44 Phonemes sounds Cheat Sheet 2 Levels with Graphemes and Examples

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C heat Sheet
Purpose: These explicit Cheat Sheets
aim to help teachers plan out their
spelling programs.
How to: Print off either the color, or
black and white versions and keep
handy.
LEVEL ONE: Is ideal for K-2, however
this will of course depend on your
individual students.
LEVEL TWO: Is aimed at grades 3-6,
and perhaps above. This will depend
on individual students.
© Clever Classroom 2018
LEVEL ONE
44
There may be variations due to regional accents which vary from country to country.
Not all possible graphemes are included.
#
-
Phoneme
Graphemes
Examples
1.
a
a,
apple
2
a-
a, a_e, ai,
ay
angel, gate, rain, hay
3
b
b, bb
bus, rabbit
4
d
d, dd, ed
doll, add, called
5
e
e
egg
6
e
e, e_e, ea,
ey, ee
eleven, Pete, tea, key, bee
7
f
f, ff, ph
fan, cuff, photo
8
g
g, gg, gh
gum, egg, ghost
9
h
h
hat
10
i
11
i-
#
Phoneme
Chart
Graphemes
Examples
24
ir
ir, er, ur
bird, perch, surf
25
or
or, au, oor,
aw, oar
fork, sauce, door, saw,
roar
26
ure
ure
cure
27
s
s, ss, c, se,
sun, grass, circus, horse
28
t
t, tt, ed
ten, button, skipped
29
u
u
up
30
u-
u_e, ui, oo,
ue, oe, ew
cube, fruit, hoop, glue,
shoe, screw
31
u
/y/u/
u, ue, ew
uniform, tissue, few
i, y
igloo, gym
32
v
v, ve
vet, glove
i, i_e, ie, y,
igh
ice, bike, tie, fly, thigh
33
w
w, wh, u
window, whale, quilt
34
y
y
yo-yo
-
12
j
j, g
jam, giraffe
35
z
z, zz, ze
zip, fizz, sneeze
13
k
c, k, ck, q,
cat, king, duck, queen
36
zh
s
treasure
14
l
l, ll
log, bell
37
ch
ch
chick
15
m
m, mm, mb,
map, hammer, thumb,
38
ng
ng
ring
16
n
n, nn, kn
nut, bunny, knight
39
ow
ow
cow
17
o
o
orange
40
oo
oo
book
18
o
o, o_e, oa,
oe, ow
oval, hose, road, toe,
rainbow
41
oi
oi, oy
coin, oyster
42
schwa
a, ar
umbrella, solar
(unstres
sed
vowel)
19
p
p, pp
pod, puppy
20
r
r, rr
rib, carrot
43
sh
sh, ch
shell, chef
21
ar
ar
jar
44
th
th
thrown
22
air
air
chair
45
th
th
feather
23
ear
ear, eer
tear, deer
NOTE: 45 phonemes are included. Both /th/ phonemes can be included as one
phoneme. Here, they are cited separately because in my experience, it is easier to
teach them as two different sounds e.g. /th/-voiced, and /th/-unvoiced.
© Clever Classroom 2018
LEVEL ONE
44
There may be variations due to regional accents which vary from country to country.
Not all possible graphemes are included.
#
-
Phoneme
Graphemes
Examples
1.
a
a,
apple
2
a-
a, a_e, ai,
ay
angel, gate, rain, hay
3
b
b, bb
bus, rabbit
4
d
d, dd, ed
doll, add, called
5
e
e
egg
6
e
e, e_e, ea,
ey, ee
eleven, Pete, tea, key, bee
7
f
f, ff, ph
fan, cuff, photo
8
g
g, gg, gh
gum, egg, ghost
9
h
h
hat
10
i
11
i-
#
Phoneme
Chart
Graphemes
Examples
24
ir
ir, er, ur
bird, perch, surf
25
or
or, au, oor,
aw, oar
fork, sauce, door, saw,
roar
26
ure
ure
cure
27
s
s, ss, c, se,
sun, grass, circus, horse
28
t
t, tt, ed
ten, button, skipped
29
u
u
up
30
u-
u_e, ui, oo,
ue, oe, ew
cube, fruit, hoop, glue,
shoe, screw
31
u
/y/u/
u, ue, ew
uniform, tissue, few
i, y
igloo, gym
32
v
v, ve
vet, glove
i, i_e, ie, y,
igh
ice, bike, tie, fly, thigh
33
w
w, wh, u
window, whale, quilt
34
y
y
yo-yo
-
12
j
j, g
jam, giraffe
35
z
z, zz, ze
zip, fizz, sneeze
13
k
c, k, ck, q,
cat, king, duck, queen
36
zh
s
treasure
14
l
l, ll
log, bell
37
ch
ch
chick
15
m
m, mm, mb,
map, hammer, thumb,
38
ng
ng
ring
16
n
n, nn, kn
nut, bunny, knight
39
ow
ow
cow
17
o
o
orange
40
oo
oo
book
18
o
o, o_e, oa,
oe, ow
oval, hose, road, toe,
rainbow
41
oi
oi, oy
coin, oyster
42
schwa
a, ar
umbrella, solar
(unstres
sed
vowel)
19
p
p, pp
pod, puppy
20
r
r, rr
rib, carrot
43
sh
sh, ch
shell, chef
21
ar
ar
jar
44
th
th
thrown
22
air
air
chair
45
th
th
feather
23
ear
ear, eer
tear, deer
NOTE: 45 phonemes are included. Both /th/ phonemes can be included as one
phoneme. Here, they are cited separately because in my experience, it is easier to
teach them as two different sounds e.g. /th/-voiced, and /th/-unvoiced.
