PL.01.02 Networking basics LP

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UNITED STATES MARINE CORPS
MARINE CORPS COMMUNICATION-ELECTRONICS SCHOOL
TRAINING COMMAND
BOX 788251
TWENTYNINE PALMS, CALIFORNIA 92278-8251
LESSON PLAN
ENHANCED POSITION LOCATION REPORTING SYSTEM (EPLRS) RADIO
OPERATOR NETWORKING BASICS
PL.01.02
ENHANCED POSITION LOCATION REPORTING SYSTEM (EPLRS) OPERATOR
COURSE
M09PLSO
03/05/08
APPROVED BY ____________________________
DATE _______________
PL.01.02
(ON SLIDE #1)
INTRODUCTION
(10 MIN)
1. GAIN ATTENTION. Understanding the basics of networking as it
applies to an EPLRS RS is critical to operate within an EPLRS
network. By paying attention to this period of instruction,
familiarization with basic networking requirements will enable
an operator to configure EPLRS RS platform connection
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
(ON SLIDE #2)
2. OVERVIEW. Good morning/afternoon, my name is _____________.
The purpose of this lesson is to train on configuration
techniques of an EPLRS platform using the My Network Places
application. Areas covered are Network Basics, My Network
Connections Applications, and associated devices. This lesson
directly relates to all classes associated with the EPLRS
Operator Course and EPLRS Network Managers Course.
(ON SLIDE #3)
INSTRUCTOR NOTE
Introduce Learning Objectives.
3. LEARNING OBJECTIVES.
Enabling Learning Objectives.
a. Without the aid of reference, identify in writing the
definition of an Internet Protocol (IP), per ISBN: 1-58705001 CISCO Internetworking Technologies Handbook. (0621-INST2403ae)
b. Without the aid of reference, identify in writing the
definition of an Internet Protocol (IP) address, per ISBN:
1-58705-001 CISCO Internetworking Technologies Handbook.
(0621-INST-2403af)
c. Without the aid of reference, identify in writing the
definition of a Subnet Mask, per ISBN: 1-58705-001 CISCO
Internetworking Technologies Handbook. (0621-INST-2403ag)
d. Without the aid of reference, identify in writing the
definition of a Default Gateway, per ISBN: 1-58705-001 CISCO
Internetworking Technologies Handbook. (0621-INST-2403ah)
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e. Without the aid of reference, identify in writing the
definition of a Transmission Control Protocol (TCP), per
ISBN: 1-58705-001 CISCO Internetworking Technologies
Handbook. (0621-INST-2403ai)
f. Without the aid of reference and provided planning
documents, enter a Transmission Control Protocol Internet
Protocol (TCP/IP) for a Host Platform using My Network
Places, per ISBN: 1-58705-001 CISCO Internetworking
Technologies Handbook and TM 11-5825-299-10 Enhanced Position
Location Reporting System (EPLRS) Operator Manual. (0621INST-2403aj)
g. Without the aid of reference and provided equipment,
connect a Switch to an EPLRS RS, per TM 11-5825-299-10
Enhanced Position Location Reporting System (EPLRS) Operator
Manual and TPN 78-15136-02 Catalyst 3750 Switch Hardware
Installation Guide. (0621-INST-2403ak)
h. Without the aid of reference and provided equipment,
connect a Host Platform to an EPLRS RS, per TM 11-5825-299-10
Enhanced Position Location Reporting System (EPLRS) Operator
Manual (0621-INST-2403al)
(ON SLIDE #4)
4. METHOD/MEDIA. This lesson is taught utilizing informal
lecture, demonstration, computer based training (CBT), and
practical application methods. Instructional methods are by
computer, multimedia projection, dry erase board, item object,
and student handouts.
INSTRUCTOR NOTE
Explain the Instructional Rating Form (IRF) to students. Pass
out forms to selected individuals at this time. Inform
individuals to complete the forms and return them at the
completion of the lesson.
5. EVALUATION. Each student is evaluated on this material by a
performance examination on training day _____________ and a
written examination at the end of training day _____________ at
this location.
6. SAFETY/CEASE TRAINING (CT) BRIEF. Safety is an individual
responsibility requiring constant vigilance. Safety and accident
prevention requires awareness to the prevention of personal
injury, equipment damage, and environmental hazards. Safety risk
information is provided in all instructions and documented
procedures. Whenever an unsafe act, condition, or procedure, is
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observed, stop what is happening immediately until the unsafe
act has been resolved.
