final review packet DRAFT

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GLOBAL 9 Final REVIEW PACKET
2017-2018
Rumley
Date: Wednesday, June 13th
Time: 8 AM (arrive 7:45)
30 MC from 18 documents (60pts)
3 Short Answer Question Sets (15pts)
1 Enduring Issues Essay (25pts)
Location: ______________________
Name _____________________
Complete the Castle Learning review assignments……….ALL DUE Monday 6/11
 Global 9 Units 01 – 14 [375 questions]
How to Prepare
01 – Ancient Civs
02 – Africa
03 – India
04 – Southeast Asia
05 – China
06 – Japan/Korea
07 – Latin American
08 – Ancient Greece
09 – Ancient Rome
10 – Middle Ages
11 – Renaissance &
Reformation
12 – Exploration
13 – Absolutism
14 – Scientific Revolution & the Enlightenment
Log on to our Quizlet class [MHS Global 9] and review the vocab sets
Log on to the OneDrive shared folder to find PowerPoints, notes and more
Review the vocab lists in this packet & complete the essay review guides
Re-read your class notes or any textbook sections to help plan your essays
Use different study strategies – for ex. make flash cards or graphic organizers
Come to an afterschool review (TBA)
Study with your friends!
Crash Course
World History
#1 – The Agricultural Revolution
#2 – Indus Valley Civilizations
#3 – Mesopotamia
#4 – Ancient Egypt
#5 – Persians and the Greeks
#6 – Buddha and Ashoka
#7 – 2000 Years of Chinese History
#8 – Alexander the Great
#9 – The Silk Road and Ancient Trade
#10 – The Roman Empire/Republic
#11 – Rise of Christianity
#12 – Fall of the Roman Empire
#13 – Islam and the Five Pillars
#14 – How Dark were the Dark Ages
#15 – The Crusades: Holy War
#16 – Mansa Musa and Islam in Africa
#17 – Wait for it: The Mongols!
#18 – Commerce & Indian Ocean Trade
#19 – Venice and the Ottoman Empire
#21 – 15th Century Mariners (Zheng He)
#22 – The Renaissance
#23 – The Columbian Exchange
World history TEXTBOOK SECTIONS: by region
1.1
1.2
1.3
Early People
Neolithic Revolution
Beginnings of Civilizations
11.1
11.2
11.3
11.4
15.4
Early Civilizations of Africa
Kingdoms of West Africa
Kingdoms of East Africa
Societies in Medieval Africa
Atlantic Slave Trade
3.1
3.2
3.3
10.1
10.4
Indus River Valley, Aryans
Hinduism and Buddhism
Mauryan and Gupta Empires
Origins and Beliefs of Islam
Muslim Empires in India Mughals
12.5
14.3
Diverse Cultures of SEA
European Footholds in SEA
3.4
3.5
12.1
12.2
14.4
Rise of Civilization in China
Strong Rulers Unite China
Two Golden Ages of China
The Mongol and Ming Empires
Encounters in East Asia
12.4
12.3
Emergence of Japans Feudal Age
Korea and its Traditions
6.1
6.2
14.1
15.1
15.2
15.5
Civilizations of Mesoamerica
Andean Cultures of S. America
Columbus & Search for Spices
Conquest in the Americas
Spanish/Portuguese Colonies
Effects of Global Contact
#24 – The Atlantic Slave Trade
#25 – The Spanish Empire
#34 – Samurai & Daimyo Japan
#201 – Rethinking Civilization
#217 – The Mughal Empire
#218 – Luther & the Reformation
#227 – Japan in the Heian Period
4.1
4.2
4.3
4.4
4.5
Early People of the Aegean
The Rise of Greek City States
Conflict in the Greek World
The Glory that was Greece
Alexander and the Hellenistic Age
5.1
5.2
5.3
5.4
5.5
9.1
The Roman World Takes Shape
From Republic to Empire
