.
My major is Business English – or – I am majoring in Business English.
For those going to work:
I am working as an accountant for ABC Company.
I am working for ABC Company.
I am an employee of ABC Company.
To talk about your hobbies, you can say:
In my free time, I enjoy listening to music and hanging out with my friends. Besides, I
also love reading novels.
In my leisure time, I like watching films and playing sport, especially badminton.
Le Minh Duy BUH
Page | 4
B. VOCABULARY
accountant (n): kế toán
actor/ actress (n): nam/nữ diễn viên
banker (n): nhân viên ngân hàng
waiter/ waitress (n): nam/nữ phục vụ
businessman (n): doanh nhân
broker (n): nhân viên môi giới
lecturer (n):giảng viên
auditor (n): nhân viên kiểm toán
secretary (n): thư ký
flight attendant (n): tiếp viên hàng không
go to the movies: đi xem phim
do yoga: tập yoga
hang out with friends: đi chơi với bạn
work out (at the gym): tập gym
listen to music: nghe nhạc
play sports: chơi thể thao
surf the internet: lướt web
go shopping: đi mua sắm
watch films: xem phim
play cards: đánh bài
C. PRACTICE
Student A.
My name is Tuan. I was born in 1994. I come from Quang Ngai province, but I am currently
living in Ho Chi Minh City for my education. I am a third year student at University of
Economics and Law and my major is International Business. In my free time, I enjoy
listening to music, reading books and hanging out with my friends.
Student B.
My name is Linda. I’m 26 years old. I’m from Ha Noi but I have moved to Ho Chi Minh city
for about 3 years. Now I’m living on Hoang Van Thu Street, Tan Binh district with my friends.
I’m working as an accountant for Viet Dragon Company. Normally I spend most of my time
at work, but whenever I have leisure time, I like to meet up with my friends or play sports,
especially badminton.
Student C.
I’m Peter, 23 years old. I am a fresh graduate from University of Economics. My major is
marketing. I would say that I am an active, creative and hard-working person who is always
willing to explore and learn new things. I really like voluntary work so since I went to
university I have participated in a number of extra-curricular activities such as Green
Summer Campaign, free English classes for children from needy families, Green Sundays.
Besides, I also have 1 year experience working as a part-time staff in Marketing department
of Golden Gate company.
Le Minh Duy BUH
Page | 5
UNIT 3
ASKING FOR PERSONAL INFORMATION
A. EXPRESSIONS
To ask for contact information, you can say:
Where are you from? / Where do you come from?
 I come from __________ / I am from __________
Where do you live?/ What’s your address?
 I live in (on/at) __________/ My address is __________
Who are you living with?
 I’m living with __________?
Do you live in a house or an apartment?
 I live in an apartment in Binh Thanh district with my friends.
How many people are there in your family?
 There are four people in my family. They are my father, my mother, my sister and
me.
What is your phone number/ address?/ Can I have your phone number/ address?
 My number/ address is __________
To ask for hobbies, you can say:
What do you usually do in your free time?
 In my leisure time, I am into/ enjoy/ love reading books. I’m really a big fan of
romantic novels
What are your hobbies?
 My hobbies are playing sports and travelling.
What kind(s) of books/music/ films do you like most?
 I like/ love/ am a big fan of ....
Who is your favourite singer/ actor?
 My favourite singer/ actor is....
B. VOCABULARY
Agency (n): đại lý, công ty
Keep in touch (with somebody): giữ liên lạc
Bedsit (n): phòng trọ
Opportunity (n): cơ hội
Chance (n): cơ hội
Promote (v): quảng bá (sản phẩm)
Interact (with somebody): giao tiếp
Teller (n): giao dịch viên
Le Minh Duy BUH
Page | 6
C. PRACTICE
Nam:
Hello. My name’s Nam. What’s your name?
Hoa:
Hi Nam. I’m Hoa and my full name is Nguyen Thi Hoa
Nam:
Oh. Nice to meet you, Hoa.
Hoa:
Nice to meet you, too.
Nam:
Where are you from?
Hoa:
