Uploaded by chris.sampson1975

Skill AcquisitionName guidance1

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Skill Acquisition
Name____________________
Types of Guidance
What types of guidance are given at different stages of learning and what form can
that guidance be given?
Whenever we learn a new sport or activity we rely on guidance to help us acquire and
perfect the skills needed.
Guidance:
Types of Guidance
Verbal
Visual
Manual
Mechanical
Manual and mechanical guidance are often grouped together as they are both
concerned with giving physical support to the person learning the skill.
Name the type of guidance!
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2
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3
4
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Guidance and Stages of Learning
Visual Guidance: useful at all stages but most effective at the cognitive stage to give
the learner an overall picture of the skill. For further analysis video recordings can be
used for specific details
Verbal Guidance: Cognitive learners have limited understanding of terms used and
might tire quickly if too much verbal guidance is given. More detailed explanations are
used with more advanced learners (associative and autonomous)
Manual/Mechanical Guidance: very important with cognitive learners to give the
learner the feel for the movement (eg in gymnastics). However when developing more
complex movements it also becomes important for experienced performers
(associative and autonomous). In sports such as rock climbing where safety is an issue
experienced performers will use this type of guidance.
What you see
What you feel
What you are told
Visual
Verbal
Manual (feeling)
Mechanical (support
of equipment)
What supports you