Dying to Cross: Mexican and Central American Migration to the Best Country In the World & a comprehensive plan for the future Over the last year, thousands of immigrants have risked their lives on the 2,000 mile journey from Central America to the United States. By 2013, the Migration Policy Institute estimates upwards of 11 million undocumented migrants have crossed the border in search of a better life.cite Mexican migration to the United States has been a long-standing, controversial topic since it first became illegal in the early 1920s. Since then, the frequency and quantity of Mexican and Central American migrants arriving south of the border has fluctuated respectively. Cite While Mexican apprehensions across the U.S. border have been the lowest in 60 years, we have seen a drastic influx in unaccompanied child migrants taking treacherous journeys to flee their native countries from violence, corruption, extortion, and much more in search of a better life. The United States continues to have an abiding appeal to millions of those who are unhappy with or afraid of their native country. While Obama thesis? The United States has a long history of anti-immigration and restriction, beginning in 1921 when Congress passed the Emergency Quota Act in response to the surge of primarily European immigrants arriving at the border. The US has since made notable efforts toward immigration reform but still has a long way to go. Today, U.S. Border Patrol data shows a steep decline in Mexican apprehensions at the the border. Their records show more non-Mexicans than Mexicans at the border in more than 60 years, a historic low. However, there has been a significant increase in apprehensions and processings of unaccompanied minors from Central America entering the United States. President Barack Obama stated at the Union Address that this has become a “humanitarian crisis”. Brain drain large-scale immigration Bibliography U.S. Department of State. The Immigration Act of 1924 (The Johnson-Reed Act). https://history.state.gov/milestones/1921-1936/immigration-act http://www.npr.org/2014/07/24/334041633/amid-wave-of-child-immigrants-reports-of-abuse-byborder-patrol http://www.migrationpolicy.org/article/frequently-requested-statistics-immigrants-andimmigration-united-states http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-2700946/From-bribing-drug-cartels-immigrationofficials-paying-hotels-train-rides-Coyote-smugglers-reveal-costs-involved-smugglingchild-migrants-Central-America-U-S.html Villegas, Rodrigo. Central American Migrants and La Bestia Route Dangers and Government Responses. Washington, DC: Migration Policy Institute, 2014. http://www.migrationpolicy.org/article/mexican-immigrants-united-states http://people.howstuffworks.com/immigration6.htm https://www.whitehouse.gov/the-press-office/2014/06/30/letter-president-efforts-addresshumanitarian-situation-rio-grande-valle Walser, McNeill, Zuckerman. The Human Tragedy of Illegal Immigration: Greater Efforts Needed to COmbat Smuggling and Violence. Washington, DC: The Heritage Foundation, 2011. (Walser, McNeill and Zuckerman, 2011) https://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/text/6/279 http://billmoyers.com/2014/07/11/americas-refugee-problem-is-trivial-our-response-isdownright-shameful/ Last name, First name. Title of Work. Publisher city: Publisher, Year of publication. Accessed Month Date, Year. URL.