I come from Thanh Hoa province but I has relocated to Ho Chi Minh City for my
work for nearly 2 years. How about you?
Nam:
I was born in Ninh Thuan province but my family has moved to Ho Chi Minh City
since I was a little child. Let’s say, more than fifteen years ago.
Hoa:
So how often do you come back to your hometown?
Nam:
Well, once or twice a year. Because I’m working full-time now so I normally only
come back to my hometown during Tet holiday or summer vacation.
Hoa:
I see. And what do you do for a living?
Nam:
I am currently working as a teller for Vietcombank in Binh Thanh district.
Hoa:
Sounds interesting!
Nam:
Not really. But I love my job because it gives me the opportunity to interact with a
lot of customers. And, you know, I really enjoy working with people. And, what’s
your job?
Hoa:
I am a Marketing executive for Golden Company. It’s a marketing agency in Tan
Binh district.
Nam:
So what exactly do you have to do? Do you have to think up some brilliant ideas to
promote new products?
Hoa:
Yeah. That’s exactly what I have to do every day. But how can you know that?
Nam:
One of my friend is working in marketing as well.
Hoa:
Ohh. That’s why!! By the way, I think it’s getting late so maybe I have to go now.
Name: Yeah. But can I have your phone number so that we can keep in touch and catch
up sometimes.
Hoa.
Of course. My number is 01664858729.
Nam:
Ok, thanks. Mine is 0935488736.
Hoa:
Ok. Good bye!
Name: Bye. See you!
Le Minh Duy BUH
Page | 7
UNIT 4
HOMETOWN
A. EXPRESSIONS
To talk about the location of your hometown, you can say:
My home town is located/situated in the northern/ central/southern part of Vietnam.
Quê tôi ở miền bắc/ trung/ nam Việt Nam.
To talk about outstanding features of your hometown, you can say:
My home town is famous/ well-known for....
Quê tôi nổi tiếng về....
My hometown has the nationwide/ worldwide reputation for....
Quê tôi nổi tiếng khắp cả nước/ cả thế giới về...
To talk about the size of your hometown, you can say:
My hometown is a small village/ a mid-size city/ a metropolis.
Quê tôi là một ngôi làng nhỏ/ một thành phố quy mô vừa/ một thành phố lớn.
B. VOCABULARY
Be born and bred: được sinh ra và lớn lên
Downtown area = city centre: trung tâm
thành phố
To
be
famous/
well-known
something: nổi tiếng về điều gì
for
To be located in: tọa lạc/ nằm ở đâu
Earn a living: kiếm sống
To grow up: lớn lên
Infrastructure: cơ sở hạ tầng
Landscape: phong cảnh
Tourism industry: ngành công nghiệp du
lịch
Manual worker: người lao động tay chân
Tourist destination: địa điểm du lịch
Metropolis: thành phố lớn
Tranquil (adj): yên tĩnh
Mid-sized city: thành phố có diện tích loại
vừa
Tree-lined street: đường có cây xanh
Natural resources: tài nguyên thiên nhiên
Peaceful (adj): thanh bình
Skyscraper: tòa nhà chọc trời
To be born and bred: được sinh ra và lớn
lên
Le Minh Duy BUH
Page | 8
C. PRACTICE
- Where is your hometown?
- Well, I come from Nha Trang city, which is located in south central coast of Viet Nam.
It is a famous tourist destination in Viet Nam and is well-known for seafood and beautiful
beaches. I think they are also the reasons why my hometown attracts so many tourists
every year. Thanks to the development of the tourism industry, my hometown has
changed quite a lot over the past decade. Now, there are more high buildings in the city
and more cars on the street than in the past.
- Can you describe your hometown?
- As you may have known, I was born and bred in Ho Chi Minh City. It is one of the most
developed cities in Viet Nam where a large number of business activities are conducted
and there are a lot of schools, universities and companies. I believe that’s the reason
why people from throughout Viet Nam come here to study or find jobs. Besides, if you
visit Ho Chi Minh City, you will see many cars and skyscrapers. A typical example is
Bitexco Financial Tower, known as the tallest building in Viet Nam. Talking about
people, people in Ho Chi Minh city do a variety of jobs, such as doctor, teacher,