© Clever Classroom 2018
LEVEL TWO
44
Chart
There may be variations due to regional accents which vary from country to country.
Not all possible graphemes are included.
#
Phoneme
1.
a
2
a-
Graphemes
Examples
#
Phoneme
Graphemes
Examples
a, ai
apple, plaid
24
ir
a, a_e, ai,
ay, ei, eigh,
aigh, ea, ey
angel, gate, rain, hay,
vein, eight, straight,
steak, hey
ir, er, ur,
or, ear
bird, perch, surf, work,
heard
25
or
or, au, ore,
oor, our,
aw, oar, a
fork, sauce, score, door,
four, saw, roar, ball
26
ure
ure, our
cure, tourist
27
s
s, ss, c, sc,
ce, se, ps,
st
sun, grass, circus,
muscle, rice, horse,
psychic, listen
28
t
t, tt, ed, th,
bt
ten, button, skipped,
Thomas, doubt
u, oo, o, oe,
ou
up, blood, love, does,
trouble
u_e, ui, oo,
ue, oe, ew,
ou, ough, o
cube, fruit, hoop, glue,
shoe, screw, soup,
through, who
3
b
b, bb
bus, rabbit
4
d
d, dd, ed
doll, add, called
5
e
e, ea, ie, eo
egg, bread, friend, Geoff
6
e-
e, e_e, ea,
ey, ee, y, ie,
ei, ay, oe
eleven, Pete, tea, key,
bee, baby, shield, receive,
Lindsay, Phoebe
7
f
f, ff, ph,
gh, lf, ft
fan, cuff, photo, laugh,
calf, after
29
u
8
g
g, gg, gh,
gu, gue
gum, egg, ghost, guess,
fatigue
30
u-
9
h
h, wh
hat, whole
10
i
i, y, u, ui
igloo, gym, busy, building
31
i, i_e, ie, y,
igh, is
ice, bike, tie, fly, thigh,
island
u/y/u/
u, ue, ew,
eu, iew, eau
uniform, tissue, few,
eucalypt, view, beautiful
32
v
v, ve, ph, f
vet, glove, Stephen, of
33
w
w, wh, u
window, whale, quilt
34
y
y, j
yo-yo, hallelujah
35
z
z, zz, se, ze,
ss, s, x
zip, fizz, cheese, sneeze,
scissors, was, xylophone
36
zh
s, si, z
treasure, television,
seizure
37
ch
ch, tch
chick, watch
11
-i
12
j
j, g, ge, gg,
dge, di
jam, giraffe, cage,
suggest, fridge, soldier
13
k
c, k, ck, q,
cc, lk, x
cat, king, duck, queen,
broccoli, yolk, fox
14
l
l, ll
log, bell
15
m
m, mm, mb,
mn, lm
map, hammer, thumb,
autumn, palm
16
n
n, nn, kn, gn
nut, bunny, knight, gnat
38
ng
ng, ngue
ring, tongue
17
o
o, ho
orange, honest
39
ow
ow, ou
cow, shout
18
o-
o, o_e, oa,
oe, ow, ew,
ough
oval, hose, road, toe,
rainbow, sew, dough
40
oo
oo, u, ou, o
book, bush, should, wolf
41
oi
oi, oy
coin, oyster
a, ar, or, u,
er, i
umbrella, solar, actor,
minus, blender, pupil
19
p
p, pp
pod, puppy
42
schwa
20
r
r, rr, wr, rh
rib, carrot, wreath,
rhyme
43
sh
sh, ch, oc,
ti, ci
shell, chef. ocean,
station, special
44
th
th
thrown
45
th
th
feather
21
ar
ar, ear, au,
a
jar, heart, laugh, bath
22
air
air, eir, ayer
chair, heir, prayer
23
ear
ear, eer,
ere, ier, irr
tear, deer, here, pierce,
mirror
(unstres
sed
vowel)
NOTE: 45 phonemes are included. Both /th/ phonemes can be included as one
phoneme. Here, they are cited separately because in my experience, it is easier to
teach them as two different sounds e.g. /th/-voiced, and /th/-unvoiced.
