Sarine Mohanraja HSC Questions 1. a. How have the design features of a traditional textile item from a culture you have studied been adapted for the production of contemporary textile items? (5 marks) From Japanese culture, kimonos have inspired current designers, evident in the popular styles of wrap around garments. The kimono’s wide sleeves are an element of Japanese culture which has inspired current designers, and this is seen in the rising popularity of tops and dresses with wide sleeves. Similarly, designers have incorporated Japanese motifs such as cherry blossoms and nature in contemporary textiles items including garments such as jackets and also quilts and cushions. b. Analyse the impact of technological developments and religious practices on textile design and production in a culture you have studied. (10 marks) Technological developments have influences Japanese textile design and production. During early Japanese textiles production, it was common for decoration techniques including embroidery and Sashiko to be done by hand. Similarly, fabrics were woven by hand using hemp, ramie or silk, however silk was expensive and manufacturing was time consuming, making hemp and ramie a more desirable fibre. However, after the development of fabric decoration machinery and synthetic fibres such as polyester, fabrics were able to be produced at a faster rate and at a cheaper price for consumers and decoration techniques were able to be done in a shorter amount of time. Religious practices also had an impact on Japanese textiles design, and this is evident in the derivation of common Japanese motifs from the Shinto religion. As nature was highly worshiped in the Shinto religion, symbols of bamboo and cherry blossoms were prominent on Japanese clothing such as the kimono and were incorporated through various decoration techniques including embroidery and Sashiko. 2. a. What is embroidery? (2 marks) It is a fabric decoration technique using a needle and thread/ yarn done by machine or hand. b. Outline how a textile art form from a culture you have studied could be incorporated decoratively into a contemporary textile item. You may include a simple labelled sketch in your answer. (3 marks) The Japanese kimono can be incorporated into a contemporary textile item, such as a wraparound dress, which contains wide sleeves and held together around the midriff with a contemporary white fabric belt with Sashiko inspired embroidery. The fabric of the dress could be dyed using shibori, with the designs created by the dye helping viewers notice the Japanese inspirations of the dress.