The Roman Achievement
The Rise of Christianity
The Long Decline
The Byzantine Empire
7.1
7.2
7.3
8.3
8.4
8.5
The Early Middle Ages
Feudalism and the Manor Economy
The Medieval Church
Crusades and the Wider World
Learning and Culture Flourish
A Time of Crisis (Plague/War)
13.1
13.2
13.3
13.4
The Renaissance in Italy
The Renaissance in the North
The Protestant Reformation
Reformation Ideas Spread
14.1
16.1
16.2
16.3
16.5
The Search for Spices
Spanish Power Grows (Philip II)
France under Louis XIV
Parliament Triumphs in England
Absolute Monarchy in Russia
13.5
17.1
17.2
The Scientific Revolution
Philosophy in the Age of Reason
Enlightenment Ideas Spread
Global 9 1st Semester Essential Questions
Ancient Civilizations & Mesopotamia…
 How did the Neolithic Revolution bring about major changes in human life?
 How does geography affect development of civilization? (Think about river valleys!)
 What are the characteristics of civilization?
 What is the evidence that the Sumerians were a civilization?
Early Africa to 1750…
 How did geography influence African culture and history?
 What is the evidence that the Egyptians were a civilization?
 What were the Tran-Saharan Trade Routes?
 What was the impact of Islam on West Africa?
 Who was Mansa Musa and what was his impact on Mali?
 What other empires flourished in Africa before European arrival?
 What were the causes and effects of the African Slave Trade?
Early South Asia…
 What is the evidence that the Indus (Harappa) were a civilization?
 How did Indo-European (Aryan) migrations affect South Asia?
 How were they key beliefs of Hinduism and Buddhism similar and different?
 Who was Asoka and how did this impact the Mauryan Empire?
 What accomplishments made the Gupta Empire “Golden”?
 What was the legacy of the Mughal rulers on India?
 Why was Akbar ‘great’?
Early China…
 Explain the terms Mandate of Heaven and Dynastic Cycle?
 What were the similarities and differences between Confucianism, Daoism, and Legalism?
 Did Shi Huangdi improve China?
 What was important about the Silk Roads?
 Describe the Tang/Song Golden Age?
 What positive and negative effects did the Mongols have on Asia? How ‘barbaric’ were they?
 What occurred in the Ming Dynasty that changed the future of China?
Early Japan & Korea…
 How did the geography of Japan affect its people, culture, and course of history?
 What influence did China have on Japan and Korea?
 Describe the Heian Imperial Court culture in Japan?
 How was the system of Japanese Feudalism arranged?
 What were the policies of the Tokugawa Shogunate and how did they impact Japan?
 How was Korean history shaped by its neighbors?
Southeast Asia…
 Why was Southeast Asia considered a cultural crossroads?
 What examples of cultural diffusion are found in Southeast Asia?
 What were the characteristics of the Indian Ocean Trade Network?
 Why was the spice trade essential to the Age of Exploration?
Latin America…
 What were the similarities and differences between the Maya, Aztec, and Incan Civilizations?
 What was the Columbian Exchange and what were its effects?
 What were the changes in the New World after the Spanish Conquest?
Global 9 2nd Semester Essential Questions
Ancient Greece…