© Clever Classroom 2018
LEVEL TWO
44
Chart
There may be variations due to regional accents which vary from country to country.
Not all possible graphemes are included.
#
Phoneme
1.
a
2
a-
Graphemes
Examples
#
Phoneme
Graphemes
Examples
a, ai
apple, plaid
24
ir
a, a_e, ai,
ay, ei, eigh,
aigh, ea, ey
angel, gate, rain, hay,
vein, eight, straight,
steak, hey
ir, er, ur,
or, ear
bird, perch, surf, work,
heard
25
or
or, au, ore,
oor, our,
aw, oar, a
fork, sauce, score, door,
four, saw, roar, ball
26
ure
ure, our
cure, tourist
27
s
s, ss, c, sc,
ce, se, ps,
st
sun, grass, circus,
muscle, rice, horse,
psychic, listen
28
t
t, tt, ed, th,
bt
ten, button, skipped,
Thomas, doubt
u, oo, o, oe,
ou
up, blood, love, does,
trouble
u_e, ui, oo,
ue, oe, ew,
ou, ough, o
cube, fruit, hoop, glue,
shoe, screw, soup,
through, who
3
b
b, bb
bus, rabbit
4
d
d, dd, ed
doll, add, called
5
e
e, ea, ie, eo
egg, bread, friend, Geoff
6
e-
e, e_e, ea,
ey, ee, y, ie,
ei, ay, oe
eleven, Pete, tea, key,
bee, baby, shield, receive,
Lindsay, Phoebe
7
f
f, ff, ph,
gh, lf, ft
fan, cuff, photo, laugh,
calf, after
29
u
8
g
g, gg, gh,
gu, gue
gum, egg, ghost, guess,
fatigue
30
u-
9
h
h, wh
hat, whole
10
i
i, y, u, ui
igloo, gym, busy, building
31
i, i_e, ie, y,
igh, is
ice, bike, tie, fly, thigh,
island
u/y/u/
u, ue, ew,
eu, iew, eau
uniform, tissue, few,
eucalypt, view, beautiful
32
v
v, ve, ph, f
vet, glove, Stephen, of
33
w
w, wh, u
window, whale, quilt
34
y
y, j
yo-yo, hallelujah
35
z
z, zz, se, ze,
ss, s, x
zip, fizz, cheese, sneeze,
scissors, was, xylophone
36
zh
s, si, z
treasure, television,
seizure
37
ch
ch, tch
chick, watch
11
-i
12
j
j, g, ge, gg,
dge, di
jam, giraffe, cage,
suggest, fridge, soldier
13
k
c, k, ck, q,
cc, lk, x
cat, king, duck, queen,
broccoli, yolk, fox
14
l
l, ll
log, bell
15
m
m, mm, mb,
mn, lm
map, hammer, thumb,
autumn, palm
16
n
n, nn, kn, gn
nut, bunny, knight, gnat
38
ng
ng, ngue
ring, tongue
17
o
o, ho
orange, honest
39
ow
ow, ou
cow, shout
18
o-
o, o_e, oa,
oe, ow, ew,
ough
oval, hose, road, toe,
rainbow, sew, dough
40
oo
oo, u, ou, o
book, bush, should, wolf
41
oi
oi, oy
coin, oyster
a, ar, or, u,
er, i
umbrella, solar, actor,
minus, blender, pupil
19
p
p, pp
pod, puppy
42
schwa
20
r
r, rr, wr, rh
rib, carrot, wreath,
rhyme
43
sh
sh, ch, oc,
ti, ci
shell, chef. ocean,
station, special
44
th
th
thrown
45
th
th
feather
21
ar
ar, ear, au,
a
jar, heart, laugh, bath
22
air
air, eir, ayer
chair, heir, prayer
23
ear
ear, eer,
ere, ier, irr
tear, deer, here, pierce,
mirror
(unstres
sed
vowel)
NOTE: 45 phonemes are included. Both /th/ phonemes can be included as one
phoneme. Here, they are cited separately because in my experience, it is easier to
teach them as two different sounds e.g. /th/-voiced, and /th/-unvoiced.
© Clever Classroom 2018
What is a
A phoneme
is the
smallest unit
of sound.
Phoneme?
© Clever Classroom 2018
What is a
A phoneme
is the
smallest unit
of sound.
Phoneme?
© Clever Classroom 2018
What is a
A grapheme is
the smallest unit
of sound, in
written form.
Grapheme?
© Clever Classroom 2018
What is a
A grapheme is
the smallest unit
of sound, in
written form.
Grapheme?
© Clever Classroom 2018
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of these phonemes
and graphemes as
POSTERS!
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via Clever Classroom.
© Clever Classroom 2018
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