Safety is a primary concern for everyone! If a suspected hazard
is detected due to equipment installation, modification, or
repair, report it to an instructor and/or chain of command
immediately.
Follow all warnings, cautions, and notes in the student handout.
In case of building evacuation, students assemble in accordance
with (IAW) the facility Evacuation Plan.
TRANSITION: At this time, are there any questions on the
learning objectives, method of instruction, evaluation, or
safety for this period of instruction? Let’s begin with the
introduction to Networking Basics.
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
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(ON SLIDE #5)
BODY
(1 HR 40 MIN)
1. NETWORKING BASICS.
(40 MIN)
Internet Protocols IP(s) are the world’s most popular opensystem (nonproprietary) protocol suite because they can be used
to communicate across any set of interconnected networks and are
well suited for Local Area Network (LAN) and Wide Area Network
(WAN) communications. Internet protocols consist of a suite of
communication protocols, of which the two best known are the
Transmission Control Protocol (TCP) and IP.
(ON SLIDE #6)
a. Transmission Control Protocol (TCP).
The TCP provides reliable data transmission in an IP
environment. TCP corresponds to the Transport Layer (Layer 4) of
the Open System Interconnection (OSI) reference model (Figure
1).
Figure 1
OSI Reference Model
TCP has several capabilities which include:
(1) Stream data transfer
(2) Full-duplex operations
(3) Ensures error-free data delivery in proper sequence
(4) Flow control that manages data transmission between
devices so that the transmitting devices do not send more
data then the receiving device can process
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(ON SLIDE #7)
b. Internet Protocol (IP).
The Internet Protocol (IP) is a Network-Layer (Layer 3) protocol
(Figure 1) that contains addressing information and some control
information that enables data packets to be routed. IP(s)
functions include:
(1) Moving data packets from node to node
(2) Control information enabling packet routing based on a
four byte destination address (IP number)
(3) Connectionless, best-effort delivery of datagrams
(4) Fragmentation of datagrams
(5) Reassembly of datagrams
(6) Supports data links with different MaximumTransmission Unit (MTU) sizes
(ON SLIDE #8)
c. IP Addressing.
Each IP address has specific components and follows a basic
format. These IP addresses can be subdivided and used to create
addresses for sub networks. Each host on a TCP/IP network is
assigned a unique 32-bit logical address that is divided into
two main parts: network number and host number (Figure 2).
(ON SLIDE #9)
Figure 2
IP Address Main Parts
Note: Network number identifies the network and host number
identifies a host on the network assigned by a local network
administrator.
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Main parts of an IP Address include:
(1) 32-bits IP address separated into four Octets
(2) Each octet is grouped with eight bits
(3) Separated by dots, represented in decimal format
(dotted decimal notation)
(4) Each bit in the octet has a value, 0 (min) and 255
(max)
(ON SLIDE #10)
d. IP Subnet.
IP networks can be divided into
subnetworks or subnets. Subnets
providing extra flexibility and
addresses and the capability to
smaller networks called
are under local administration
more efficient use of network
contain broadcast traffic.
Note: A given network address can be broken up into many
subnetworks, for example, 10.1.1.4, 10.1.1.8, 10.1.1.12,
10.1.1.16, and 10.1.1.20 are all subnets within network
10.1.0.0. All 0(s) in the host portion of an address specifies
the entire network (Figure 3).
Figure 3
Example EPLRS Network
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(ON SLIDE #11)
e. IP Subnet Mask.
Subnet Mask is used to split a complete Internet Protocol (IP)
address into a network and host address.
Subnet masks use the same format and representation technique as
IP addresses (Figure 4).
Figure 4
IP Subnet Mask Format
Subnet mask determines the number of possible subnets and
numbers of possible hosts that are available for a specific
network address. Examples of this are represented in Figure 5.
(ON SLIDE #12)
Figure 5 IP Subnet Mask
(1) Subnet Mask represented in Dotted Decimal Notation
(2) Subnet Mask represented by slash (/) notation.
(a) /28 = .240 subnet mask (14 hosts)
(b) /29 = .248 subnet mask (6 hosts)
(c) /30 = .252 subnet mask (2 hosts)
A subnet mask determines whether an Internet Protocol (IP)
address is on a local network or on a remote network.