How did physical geography impact Ancient Greece?
How did the differences between Greek city-states impact their civilization?
What were the contributions of the Athenian golden age?
What role did Alexander the Great play in the development of Hellenistic culture?
Ancient Rome…






How did the geography of Italy impact Ancient Rome?
How did the Roman’s rise to eventually create extensive empire?
What were the major contributions of the Roman golden age?
What were the characteristics of early Christianity in ancient Rome?
What led to the decline and fall of the Western Roman Empire?
Why did the Byzantine Empire continue to flourish?
Middle Ages…







How did the fall of Rome lead to feudalism in Western Europe?
What were the characteristics and impact of Feudalism in the Middle Ages?
How did the Catholic Church affect most aspects of medieval life?
In what ways were the Crusades a major turning point for Europe?
What were the characteristics of the High Middle Ages?
What led to the end of feudalism and the end of the Middle Ages?
What were the advancements of the Islamic Golden Age?
Renaissance and Reformation…


What were the causes and effects of the Renaissance?
What were the causes and effects of the Protestant Reformation?
Age of Exploration…



What led to the European exploration of the world AND it’s success?
How did European exploration and colonization impact the world?
During this period, what were mercantilism and the Commercial Revolution?
Age of Absolutism…





How did European monarchs gain, consolidate and maintain power?
How did Absolutism impact the people, culture and economy of Spain?
How did Absolutism impact the people, culture and economy of France?
How did Absolutism impact the people, culture and economy of Russia?
What were the causes and effects of the English Civil War?
Scientific Revolution and Enlightenment…