accountant, manual workers, etc…and they are always busy working to earn their
livings.
- Let’s talk a bit about your hometown
- I was born in a quiet village where the influence of the city is not much. It is a small
village with a population of about two thousand people. It is a very good place for
relaxation indeed. In my village, people live very close to one another. The people are
very simple in thought and behavior. Therefore they are friendly and helpful. So, the
crimes of the city are almost unknown in my village. The people work together and live
in peace. I love them. My village is surrounded by paddy field and a river. All these add
great beauty and variety to my village scene. Although I do not like growing rice, I really
like the fields. It makes me have a good mood, a peace mood and a relaxed mood. Now
I am living in Hanoi capital. I want to come back to my hometown very much. Living
among such friendly and simple people, in such a quiet village, is indeed a real
pleasure.
 Discussion questions:
1. Where is your hometown?
2. What is the population of your hometown?
3. Do you like your hometown? Why or why not?
4. Does anyone famous come from your hometown?
5. How long does it take to get from your hometown to here?
6. What is the best thing about your hometown?
7. When is the best time to come to your hometown?
8. Can you describe the main geographical features of your hometown?
Le Minh Duy BUH
Page | 9
9. Where is the best place to get a reasonably priced, but delicious meal in your
hometown?
10. If you could change one thing in your hometown, what would you change and why?
Le Minh Duy BUH
Page | 10
UNIT 5
JOB & OCCUPATION
A. VOCABULARY
Be out of work: không có việc làm
Labour insurance: bảo hiểm lao động
Blue-collar worker: công nhân
Job application: đơn xin việc
Department: phòng/ban
Opportunity for promotion: cơ thội
được thăng chức
Department head: trưởng phòng
Executive: chuyên viên
Chief Executive Officer: Giám đốc
điều hành
Human resources: mảng nhân sự
Journalist (n) : nhà báo
Overtime pay: lương tăng ca/làm ngoài
giờ hành chính
Self-employed: tự quản; tư nhân
White-collar worker: nhân viên văn
phòng
Working conditions: điều kiện làm việc
Computer programmer: lập trình viên
Butcher (n): người bán thịt
Hair dresser: thợ cắt tóc
Surgeon (n): bác sĩ phẫu thuật
Resign = leave your job = quit your
job (v): thôi việc
Retire (v): về hưu
To be dismissed = to be fired = to be
sacked = to lose your job: bị sa thải
To be made redundant: bị cắt giảm
nhân
sự
Le Minh Duy BUH
Page | 11
B. PRACTICE
- What do you want to do after your graduation?
- Well, I really like to become a marketing executive for a foreign company because I believe
that my qualifications and characteristics well match the requirements for that job. Besides,
working for a foreign company means that I can work in such an active and innovative
environment where I will certainly learn a lot from others.
- What exactly do you do every day?
- As a marketing staff, I’m mainly in charge of developing marketing campaign to promote
products of our company. It involves quite a lot of different things like organizing and attending
events such as conferences, seminars, exhibitions, maintaining and updating customer
databases, managing the production of marketing materials, and placing adverts in the press
or on the radio.
- Do you always enjoy your job?
- Definitely! To be a marketing staff is what I’ve always dreamed of since I was a child. Even
though I can’t earn a lot of money from this job, it does give me a really good working
environment. You know, my boss and colleagues are talented and very kind to me. They are
always willing to help me if I have any difficulty in my work.
- What criteria do you usually take into consideration when finding a job?
- Frankly speaking, salary is important but what I care about most when finding a job is the
working environment. That means whether I will have an opportunity to develop my skills and