(ON SLIDE #13)
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f. Default Gateway.
Default Gateway routes information over whatever networks
necessary to deliver a data packet to the network on which a
destination device resides. Default gateway IP address is
configured using the first usable host IP address on the same
local IP subnet (Figure 6).
Figure 6
Default Gateway
(ON SLIDE #14)
TRANSITION: We have just discussed TCP/IP, IP Subnetting and
default gateway. Are there any questions on what was covered
before I ask a few of my own? What separates the 32-bit IP
address? The 32-bit IP address is separated by dots, represented
in decimal format (dotted decimal notation). What IP address is
given to the default gateway on the same local IP subnet? The
first usable host IP address on the same local IP subnet. What
is the number of hosts for a .252/30 Subnet Net Mask? There are
two possible hosts. Now, let’s move on to My Network Places and
Network Connections.
(ON SLIDE #15)
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(BREAK - 10 MIN)
(ON SLIDE #16)
2. MY NETWORK PLACES/NETWORK CONNECTIONS.
(30 MIN)
My Network Places application provides the operator with the
ability to view all locations connected to the computer and the
ability to modify those network connections.
(ON SLIDE #17)
a. View Network Connections.
To View Network Connections follow these steps:
(1) Right-click My Network Places icon on EPLRS Network
Manager (ENM)
(2) Select Properties from shortcut menu
(3) Right-click the Local Area Connection icon in the
Network and Dial-up Connections window
(4) Select Properties; Local Area Connection Properties
dialog box opens
(5) Select Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) in the Components
checked are used by this connection: area
(6) Select Properties; Internet Protocol (TCP/IP)
Properties dialog box opens
(ON SLIDE #18)
b. Modify Network Connections.
To modify network properties of an ENM platform (CF-28
Toughbook) follow these steps:
Note:
This action can cause Host Platform to re-start.
(1) Right-click My Network Places icon on ENM
(2) Select Properties from shortcut menu
(3) Right-click Local Area Connection icon in Network and
Dial-up Connections window
(4) Select Properties; Local Area Connection Properties
dialog box opens
(5) Select Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) in Components
checked are used by this connection: area
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(6) Select Properties; Internet Protocol (TCP/IP)
Properties dialog box opens
(7) Select Use the following IP address option on General
page
(8) Enter appropriate Host Platform IP address from
planning documents in IP Address field
(9) Enter appropriate Host Platform Subnet Mask from
planning documents in the Subnet Mask field
(10) Enter appropriate Host Platform Default Gateway from
planning documents in Default gateway field
(11) Left-click Save to save changes
(ON SLIDE #19)
TRANSITION: We have just discussed My Network Places and
Network Connections. Are there any questions on what was covered
before I ask a few of my own? What does the My Network Places
application provide to an operator? It provides the ability to
view all the locations connected to the computer and the ability
to modify those network connections. What can occur to the host
platform when the operator modifies network connections? This
action can cause Host Platform to re-start. Now, let’s move on
to EPLRS RS Host Connections.
(ON SLIDE #20)
3. EPLRS RADIO SET (RS) HOST CONNECTION.
(30 MIN)
Connecting a RS to a network switch and host are important
operational networking functions.
a. RS Connection to Network Switch.
To connect the EPLRS RS to a switch using the EPLRS Host
interface cable following these steps:
(1) Ensure EPLRS Host Interface Cable is connected to RS
Host Interface Connector (J4) (Figure 7)
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Figure 7
Host Interface Connector (J2)
(2) Insert EPLRS Host Interface Cable RJ-45 connector into
appropriate port (Figure 8)
(ON SLIDE #21)
Figure 8
Host Interface Cable to Switch Connection
(3) Observe port status Light-Emitting Diode (LED) for
connectivity
Note: The LED turns green when switch and target device have an
established link. LED turns amber while the switch Spanning Tree
Protocol (STP) discovers the topology and searches for loops,
subsequently turning green after about 30 seconds.
(ON SLIDE #22)
b. RS Connection to Host Platform.
