Uploaded by Stuart Sharples

Albuterol

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Albuterol
Use: is used to prevent and treat wheezing and shortness of breath caused by
breathing problems (such as asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease).
Trade & Generic Name: ProAir RespiClick /Albuterol Sulfate
Indication(s): For the treatment of acute bronchospasm (e.g., asthma) and
bronchospasm prophylaxis.
Effects: It works in the airways by opening breathing passages and relaxing
muscles.
Side-Effects:
Nervousness.
Shaking of a part of the body.
Headache.
Nausea.
Vomiting.
Cough.
Irritation in the throat.
Contra-indication(s):
overactive thyroid gland
diabetes
Ketoacidosis
excess body acid
low amount of potassium in the blood
high blood pressure
Diminished Blood Flow through Arteries of the Heart
disease of inadequate blood flow to the heart muscle
prolonged QT interval on EKG
abnormal heart rhythm
abnormal EKG with QT changes from birth
seizures
Paradoxical Bronchospasm
Part II: In your own words, please explain the importance of knowing the vital signs
before and after the administration of any drug.
It is important to now the vital signs before and after the administration of any drug so
that you can see if the drug has had an effect for the better or worse on the patient. You
have a baseline to compare to.
Part III: Please describe the
Nitroglycerine
Use: Nitroglycerin extended-release capsules are used to prevent chest pain (angina) in people with a
(coronary artery disease).
Trade & Generic Name: Nitro-Bid, Nitroglyn/Nitroglycerin
Indication(s): Take this medication by mouth
Effects: This drug works by relaxing and widening blood vessels so blood can flow
more easily to the heart.
Side-Effects: Headache, dizziness, lightheadedness, nausea, and flushing may occur
as your body adjusts to this medication
Contra-indication(s): Nitrates will amplify the vasodilatory effects of sildenafil or other
phosphodiesterase inhibitors (e.g., vardenafil, tadalafil) if coadministered and result in
severe hypotension. Coadministration of phosphodiesterase inhibitors with nitroglycerin
is considered contraindicated (see Drug Interactions).
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