Lewis Annis The Ebola virus is spread in the blood, body fluids or organs of a person or animal with the infection. For example, it can be spread by: Directly touching the body of someone with the infection who has symptoms or recently died – the virus can survive for several days outside the body. Cleaning up body fluids (blood, stools, urine or vomit) or touching the soiled clothing of an infected person. Handling unsterilized needles or medical equipment used in the care of the infected person. Having sex with an infected person without using a condom – studies show traces of Ebola may remain in a man's semen many months after he has recovered. Handling or eating raw or undercooked "bushmeat". Ebola can't be caught through routine social contact, such as shaking hands, with people who don't have symptoms. A map of Ebola. Lewis Annis Oxfam has reached over 1.4 million people in Ebola affected countries since the start of our response in May 2014. In Sierra Leone and Liberia, we have provided dozens of health centers with water infrastructure, such as tanks and pipes, and medical equipment, including face masks, boots, gloves, chlorine and soap. We have built hundreds of community hand-washing stations and have provided teams that carry out contact tracing and burial of the dead with kits containing masks, overalls, goggles, boots, gloves, chlorine and body bags. Community engagement is now widely recognized as a critical component of responding to Ebola. To this, we have also been working with local communities to get back on their feet; supporting women’s savings groups to restart their businesses, giving cash support to some of the most vulnerable and providing tools, seeds and training to farmers.