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To connect an EPLRS RS to a Host Platform, follow these steps:
(1) Ensure the Host Interface Cable is connected to Host
Interface Connector (J4)
(2) Insert Host Interface Cable RJ-45 connector into
client Network Interface Card (NIC) port (Figure 9)
Figure 9
NIC Port
(3) Observe NIC port status LED for established link
(4) Observe Local Area Connection Icon in the tray for
network connectivity
(ON SLIDE #23)
INTERIM TRANSITION: We have just discussed EPLRS RS Host
Connections Are there any questions on what was covered before I
ask a few of my own? What J connector is the EPLRS Host
Interface Cable is connected to when connecting to a network
switch? It is connected to a RS Host Interface Connector (J4).
Where the Host Interface Cable RJ-45 connector inserted on the
CF-28 Toughbook? It is inserted into the client Network
Interface Card (NIC) port. Let’s move on to a demonstration of
configuring network connections and Host Platform.
(ON SLIDE #24)
(BREAK - 10 MIN)
(ON SLIDE #25)
INSTRUCTOR NOTE
Perform the following demonstration.
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INSTRUCTOR NOTE
Turn on ENM platform and log on to user account:
USER ACCOUNT: root
PASSWORD: Eplrsenm0)
DEMONSTRATION. The purpose of the demonstration is to conduct an
instructional method resulting in student confidence and
understanding during their practical application (PA). All
procedures are conducted per TM 11-5825-299-10 and TB 11-5825298-10.
STUDENT ROLE: Observer.
INSTRUCTOR(S) ROLE:
1. Safety brief:
Perform duties as an EPLRS RS operator.
Per TM 11-5825-299-10 and TB 11-5825-298-10.
2. Supervision and Guidance: Network connection and EPLRS RS
Host Connection configuration procedures are conducted per TM
11-5825-298-10 and TB 11-5825-298-10. Refer to Main Idea #2 and
#3 for demonstration steps.
3. Debrief: Allow students an opportunity to comment on
demonstration observations. Provide overall feedback, guidance
on any misconceptions, and review learning points of the
demonstration. As a group (instructors and students), the
instructor leads debrief and discusses at a minimum:
a. What was the demonstration training objective?
b. What actually occurred?
c. What went well during the demonstration?
d. What are some areas that can be improved?
e. Reinforce learning points.
(ON SLIDE #26)
INSTRUCTOR NOTE
Introduce the following practical application.
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PRACTICAL APPLICATION. The purpose of this practical application
(PA) is to conduct an instructional method resulting in student
confidence and understanding during their performance
evaluation. All procedures are conducted per TM 11-5825-299-10
and TB 11-5825-298-10.
PRACTICE: Perform duties as an EPLRS RS operator.
PROVIDE-HELP: Instructors observe student performance and
provide assistance as required.
1. Safety brief:
Per TM 11-5825-299-10 and TB 11-5825-298-10.
2. Supervision and Guidance: Network connection and EPLRS RS
Host Connection configuration procedures are conducted per TM
11-5825-298-10 and TB 11-5825-298-10. Refer to Main Idea #2 and
#3 for PA steps.
3. Debrief: Allow students an opportunity to comment on
practical application experiences. Provide overall feedback,
guidance on any misconceptions, and review learning points of
the practical application. As a group (instructors and
students), the instructor leads the debrief and discuss at a
minimum:
a. What was the practical application objective?
b. What actually occurred?
c. What went well during the practical application?
d. What are some areas that can be improved?
e. Reinforce learning points.
(ON SLIDE #27)
TRANSITION: We have just covered network connection and EPLRS
RS Host Connection configuration procedures demonstration and
practical application of an EPLRS RS. Are there any questions on
what was covered before I ask a few of my own? What is an IP? An
Internet Protocol (IP) is a Network-Layer (Layer 3) protocol
that contains addressing information and some control
information that enables data packets to be routed. What is the
function of a TCP? The TCP provides reliable data transmission
in an IP environment.
(ON SLIDE #28)
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SUMMARY
(10 MIN)
The purpose of this period of instruction was to train new users
Networking Basics and how to configure an EPLRS host platform.
We covered TCP/IP, IP Addressing, Subnet masking, Default
Gateways and RS Host Platform connections. Your proficiency as
an EPLRS Operator greatly enhances the commander’s and unit’s
ability to tap into every communication resource to efficiently
communicate in a tactical environment by having these skills are
an important combat multiplier.
REFERENCES
TM 11-5825-299-10, Operator’s Manual for EPLRS Radio Sets
CISCO Internetworking Technologies Handbook ISBN 1-58705-001-3
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