What were the essential ideas and discoveries of the Scientific Revolution?
How did these ideas contribute to Enlightenment thinking?
How did Enlightenment thinking challenge absolutism in Europe?
Global History: Final Exam Review
Part I: Know the following people, places, events, and terms. Be able to explain 1-2 facts about each:
General Terms:
Cultural Diffusion
Ethnocentrism
Xenophobia
Subsistence Farming
Nationalism
Monotheism / Polytheism
Mercantilism
Urbanization
Theocracy
01- Early People & Ancient Civs:
Paleolithic Age
Nomadic Hunter-Gatherers
Agricultural (Neolithic) Revolution
Neolithic Age
Domestication Plants & Animals
Food Surpluses
Job Specialization
Permanent Settlements
Characteristics of Civilization
CAARS
Sumerian Civilization
Mesopotamia
Fertile Crescent
Tigris & Euphrates
Cuneiform
Ziggurats
Epic of Gilgamesh
Akkadians
Assyrians
Babylonians
Hammurabi’s Code
Phoenicians
Persian Empire
Hebrews
02 - Early Africa to 1750:
Geography of Africa
Cataracts
Escarpments
Bantu Migrations
Ancient Egyptian Civilization
Nile River Valley
“Gift of the Nile”
Pharaohs
Theocracy
Hieroglyphics
Egyptian Social Classes
Pyramids
Mummification
West African Trading Kingdoms
Kingdom of Ghana
Trans-Saharan Trade Routes
Gold Salt Trade
Islamic Berber Traders
Golden Age of Mali
Mansa Musa
Spread of Islam to Africa
Koran/Quran
The 5 Pillars of Islam
Ibn Battuta
Songhai
Axum
Benin
Zimbabwe
East African City States
Swahili
Tribalism
Folk Tales
Animism
African Slave Trade
Middle Passage
African Diaspora
03 - Early South Asia to 1750:
Geography of South Asia
Monsoons
Khyber Pass
Indus River Valley
Harappan (Indus) Civilization
Urban Planning
Mohenjo-Daro
Aryans (Indo-Europeans)
Hinduism
Vedas
Ramayana
Upanishads
Mahabharata
Dharma
Karma
Samsara
Moksha
Caste System
Buddhism
Siddhartha Gautama
Four Noble Truths
Eightfold Path
Nirvana
Mauryan Empire
Ashoka the Great
Rock Pillars & Edicts
Gupta Empire
Gupta Achievements
Mughal Empire
Akbar the Great
Shah Jahan
The Jizya
British East India Company
04 - Early Southeast Asia to 1750:
Malacca Strait
Spice Trade
Indian Ocean Trade Network
Khmer Empire
Angkor Wat
European Colonization
05 - Early China to 1750:
Geography of China
Yellow River Valley Civilization
Shang Dynasty
Oracle Bones
Zhou Dynasty
Mandate of Heaven
Dynastic Cycle
Warring States Period
Confucianism
Kung Fu Tzu
The Analects
Filial Piety
Five Relationships
Daoism
Dao De Jing
Legalism
Basic Writings
Qin Dynasty
Shi Huangdi
Great Wall of China
Terracotta Warriors
Han Dynasty
Civil Service Exams
Silk Roads
Tang/Song Dynasties
Chinese Golden Age
Gunpowder, Porcelain, Compass
Genghis Khan
Mongol Empire
Pax Mongolica
Yuan Dynasty
Kublai Khan
Ming Dynasty
Zheng He
Forbidden City
Qing Dynasty
06 - Early Japan to 1750:
Geography of Japan
Shinto
Kami
Yamato Emperors
Heian Period
Pillow Book
Tale of Genji
Japanese Feudalism
Emperor – Figurehead
Shogun
Daimyos
Samurai
Code of Bushido
Warring States Period
Tokugawa Ieyasu
Tokugawa Shogunate
Tokaido Road
Tokugawa Isolation
Persecution of Christianity
Haiku poetry, Kabuki Theater
Commodore Matthew Perry
07 - Early Latin America to 1750:
Latin American Geography
Maya Civilization
Chichen-Itza
Aztec Empire
Tenochtitlan
Moctezuma II
Chinampas
Inca Empire
Conquistadors
Hernando Cortez
Francisco Pizarro
Age of Exploration
Treaty of Tordesillas
Spanish Empire
Encomienda System
Haciendas
Peninsulares
Creoles
Mestizos
Mulattos
Natives & Slaves
Columbian Exchange
Encounter Positive effects
Encounter Negative effects
08 - Ancient Greece:
Geography of Greece
Greek City States (Athens, Sparta)
Direct Democracy
Athenian Assembly
The Iliad & Odyssey
Golden Age of Greece
Greek Drama
Greek Architecture
Philosophers
Socrates
Plato
Aristotle
Herodotus
Euclid
Pythagoras
Hippocrates
Archimedes
Olympic Games
Persian Wars
Marathon
Thermopylae
Peloponnesian War
Alexander the Great
Hellenistic Culture
09 - Ancient Rome:
Etruscans
Roman Republic
Patricians & Plebeians
Roman Senate
Consuls / Tribunes
Twelve Tables
Punic Wars
Julius Caesar
Augustus Caesar
Pax Romana
Colosseum
Aqueducts / Roads
Roman Architecture
Roman Legion
Roman Empire
Rise of Christianity
Emperor Constantine
Fall of the Roman Empire