enhance my professional competence or not.
-How long do you think you will stay in this job?
-Well I think I’ll stay in this job for a couple of years because I need to gain experience. Then if
possible, I will apply for a scholarship and go abroad to study for my Master Degree.
 Discussion questions:
1. What degree do you have?
2. How much experience do you have?
3. What are your strengths and weaknesses?
4. Do you like to work for an international company or a domestic one?
4. Why did you choose this employment?
5. How much would you like to earn?
6. Have you ever worked in this field?
Le Minh Duy BUH
Page | 12
7. What job do you want to have in five years’ time?
8. Do you think it is more important to make a lot of money or to enjoy your job?
9. What are you doing to get yourself well-prepared for finding a good job in the future?
10. Do you think it is important to go to University to get a good job?
Le Minh Duy BUH
Page | 13
UNIT 6
THANKING PEOPLE
B. EXPRESSIONS
EXPRESSING THANKS
RESPONSE
I’m very grateful for....
You’re very welcome.
Thank you very much for....
Don’t mention it.
Thank you for....
It was my pleasure.
That was nice of you. Thank you.
You’re welcome.
Thank you. But you really
Well, I just wanted to show
shouldn’t have.
my appreciation for....
They’re beautiful! But you didn’t
But I wanted to.
need to (give me anything)
Thanks a lot for....
You’re welcome.
Thanks!
It was nothing. What are friends
for?
Thanks a million!
Don’t worry about it.
Thanks a million!
Forget it.
EXPRESSING THANKS
RESPONSE
TO A FAILED ATTEMPT
Thank you for trying.
I’m sorry it didn’t work out.
I appreciate your help, anyway.
Perhaps you’ll have better luck
next time.
Thank you very much for your efforts
Too bad it didn’t work out.
Thanks, anyway.
Sorry it didn’t work out.
C. VOCABULARY
fantastic (adj): tuyệt diệu
brave (adj): dũng cảm
pot (n): cái nồi
decisive (adj): quyết đoán
laundry (n): giặt ủi, tiệm giặt
anxious (adj): lo lắng
appreciate (v): đánh giá cao
artistic (adj): có tính nghệ sĩ
towel (n): khăn tắm
charming (adj): duyên dáng
delightful (adj)
courageous (adj): gan dạ, dũng cảm
Le Minh Duy BUH
Page | 14
A. PRACTICE
Dialogue A
Linda: Oh, hi, welcome back! Have a nice trip!
Janet: Oh, it was fantastic! Fresh air and sunshine every day. We were really lucky
with the weather.
Linda: Come on in. I’ve got the coffee pot on.
Janet: Thanks, but I’ve got a ton of laundry to do. I just stopped by with this. It’s for
you.
Linda: Oh, thank you! It’s beautiful! I don’t have any plants like this. But you
shouldn’t have.
Janet: Well, Jim and I just wanted to show how much we appreciated your looking
after the house and watering the plants while we were away.
Linda: Well, what are friends for? By the way, I tried to buy you those towels you
wanted on sale, but they only had these ugly ones left. Sorry.
Janet: Oh, that’s OK. Thanks for trying.
Linda: You’re welcome.
Dialogue B
Harry:
Excuse me Marilyn? It’s getting late, so I’m afraid we’ll have to be leaving.
Marilyn: Oh, so early?
Louise: Harry’s got to get up and drive to the airport for an eight o’clock plane
tomorrow.
Harry:
us.
We’ve really had a wonderful time, Marilyn. Thank you very much for inviting
Marilyn: Say, Louise, why don’t we meet downtown for lunch someday next week.
Louise: I’d love to.
Marilyn: I’ve heard Harold’s has delicious salads.
Louise: Oh! That sounds wonderful.
Marilyn: I’ll give you a call later on and we decide the time.
Harry:
Honey?
Louise: Alright, dear. Well, it’s been a delightful evening. Thank you very much.
Marilyn: Not at all.
Louise: I’ll look forward to your phone call.
Le Minh Duy BUH
Page | 15
Harry:
Thank again. Good night.
Marilyn: Good night.
Louise: Good night.
Le Minh Duy BUH
Page | 16
Download
Random flashcards
State Flags

50 Cards Education

Countries of Europe

44 Cards Education

Art History

20 Cards StudyJedi

Sign language alphabet

26 Cards StudyJedi

Create flashcards