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MLA Citations Practice
Name;
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ATTRIBUTIONS:How do you ATTRIBUTE the words you use to the sources? Writers must give
credit where credit is due. When a writer uses the words of someone else-whether it is a direct quote,
paraphrase, statistics, or a summary-the writer MUST cite the source. Here's how..•
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IN-TEXT CITATIONS
A writer can use a mixture of signal phrases and parenthetical references to tell the audience WHO
said it and WHERE the information/quote was found.
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SIGNAL
PHRASE
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"
r'-...
A signal phrase tells the reader that something is taken from a source (a direct
quote, paraphrase, or summary). Most signal phrases will include the author's name
and/or the title of the article or work.
EXAMPLE SIGNAL PHRASES:
According to Chuck Milem, American History II instructor, Harriet Beecher Stowe's
Uncle Toms Cabin served as a catalyst for the Civil War.
''Thirty-three percent of tweets test at a fourth grade reading level," Dave Johnson said in
a Time.com study.
In "How Smart Are Your Tweets? ", Johnson claims that 20-year old Justin Bieber
tweets at a fifth-grade reading level.
PRACTICE IT
1. SIGNAL PHRASE: Using the information provided, write a sentence using a signal phrase for this
quote:
" .. .a tweet's limit of 140 characters makes it difficult to compose a message at a
higher reading level."
Author: Dave Johnson
Article: "How Smart Are Your Tweets?"
Name of Site: Time
CONTINUED...
1
MLA Citations Practice
*
Name: _ _ _ _
____ _
__ _ _____ _
* CONTINUED...
IN-TEXT CITATIONS
2. SIGNAL PHRASE: Using the information provided, create a signal phrase either before or after this
paraphrase:
Politicians tend to have higher reading levels for tweets because they tend to use more
multisyllabic words.
Author: Dave Johnson
Article: "How Smart Are Your Tweets?"
Name of Site: Time
3. SIGNAL PHRASE: Using the information provided, PARAPHRASE this direct quote from the articie
and use a signal phrase either before or after your paraphrase:
•"' Th e A-Force will be 15th female-led comic book series for the brand!'- and
even the most
traditional fans finally seem to be accepting that women can play leading roles in the comic
book world too."
Author: Eliana Dockterman
Article: "Why Marvel Decided to Create an All-Female Superhero Team"
Name of Site: Time
CONTINUED
MLA Citations Practice
Name: _ _ _ _ _ _ _
____ _
___ _
* IN-TEXT CITATIONS* CONTINUED...
/
"
PARENTHETICAL r"'-.
REFERENCE 14
A parenthetical reference is a citation in parentheses at the end of the
sentence or paragraph; it wm include the author's name (if it is not given in
the signal phrase) and a page number (if available). If an author's name is
not available, the title of the work will be in the parentheses.
,
EXAMPLE PARENTHETICAL REFERENCE S:
In "Go Figure ," the amount of money earned by NFL teams in 2014 through licensing and
broadcasting was $187.7 million per team (Gorant and Keith 18).
A 2013 survey of 1,500 National Education Association (NEA) teachers revealed that 52
percent believe too much time is spent in school on standardized testing ("What Makes
Testing Toxic?" 14).
Both Lady Gaga and President Barack Obama tweet at a seventh-grade level (Johnson).
NOTE: If your source has a PAGE NUMBER, you MUST use a parenthetical reference.
When you use parenthetical references, remember that the parentheses are part of the sentence, so
the punctuation comes AFTER the parenthesis.
"If Go Set a Watchman is subpar...then it could be a huge disappointment
for fans" (Sahagian 3).
<:J THE PERIOD ALWAYS COMES "'
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PRACTICE l f b
1. SIGNAL PHRASE & PARENTHETICAL REFERENCE: Using the information provided, write a
sentence using a signal phrase for this quote, but don't forget the parenthetical reference:
"The book is essentially a sequel to To Kill a Mockingbird but was technically written
first.»
Author: Jacqueline Sahagian
Article: "Why Fans Shouldn't Read Harper Lee's New Book."
Website: The Cheat Sheet
Page: 1
CONTINUED...
3
Pr,xh,:m1MLA f utmJ ! & Crt.1tror::; G 2j 15 TraceeOrm:.
MLA Citations Practice
Name: _ _ _ _ _ _ _
___
____
____
* IN-TEXT CITATIONS * CONTINUED...
2. PARENTHETICAL REFERENCE: Using the quote below, PARAPHRASE it and use a parenthetical
reference:
'Given [Harper] Lee's highly reclusive nature, we really don't know if she was a true literary
one-hit wonder and only had one great book in her, or if she's had volumes of wonderful
stories in her mind that she's been unwilling to share, publish, or maybe even write down."
Author: Jacqueline Sahagian
Article: 'Why Fans Shouldn't Read Harper Lee's New Book."
Website: The Cheat Sheet
·
Page:3
3. PARENTHETICAL REFERENCE : Using the information provided, use a parenthetical reference for
this direct quote:
"Seventy-two percent of teachers reported feeling moderate to extreme pressure from school
and district administrators to improve test scores."
Article: "What Makes Testing Toxic?"
Page : 14
4. PARENTHETICAL REFERENCE: Using the information provided. use aparentheticalreference foi,
this direct quote:
" ...it's exciting to hear that this beloved author is releasing new writing about the characters
millions of readers have come to know and love."
Author: Jacqueline Sahagian
Article: "Why Fans Shouldn't Read Harper Lee's New Book."
Website: The Cheat Sheet
Page:2
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