Internal decay & External pressure
Barbarian invasions 476AD
Eastern Roman Empire
Byzantine Empire
Constantinople
Eastern Orthodox Church
Justinian’s Code
Hagia Sophia
Fall to Ottoman Empire
10 - Middle Ages:
Battle of Tours
Charlemagne
Holy Roman Empire
Feudalism
Feudal social organization
Lords, Knights, Vassals, Serfs
Code of Chivalry
Fief or fiefdom
Manorialism
Medieval Church
Canon Law, Tithe tax
Excommunication
Monasteries / Universities
Romanesque Architecture
Gothic Architecture
Pope Urban II
The Crusades
+/- Effects of the crusades
Vernacular (Dante & Chaucer)
Bubonic Plague
The Black Death
Hundred Years War
Guild system
Islamic Golden Age
11 - Renaissance / Reformation:
Humanism
Patrons
Medici Family
Machiavelli
Leonardo da Vinci
Michelangelo
William Shakespeare
Johannes Gutenberg
Printing Press
Protestant Reformation
Indulgences
Martin Luther
95 Theses
John Calvin
Salvation
Anglican Church
Act of Supremacy
Henry VIII
Elizabeth I
Counter Reformation
Council of Trent
Ignatius Loyola
Jesuits
Inquisition
12 - Exploration & Encounter:
Causes for Exploration
Commercial Revolution
Mercantilism
Joint Stock Company
Favorable balance of trade
Atlantic Slave Trade
Encomienda System
Columbian Exchange
Effects of the ‘Encounter’
13 - Absolutism:
Absolute Monarchs
Divine Right
Charles V
Phillip II
Louis XIV
Versailles Palace
Edict of Nantes
Huguenots
Peter the Great
St. Petersburg
Westernization
Modernization
Catherine the Great
Warm water ports
Magna Carta 1215 AD
James I Charles I
Oliver Cromwell
Charles II James II
English Bill of Rights
Limited Monarchy
Suleiman the Magnificent
14 - Enlightenment / Scientific Revolution:
Scientific Revolution
Thomas Hobbes Social Contract
Nikolas Copernicus
The Enlightenment
Heliocentric Theory
John Locke Natural Rights
Johannes Kepler
Voltaire
Galileo Galilei
Jean Jacques Rousseau
Sir Isaac Newton
Baron de Montesquieu
Mary Wollstonecraft
Francis Bacon / Rene Descartes
Enlightened Despots:
Frederick the Great
Maria Theresa
Effects of the Enlightenment
Belief System
Confucianism
Buddhism
Hinduism
Islam
Shintoism
Animism
Daoism
Legalism
Founder
Where/When
Major Beliefs or Practices
SAQ (Short Answer Questions) format for Midterm and Final Exams
What are SAQ’s?? They are 3 sets of stimulus-based questions: 6 total documents, 9 total written responses recorded
on a separate answer sheet. Question sets will always follow this template in this order:
Reminder!
Doc #1
A document might be a:
map, image, journal,
quotation, letter, graph,
chart, textbook section,
photograph, excerpt from a
book, poem, government
document, law code, etc.
Question 1:
Explain the
historical context
of document 1. [1pt]
Doc #2
Question 2:
a) Using document 2, identify the
… point of view
… purpose
b) Explain the extent to which the document is a
of the document. [1pt]
reliable
source of evidence. Be sure to include your
evaluation of the sources reliability and your reasoning for that evaluation. [1pt]
“how useful is it?”
Question 3:
Using both documents, identify AND explain a… [2pts]
…turning point associated with the events or ideas found in these documents.
…similarity or a difference between the ideas presented in these documents.
…cause and effect relationship between the events or ideas found in these documents.
ENDURING ISSUES ESSAY
An enduring issue is an issue that exists across time.
It is one that many societies have attempted to address with varying degrees of success.
Write a well-organized essay that includes 5 paragraphs (intro, 3 body, conclusion) that addresses the task below:
TASK:
 Identify & define an enduring issue based on a historically accurate interpretation of three documents.
 Define the issue using evidence from at least three documents.
 Argue that this was a significant issue that endured by showing:
o How the issue affected people or has been affected by people?
o How the issue continued to be an issue or changed over time?
Be sure to include outside information from your knowledge of social studies and evidence from at least
three documents in your essay.
Possible Enduring Issues:
Introduction
*Identify and define an enduring issue raised by at least 3
of the documents

