INTRO TO SOCIOLOGY D R . J E N N H AY L E T T ETHICAL ISSUES IN SOCIAL RESEARCH • Do no harm! • Informed Consent • Voluntary Participation • Overall: Consider effect of research on lives of those you study Source: Babbie, Earl. The Basics of Social Research. Fourth Edition; http://hso.research.uiowa.edu/files/hso.research.uiowa.edu/files/default_images/HSOeBook.jpg ETHICS OF SOCIAL RESEARCH: INSTITUTIONAL REVIEW BOARDS – Governed by federal law – Response to medical atrocities • WWII – Nazi medical experiments – Nuremberg war trials • Tuskegee Syphilis Study Source: Babbie, Earl. The Basics of Social Research. Fourth Edition; https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tuskegee_syphilis_experiment CULTURE NACIREMA https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=U5B9lvYqZgA WHO ARE THE NACIREMA? Nacirema spelled backwards: AMERICAN ETHNOCENTRISM • Ethnocentrism: “The belief that one’s own culture or group is superior to others, and the tendency to view all other cultures from the perspective of one’s own.” • Xenophobia: “The dislike of that which is perceived to be foreign or strange.” • Cultural relativism: “taking into account the differences across cultures without passing judgment or assigning value.” Source: http://1.bp.blogspot.com/-So3sC7ck7rI/Tb_hib_4CbI/AAAAAAAAADk/LE2_kow43os/s1600/ethnocentrism101.jpg CULTURE • Challenge:View what we see as “natural” or “normal” as a product of culture. • Culture- “Shared understandings that people use to coordinate their activities.” • A resource- Cultural Scripts • We create culture continuously! • Culture can be constraining VALUES & NORMS • Which one of these revolves around the Earth? – The sun – The moon Values- abstract cultural beliefs Norms- social expectations that guide behavior – Venus – Mars • Audience Poll- 56% The Sun Source: https://www.ludia.com/storage/content/games/116/main.jpg THANKS!