Impact of Technology
Body Paragraph 1 – choose one document to use

Impact of Golden Ages
Body Paragraph 2 – choose a second document to use
Body Paragraph 3 – choose a third document to use

Impact of Trade

Cultural Diffusion
Conclusion
Restate Thesis + Summarize Body Paragraphs + Closing
Sentence
Tips for writing the essay:





Use the graphic organizer or outline to help you plan your essay.
Include many, many, many details and outside information.
Proof read the essay - does your essay make sense?
Use transitions often between ideas, use Social Studies vocab.
Start each body paragraph with a TOPIC SENTENCE stating what the paragraph is about.
Please note that in order to earn a Regents level 4 or 5 you must use analysis – the how/why/so what. Always
use specific details and key terms as often as possible. You had to learn those vocab words for a reason. If
you are stuck, ask for help. We can’t tell you answers but we can help you relax and unblock your brain. The
worst thing you could do is not write an essay or write the wrong essay.
Planning for the Global History & Geography Enduring Issues Essay
Examine the documents, decide on an issue that is supported by three documents.
The enduring issue I will write about is:
This is supported by documents # _______, _______, _______
Introduction: good hook + define and explain the issue + your thesis/central idea
Intro:
Significance: how has the issue affected or been affected by people & how has it endured or changed over time?
Evidence from the document
Body #1
Doc ___
Body #2
Doc ___
Body #3
Doc ___
Outside Information
Enduring Issue
DEFINE the Issue:
TRADE
Intro: Think of a good HOOK
Significance: Explain how the issue has affected people or has been affected by people and how it endured or changed across time
Silk Roads
Indian Ocean Trade Network
Trans-Saharan Trade Routes
Columbian Exchange
Enduring Issue
DEFINE the Issue:
CULTURAL
DIFFUSION
Intro: Think of a good HOOK
Significance: Explain how the issue has affected people or has been affected by people and how it endured or changed across time
Silk Roads
Indian Ocean
Trade Network
Trans-Saharan Trade
Columbian Exchange
The Crusades
Enduring Issue
DEFINE the Issue:
GOLDEN AGES
Intro: Think of a good HOOK
Significance: Explain how the issue has affected people or has been affected by people and how it endured or changed across time
Ancient Greece
Ancient Rome
Renaissance
Islamic Golden Age
Tang / Song China
Gupta Golden Age
Enduring Issue
DEFINE the Issue:
Technology
Intro: Think of a good HOOK
Significance: Explain how the issue has affected people or has been affected by people and how it endured or changed across time
Neolithic Revolution
Ancient Greece
Ancient Rome
Islamic Golden Age
Renaissance
Age of Exploration
Scientific Revolution
Enduring Issues Scoring Rubric
Score of 5
Identify and Define
Enduring Issue
Clearly identifies and
accurately defines one
enduring issue raised in
at least 3 documents
Score of 4
Identifies and
accurately defines one
enduring issue raised in
at least 3 documents
Score of 3
Identifies and defines
one enduring issue
raised in the set of
documents; may include
some inaccuracies.
Score of 2
Score of 1
Development of Argument
Level of Analysis
Outside Evidence
Organization
Is more analytical
than descriptive
(applies, analyzes,
evaluates, &
creates
information)
Evidence from
Documents
Richly supports the task
by incorporating relevant
evidence that includes
facts, examples, & details
from at least 3
documents.
Develops an even, thoughtful, and
in-depth argument about how an
enduring issue has affected people or
has been affected by them and how
the issue continues to be an issue or
has changed over time.
Richly supports the
task by incorporating
substantial relevant
outside information
that includes facts,
examples, & details
Demonstrates a
logical & clear plan
of organization;
includes an
introduction and a
conclusion
Develops a thoughtful argument in
some depth about how an enduring
issue has affected people or has been
affected by them AND how the issue
continues to be an issue or has
changed over time. OR develops the
argument somewhat unevenly by
discussing one aspect of the
argument more thoroughly than the
other.
Develops both aspects of the
argument in little depth or develops
only one aspect of the argument in
some depth
Is both descriptive
& analytical
(applies, analyzes,
evaluates, and/or
creates
information)
Supports the task by
incorporating relevant
evidence that includes
facts, examples, & details
from at least 3
documents.
Supports the task by
incorporating
relevant that includes
facts, examples, &
details outside
information
*Demonstrates a
logical & clear plan
of organization;
includes an
introduction and a
conclusion
Is more descriptive
than analytical
(applies, may
analyze and/or
evaluate
information)
Incorporates some
relevant evidence that
includes facts, examples,
and details from the
documents; may include
some inaccuracies.
*Demonstrates a
satisfactory plan of
organization;
includes an
introduction and a
conclusion
Identifies, but does not
clearly define, one
enduring issue raised in
the set of documents;
may include errors.
Minimally develops both aspects of
the argument or develops one aspect
of the argument in little depth
Is primarily
descriptive; may
include faulty,
weak, or isolated
application or
analysis
Identifies, but does not
clearly define, one
enduring issue raised in
the documents.
Minimally develops one aspect of the
argument.
Is descriptive; may
lack understanding,
application, or
analysis
Includes few relevant
facts, examples, and
details from the
documents or consists
primarily of relevant
information copied from
the documents; may
include some
inaccuracies.
Makes some vague,
unclear references to the
documents and includes
minimal relevant facts,
examples, and details
copied from the
documents; may include
some inaccuracies.
Incorporates limited
relevant outside
information that
includes facts,
examples, and
details; may include
some inaccuracies.
Presents little or no
relevant outside
information; may
include some
inaccuracies.
Presents no relevant
outside information
Demonstrates a
general plan of
organization; may
lack focus; may
contain
digressions; may
lack an
introduction or a
conclusion
May demonstrate a
weakness in
organization; may
lack focus; may
contain
digressions; may
lack an
introduction and/or
a conclusion
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